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0answers
27 views

What interest rate dynamics would you suggest to simulate a single swap?

I need to calculate the Potential Future Exposure (PFE) for a single swap (not a portfolio). As far as I know, a stochastic model is needed to simulate the interest rate curves (from here). Could ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Distribution of Geometric Brownian Motion

Please let me know where I have been mistaken! Let the SDE satisfied by the GBM $S(t)$ be $$ \frac{dS(t)}{S(t)} = \mu dt + \sigma dW(t). $$ Then, the underlying BM $X(t)$ will satisfy $$ dX(t) = ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

UST Yield Curve Forecasting - Bond Structure Testing

I have a project in mind that I am working on, but have little idea where to start. I am a relative newcomer to python (about 1 years exp.) and limited knowledge of quant finance. What I would like ...
2
votes
3answers
114 views

Calibration of a GBM - what should dt be?

I have a time series of daily data that I want to calibrate GBM parameters $\mu$ and $\sigma$ to. Using the discretized solution $$ S_{t_{i+1}} = S_{t_i}\exp\left(\left(\mu - ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Copula- AR simulation

I am estimating different copulas for bond factors that i also fit AR(1) models on. Now i would like to test and compare durations and VaRs with my model vs empiric. But how can i simulate AR(1) ...
1
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1answer
116 views

Simulate non-stationary time series with cointegration

how can I simulate/generate two non-stationary time series (with unit root) so that they can be also cointegrated (using R or Matlab). Thanks in advance.
8
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1answer
181 views

Strictly local martingales: what is the intuition behind them?

A process $X_t$ is a local martingale if for each increasing sequence of stopping times $\{\tau_k,k=1,2,...\}$ the stopped process is a martingale. All true martingales are local martingales, but the ...
0
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2answers
120 views

Historic Value at Risk - Ratios vs. Differences

Quick Summary on Historic VaR Let $S_0,...,S_n$ be the daily values of some stock (where $S_0$ is the current value). Then for $i=1,\ldots,n$ we let $$\hat r_i:=S_{i-1}/S_i \quad \text{and}\quad \hat ...
0
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2answers
165 views

Getting the next price of a GBM with reversion

Here is the "twin" question of Getting the next price of a GBM (Geometric Brownian Motion) but for GBM with reversion As in that case, I'd like to write a formula for the next price, as function of: ...
3
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0answers
216 views

Kelly Capital Growth Investment Strategy (Example in R)

In the paper Response to Paul A Samuelson letters and papers onthe Kelly Capital Growth Investment Strategy pages 5 and 6 Dr William T Ziemba, gives a praticle example on Kelly Growth. I’m trying to ...
0
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1answer
103 views

Getting the next price of a GBM (Geometric Brownian Motion)

I am writing a program that creates realizations of a GBM. Starting from an initial price, I get the following price with this formula: ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Monte Carlo for MultiFactor Ornstein Uhlenbeck

I'm following loosely the exposition given in "Monte Carlo Methods in Financial Engineering by Glasserman. For a multifactor OU process: $dX(t)=C(b-X(t))dt+DdW(t)$ Where C and D are d*d matrices ...
3
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2answers
275 views

When to use the real world drift and when the risk neutral one for a Monte-Carlo simulation?

Under what conditions should the drift be real world and when risk neutral when simulating Delta Hedging option pricing trading strategy any other? For 2. it should be risk neutral. For 1., it ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Order 1.5 strong SDE integration methods for systems with diagonal additive noise

I'm looking into simple-to-implement and efficient order 1.5 strong SDE integration schemes for my system. My noise is diagonal and additive (possibly time-varying). Thus methods designed for either ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Effective simulation of multi factor Heston model

Im looking for a quick way (as in runs quick, not necessarily is quick to implement) of simulating multiple square root processes for a stochastic volatility model, flexible enough to allow for ...
4
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0answers
82 views

Does GARCH derived variance explain the auto-correlation in a time series?

Given a time series of $u_i$ returns where i=1 to t. $\sigma_i$ is calculated from GARCH(1,1) as $\sigma_i^2=w+\alpha u_{i-1}^2 +\beta \sigma_{i-1}^2$ . What is the mathematical basis to say that ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Valuing Total Return Swaps

In my quest for simulated data, I am trying to generate prices for Total Return Swaps by calculating the NPVs of the fixed and floating leg. My problem: Given the fixed leg, how do I set the spread on ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

How do I simulate stock prices for a 10 asset portfolio, over a period of 10 years in MATLAB? [closed]

If I have given vectors for return and volatility (i.e. I have two 1x10 vectors), and I assume at first that their correlation is 0 (meaning my covariance-variance matrix is just diagonal), how do I ...
7
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2answers
10k views

How to simulate stock prices with a Geometric Brownian Motion?

I want to simulate stock price paths with different stochastic processes. I started with the famous geometric brownian motion. I simulated the values with the following formula: ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

Random Brownian Simulation Startling Results

I was playing around in Excel the other day, simulating possible equity curve/P&L paths for a simple game I designed. The game is really trying to find an optimal risk managment strategy. I start ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

SDE simulation: P or Q?

Let's take a GBM under $P$: $dS=\mu dt+\sigma dW_{t}^{P}$ and then under $Q$ $dS=r dt+\sigma dW_{t}^{Q}$, where $dW_{t}^{Q} = dW_{t}^{P} + (\mu - r)/\sigma dt $ Now, let's say that I have ...
1
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1answer
113 views

What's wrong with this asset growth simulation?

Sorry if this is too basic, but I have this spreadsheet that simulates asset growth of a portfolio under a given return and risk using MPT. Here is a plot of probability distribution of asset ...
3
votes
1answer
334 views

How does the 2-factor Hull White model propagate the forward rates curve?

I've been trying to get a grasp on some of the basics of interest rate modeling, and am looking to simulate rates using the 2 factor Hull White model, which I am aware offers a more realistic model of ...
2
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0answers
157 views

Credit Valuation Adjustment Implementation

I am trying to help a friend with her thesis on Counterparty Credit Risk where she intends to have a somewhat lengthy treatment on Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA). Specifically I am looking to help ...
1
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0answers
787 views

Models for simulating FX movements

My goal is to develop a model to simulate long term FX movements. (I am not sure if long term makes any difference, but if it does I am more interested in long term fx movements) These Monte Carlo ...
3
votes
1answer
556 views

Monte Carlo simulating Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process

The CIR process is given by the SDE $$ \mathrm dr_t = \theta(\mu-r_t)\mathrm dt + \sigma\sqrt{r_t}\mathrm dW_t $$ where $W_t$ is a Brownian motion. I am interested in finite-difference schemes of ...
1
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0answers
74 views

Problems with exact Heston simulations

I am just wondering if there is any problem with the so-called "exact" Heston simulations? So far what I have seen are the good things about it, what are the disadvantages? Because if it is so ...
3
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0answers
54 views

Credit spreads vs default events dependence

Reading this note it strikes me that credit spreads and defaults seem not to be commonly modeled jointly (e.g. more or less directly in structural models), but at best with some kind of "ex post" ...
5
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2answers
745 views

Simulation of GBM

I have a question regarding the simulation of a GBM. I have found similar questions here but nothing which takes reference to my specific problem: Given a GBM of the form $dS(t) = \mu S(t) dt + ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to simulate a Merton Jump Diffusion process?

I am talking about the Merton Jump Diffusion model, on this page, where they give the following formula: $$ dS_t = \mu S_t dt + \sigma S_t dW_t + (\eta-1) dq$$ where $W_t$ is a standard brownian ...
12
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3answers
809 views

How to account for transaction costs in a simulated market environment?

I am simulating a market for my trading system. I have no ask-bid prices in my dataset and use adjusted close for both buy and sell price. To account for this I plan to use a relative transaction ...
4
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1answer
926 views

Michaud's Resampled Efficient Frontier - Out of Sample Simulation Testing

I will be putting ALL my account points on bounty to whoever answers this question [if your answer is crap but it's the only answer, you're getting the 165 points]. You will have to wait 2 days or so ...
9
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2answers
2k views

When to use Monte Carlo simulation over analytical methods for options pricing?

I've been using Monte Carlo simulation (MC) for pricing vanilla options with non-lognormal underlyings returns. I'm tempted to start using MC as my primary option-valuating technique as I can get ...
1
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1answer
154 views

transaction size and liquidity in simulation of US stocks

i am developing a simulation trading in US stocks. i have 1 transaction a day per stock, assumed for simplicity to be executed at the daily closing price. in order to determine a reasonable maximal ...
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2answers
879 views

How to simulate cointegrated prices

Is there any simple way to simulate cointegrated prices?
8
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3answers
244 views

Are there any standard techniques for adding realistic synthetic microstructure noise to a price series?

This may seem like a strange question, but for my particular application we need to actually add synthetic microstructure noise to real time charts. The signal should still be representative of the ...
10
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3answers
659 views

Literature on generating synthetic time series for testing

I have some market data (daily time series) for bond prices and CDS indices and I would like to generate synthetic versions of these which are statistically "similar" for testing trading strategies. ...
5
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1answer
850 views

How to simulate correlated assets for illustrating portfolio diversification?

I have seen multiple instances where people try to explain the diversification effects of having assets with a certain level of correlation, especially in the "most diversified portfolio" literature. ...
10
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6answers
1k views

How to generate a random price series with a specified range and correlation with an actual price?

I want to generate a mock price series. I want it to be within a certain range and have a defined correlation with the original price series. If I choose, say, oil, I want as many time series which ...
8
votes
3answers
492 views

How to test for and how to simulate price rise/fall asymmetry in the stock market

One of the stylized facts of financial time series seems to be a fundamental asymmetry between smooth upward movements over longer periods of time followed by abrupt declines over relatively shorter ...
7
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1answer
485 views

Simulating conditional expectations

There is a multidimensional process X defined via its SDE (we can assume that its a diffusion type process), and lets define another process by $g_t = E[G(X_T)|X_t]$ for $t\leq T$. I would like to ...
7
votes
1answer
334 views

How to reduce variance in a Cox-Ingersoll-Ross Monte Carlo simulation?

I am working out a numerical integral for option pricing in which I'm simulating an interest rate process using a Cox-Ingersoll-Ross process. Each step in my Monte Carlo generated path is a ...
7
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1answer
557 views

Monte carlo portfolio risk simulation

My objective is to show the distribution of a portfolio's expected utilities via random sampling. The utility function has two random components. The first component is an expected return vector ...
11
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1answer
313 views

Enhancing Monte-Carlo convergence (crude method)

I am currently doing a project involving Monte-Carlo method. I wonder if there is papers dealing with a "learning" refinement method to enhance the MC-convergence, example : Objective : estimate of ...
9
votes
2answers
601 views

Is Walk Forward Analysis a good method to estimate the edge of a trading system?

Do you think Walk Forward Analysis is a good method to estimate the predictability or edge of a trading system? Are there similar methods to know (estimate) how much alpha can capture an algo (in the ...
6
votes
1answer
176 views

What tradeoff is there to using an accurate estimate with a large confidence interval?

I am working on calibrating a Heston model from simulated historical stock data. After obtaining an accurate estimate of the model parameters I found very large 95% confidence intervals for these ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Simulating Returns

I'll start this off with a rather broad question: I am trying to simulate returns of a large number of assets within a portfolio of different classes - equity and fixed income in a first step, say 100 ...