The identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks, followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities.

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0answers
26 views

How much less likely is a stop loss to be touched/hit after increasing expected return?

Firstly, let's say we have a stock ABC currently trading at $100.00 that has: (A) an expected return of 0% per year and (B) standard deviation of 20% per year Given these stats, the stock has a 50% ...
6
votes
1answer
264 views

Consistency of economic scenarios in nested stochastics simulation

I am interested in references on research regarding the consistency of economic scenarios in nested stochastics for risk measurement. Background: Pricing by Monte-Carlo: For pricing complex ...
0
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1answer
46 views

conservative approach payoff table

With the conservative approach, we choose the decision which maximises minimum payoff. I was wondering which decision is chosen if 2 decisions have equal minimum payoff (which is the maximum)? ...
0
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1answer
121 views

How to projectP&L or drawdowns on pair trading , trading and portfolios?

This is for planning and risk management. I am stuck on the following thoughts - Back-test the trading strategy for a period similar to the one you expect and then project. Do the above using ...
1
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4answers
95 views

How to extrapolate VaR?

I have a model predicting 1-day VaR. How does 1-year VaR follow from it? Shall I just multiply by 365 or another method?
1
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0answers
63 views

Financial risk and Matlab

What toolbox are more suitable for a risk analyst. I found this: Optimization toolbox Global optimization toolbox Econometrics toolbox Financial toolbox Statistics toolbox And also I have as a ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Risk measures, Risk Management and Financial Risk Area

I'm currently searching material about market risk and I learned about coherent risk measures, VaR, CVaR (or expected shortfall), volatility. All that because I have to make a Financial Risk Area for ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Solvency Problem for Financial Institutions

According to my finance lecture, the motivation for risk measures is grounded in the solvency problem: Risk measures are used to determine the amount of capital to avoid insolvency of the financial ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Variability in the Expected Shortfall estimator

Are there any results for calculating the variability in the Expected Shortfall measure. I am looking for Large sample confidence intervals under Normality for Expected Shortfall or calculation of ...
0
votes
3answers
225 views

How to create a model or formula for evaluating trade opportunities

I want to build a formula to produce a score for a potential trade based on 4 variables, time, return, liquidity of security, and probability of failure. For a set of potential trades I first ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Index creation from multiple time-series and variable weights

I am trying to compose one index out of several (three) indices with variable weights, 50%, 25% and 25%. After normalizing and calculating the log returns, what would be the best way to create the ...
4
votes
7answers
30k views

How to calculate unsystematic risk?

We know that there are 2 types of risk which are systematic and unsystematic risk. Systematic risk can be estimate through the calculation of β in CAPM formula. But how can we estimate the ...
0
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0answers
41 views

risk report factor exposures calculations

I am looking at a risk report which I have inherited. There are 5 lines of code that I want to make sure I understand. The risk report breaks down the exposures, contribution to variance and marginal ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views
5
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4answers
358 views

Is there anyone still using Markowitz modern portfolio theory?

I was reading about the MPT (Use standard deviation as risk measure) on "Mathematics for Finance by Marek Capinski". I was just wondering is there anyone actually applying this theory to their ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

Institutional compliance : is reference data available via the browser?

That is, assuming one has the correct accounts and credentials, is it possible to access reference data (counterparty, trading, and other categories of related meta-data) over the web? The reason I ...
3
votes
3answers
123 views

Capital Allocation for Portfolio of Multi-Strategy and Multi-Instrument

I would like to know if there is a way (or theory) to manage a multi-strategy, multi-instruments portfolio that would calculate the optimal weight to allocate capital for each combination of strategy ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Question 1.18 from Hull's Financial Risk management CAPM

A portfolio manager maintains an active portfolio with beta of 0.2. Risk-free rate is 5% The market return for a particular year is -30% The fund produced a result of -10%. He claimed the return was ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Beta distribution - Holding period

Let's say I have a risk factor that is defined between [0,1], such as recovery rates. Assuming I have daily data, I can estimate the "daily VaR", i.e. the tails over 1 day period, since the data is ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Standard errors clustered along the time dimension in pooled panel logit model

I'm trying to estimate a logit model on pooled panel data set (unit of observation is firm-year). My dependant variable is default indicator and I have several macro variables as independant ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Estimate correlation of time series whose histories differ in length

Very often in quantitative analysis (e.g. calculating portfolio volatility) we have to analyze various time series - mostly returns - whose lenghts differ. Risk systems usually apply a one-factor ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Doubt on risk cost criterion

I want to minimize some kind of risk sensitive cost. But, I am confused what cost criterion should I use. I am aware of only expected exponential utility. I want to know what are the other such ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

proper choice of risk aversion parameter in the risk-sensitive cost-criterion

Suppose I want to minimize certain risk sensitive cost. Is it a valid question to ask what is the proper (also in which sense) choice of risk aversion parameter in the risk-sensitive cost-criterion ? ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

questions on VAR manipulation

The book of Financial Risk forecasting by Danielsson gives the following example about VAR manipulation. I have two questions: 1) If $0> VAR_1 > VAR_0$ , why the following figure plots it as ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Risk Parity portfolio construction

If I would like to construct a fully invested long only portfolio with two asset classes (Bonds $B$ and Stocks $S$) based on the concept of 'risk parity' the weights $W$ of my portfolio would be the ...
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

Math basics of Equally-weighted Risk contributions

i'm writing my BA Thesis about "Equally-weighted Risk contributions". Can anyone recommend math books for further understanding of Risk contributions?
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Modelling with negative interest rates

For a project, I am interested to model the impact of recently negative interest bonds on the portfolio. The literature on modelling negative interest rates is limited, and the only theory I could ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

How to distinguish total return and absolute return funds in the KIID

I hope this question is on-topic. It is not relally a quant question but it is a question that quants in risk management in asset management firms have to answer: In the KIID (key investor ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Controling ex-post volatility by ex-ante limits

In the context of mutual funds the KID directive forces us to calculate 5 year ex-post volatility of a (market) fund (weekly returns). Thus each week we look back in the past and calculate volatility ...
5
votes
1answer
218 views

How to build an electricity portfolio for an electricity production company?

I am referring to an electricity production company. Company is located in AsiaPac. The power is generated using Natural Gas fired combined-cycle power plants. Then this electricity is distributed to ...
30
votes
5answers
2k views

What are the key risks to the quantitative strategy development process?

Prompted in part by this question on data snooping, I would be interested to know: What are the key risks that should be considered when developing a quantitative strategy based on: (a) historical ...
18
votes
7answers
5k views

How does the “risk-neutral pricing framework” work?

I've struggled for a long time to understand this - What is this? And how does it affect you? Yes I mean risk neutral pricing - Wilmott Forums was not clear about that.
1
vote
1answer
307 views

Ex-Ante tracking error how to determine the look back period

I am looking to compare the ex-ante predictions against the post values. I am using a look back period of ranges from 1 year to 5 years to construct my covariance matrix that I am using for my ex-ante ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

At what point does it make sense to start using a system?

This is an issue I've been struggling with for quite a while, and haven't found a satisfactory answer yet. The basic problem is this: Lets say you set up a black box system which gives you anywhere ...
4
votes
1answer
247 views

Liquidity diversification

The liquidity diversification can be measured by the liquidity score, defined here as the ratio between the pure market P&L CVaR and the market+liquidity P&L CVaR. I have tried to reproduce ...
6
votes
4answers
349 views

Large (5K-10K) non positive definite (particularly near singular) covariance matrices and treatments for Cholesky decomposition

I have a very large covariance matrix (around 10000x10000) of returns, which is constructed using a sample size of 1000 for 10000 variables. My goal is to perform a (good-looking) Cholesky ...
-3
votes
1answer
109 views

What's the disadvantage of ARMA-GARCH model?

I want to ask why ARMA-GARCH is more and more popolar, and what's the advantage of this model.
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Controlling portfolio concentration

I'm working with a heterogenous basket of instruments (in volatility terms). Risk parity allocation seems to be useful for the portfolio( * 1/Volatility). However, there are times when the ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Minimum PD under Basel II retail asset?

I have been told that under Basel II the minimum PD that one can assign to any portfolio/segment classified under the retail asset class is 0.33%. But Google searches return nothing and I can't seem ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

regarding Basel III IRB method for credit risk

Would the exposures between standard method and internal rating based method for credit risk under Basel III remain same?I could not find any documents for IRB approach under Basel III. Is it still ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Which approach to estimating fundamental factor models is better, cross-sectional (unobservable) factors or time-series (observable) factors?

There are many approaches to estimating fundamental factor equity models. I would like to focus on two traditional methods: The time-series regression approach of Fama and French. Factors are ...
1
vote
3answers
238 views

Is it wrong to use 'real world' probabilities for option valuation?

Is it wrong to use 'real world' probabilities for option valuation, even when the market is not liquid enough to delta hedge the option? My instinct is that it is wrong, because the time value of ...
-2
votes
1answer
202 views

Interest Rate Swaps on Mortgages [closed]

Is it possible to get interest rate swaps on mortgages? If not, why not? Are there models that describe this? Any direction would be great.
4
votes
1answer
347 views

Is there any open-source library, implementing “exchange” to be used for algorithms running on the same computer?

Question: Is there any open-source project/library, which can act as a "local exchange" for agents (algorithms), running on the same computer? Clarification: by "local exchange" I mean, that the ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Value-at-Risk of the sum of two dependent lognormal random variables

Hy I posted this question first at mathflow.net they suggested me this page, which I was not aware of. Question: Let $(X_1,X_2)$ be a multivariate normal random vector ($X_1$ and $X_2$ need not be ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

any introduction on beta adjustment for basis risk?

On beta adjustment for basis risk, I could only find an online definition: Gap reports modified to mollify the errors caused by basis risk. The essential concept of beta-adjusted gap is that all ...
1
vote
1answer
329 views

What are the math topics involved in FRM 1

Is there a way to get the math curriculum for FRM level 1 without purchasing the Exam? I wish to take a look at the math topics and see if I have any chance of cracking it. But I could not find an ...
6
votes
1answer
150 views

When did volatilities start to smile in capital markets?

Glimpsing through literature, I read that volatilities in the equity market started to display a smile after the crash in 1987. But when did volatilities start to smile in capital markets?
1
vote
1answer
199 views

Portfolio risk decreased by increasing share of riskiest asset?

In Parker's The Economics of Entrepreneurship he explains how certain theoretical models predict seemingly bizzare things (e.g. people becoming more risk-averse resulting in them taking riskier jobs) ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

Risk and Reward in practice

My question is a bit philosophical. As a risk manager I often have to tell portfolio managers to reduce risk (e.g. due to VaR limits or exposure limits). Then usually the discussion arises that if ...