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1answer
42 views

Understanding how to calculate tracking error

I have come across two ways of calculating Tracking Error (TE) but i'm not sure if they are essentially the same. The first way is to calculate the standard deviation of the difference between a ...
1answer
159 views

ETFs have lower tracking error than Futures?

I used the daily returns of SPX Index, SPY US Equity, and SPA Index. I then calculate their standard deviation as hedging instruments with respect to SPX Index, i.e., (spx_ret - spy_ret) or (spx_ret - ...
1answer
285 views

Ex-Ante tracking error how to determine the look back period

I am looking to compare the ex-ante predictions against the post values. I am using a look back period of ranges from 1 year to 5 years to construct my covariance matrix that I am using for my ex-ante ...
1answer
304 views

Min VaR and Min TE as second order cone program

The quadratic optimization (min variance) $$w^{T} \Sigma w \rightarrow \text{min},$$ where $w$ is the vector of portfolio weights and $\Sigma$ is the covariance matrix of asset returns, is a well ...
1answer
287 views

How to calculate tracking error given mismatches in available data

Apologies if this is an overly simple question. I have a series of stock returns, and I would like to estimate my portfolio's ex-ante tracking error versus the benchmark (S&P 500) given the ...
2answers
536 views

Which objective function should I choose to minimize tracking error?

Let say I have $n$ assets and their returns over $m$ periods which are represented by a matrix $X \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$, and I have some other asset with return over the same period which is ...