# Tagged Questions

stochastic processes is a collection of random variables representing the evolution of some system of random values over time.

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### Multivariate Ito problem $M_t=\frac{X_t}{Y_t}$

I am analyzing a problem given in the lecture slides published here (Slide 7-8 Example of Multivariate Ito’s Lemma). Can anybody explain how the $M_t$ was calculated out of the Ito formula. I ...
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### Black-Scholes formula proof, without stochastic integration

I've looked into many books at my academic library, and very often it goes like this: Brownian motion Then, stochastic integration (Itô's formula etc.) Application: Black-Scholes formula for price ...
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### Deriving the definition of stochastic integrals with respect to Ito processes from first principles

When I first encountered the definition of integrals with respect to Ito processes (Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance Vol II), I didn't think twice. However, I wanted to see if the definition ...
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### Stochastic Integration

I have the following derivation question: A small company is investing resources in a risky project that it hopes will be profitable. The project could, for example, represent the manufacturing and ...
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### Bounded Stochastic discrete process

I just came across this stochastic process (link): $dY_t = (a-bY_t)dt + c \sqrt{Y_t(1-Y_t)}dW_t$, where $dW_t$ is a Wiener Process. According to the author under certain conditions this process is ...
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### Prove that $E[g(X_T)|\mathscr F_t] = E[g(X_T)|X_t]$

Let $T > 0$. Let $(\Omega, \mathscr F, \{\mathscr F_t\}_{t \in [0,T]}, \mathbb P)$ be a filtered probability space where $\mathscr F_t = \sigma(W_u, u \in [0,t])$ where $W_t$ is standard Brownian ...
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### How do one solve $\int_t^T \exp[\int_0^u-( r-\delta_s)ds] dW_u$? Double integral with general deterministic function $\delta(t)$

How do one solve $\int_t^T \exp[\int_0^u-\left( r-\delta_s\right)ds] dW_u$ ? $\delta(t)$ is a general deterministic function. $r$ is constant.
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### Differential of stochastic term

Question 1: How does one come up with the equation in the red box below? It looks like some kind product rule, but I'm not sure how to apply Ito's lemma here. Bjork doesn't seem to explain it ...
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### $\mathop{\mathbb{E^{}}}\left\lbrace 1_{S_T > K} \; S_T \right\rbrace$ ? Exp. of an indicator funct and a diffusion with non-proportional vol

How to compute $\mathop{\mathbb{E^{}}}\left\lbrace 1_{S_T > K} \; S_T \right\rbrace$ ? where $dS_t = S_t r dt + \sigma dW_t$ and $1_{S_T > K}$ is the indicator function being one when ...
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### How to apply the Feynman-Kac formula?

I've been learning about Feynman-Kac recently and I understand the underlying ideas. I am stuck however in actually computing explicit solutions for specific problems. For example, suppose I have the ...