The asset rate of returns is the profit on a particular investment; it includes any change in the asset value, interest, commission or dividends and so, all other cash-flows which an investors receive or pays due to the investment.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
3answers
144 views

Market returns below risk free rate

Let's say I'm using CAPM to estimate the cost of equity, so I need expected market returns for the calculations. The standard approach is simply to compute arithmetic mean of an index (or rather its ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Calculating Portfolio Returns Across Sectors

I have a table of asset (mutual fund) returns and the percentage that each asset is in a particular stock sector: ...
0
votes
2answers
96 views

Estimation of annualized volatility depending on data frequency - exceptions to the general rule?

From my understanding, the annualized standard deviation of daily returns is generally higher than of annualized standard deviation of weekly returns is generally higher than.... ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Comparing a money-weighted return of my own portfolio with a benchmark ETF/other portfolio that is subject to the same cashflows

I am able to calculate the money-weighted return (XIRR equivalent in Excel) of my portfolio. Whilst I can compare this with ‘headline’ returns of ETF’s, Mutual Funds etc, I want to isolate the timing ...
-1
votes
1answer
104 views

Rate of Return Required on Buying Stocks with Loan

A bank gives a loan $L$ for $m$ months and the monthly interest rate is $i$. The bank requires monthly installments - which I calculate is $I = \frac{L}{m} + Li$. I use this loan to buy ...
4
votes
0answers
167 views

Is it more accurate to analyze returns on a calendar day basis than a trading day basis?

I'm rather new to the actual practice of this kind of analysis, but it just seems wrong to me to throw Mondays' returns in with the rest without accounting for the passage of time on the weekend when ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

VAR models for log-returns?

I am wondering if Vector Autoregression (and other autoregressive models) is a sound modelling for the daily (not high-frequency!) log-returns of time series from liquid financial markets. One can ...
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Correlation between idiosyncratic residuals and forward returns

The classic mean-reversion strategy is to calculate an "expected return" (alpha) by computing the raw return for each security and then remove the part which you think is market driven. Statistically ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

FRA-Strategy: Make 3-month and 1-year Excess returns comparable

I am trying to analyze an investment strategy that tries to exploit the empirical difference between forward interest rates and realized spot rates. I am using FRAs to capture the difference. I am ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

Probability Density of Returns of Bonus Certificates

Could anyone please help me with the following? I need to generate a histogram (resp. probability density) of returns of a bonus-certificate. A bonus-certificate can be replicated by an underlying ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Computing Overall Return for A Single Asset Given Inflows & Outflows

I am creating a portfolio tracking model in Excel and have run into difficulty on how to track the overall performance of a single asset, given that over time more and less capital (shares) has been ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

How to calculate cumulative returns with one lag in R

I have a huge data frame with over 1000 column, which are companies(column headers) and in each column I have their estimated return(monthly). The sample period of the data frame in 11 years. I want ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

Determining the investment strategy

I have the following problem: Consider the 5 year investment strategy and given the yearly portfolio returns $S_{t+1}/S_t$ and dividends $D_{t+1}$ paid at $t+1$ which are modeled as: ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Carry Trade vs synthetic Carry Trade using forward contracts

When it comes to foreign exchange carry trade strategy, the definition is straightforward: an investor borrows 1 USD in the US (low interest country) and invests that $1 to AU (high interest country). ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Confused on interpretation of betas/alphas in regression in finance

I ran a regression on two stocks. I don't have the data in front of me, but it is a more conceptual question. Let's say SP500 returned a total 23% return over this time period and MSFT returned ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Calculating Asset Returns

The question pertains to a simple phenomenon. There is gold futures listed on Exchange A and Exchange B. Exchange A and Exchange B overlap times with A and B starting 8 hours later and A and B ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

robust regions in grid search

I have a strategy f that takes parameters x,y (for x,y taking values in integer ranges). I get two grids (of returns and volatility values) from computing f(xi,yi) for integer ranges x1 <= xi <= ...
1
vote
0answers
231 views

trading strategy outperforms passive strategy in absolute terms, but in returns vice versa. how could this be?

Background: I want to compare two trading strategies in term of profitability. The red one is an active trading strategy, which involves many entry and exit to a specific market. The blue one is a ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Econometrics - Granger Causality

Suppose we have two time series, if one has autocorrelations and the other is non stationary how do we test whether they Granger cause a returns series?
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Sampling and/or asymptotic distribution of a function

Assume we have the following function: $$f(p) = \frac{1}{(1-p)d}\ln\left(\frac{1}{T}\sum_{t=1}^{T}\left[\frac{1+X_t}{1+Y_t} \right]^{1-p} \right)$$ where $d$ is a constant $T$ is a constant $X_t$ ...
1
vote
0answers
611 views

Long/Short portfolio return

Suppose I have a Po with one long, one short positions and some cash (to balance the short + 50% margin) as shown below: ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Insignificant or significant explanatory power over risk adjusted returns?

Currently iam working on my master thesis which is about risk adjusted returns in the Asia Pacific REIT market. The goal of the paper is to determine/find variables that conceive explanatory power ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Calculating portfolio returns from a dynamic, optimal re-balancing strategy

I am calculating a dynamic strategy with optimal re-balancing as in here. As a result of maximizing the expected utility function I obtain the weight for the risky asset in period $t=0$. All such ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Intraday or overnight returns?

While calculating insider abnormal returns, closing prices of securities are generally used. We take the actual ex post return of the security i on time t, minus the expected normal return for the ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

returns series for daily strategy

I have a trend following OTC futures strategy which is trading a day-ahead commodity contract. If a signal is triggered the strategy goes long / short into delivery. The holding period of a contract ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Stats and Hedge Ratio calculation questions

I did self-study and learnt some concepts to build a multiple leg spread /portfolio for trading but still confuse in some basic concepts. I will be very thankful if you can answer my couple of ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Relationship between yield spread and stock returns

I would like to ask the following question: Do yield spreads generally have a relationship with stock market indices like the S&P 500? If so, what kind of relationship? I have looked at numerous ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Poor investment preformance in early years impacting on final fund value

I am currently doing some work on the performance of funds across different models of the economy. I am trying to find some work that looks at the impact of poor/lower returns at the early years of ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

continuously compounded(cc) return of a portfolio is not equal to the weighted sum of cc return of individual assets

In textbooks it is stated that the continuous compounded (cc) return of a portfolio is not equal to the weighted sum of cc return of individual assets as the log of the sums is not equal to the sum of ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Regressing NYSE returns: Lagged intercept term & efficient market hypothesis

By performing the following OLS time series regression, $y_t$ = $\beta_0$ + $\beta_1$*$y_{t-1}$ + $\beta_0$*$y_{t-1}^2$ + $\epsilon$ I cannot reject the null hypothesis that b1=b2=0. However, ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

dynamic programming with serially independent returns

Book suggests that "asset returns are assumed to be serially independent, so wealth is a single state connecting one period to the next". I understand path dependency is lost in case of serial ...
0
votes
0answers
367 views

How to calculate returns of backtested strategy?

Lets say I have some strategy (long/short) backtested for certain period. Strategy has entries/exits only at the end of the day and may have overnight positions hold. Now I would like to compare ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

How to compute return of a variance swap?

How does one calculate the investment of a zero initial investment asset, specifically a variance swap? In this asset the payoff is given by the difference between the realized variance in a certain ...
0
votes
0answers
382 views

what is a reasonable beta in CAPM?

I want to predict expected returns for assets using a CAPM, to calculate unexpected (unpredictable, idiosyncratic, non-systemic) returns in portfolios. My CAPM estimated on monthly total gross ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

% Return on backtest with variable positions and notional amounts

I have a 14 year backtest for a systematic strategy that uses a static notional per each position. On any given day I could have multiple positions long and short and notional long and short. How do ...