The asset rate of returns is the profit on a particular investment; it includes any change in the asset value, interest, commission or dividends and so, all other cash-flows which an investors receive or pays due to the investment.

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Calculate Average Price, Cost, (Un)Realized P&L of a position based on executed trades

We have built an algorithmic trading software and need to calculate the following parameters for each position in our portfolio. Average Price Cost Realized Profit & Loss Unrealized Profit & ...
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How to deal with missing returns when creating value (equal) weighted returns

recently I am doing cross sectional regressions, and getting confused about missing returns. Suppose we have 100 stocks, then we want to construct a value weighted return (or equal weighted return). ...
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Rate of Return Required on Buying Stocks with Loan

A bank gives a loan $L$ for $m$ months and the monthly interest rate is $i$. The bank requires monthly installments - which I calculate is $I = \frac{L}{m} + Li$. I use this loan to buy ...
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156 views

Is it more accurate to analyze returns on a calendar day basis than a trading day basis?

I'm rather new to the actual practice of this kind of analysis, but it just seems wrong to me to throw Mondays' returns in with the rest without accounting for the passage of time on the weekend when ...
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129 views

Correlation between idiosyncratic residuals and forward returns

The classic mean-reversion strategy is to calculate an "expected return" (alpha) by computing the raw return for each security and then remove the part which you think is market driven. Statistically ...
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255 views

comparing total returns from various data vendors

I need to use various data sources to cover all of my data, and I am concerned by the discrepancies in total returns. Data vendors were helpful, but their simple documentation did not help resolve why ...
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0answers
71 views

FRA-Strategy: Make 3-month and 1-year Excess returns comparable

I am trying to analyze an investment strategy that tries to exploit the empirical difference between forward interest rates and realized spot rates. I am using FRAs to capture the difference. I am ...
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153 views

Probability Density of Returns of Bonus Certificates

Could anyone please help me with the following? I need to generate a histogram (resp. probability density) of returns of a bonus-certificate. A bonus-certificate can be replicated by an underlying ...
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39 views

Confused on interpretation of betas/alphas in regression in finance

I ran a regression on two stocks. I don't have the data in front of me, but it is a more conceptual question. Let's say SP500 returned a total 23% return over this time period and MSFT returned ...
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69 views

robust regions in grid search

I have a strategy f that takes parameters x,y (for x,y taking values in integer ranges). I get two grids (of returns and volatility values) from computing f(xi,yi) for integer ranges x1 <= xi <= ...
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159 views

trading strategy outperforms passive strategy in absolute terms, but in returns vice versa. how could this be?

Background: I want to compare two trading strategies in term of profitability. The red one is an active trading strategy, which involves many entry and exit to a specific market. The blue one is a ...
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41 views

Econometrics - Granger Causality

Suppose we have two time series, if one has autocorrelations and the other is non stationary how do we test whether they Granger cause a returns series?
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72 views

Sampling and/or asymptotic distribution of a function

Assume we have the following function: $$f(p) = \frac{1}{(1-p)d}\ln\left(\frac{1}{T}\sum_{t=1}^{T}\left[\frac{1+X_t}{1+Y_t} \right]^{1-p} \right)$$ where $d$ is a constant $T$ is a constant $X_t$ ...
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444 views

Long/Short portfolio return

Suppose I have a Po with one long, one short positions and some cash (to balance the short + 50% margin) as shown below: ...
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0answers
99 views

Insignificant or significant explanatory power over risk adjusted returns?

Currently iam working on my master thesis which is about risk adjusted returns in the Asia Pacific REIT market. The goal of the paper is to determine/find variables that conceive explanatory power ...
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40 views

Regressing NYSE returns: Lagged intercept term & efficient market hypothesis

By performing the following OLS time series regression, $y_t$ = $\beta_0$ + $\beta_1$*$y_{t-1}$ + $\beta_0$*$y_{t-1}^2$ + $\epsilon$ I cannot reject the null hypothesis that b1=b2=0. However, ...
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45 views

Calculating Asset Returns

The question pertains to a simple phenomenon. There is gold futures listed on Exchange A and Exchange B. Exchange A and Exchange B overlap times with A and B starting 8 hours later and A and B ...
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20 views

Standardized Abnormal Returns

I have a question. In an event study, I have found a standardized cumulative abnormal return Z test formula. It is attached. I couldn't find any sources to prove it. Do you know any articles about ...
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dynamic programming with serially independent returns

Book suggests that "asset returns are assumed to be serially independent, so wealth is a single state connecting one period to the next". I understand path dependency is lost in case of serial ...
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162 views

How to calculate returns of backtested strategy?

Lets say I have some strategy (long/short) backtested for certain period. Strategy has entries/exits only at the end of the day and may have overnight positions hold. Now I would like to compare ...
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41 views

How to compute return of a variance swap?

How does one calculate the investment of a zero initial investment asset, specifically a variance swap? In this asset the payoff is given by the difference between the realized variance in a certain ...
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268 views

what is a reasonable beta in CAPM?

I want to predict expected returns for assets using a CAPM, to calculate unexpected (unpredictable, idiosyncratic, non-systemic) returns in portfolios. My CAPM estimated on monthly total gross ...
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72 views

% Return on backtest with variable positions and notional amounts

I have a 14 year backtest for a systematic strategy that uses a static notional per each position. On any given day I could have multiple positions long and short and notional long and short. How do ...
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building a portfolio without knowing the initial capital

Lets say I have the trades made by trader X on multiple stocks and I want to aggregate them into a portfolio to compute the portfolio return over time. For instance, I know that X bought 10 shares of ...