# Tagged Questions

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### Swaptions to calculate swap exposure for CVA

I am looking at using the swaption method to calculate the EPE and ENE on a swap over its life, to use in CVA/DVA calculations. I have a number of questions, how well does this method work in ...
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### Comparing Hedging Strategies

Say I am an American issuer, and I've issued some bond denominated in CAD. I've hedged the coupon by entering into an FX USD/CAD fixed for floating swap and I receive the fixed leg and pay floating, ...
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### Swaption pricing

I am trying to understand the pricing of various types of swaptions. Suppose I have a swap that starts in 3 months time. How would I go about pricing a swaption on this swap in the following cases: ...
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### What is the difference between OIS Swap vs Basis Swap?

What is the use of OIS Swap Curve vs. Basis Swap Curve?
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### Constructing Swap Curve from LIBOR

Say I'm considering a long maturity fixed rate swap, for instance 20 years paid semi annually. Now I want to find the fixed rate for this hypothetical swap. I understand that this fixed rate is going ...
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### Cross Currency Swap pricing

I have seen two methods for calculating the value of a xccy swap - 1) Convert the future foreign payments to the base currency using forward FX rates, net with the base currency payments and ...
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### Roll convention applied to weekend swap maturity date

Suppose a swap is booked with maturity on June 19, 2016 (which is a Sunday). Accruals are adjusted according to the modified following roll convention and follow U.S. holidays. For the last cashflow ...
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### Why would one prefer variance swaps over other instruments?

I understand that an investor who has a view on an underlying's variance would be tempted by a variance swap. But why would one prefer such a contract over another instrument whose value is based on ...
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### Why is a variance swap long skew?

I can appreciate the mathematical derivation, but can anyone explain this in a more intuitive sense? I often come across the mistaken belief that due to the replicating portfolio being long more ...
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### How to calculate this swap rate

What is the 2x5 swap rate? here 2x5 swap rate refers to the 3-year swap, 2 years forward.
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### How to build a cross currency swap pricer?

We're looking to build a pricer to convert a funding spread in a given currency over a specific funding basis e.g. 20 bps EUR 3m€ and convert it to a funding spread to a different currency with a ...
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### Estimate the risk of swaptions

I would like to model OTM Swaptions. I can use some implementation of the Bachelier model (not B76 due to negative rates) and implied volatilities from Bloomberg. For 10Y X 10Y (10 years option ...
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### Factor sensitivities for EURUSD swap

Trying to understand various risk factors for a EURUSD swap. While I understand why a EURUSD swap would have USD LIBOR, EURIBOR, EURUSD currency as risk factors, why is it that it would also have EUR ...
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### How to run swapbyzero matlab function in a loop [closed]

I made a for loop in Matlab in which I price a swap by using the swapbyzero function. The swapbyzero function requires a rates structure created by using the intenvset function from matlab. The ...
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### Validation of an outright bid/ask computation

Given that the spot USD/CAD (for example) is $1.6120/25$ and six month forward swaps are $27/26$. What would the outright price be? I notice that bid of swap is larger than ask, that implies that is ...
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### How to work out the forward outright price from the bid/ask quotes?

I'm facing this problem: Spot AUD/USD is quoted at 0.7634/39; six-months swaps are 112.1/111.1; at what forward outright rate can a price taker sell USD value spot/6 months? On the spot side,...
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### Hull white tree and the pricing of an interest rate swap

Currently, I have been able to set up the hull white tree. To price the swap, and we use the formula from Wilmott "Introduces Quantitative Finance", where we use the discount factors for all ...
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### Pricing a Vanilla swap between coupons; What rates to use?

Vanilla Swap question. Entered into a 5Y fixed for floating HUF swap. Fixed is annual coupons, Float is semi-annual coupons. 1 month later I want to price it. I set up my future values for Fixed ...
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### Swap prices (preferably based on 3 month LIBOR)?

Where can I find a listing of forward swap rates based on libor. E.g. pricing on a swap of rates floating over 30 day libor for 3 year fixed, one year from now?
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### Static and Dynamic Hedging of Vol/Var Swaps

Why can a variance swap be perfectly statically hedged whereas a volatility swap requires dynamic hedging? Possible reference request to the corresponding literature.
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### Does a 1Y swap depend on zero curve beyond the 1Y point?

When using market swap rates to calibrate a discount curve, it seems that the PV of a 1Y swap depends on the zero curve at points beyond the 1Y mark. For example, a USD 1Y swap with trade date today (...
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### Pricing of swaps

I have a (hopefully) elementary question about forex swaps. Most feeds will have a near and a far leg (or more legs for more exotic swaps). I appreciate that "buying the swap" involves locking in ...
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### Why is convexity adjustment applied to swap price for a nonstandard swap, in simple terms?

Martinelli et al. show that when the 3-month Libor is replaced by the 3-month Libor forward rates (which are obtained from the spot zero-coupon yield) then the swap price depends only on zero-coupon ...
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### Swap Rate vs Par Rate

If we calculate the par rate for n periods, why does the nth swap rate equal the par rate? A mathematical formulation would be helpful apart from an intuitive answer. Edit: Example:- A 2 year ...
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### Something is wrong with my MtM calculation

I'm trying to value a super simple receiver swap immediately after the first swap settlement (1 year in). The given answer is -1.91 million to the floating rate payer, but I am not coming up with ...
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### Quantlib bootstraping fails on 5y swap

I'm trying to build a euro swap curve with real up to date data. I should say that examples provided in github work fine. as soon as I add the 5y swap, I got the following error : ...
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### CVA for an inflation linked swap

I am trying to value an inflation linked swap and wish to calculate the associated CVA and DVA. I think the best way to approach this would be via a simulation. Suppose I wish to calculate CVA over ...
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### Why QuantLib computes the fixed-leg swap rate by this formula?

I'm trying to understand how QuantLib creates (bootstraps) a yield curve from a vanilla swap at the source level. I have the following test code: ...
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### Derive OIS rate from IRS rate and Fed Funds/Libor basis spread

For example I have 7Y interest rate swap rate and 7Y Fed funds/Libor basis spread. What is the step-by-step procedure to derive OIS rate from these two?
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### Libor OIS basis swap equation

I'm a little embarrassed about this because I have a PhD in math, but I'm having a little trouble working out how to bootstrap an OIS curve from libor rates and basis swap rates. If I had an equation ...