The asset rate of returns is the profit on a particular investment; it includes any change in the asset value, interest, commission or dividends and so, all other cash-flows which an investors receive or pays due to the investment.

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77 views

Comparing a money-weighted return of my own portfolio with a benchmark ETF/other portfolio that is subject to the same cashflows

I am able to calculate the money-weighted return (XIRR equivalent in Excel) of my portfolio. Whilst I can compare this with ‘headline’ returns of ETF’s, Mutual Funds etc, I want to isolate the timing ...
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4answers
142 views

How to interpret regression coefficients with dummy explanatory variables?

I am a bit confused about the interpretation of the regression coefficients in a regression model: $R_{t}=\beta_0+\beta_1R_{mt}+\beta_2D_{t}+\epsilon_t$ where $R_{t}$ is the log return of some ...
2
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1answer
165 views

On an application of Ito's lemma

Assume that instantaneous returns are generated by the continuous time martingale: $$dp_t = \sigma_t dW_t$$ where $W_t$ denotes a standard Weiner process and One day returns are denoted by $r_{t+1} ...
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2answers
2k views

Definition of Return of A Long/short Portfolio

This can either be a silly question or a question with no sure rigorous answer but defined with some convention. Any way, here it is. What is the (industrial recognized) definition of the return of a ...
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2answers
360 views

Calculate Daily Returns for Sharpe Ratio

For the purposes of Sharpe ratio, I calculate a trading strategy's daily returns using realized P/L only: $$ \frac{K(t + 1) - K(t)}{K(t)}, $$ where $K(t)$ is the cash balance after market close on day ...
2
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1answer
215 views

How to group mutual funds by volatility?

I want to group Mutual Funds by their volatility. Ideally, I would like to end up with the mutual funds beings attached to different groups: High volatility Medium volatility Low Volatility My ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Multiperiod return formulae with dividends

I have a question about returns when dividends are 'paid'. Firstly, will write down some definitions: Let $P_t$ be the price of an asset at time t. Assuming no dividends the net return over the ...
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2answers
102 views

Portfolio Return Contribution by Sectors

I have a table containing the following fields: Date, PortfolioReturn, CashReturn, Sector1Return,...,Sector10Returns 'PortfolioReturn' is the sum of CashReturn + return contributed from 10 market ...
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1answer
60 views

How to deal with missing returns when creating value (equal) weighted returns

recently I am doing cross sectional regressions, and getting confused about missing returns. Suppose we have 100 stocks, then we want to construct a value weighted return (or equal weighted return). ...
2
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1answer
168 views

Log returns and GARCH models

I try to model currency rates volatility using GARCH models through the RUGARCH package in R. Starting from the observed currency rate series, I compute the log-return through: ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Attributing change in yield as a result of structural change

Suppose your portfolio has $w_0$ amount of bonds with yield $r_0$. Now you buy additional $w_1$ amount of bonds with yield $r_1$, then buy additional $w_2$ amount of bonds with yield $r_2$. ...
2
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1answer
493 views

annual excess returns from CAPM on monthly total returns

I want to calculate annual excess returns on portfolios using monthly returns for a CAPM (for the assets in the portfolio as well as for the benchmark), in order to have more information on the ...
2
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2answers
276 views

Block Bootstrapping Relative Returns

I want to run a block bootstrap on the relative returns, but I'm not sure if subtracting the mean is important. A bootstrap sequence is a synthetic sequence generated using the original sequence. If ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Compute the risk measured by the standard deviations $\sigma K_1, \sigma K_2, \sigma K_3$, does this have to do with weights?

Compute the risk measured by the standard deviations $\sigma K_1, \sigma K_2, \sigma K_3$ for each of the investment projects, where the returns $K_1, K_2$, and $K_3$ depend on the market scenario: ...
2
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1answer
25 views

Calculating the rate of return over a year then the data for a year before does not exist

I am trying to find the growth rate of a stock over a given year. Let's say I wanted to find the growth rate from today, June 11, 2015 to June 11, 2014. This is easy enough when you have perfect ...
2
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1answer
72 views

importing columns of returns data into python from excel/csv [closed]

I'm fairly new to the quant finance space, and I was hoping to get some guidance. Say I have a csv/excel file with columns of daily returns data for various asset classes or securities (one column per ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Can you use a t-test on bootstrapped Value at Risk (VaR) figures?

I need to compare VaR before and after the recession. I have a series of market returns for a period before, and a series of market returns for the period immediately after. Both have been ...
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2answers
297 views

Problem when calculating the daily return on a forex trade, what is the best way to do such a calculation?

I intend to calculate the daily return on my investment in forex. Assume a trader invests $\$$40 at a leverage of 100:1, so in total he is trading $\$$4000 worth of currency, and assume the position ...
2
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1answer
222 views

Predicting stock returns - in a panel data specification or by using portfolio formation strategies?

I'm working on an empirical analysis where I try to predict stock returns using weekly data. Ideally, I would like to use a panel data model like the following: $$ ...
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2answers
275 views

How to classify stocks by their volatility?

I would like to hear other possible ways of classifying Stocks by the Volatility of their returns. Assuming that I want to characterize each stock as Low, Medium or High Volatility Stock and assuming ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Weighting several returns over different time frames

I have a set of annualized returns over 4 time periods: 10yr, 5yr, 3yr and 1yr. Is there a way to weight each return to have a "more representative" return?
2
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1answer
1k views

How to estimate market integration parameter in Singer-Terhaar model for E(r)?

Singer-Terhaar is part of CFA II and III curriculum. It estimates risk premium for some asset, traded at some local market, as weighted average of expected premiums for the case of (1) local market, ...
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1answer
288 views

Event studies using revenue data vs. measuring abnormal returns

This may be a silly question, but does there exist a methodology for examining the impact of "events" on companies that are not publicly traded? I suppose it would look at abnormal revenues rather ...
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2answers
239 views

Portfolio risk-return when assets have limited and inconsistent historical data / time series?

Lets say we have "today's" snapshot of asset allocation and need to determine the 6mo, 1 yr and 5 yr risk and returns of this portfolio. If the time series for every asset is very long, longer than ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Limits analysis

I have a few time series of models to analyse in terms of how far/close they are to their underlying limit. The limit is a simple value on the y-axis (always positive), and the series can act ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Accounting for Withdrawals

I am trying to wrap my head around the proper way to do this. I would like to simulate the portfolio value adjusted for inflation with a fixed withdrawal rate. To simulate withdrawal rate, I will ...
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3answers
756 views

How to annualize dividends paid at varying intervals?

I am attempting to write a function that will calculate the annualized rate of return for individual dividends made by illiquid investments. These dividends are paid at varying intervals and the ...
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0answers
54 views

VAR models for log-returns?

I am wondering if Vector Autoregression (and other autoregressive models) is a sound modelling for the daily (not high-frequency!) log-returns of time series from liquid financial markets. One can ...
2
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1answer
189 views

Comparing the return of different roll strategies

I am interested in calculating the effect of the roll return using different roll strategies. In specific I want to mimic a long-only futures investments. I have historical data for several ...
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3answers
485 views

Calculate bond returns from yields

I have to construct and evaluate portfolio of bonds and stocks, namely I need to get return on portfolio, standard deviation and sharpe ratios. I have weekly data that contains stock prices, and I ...
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0answers
155 views

Correlation between idiosyncratic residuals and forward returns

The classic mean-reversion strategy is to calculate an "expected return" (alpha) by computing the raw return for each security and then remove the part which you think is market driven. Statistically ...
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0answers
74 views

FRA-Strategy: Make 3-month and 1-year Excess returns comparable

I am trying to analyze an investment strategy that tries to exploit the empirical difference between forward interest rates and realized spot rates. I am using FRAs to capture the difference. I am ...
2
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1answer
490 views

How to download risk free rate?

I've been trying to download the national interest rates for some countries. When i use Datastream, it only gives me the currency return (while i need yield). Can someone please tell how to ...
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0answers
185 views

Probability Density of Returns of Bonus Certificates

Could anyone please help me with the following? I need to generate a histogram (resp. probability density) of returns of a bonus-certificate. A bonus-certificate can be replicated by an underlying ...
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4answers
4k views

Appropriate method for calculating negative returns on a trading strategy?

I have a cumulative profit/loss time series below for a trading strategy, what is the appropriate way to calculate the returns in percentage for such a series? My issue is the appropriate ...
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2answers
71 views

Using central limit theorem to test whether population average return is the same, before and after the recession

This is the task I have been asked to do. I've read up on what central limit theorem (clt) is, but I feel like I'm missing something. The data I have is a matrix of monthly stock returns from 50 ...
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2answers
906 views

Calculating Momentum From Returns

I am doing some modelling and have some data: ...
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2answers
78 views

Calculate weekly returns from daily stock prices?

If I have log returns for a specific stock, then the weekly log return is the log of Friday's closing price minus the log of Monday's closing price, i.e. $R_{weekly} = log(Price_{Friday}) - ...
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1answer
56 views

Geometric Returns values less than -100%

I am trying to find the geometric return for semi-annual log-returns in Excel. However, I do not know how to handle values less than -100%.... ...
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1answer
30 views

Adjust regression for thin trading

What procedures can I apply to control in a regression on company returns for thinly traded stocks? Is the inclusion of the SMB-factor a potential approach? Or just a dummy variable indicating if a ...
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1answer
1k views

What are DGTW adjusted returns?

Many papers, e.g. in The Journal of Finance, discuss DGTW adjusted returns (or DGTW abnormal returns) instead of just returns. What are these and how does one compute them?
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1answer
171 views

How to deal with different amount of td's in computing Sharpe Ratio

In calculating the Sharpe Ratio, should I take into account the days were I have 0 return due to non-trading day? Another user posted a similar question but this was related to trading days with no ...
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1answer
80 views

Sharpe Ratio versus Cumulative Returns

I was asked whether Sharpe Ratio was a better measure than Cumulative Returns, in the context of hedge funds. To me, personally, Sharpe Ratio is a more important measure. By definition, it tells us ...
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2answers
167 views

Calculating log-returns across multiple securities and time

I've been getting very confused on the topic of calculating returns. To get cumulative returns in time, log-returns are used, but apparently log-returns aren't used across different securities at a ...
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1answer
160 views

What is the logic behind this backtesting code in R

I am new to R and I have found this simple backtesting code and can you explain me what is happening here. ...
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2answers
1k views

Correlation between S&P500 returns and 10y US Treasuries yields

I'd like to investigate the comovement of stock index returns with bond yields but I don't know which return's duration to use (1-year, 1-month or anything else) to get a better view of the ...
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2answers
76 views

different amount of information on return correlations from shorter and longer periods?

I want to calculate annual excess returns on portfolios using monthly (total) returns for a CAPM (for the assets in the portfolio as well as for the benchmark), in order to have more information on ...
1
vote
1answer
537 views

T-note returns from T-note yields … derivation of Damodaran's formula

Damodaran's historical data on 10-year T-note returns (found here) uses the following formula to calculate the 1-period total return on a T-note ($R_1$) given the 10-year constant maturity ...
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1answer
50 views

Parametric bootstrap in generating returns and hypothesis testing

I am trying to test a hypothesis of a statistic calculated from portfolio returns. To do so I estimate a model on the original returns series and want to obtain 100 bootstrapped series using ...
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1answer
32 views

Calculate total risk [closed]

I have a question regarding how the risk is calculated, if I have only the returns. I think the risk premium (rp) is just the average of the returns and the sharpe ratio is the risk premium divided ...