A sequence of events measured at disrete points in time.

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3
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0answers
163 views

How can I introduce exogenous variables in the equation of the conditional variance?

Is it possible to introduce dummy variables or explanatory variables in the GARCH variance equation (garchset and garchfit).This is done in the mean (ARMAX) equation through the input 'Regress' in ...
3
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0answers
140 views

Is it random walk?

I would like to ask a question about random walk. Campbell, Lo & Mackinlay defined the random walk, in the following way (RW3): $$ cov[f(r_{t}),g(r_{t+k})]=0,\qquad k\neq0 $$ for all $f(\cdot)$ ...
3
votes
0answers
192 views

Fitting a non linear AR + GARCH(1,1)-M model

I want to fit the following model to a time series: $$ y_{t}=\alpha_{0}+\alpha_{1}y_{t-1}+\alpha_{2}y_{t-1}^{2}+\lambda h_{t}+\varepsilon_{t} $$ $$ ...
2
votes
3answers
382 views

Why do long-term equity return forecast models use dependent observations?

I've been reading up on different models used to forecast the equity risk premium, and I've seen a couple of papers that had questionable methods. For example, this paper by Javier Estrada goes into ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Squared and Absolute Returns

I've always wondered why do one use squared or absolute returns to determine if volatility modeling is required for the return series? We understand that there are various tests for its ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Calculating Portfolio Skewness & Kurtosis

I need to calculate the skewness and kurtosis of 2 asset portfolio, can someone please help me with the formulas and definition of terms? Thank you. I have been using the matrices method and I am not ...
2
votes
4answers
193 views

Is there any way to easily estimate and forecast seasonal ARIMA-GARCH model in any software?

I use R to estimate a seasonal ARIMA(8,0,0)(5,0,1)[7] model for the seasonal differences of logs of daily electricity prices: ...
2
votes
3answers
471 views

Time Series or Regression

I'd like to research the impact of certain events and characteristics on the liquidity of the stocks over time. I've got a sample of 200 stocks and I use several measures of liquidity (Amihud, Bid-Ask ...
2
votes
3answers
144 views

Calibration of a GBM - what should dt be?

I have a time series of daily data that I want to calibrate GBM parameters $\mu$ and $\sigma$ to. Using the discretized solution $$ S_{t_{i+1}} = S_{t_i}\exp\left(\left(\mu - ...
2
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2answers
171 views

Intraday Data - Stylized Facts?

Can someone give an overview or literature on Intraday Data Stylized Facts? In particular for equity market returns or exchange rates.
2
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3answers
408 views

Transaction Data with Participant ID

For my master thesis, I need high-frequency data with the market participant ID or which identifies the trading parties, respectively. I don't need the entire orderbook but just the matched orders ...
2
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3answers
788 views

Analyze raw tick data

I'd like to work with raw tick data and naturally this data is unevenly spaced (for example, a couple of quotes are at the same second etc.) For example ...
2
votes
1answer
381 views

Is there a measure for the 'degree' of cointegration

Is there a standard (or maybe even intuitive?) way of ranking pairs of cointegrated time series so that one could make statements like the following: ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Picking from two correlated distributions

Can anyone provide a simple example of picking from two distributions, such that the two generated time series give a specified value of Pearson's correlation coefficient? I would like to do this in ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Does unit root stationary imply mean stationary and variance stationary?

Newbie question. I am reading about stationary series and understand that it has many forms: mean stationary variance stationary covariance stationary My question is does unit root stationary ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Testing for stationarity in large sample sizes

I keep struggling with testing 9 samples if they are stationary. Each of these samples is a real valued time series with 714.000 values. If I use the KPSS test with the each compleete sample set, the ...
2
votes
3answers
482 views

What data transformations to use in regression of credit spreads on equity prices?

Clearly there is a strong relationship between credit spreads and equity prices (both theoretically and empirically). But how would one go about formulating a regression which seeks to explain this ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

How to interpret ACF and PACF plots

I just want to check that I am interpreting the ACF and PACF plots correctly: The data corresponds to the errors generated between the actual data points and the estimates generated using an ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

What is the best way of updating data while using Empirical Mode Decomposition to analyze

I have a question about EMD updating new data points. For an entire time series, from beginning to the end, the EMD preforms quite good using the cubic spline function. The problem happens when new ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Stress Testing Methods

I'm working on the following task: Given quarterly data: a time series representing the 1-year realized (10 years of data) rates of default on a portfolio of mortgages a slew of ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

What impact does arbitrage have on realised volatility estimates?

Doing some research modeling/estimating volatility in the bitcoin market. There is quite a bit of scope for arbitrage within crypto-currency markets. Wonder if this has any impact on my volatility ...
2
votes
1answer
732 views

Counterintuitive time varying Beta with Kalman filter

If you're used to play with R, you'll enjoy the following reproducible code: ...
2
votes
1answer
364 views

Techniques for forecasting short-frame data?

I'm having a problem in which a time series of 24 data points is given to forecast the next 12 data points. This 24 data points might be sparse (many are missing). Do you have any suggestion on what ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

ARIMA model, cannot get rid of low order ACF spike

I've gone through all the steps to fit a good ARIMA model - I plotted the data, I looked at the ADF tests, I looked at the ACF plot with no AR and MA terms just a constants. I came up with an ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

How to find the best fitting GARCH model for a portfolio composed of 3 ETFs in R?

I am doing a project for my class Financial Time Series in which I am trying to forecast my portfolio log returns using a GARCH fit. I am having a bit of trouble determining the best way to fit this ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What are the properties of the Expected Shortall measure when split in multiple time periods?

Suppose I have a single time series of losses $L$ that consists of two sub-parts $L_1$ and $L_2$. Is there a relationship that relates the expected shortfall of $L$ to the expected shortfall of $L_1, ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

GARCH model and prediction

I have a question about the prediction of volatility and returns of a time series. Basically it is a question about prediction in the ...
2
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3answers
91 views

how to back out levels from a forecast of differenced series

I have a non-stationary series of bond yields $x_{t}$ that are logged and differenced $$y_{t}\equiv ln\left(x_{t}\right)-ln\left(x_{t-4}\right) $$ From that, I get a series of forecasted values ...
2
votes
1answer
285 views

How should we select efficiently orders parameters in time series modelling?

A common way to select orders parameters (ex: to choose the number of AR terms to be included in the model ) in time series modelling is to rely on some Information Criteria (AIC, BIC, Hannan ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Event studies using revenue data vs. measuring abnormal returns

This may be a silly question, but does there exist a methodology for examining the impact of "events" on companies that are not publicly traded? I suppose it would look at abnormal revenues rather ...
2
votes
2answers
196 views

How to synchronize put and call option-data?

I recently retrieved a large amount of European option data, for call and put prices, from OptionMetrics. Doing so for the same time period I get a file consisting of 62558 rows of call prices & ...
2
votes
1answer
326 views

Stepwise Cointegration

This is more of a general question at this point, but if my thought process makes sense I will follow up with an R implementation. I have read a number of papers on cointegration analysis for pairs ...
2
votes
1answer
661 views

Predict Quadratic Trend in Time Series

Can anyone kindly point out if I made any mistakes in making predictions using quadratic regression model in time series? I called the predict() function with the appropriate data vector and model, ...
2
votes
2answers
156 views

What are the proper metrics to look at for checking discrepancies in these two time series

I am obtaining bid/ask price and volume market data from two different sources for the same ticker and for the same day and checking to see that at time intervals X they are "roughly the same". The ...
2
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3answers
585 views

How to annualize dividends paid at varying intervals?

I am attempting to write a function that will calculate the annualized rate of return for individual dividends made by illiquid investments. These dividends are paid at varying intervals and the ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Good reference on sample autocorrelation?

I'm not a statistician but I'm writing my thesis on mathematical finance and I think it would be neat to have a short section about independence of stock returns. I need to get better understanding ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

How to reconstruct a discontinued economic time series such as the Fed's CP rate?

The old 3-Month Commercial Paper Rate (CP3M) on FRED was discontinued in 1997. I would like to reconstruct this series in a reasonable fashion, so I can use it to analyze more recent events. I was ...
2
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0answers
53 views

Is it too important that my residuals be normal? I am Using an ARMA/GARCH model

I am trying to fit an ARMA/GARCH model to a time series. I found that the best candidate is an ARMA(1,0) + GARCH(1,1) with gaussian white noise It has coefficients with p-values near cero and the ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

State Space models with Short Time Series

My problem is that I have a state space model that I estimate using the Berndt–Hall–Hall–Hausman (BHHH) algorithm. The state space model is relatively simple in that the hidden part follows a pure ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Derivation of variance of Zhou (1996) volatility estimator

Does anyone know how to derive the Variance of Bin Zhou's volatility estimator (Theorem 1) in 'High-Frequency Data and Volatility in Foreign-Exchange Rates' (1996) Zhou 1996 Any help would be ...
2
votes
0answers
169 views

Potential pitfalls in the use of correlation

Background: The red line is an index, which goes from 0 to 100, measuring uncertainty in the markets. The dark blue line is a price index, which has a lower bound at 0, and virtually no upper bound. ...
2
votes
1answer
317 views

Interpretation of cross-correlation matrix when one sample distribution is not normal

I am looking at the variance of (log) price changes in securities vs. the amount of social media discussion about them. I'm not interested in building a model. I'm just looking to see if there is a ...
2
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0answers
239 views

Test for stationarity and make use of non-stationary points in financial market?

I have two questions to ask: What are the best methods to determine stationarity in a financial market (such as stocks) using MATLAB? What methods would you recommend to use in order to change from ...
2
votes
0answers
831 views

How to calculate the conditional variance of a time series?

I am reading a paper where the term conditional variance is mentioned, but I am not really sure what is meant by this and how this can be calculated: Fig. 2 shows the conditional variances of the ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Is there an appropriate sequence to tests during model diagnosis?

How should one order (sequence) the following tests? Stationarity test Johansen cointegration test Normality/Histogram test Autocorrelation test Heteroskedasticity test Multicollinearity test ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Difference between kappa and delta in mixed-effects model

(This question is a crosspost from Cross Validated) I have a following stochastic model describing evolution of a process (Y) in space and time. Ds and Dt are domain in space (2D with x and y axes) ...
2
votes
1answer
283 views

Average beta of index consitutents w.r.t. the index is 0.60

I have 1 year time series data of 300 constituents of the Australian All Ordinaries index (which is composed of 491 firms). The missing firms are mostly smaller firms. I run the market model $R_{it} ...
2
votes
1answer
631 views

a simpler test for normality given skewness, kurtosis and autocorrelation and size of time series

I typically do a JB (Jarque Bera) test and DW (Durbin Watson) tests for check for normality given skewness, kurtosis and autocorrelation of the data. However this requires a CHI distribution table ...
2
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0answers
259 views

What does T statistics of Information Coefficient indicate?

Hi I am looking for a clear explanation of T statistics concept. Especially in quantitative equity portfolio management context, what does T statistics of monthly Information Coefficient for one ...
1
vote
3answers
335 views

Handling Missing values in stocks returns when estimating the co variance matrix

What is the best way to handle missing values when stocks did not exist for the entire historical period?.