A measure of the variation in price over time. Also a measure of the risk of a financial instrument.

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Delta of an option in two cases

Let C be the prime of a call in fi=unction of the price in term F, Strike K, volatilité $\sigma$ and maturity t: $C(F,K,\sigma,t,r) $ We assume that we know $\delta$ ...
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2answers
194 views

Forecast of volatility

What are the well known methods for forecasting (daily - weekly - monthly) volatility of a stock price? How about a bond price? Let's say I have in my disposition the price time series at a very high ...
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127 views

Historical volatility on bloomberg API

Is there a way to obtain the historical volatility of a stock from the bloomberg API? I would be looking for the data in the HVT table. Actually 3-months historical volatility from now would be ...
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1answer
84 views

Approximation of an option price

The value of an option in the money is 11.50 Euros. The parameters of the market are: -The price of the underlying stock: 81.4 Euros. -The volatility ofthe underlying is : 34.65 % The ...
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1answer
106 views

RiskMetrics VaR Volatility Sample Size

RiskMetrics calculates volatility using an exponentially weighted moving average. For a decay factor of 0.94, they advise a sample size of 74 past returns. Does this mean the entire calculation should ...
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21 views

How to appropriately measure volatility in assets with different execution dates?

Let's say I have two assets and I am hedging them with going short on two other assets. Let's say that asset 1 is expected to expire in one day and asset two is expected to expire in two days. Let's ...
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1answer
51 views

Integrated volatility

Can someone give me an explanation of what integrated volatility is (and possibly why it is preferred) versus a standard measure of volatility eg variance?
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1answer
50 views

Volatility of monthly performances, where the last month is short

I'd like to calculate the vol of a return series of, say, 25 months. However, the last of those months is not completed yet. The last data point only refers to the first 21 days of the month (say, ...
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1answer
57 views

Is there any package in R for conditional autoregressive range model (CARR)?

I am working on a project which requires volatility estimation using range based volatility. Is there any package in R which helps me in estimating the CARR model proposed by Chou (2005).
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2answers
434 views

Ideas about Stochastic volatility models

I am currently working on comparing different models for modelling the volatility and then pricing vanilla options (I use option prices on real stocks in order to calibrate my models and then I ...
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6answers
215 views

Intuitively speaking, why do at the money options have no volga/convexity?

I was wondering if someone could give me an intuitive explanation as to why the vega of at the money options doesn't increase with volatility. I've seen some mathematical explanations showing the ...
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3answers
336 views

Why is there a stong intraday-correlation between spot and vol?

Fig.1 shows an intraday scatterplot of the DAX future against its volatility index VDAX on 6-Jan-2016. The data suggest a strong negative correlation between the two. There are various models ...
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30 views

Could VVIX and HYspread combined make for a SPX trade signal?

assumption 1: if there is no excess liquidity, then prices of equities cannot rise assumption 2: if there is "sufficient" excess liquidity, then whether prices of equities rise, stay put, fall depends ...
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87 views

Volatility of EUR/USD: is this correct?

Let x be the closeBid price of EUR/USD, sampled every 5 minutes during year 2015 (historical data). This is the variation (is it ...
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1answer
62 views

Estimating volatility from high frequency price volume data of multiple stocks

I have price volume data of five stocks, sampled at 1 minute interval for six months. The data is quite noisy, lots of missing data and also some weired spikes. Can someone suggest me how to clean ...
2
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4answers
79 views

Do stocks move up and down in value or in proportion to how much they cost?

Do stocks change in value or in proportion to how much they cost? If a stock costs 100 dollar will it generally change value at the same rate as a 700 dollar stock (IE: both will move about 2 dollars ...
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1answer
219 views

Fitting a non linear AR + GARCH(1,1)-M model

I want to fit the following model to a time series: $$ y_{t}=\alpha_{0}+\alpha_{1}y_{t-1}+\alpha_{2}y_{t-1}^{2}+\lambda h_{t}+\varepsilon_{t} $$ $$ ...
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2answers
190 views

How to derive this approximation of the risk-neutral expectation of the variance?

On the paper Bollerslev, Tauchen and Zhou (2009 RFS) the authors say about equation (15): The corresponding model implied risk-neutral conditional expectation ...
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1answer
50 views

impact model what volatility to use

I am looking at the market impact paper here (http://www.cims.nyu.edu/~almgren/papers/costestim.pdf) and I had a question about volatility on page 11. On page 11 it is stated: "For volatility, we use ...
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2answers
1k views

Risk Budgets with Target Portfolio Volatility

I'm working through the implementation of a risk budgeting approach as described in the recent Roncalli paper. The idea is that the portfolio manager sets a contribution of total portfolio volatility ...
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2answers
52 views

Black Scholes Implied Volatility -> Put call parity

The theory says that the put and call with the same maturity and strike have the same volatility. I have been resolving the Black Scholes equation after IV using equity and fx market data and I can ...
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1answer
87 views

how to do interpolation in the term structure of volatility surface?

everyone~ I am a newbee in the quantitative finance and I meet a problem in working out an equity option volatility surface. We use the reasonable market data to derive the implied volatility, then ...
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1answer
31 views

Calculating Volatility Parameter using Closing Prices [closed]

Say you have 3 closing prices... 101 100 102 How would one calculate the standard volatility parameter using these values? I am quite confused, it seems simple enough though.
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2answers
127 views

Which one is best Performance evaluation measures?

I want to compare the performance of various volatility models like GARCH, eGARCH, and gjrGARCH from actual volatility(computed using high frequency data). I found 3 common performance evaluation ...
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3answers
336 views

Why do volatility and correlation increase in times of crisis?

can somebody please explain to me why volatility and correlation increase in times of crisis? It is connected somehow to the herding effect. But I cannot really explain it. And also why are negative ...
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0answers
46 views

When to use SV or a GARCH model

So i have been searching for this answer for a question if there is a rule or something that would say when to use GARCH type model or use an stochastic volatility model to predict the volatility of ...
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1answer
133 views

Estimate Beta of CAPM from Implied Volatility?

In the CAPM theory Beta of asset $i$ are estimated in this way: $ \beta_i = \frac{\sigma_{im}}{\sigma^2_m} $ where $\sigma_{im} = \rho_{im} \sigma_i \sigma_m$ But all these data are historical data. ...
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41 views

Impulse response function interpretation

I would need a quick help with Impulse response function interpretation which I have done after Vector autoregression model in stata. I need to understand how to interpret IRF graph or table values ...
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1answer
210 views

Density forecast of a GARCH model

I am currently working on developing a series of density forecasts and I am encountering some problems. I am working on weekly S&P 500 returns and the returns process is described as $r_{t} = ...
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1answer
95 views

How do I track implied volatility of specific delta?

I'm a newbie with respects to volatility trading and options. I recently purchased a book on the topic called "Trading Implied Volatility -An introduction" by Simon Gleadall. It's been one of the most ...
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1answer
142 views

Volatility Surface Constituents, do's and dont's

Recently I have been working a lot with implied volatility and volatility surfaces. The basic idea is easy to follow: 1) Gather market prices of options at different (Strike,Expiry) 2) Calculate ...
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1answer
68 views

pricing with implied volatility surface

I am a newbee in Quantive finance. supposing I calibrate a smoothing implied volatility surface with cubic spline now. A minute later I want to price K=100,t=1 option, can I just find the point on ...
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1answer
42 views

volatility skew for lognormal model is flat?

Does anyone know why the volatility skew for lognormal model, such as BK, should be a flat line, meaning that implied black volatility for options will be same for those with different strike prices? ...
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1answer
68 views

MSRV estimation in R

What are the R packages that let you estimate Multi Scale Realized Volatility (MSRV)? So far I've only found highfrequency (which comes with Realized Kernel as well), but from what I understand it ...
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1answer
234 views

High frequency price forecast model ARMA GARCH or another?

Can you reccomend model for high frequency data (1 second and less) (returns and volatility forecasting)? Most papers use ARMA, GARCH etc in 1 minute and lower time frame. PROBLEM ARMA does not know ...
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2answers
115 views

Calibrating stochastic volatility model from price history (not option prices)

For stochastic volatility models like Heston, it seems like the standard approach is to calibrate the models from option prices. This seems a bit like a chicken and an egg problem -- wouldn't we ...
2
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1answer
400 views

Value at Risk from Delta of a single asset portfolio

I am trying to figure out the following, for me unfamiliar type of question: Given is a single asset portfolio: the Delta of the portfolio is 15, the value of the asset is 10 and the daily volatility ...
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77 views

Comparing Implied Vol. to Historical Vol. using intraday data

I'm interested in estimating what my profit/loss would be for continuously gamma scalping a delta hedged option over the course of one day, using historical intra-day price data. I found an equation ...
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43 views

Motivation for hedging volatility using VIX ETNs

i wondered what the motivation for professional investors could be to engage in VIX ETNs. Would they even think about trading this kind of product? (they normally should have access to VIX options, ...
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35 views

Lambda in RiskMetrics for fixed income

What is the default lambda proposed in RiskMetrics for fixed income?
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2answers
101 views

Smoothing factor of Exponential Moving Average

I'm trying to implement an Exponential Moving Average indicator, but I'm sort of stuck on the smoothing factor. What I've come up with: $$\frac{1}{N}\sum\limits_{k=0}^N \alpha^{k} P_k$$ Where N is ...
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1answer
305 views

2-step estimation of DCC GARCH model in Python

Embedded in this thread are multiple questions. I'm currently im the process of implementing a DCC GARCH forecast model on quantopian (a python-powered trading platform). The two step consists of ...
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33 views

Integrated Volatility in Diffusion Processes vs Volatility of Discrete Processes

In a Diffusion Process of the form $$dX_t = \mu(X_t)dt + \sigma(X_t)dW_t $$ the Integrated Volatility is defined as $$IV_t = \int_t^{t+1} \sigma^2(X_s)ds.$$ In this case, the Integrated Volatilty ...
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3answers
634 views

Is the price of European put option monotone in volatility if we replace BM in Black-Scholes with a general Levy process?

Under the Black-Scholes model, we have the European put option is $\mathbb{E} [e^{-rt}(K-S_t)]$, where we take $\log(S_t)=X_t$ and $dX_t= \sigma dW_t - \dfrac{1}{2}\sigma^2 dt + rdt$. Here the option ...
2
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45 views

OHLC Covarianc Estimation

Is there an R package which can estimate a covariance matrix using OHLC (Open/High/Low/Close) share prices for upwards of 40 shares using the Yang & Zhang method using daily data? I google ...
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2answers
555 views

how do we know if the volatility which is quoted in market is Normal (Bachelier model) or log normal (Black 76)?

in market, many instruments are quoted in volatility, but how we can tell what kind of volatility is this? is it normal volatility, or lognormal volatility. because it affect our hedging positions so ...
3
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3answers
194 views

Could we estimate a portfolio's volatility using a GARCH on the portfolio returns?

Estimating the volatility of a portfolio is typically done by first estimating the covariance matrix. This, however, can be difficult to do accurately and predictivly. This paper gives a nice summary ...
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2answers
315 views

How to calculate volatility on intraday data?

I have several weeks of minute-by-minute stock data (start and end prices, volume). Everything I've read so far leads me to believe there isn't a standard method for volatility, which is leaving me ...
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2answers
499 views

Why linear interpolation not appropriate for volatility surface construction?

We know linear interpolation is not appropriate for constructing a surface, but why? In the book, "Foreign Exchange Option Pricing: A Practitioners Guide", the author writes: native linear ...
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1answer
2k views

Historical volatility from close prices (Haug pg 166)

I have implemented a function for calculating historical volatility using close the close method as described by Haug on page 166. When I implemented the formula given by Haug, it resulted in some ...