A temporal sequence of events measured at discrete points in time.

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2
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1answer
333 views

2-step estimation of DCC GARCH model in Python

Embedded in this thread are multiple questions. I'm currently im the process of implementing a DCC GARCH forecast model on quantopian (a python-powered trading platform). The two step consists of ...
1
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0answers
127 views

Application of time series analysis to Bitcoin prices

Various exchanges allow for the trading of Bitcoins. The price of Bitcoin was very volatile since the inception of the system, today it is 391.76 USD: I wonder whether time series analysis tools ...
1
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0answers
52 views

state space for affine yield curve

i would like to reproduce in R the working paper " Affine free arbitrage class of Nelson Siegel term structure". The authors considering the equation of nelson siegel plus an adjustment term(C(t,T)) ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Define polynomials of an ARMA process

I just started out with financial time series and I'm a bit stuck with ARMA models. I have the following ARMA process: $-4X_t + X_{t-2} = Z_t + 0.2 Z_{t-1}$ Now I am being asked for the polynomials ...
1
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2answers
135 views

What methods are there for showing a time series is mean reverting?

What methods are there for showing a time series is mean reverting? Is there a hypothesis relating to the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process for example?
3
votes
1answer
102 views

volume-returns cross correlation interpretation

I want to find the relationship between volume and price returns in the S&P500. My first thought was to run a cross correlation in order to find who leads and who lags in the relation. It´s my ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Building predictive model for closing price using only previous days data

I am trying to determine which quantitative model to try and build a predictive model for the next day's closing price for all the S&P stocks based on their bar for that particular day. However, I ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What are common methods for modeling intraday trading volume?

What are the most common ways to model intraday trading volume, particularly for futures contracts? There are obviously a number of seasonal-type factors, like roll, economic news releases, time of ...
1
vote
1answer
293 views

predict next day's close price using hmm

I am reading this paper(Stock market forecasting using hidden Markov model: a new approach) and get confused about how they predict the next day's close price. Below is what the authors say about how ...
1
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0answers
52 views

Transforming Variables in time series regression

I have multiple quarterly time series data and trying to build a linear regression model using this dataset. Should the transformations on the LHS and RHS be the same i.e QoQ percent changes? Could ...
6
votes
2answers
214 views

Is the average of independent Brownian Motions still a Brownian Motion?

If $W$ and $B$ are independent Brownian Motions (BM thereafter), then the average of $W$ and $B$ is $X_t=\frac{1}{2}(W_t+B_t)$. Where do I begin to show that indeed it is still a BM? Also, if both ...
6
votes
1answer
173 views

Filtering out AR(1) effects before using stochastic volatility model

I wonder if I first filter out AR(1) (autoregressive model with lag 1) effects from univariate time series and then fit stochastic volatility model does above procedure introduce any bias at first or ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the variance risk premium?

Can someone provide an intuitive understanding of the variance risk premium? I am very confused by this definition and cannot interpret my time series analysis.
4
votes
1answer
76 views

compute technical indicators from candle data

i have a rookie question but can't find the answer anywhere so..what is the right way to compute a simple moving average when you have an array of (open,close,low,high) tuples ? From what i saw so ...
8
votes
3answers
394 views

Does Kalman filter always improve over linear regression?

If I have a simple linear regression that has statistical signification but I would like to improve the overall prediction results. Will a Kalman filter be always an improvement or as least achieve ...
4
votes
0answers
293 views

How to forecast high-frequency data?

Introduction: I have seen a plenty of articles/books regarding volatility forecasting applied to high frequency data, but none of them were dedicated to forecasting the actual prices (for example bid/...
6
votes
1answer
320 views

How to use physics models in Time Series Analysis and Forecasting.

I have been studying methods of Technical Analysis for several years and I am disappointed. I actually do not consider it useful. I have not met anyone who can constantly win in the market using these ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

labeling high frequency signal data

Was curious if anyone has methodologies they can recommend for systematically labeling (discrete) signals generated from intraday tick data for use in classification or detection models ?
3
votes
2answers
226 views

Relationships between white noise and random walk

I would like to ask 5 questions about relations between these processes. 1) Could white noise be also a random walk? 2) Could random walk be also a white noise? 3) Could white noise be stationary? ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Specifying integration level of time series [closed]

Following model was estimated on 200 observations. How to specify the level of integration of $X_t?$ In brackets there are standard errors and p-value of Breusch-Godfrey test is also shown. $X_t=0,02+...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

what are the criteria to select pairs?

I'm new to this forum, this is the first question I posted. I have many candidate pairs and I've used ADF test to make a first selection. There are more than 800 selected. The pairs are absolutely too ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Does it make sense to interpret autocorrelation and box test on 5 data points?

I am trying to see if after I trade a stock the price movements at 2, 5, 7, 10, 30 and 60 seconds after exhibit any autocorrelation. Below I have the returns from my trade price to the trade 2,5,7,10 ...
10
votes
2answers
444 views

GARCH model, expectation of volatility?

Consider a time series $\{r_t\}$ following a standard GARCH(1,1) model, i.e., $$ r_t = \sigma_t \epsilon_t,$$ where $\epsilon_t \sim N(0,1)$ and are i.i.d, and $$\sigma_t^2 = \omega + \alpha_1 r_{t-1}^...
6
votes
2answers
491 views

Value at Risk for Futures Contracts

I would like to know how you would compute Value at Risk on a portfolio of futures i.e rates futures, commodity futures and equity. How do you deal with the discontinuous form of commodity futures for ...
3
votes
4answers
481 views

Unsmoothing of returns

The following problem arises in the context of private equity, which typically report "smoothed" returns (think of it as a moving average). As you can imagine, "smoothed" returns would have a much ...
26
votes
4answers
6k views

What is a stationary process?

How do you explain what a stationary process is? In the first place, what is meant by process, and then what does the process have to be like so it can be called stationary?
2
votes
1answer
107 views

FORECASTING Model AR(1) in an Autoregressive Form The Pi´s Parameters

Ive been implementing a little exercise to obtain the first 2 forecasting points of an AR(1) process. And i want to have the forecasting ponts using the three forms: Im folowing this pdf http://www.le....
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Garch models and assumption of stationarity ?

I found big inconsistency in the GARCH models and their underlying assumption of stationarity. GARCH models require that data must be stationary, where stationary means both mean and variance are ...
5
votes
3answers
365 views

How is stock data objectively different to this random walk?

I have a random walk that is generated as so using python, numpy, and matplotlib ...
6
votes
2answers
257 views

Is there any research on pyramiding techniques of entering/exiting a trend?

I am looking for any research about optimal strategies for gradually building (scaling in) positions inside a trend as well as optimal gradual exit strategies on pullbacks/reversals to minimise ...
6
votes
0answers
262 views

Markov-Switching Multifractal and FX Rates

Is there a better model than Markov-Switching Multifractal (MSM) for detecting regime shifts in FX rates across multiple time horizons? I am especially interested in the different aspects of the ...
2
votes
0answers
131 views

Identifiability of a state space model (Dynamic Linear Model)

Take a general linear Gaussian state space model (SSM)(aka Dynamic Linear Model DLM): $X_{t+1}=FX_t + V_t$ $Y=HX_t+W_t$ $V_t \sim N(0,Q)$ $W_t \sim N(0,R)$ I am interested in the ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Estimating correlation using EWMA

I am using an EWMA model to evaluate the correlation between yearly time series. I know Riskmetrics uses $\lambda=0.94$ for daily data and $\lambda=0.97$ for monthly data. Is there a value ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Applying Time Delay Neural Network to financial events

I have an IT background and I would like to use data from a forex calendar like this one to predict prices. The problem is that calendar news impacts can last for days or weeks or even can effect ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

What is the best data structure/implementation for representing a time series in C#?

I'm looking for a tick by tick high performance container. So far I've been using List where Tick is a simple struct with a DateTime and double field. I'm using Linq for date lookups but it's ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Speed of mean reversion of an interest rate model

I would like to have a bit more of intuition about the concept of "speed of mean reversion" for an interest rate model, e.g. Vasicek or CIR. In particular, is a negative speed of mean reversion ...
5
votes
2answers
136 views

Interpretation of Correlation

I have two geometric Brownian motions (GBMs) driven by the same underlying Brownin motion, namely \begin{align*} S_t^1 = S_0^1\exp\left(\left(\mu_1 - \frac{\sigma_1^2}{2}\right)t + \sigma_1 W_t\right),...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Accuracy of GARCH& ARCH forecast

I'm learing ARCH&GARCH model. I have four questions that I don't know the answers 1st: ARCH & GARCH are often used to evaluate equities. Does it mean that ARCH and GARCH are fitter for high ...
4
votes
2answers
89 views

Does heteroskedasticity of returns depend on the time frame?

Similarly to my last question, for which I obtained very interesting and useful answers, I would like to know if there has been any study regarding heteroskedasticity and time-frames of the returns. ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

Extracting Signal from Noisy Data

Consider a scenario in which Y_t represents the % change in price and we want to use X_t to predict Y_t. We assume that X_t is information we get before Y_t is revealed. Suppose that in reality Y_t =...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

Is there a relation between these two forecasting/estimation approaches?

When learning econometrics I have usually seen stuff from the following perspective: Assume $Y_t = f(X_t) + e_t$, where f is some function of $X_t$ (typically linear). For example, assume $Y_t = X_t ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

R: Fast and efficient way of running a multivariate regression across a (really) large panel (First pass of Fama MacBeth)

I am attempting to run a rolling multivariate regression (14 explanatory variables) across a panel of 5000 stocks: For each of the 5000 stocks, I run 284 regressions (by rolling over my sample ...
2
votes
2answers
658 views

Bloomberg tick data timezone offset

I am using python to access the Bloomberg Desktop API and am running into issues with the timezone conversion for their tick data. The data they deliver is supposed to be UTC but there is something ...
10
votes
1answer
315 views

Time series analysis on illiquid price data?

Say for example I have the following company in some specialized industry: A - Company that is about to be listed in Exchange 1, i.e., no price history B - Company that produce similar products as ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Cointegration tests: how do you accurately test the necessity of time trends in the Johansen and Engle-Granger Test?

Is there a correct and up to date procedure? I just run the equation in VEC form and test the significance of the time trends? What are the possible problems that I should be aware of?
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Machine learning to build top 3 price scenarios over n days

I have a time series of closing prices for a given stock. I would like to formulate possible future scenarios for the price. My intention is not to use these "likely" scenarios to take any position. ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Regressing NYSE returns: Lagged intercept term & efficient market hypothesis

By performing the following OLS time series regression, $y_t$ = $\beta_0$ + $\beta_1$*$y_{t-1}$ + $\beta_0$*$y_{t-1}^2$ + $\epsilon$ I cannot reject the null hypothesis that b1=b2=0. However, ...
1
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0answers
79 views

Cointegration and variance of time series

Given that $X_t , Y_t$ are two cointegrated random processes, what can we say about the relationship between variance of the two increments $var(X_{t+h}-X_t)$ , $var(Y_{t+h}-Y_t)$ for a given $h>0$...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

remove seasonality in future contracts

very new to commodities. I have raw agriculture future data, and I need to remove the seasonality (de-seasonalize) from the data, what is the general approach ? Thanks for the help!
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Is a stationary process necessarily mean-reverting?

Intuitively, a stationary stochastic process needs to be mean-reverting. This should follow immediately from the definition of stationarity: the mean of the process needs to be constant over time, so ...