Value at Risk, a widely used risk measure of the risk of loss on a specific portfolio of financial assets.

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What is the correlation of stock options?

I want to calculate the VaR of two correlated option positions, and I know the correlation between stock price returns. I want to separately calculate $Var_1$,$Var_2$ for option 1 and 2, and then use ...
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2answers
136 views

Calculating VaR with Monte Carlo simulation

I would like some help here :) I have a problem calculating VaR with the Monte Carlo Simulation. I have followed then next steps, is this a right way to calculate VaR or I need something more? ...
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14 views

Estimating Credit VaR using a simulation of joint defaults with a copula

I'm trying to follow the steps Malz gives to calculate Credit VaR using simulation of joint defaults with a copula. I'm having trouble understanding some of the steps. My math knowledge is rather ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Parametric VaR with Student-t distribution

Im using VaR to estimate parametric VaR. I have been able to do this using a Normal Distribution, however I want to also do this using a Student t-distribution and I'm unsure how to implement that in ...
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2answers
325 views

VaR mapping - Forward Foreign Currency Contract

I have a question about VaR mapping for FX forwards. Please bear with me while I outline the problem. Philippe Jorion's book discusses VaR mapping; a means to break down complex instruments into ...
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2answers
135 views

Value at Risk for Futures Contracts

I would like to know how you would compute Value at Risk on a portfolio of futures i.e rates futures, commodity futures and equity. How do you deal with the discontinuous form of commodity futures for ...
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1answer
29 views

Expected Shortfall alternative formulation

Define: $$q_\alpha(F_L)=F^{\leftarrow}(\alpha)=\inf\lbrace{x\in \mathbb{R}\mid F_L(x)\geq \alpha\rbrace}=VaR_\alpha(L)$$ I want to prove that: $$ES_\alpha = ...
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2answers
102 views

Any package to run VAR-GARCH or VECM-GARCH models in R?

I need to estimate a multivariate VECM-GARCH (or simply VAR-GARCH) in R. Browsing on the internet, I did not find anything yet. Do you know if such kind of packages exists? Please, note that a BEKK ...
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1answer
76 views

VaR calculation methods of options

I am a little bit confused about VaR in Options and I need a clarification for. I collected the following formulas, can you suggest what is the best formula and explain me why, please?
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1answer
47 views

VaR calculation accuracy/comparison/effectiveness through different R packages

My question is what would be the better( in terms of estimation accuracy) method of VaR calculation among below two:, also any small code snippet will be great as a starting point for me. 1st method: ...
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3answers
143 views

Positive VaR when calculation on Total Return Indexes?

I recently saw a VaR calculation, and I was wondering whether that calculation made sense. Here the details: 1. Construction of a total return bond portfolio index. By total return I mean that the ...
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5answers
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portfolio optimisation with VaR (or CVaR) constraints

I would like to optimize a portfolio allocation (maximizing the exposure or the expected return), but with VaR or CVaR contraints. (some parts of my portfolio cannot exceed a certain VaR) How can I ...
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77 views

Compute cross-gamma

I am trying to use delta-gamma method with montecarlo simulations to calculate the VAR of a portfolio consisting in options and equities. To use the method I need to compute a gamma matrix, that has ...
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2k views

Is there a step-by-step guide for calculating portfolio VaR using monte carlo simulations

I am trying to determine a step-by-step algorithm for calculating a portfolio's VaR using monte carlo simulations. It seems to me that the literature for this is extraordinarily opaque for something ...
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0answers
75 views

Computing Value at Risk for portfolio in R

I know how to compute VaR with long positions using PerformanceAnalytics. What about a portfolio consisting in two equities A and B, 100 USD long positions in each, and 2 stock options for the same ...
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39 views

Value-at-Risk - Currency Swap

Can someone explain to me how to calculate the VaR (delta-normal-method) for a Currency Swap? Thanks in advance. Regards Alexander
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3answers
119 views

comparing modified VaR to ordinary VaR

What inferences can one draw when given a modified VaR at x% confidence and an ordinary VaR at x% confidence level. If the two are equal one inference can be that returns are gaussian but that also ...
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12 views

Do I need to update the standard deviation into GARCH for the next step conditional variance predict?

I need to compare two garch models, I try to do that by Value at Risk. In general, if I have an initial conditional variance, for example, h1, then I can predict the next N days conditional variance ...
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1answer
55 views

Why normalize only data for CDSs for PCA?

I'm reading a Credit Suisse Research Report on PCA. The report says that to preprocess the data, you should "Centre data (and normalize when considering CDS data)." Why would you only normalize ...
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2answers
239 views

Is there a way to adjust R PerformanceAnalytics function VaR with EWMA or GARCH method?

Is there a way to upgrade R PerformanceAnalytics function VaR with more risk sensitive approaches like EWMA or GARCH? Or is there another R package which can handle the issue?
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45 views

SRRI calculation for absolute return funds

I am trying to understand the formula for calculating SRRI for absolute return funds described in ESMA's guideline CESR/10-673, and Richard's answer has been of great help (What does this formula (to ...
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2answers
203 views

How to compute the VaR for European Call, using the delta-normal method?

I have a European call option with current stock price $S_0$, strike $K$, risk-free rate $r$, volatility $\sigma$, and time to maturity $T$ years. I assume that the stock price at time $t$, which is ...
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18 views

Adjusting simple volatitly for a VaR calc

I'm reviewing a VaR estimate adjusting a simple annualized volatility to an unwind period of x days - in this case for an equity position, using the following formula for a given annual volatility : ...
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2answers
269 views

quantiative risk measure how they are implemented in R and their use

So far I have just theoretical knowledge of risk measure and never used them in application. Therefore I have some basic question how risk measures are used in reality and how they are implemented in ...
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3answers
239 views

Parametric/Analytical VaR

Suppose I want to calculate VaR for a known distribution with mean $\mu$, variance $\sigma^2$ and $\alpha$-quantile as, $VaR_{\alpha}$ = $\mu + \sigma q_{\alpha}$. For a Gaussian distribution it is ...
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3answers
801 views

Expected Shortfall (CVaR) Backtesting

I am writing my thesis on VaR and ES risk measurements and have encountered some issues with how to best test the accuracy of ES estimates. My understanding of the topic is that backtesting ES ...
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61 views
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208 views

Ran multivariate linear regression, checked normal probability plot, residuals are not normal. What can I do?

One of the required assumptions for multiple linear regression is that residuals are normally distributed, correct? After running my regression, my normal probability plot is showing the typical ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Can you use a t-test on bootstrapped Value at Risk (VaR) figures?

I need to compare VaR before and after the recession. I have a series of market returns for a period before, and a series of market returns for the period immediately after. Both have been ...
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31 views

Impulse Response Function, VAR

I calculated VAR coefficients and got stability coeficients. But then I calculated Impulse Response function and it turned out to be spike-shaped function (like cos(x)*exp(-x) with acute extremuma ...
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1answer
124 views

How to compute the historical VaR for a portfolio with long and short positions?

I would like to calculate historical Value at Risk for a portfolio that includes both long and short positions in forward contracts. The part that confuses me is that I wonder whether the VaR of the ...
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130 views

Do people actually use VaR in professional settings?

VaR seems like such an obviously flawed metric, I am surprised that it seems to be used so much in the private sector. First, the way it is named and the way it is presented often imply it is the ...
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2answers
333 views

Where can I find a list of VaR and CVaR formulas for continuous distributions?

Where can I find more VaR and CVaR formulas for continuous distributions? I collected a list here:
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328 views

Elicitability of risk measures

I read that CVaR (Conditional Value-at-Risk, also Expected Shortfall), satisfies coherence, but not Elicitability. On the other hand, VaR satisfies Elicitability, but not coherence. What is ...
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101 views

Testing Statistical Significance of Various Portfolio Simulations

I'm trying to determine which of my portfolio simulations/backtests if any are good enough to put some money into. I outline an approach below and I'm interested in knowing: What problems are there ...
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1k views

Historical Value At Risk on option portfolio

I am new to Value at Risk subject in fact everything related to quant. Can any body validate the Value at Risk Model on the option price ? I am using a below explained approach . our portfolio ...
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3answers
2k views

VaR implementation using quantlib?

I am thinking of writing a VaR framework for my existing system, using quantlib to do the bulk of the calculations. Despite several searches, I have not as yet come across a quantlib VaR ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Econometrics - Testing

If we have a time series of returns and two time series of indicators, how would we test the use of these indicators if they are autocorrelated or nonstationary (VAR Models dont produce significant ...
4
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2answers
744 views

VaR for corporate bonds

I am trying to create a simple risk calculation for the portfolio (ignoring correlations for the moment). I have some corporate bonds with limited daily price changes. Any one have ideas how I can get ...
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77 views

Correlating random numbers seems to skew the data

First off, apologies for the cross-post from mathematics, but I found this site later and think it would be a better fit for the question (besides, there has been no comments/answers on mathematics ...
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481 views

Calculating the VaR from a GARCH(1,1) with Student-t innovations

I'm self-studying several questions on Ruey S. Tsay's teaching page. I'm experiencing some difficulty getting the correct answer for final exam 2013 Problem B Question 3. Given a Student-t GARCH ...
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1answer
253 views

Value at Risk from Delta of a single asset portfolio

I am trying to figure out the following, for me unfamiliar type of question: Given is a single asset portfolio: the Delta of the portfolio is 15, the value of the asset is 10 and the daily volatility ...
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335 views

Difference between VaR and credit VaR?

Quick question: is there a difference between credit VaR and VaR or are they the same thing?
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75 views

What would be an alternative if the VaR model is not acceptable?

Assume we have a VaR model wich says : the lost should not exceed X for more 3 days and we come up with more days where the lost exceeded X, what is usually done for the VaR model ? Do we switch to ...
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1answer
188 views

How to backtest the VaR model?

I have a sorted historical P&L vector of 250 days and say, I want to calculate the 90% VaR on this distribution. I will look for the 225 element (90% * 250 = 225) and this will be my Value at ...
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2answers
178 views

How to Calculate a Monte Calo VaR estimation error

I'm performing a Monte Carlo to calculate value at risk (with a 3 dimension risk factor) Now, I would like to calculate the error of the estimation of the VaR with respect to the number of simulations ...
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1answer
102 views

Understanding the VaR example on wikipedia

In the wikipedia page on VaR The example says: ...
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0answers
271 views

Fixed Income Var calculation

I'm trying to calculate var for a portfolio of fixed income securities. I initially want to just calculate undiversified VaR for each instrument. I'm doing the following for each instrument Take ...
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1answer
1k views

VaR for FX forwards

I am trying to figure out some of the commonly used approaches to deal with FX forwards (in a currency portfolio containing spots, forwards and swaps) that would allow me to calculate the one day VaR ...
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220 views

Extreme Value Theory possible for portfolios with options?

Say you have a portfolio with long exposure to a few linear assets (stock indices) and short exposure to a nonlinear asset (say call options on one of the linear assets). I am interested in ...