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0
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0answers
59 views

Easy question (?) - how to measure if volatility for two samples is significantly different?

For my bachelor thesis I'm doing a research where at one point I want to measure if volatility for a certain sample of stocks in period A is significantly different from i) the same sample of stocks ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

How do I find the standard deviation of a portfolio? [closed]

Compute the expected return $\mu_V$ and standard deviation $\sigma_V$ of a portfolio consisting of three securities with weights $\omega_1=40\%$, $\omega_2=-20\%$, $\omega_3=80\%$, given that the ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Compute the risk measured by the standard deviations $\sigma K_1, \sigma K_2, \sigma K_3$, does this have to do with weights?

Compute the risk measured by the standard deviations $\sigma K_1, \sigma K_2, \sigma K_3$ for each of the investment projects, where the returns $K_1, K_2$, and $K_3$ depend on the market scenario: $$...
1
vote
3answers
147 views

Appropriate measure of risk if return are not normally distributed

Normally standard deviation of an assets is used as an proxy for the risk in the financial market. In reality distribution of return is more peaked at the center and higher mass in the tail as ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Volatility of monthly performances, where the last month is short

I'd like to calculate the vol of a return series of, say, 25 months. However, the last of those months is not completed yet. The last data point only refers to the first 21 days of the month (say, ...
0
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2answers
118 views

Estimation of annualized volatility depending on data frequency - exceptions to the general rule?

From my understanding, the annualized standard deviation of daily returns is generally higher than of annualized standard deviation of weekly returns is generally higher than.... monthly...quarterly......
0
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0answers
90 views

Forecasting conditional variance using fGARCH

I am forecasting the conditional standard deviation using ARMA(1,0)-GJRGARCH(1,1) in R using the fGarch package. Here is a sample code: ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

Problem with obtaining densities

For my research I need to obtain a series of densities, however, I am encountering some problems. The first problem is perhaps very simple, but the answer eludes me. Let's say I have an observation ...
3
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2answers
146 views

Sharpe Ratio : why the normalization factor?

I try to understand why a $\sqrt{252}$ normalization factor is useful for Sharpe Ratio: Let's compute the Sharpe Ratio for this imaginary portfolio, for various sampling periods: ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to calculate 5 years return & STD for ETF?

I want to calculate by-myself 5 year return & STD for SPY ETF. What I did: Downloaded to Excel from yahoo finance historical data for the ETF (daily Adj. Close) from ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Impulse response function interpretation

I would need a quick help with Impulse response function interpretation which I have done after Vector autoregression model in stata. I need to understand how to interpret IRF graph or table values ...
0
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4answers
83 views

Calculating portfolio risk

I want to calculate the risk of a portfolio with the following. In order to calculate the following formula: However, I am not sure if I have to use log returns or simple returns to calculate the ...
5
votes
2answers
192 views

Annualized Sharpe Ratio calculation

I'm trying to replicate the annualized Sharpe ratio of an buy-and-hold strategy for the Dow Jones Industrial Average index for a period consisting of multiple years. I got the daily DJIA (closing) ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Isolating single assets standard deviation in a portfolio accounting for correlation

I am running a simple Monte Carlo analysis in Excel using mean return, standard deviation and the =NORMINV(RAND(),mean,std dev) method. I have a correlation matrix that I use to compute the portfolio ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Multiplying by the Square Root of Twelve to calculate annual standard deviation

I failed to see the mathematics truism. Can someone care to elaborate.
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Is implied volatility flawed?

Was going through how Implied Volatility is used by option traders and in delta hedging. Correct me if I am wrong, doesn't IV consider a standard deviation of the stock price over say the past 1 year? ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Does anyone know where I can find a free efficient frontier tool, or an informative and legitamate/academic graph of the efficient frontier?

I'd like to build a portfolio based upon modern portfolio theory and I'd like to find a tool I can use to calculate the proper mix of asset classes. Can anyone help with this? I think a good chart/...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Computing the minimum variance portfolio

Given two risky assets and their corresponding covariance matrix, how do I compute the global minimum variance portfolio, its standard deviation and its expected return?
2
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4answers
10k views

Relationship between Beta and Standard Deviation

I was doing some financial analysis on two firms in the coffee industry. After calculating Beta and Standard Deviation for both firms, I seem to have stumbled on some weird phenomenon. It appears ...
-1
votes
1answer
211 views

Is the market really Normal. Is Implied Volatility Historically Correct?

Ok. So as of 6/10/2014's market close the SPY was 195.6 and the VIX closed at a ridiculous recent low of 10.99. Now because the VIX (IV) is the implied volatility of 1 month contracts on the SPX and ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Standard Deviation as listed in Rebonato's Volatility and Correlation: Binomial Replication 2.3.4 Worked-Out Example

I am reading Rebonato's Volatility and Correlation (2nd Edition) and I think it's a great book. I'm having difficulty trying to derive a formula he used that he described as the expression for ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Sharpe Ratio, annualized monthly returns vs annual returns vs annual rolling returns?

I would like to calculate the Yearly Sharpe Ratio on MSCI World index I have monthly values of the index that falls back up to Jan/1970, hence about: 44 years, 528 months In order to calculate ...
7
votes
0answers
799 views

Formula for the efficient portfolios (mean-variance optimisation)?

Consider the setting of mean-variance portfolio optimisation: $n$ assets with expected returns $\overline{r}_1,...,\overline{r}_n$ and standard deviations $\sigma_1,...\sigma_n$. For a certain fixed $...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Why do stocks with a negative beta return less than the risk free rate?

Let's say we have two stocks, Stock A and Stock B. Both of them have the same standard deviation $\sigma$, and therefore have the same risk. The only difference is that Stock A has a perfect ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

compute sharpe ratio for options?

Calculating sharpe ratio for shares is a straight forward task: (average returns - risk free ) / standard deviation. However i remain baffled as to how to tackle the task for options, can someone ...