A measure of the variation in price over time. Also a measure of the risk of a financial instrument.

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Motivation for hedging volatility using VIX ETNs

i wondered what the motivation for professional investors could be to engage in VIX ETNs. Would they even think about trading this kind of product? (they normally should have access to VIX options, ...
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31 views

Lambda in RiskMetrics for fixed income

What is the default lambda proposed in RiskMetrics for fixed income?
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89 views

Smoothing factor of Exponential Moving Average

I'm trying to implement an Exponential Moving Average indicator, but I'm sort of stuck on the smoothing factor. What I've come up with: $$\frac{1}{N}\sum\limits_{k=0}^N \alpha^{k} P_k$$ Where N is ...
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1answer
211 views

2-step estimation of DCC GARCH model in Python

Embedded in this thread are multiple questions. I'm currently im the process of implementing a DCC GARCH forecast model on quantopian (a python-powered trading platform). The two step consists of ...
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31 views

Integrated Volatility in Diffusion Processes vs Volatility of Discrete Processes

In a Diffusion Process of the form $$dX_t = \mu(X_t)dt + \sigma(X_t)dW_t $$ the Integrated Volatility is defined as $$IV_t = \int_t^{t+1} \sigma^2(X_s)ds.$$ In this case, the Integrated Volatilty ...
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621 views

Is the price of European put option monotone in volatility if we replace BM in Black-Scholes with a general Levy process?

Under the Black-Scholes model, we have the European put option is $\mathbb{E} [e^{-rt}(K-S_t)]$, where we take $\log(S_t)=X_t$ and $dX_t= \sigma dW_t - \dfrac{1}{2}\sigma^2 dt + rdt$. Here the option ...
2
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38 views

OHLC Covarianc Estimation

Is there an R package which can estimate a covariance matrix using OHLC (Open/High/Low/Close) share prices for upwards of 40 shares using the Yang & Zhang method using daily data? I google ...
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2answers
209 views

how do we know if the volatility which is quoted in market is Normal (Bachelier model) or log normal (Black 76)?

in market, many instruments are quoted in volatility, but how we can tell what kind of volatility is this? is it normal volatility, or lognormal volatility. because it affect our hedging positions so ...
3
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3answers
124 views

Could we estimate a portfolio's volatility using a GARCH on the portfolio returns?

Estimating the volatility of a portfolio is typically done by first estimating the covariance matrix. This, however, can be difficult to do accurately and predictivly. This paper gives a nice summary ...
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257 views

How to calculate volatility on intraday data?

I have several weeks of minute-by-minute stock data (start and end prices, volume). Everything I've read so far leads me to believe there isn't a standard method for volatility, which is leaving me ...
7
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292 views

Why linear interpolation not appropriate for volatility surface construction?

We know linear interpolation is not appropriate for constructing a surface, but why? In the book, "Foreign Exchange Option Pricing: A Practitioners Guide", the author writes: native linear ...
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1answer
2k views

Historical volatility from close prices (Haug pg 166)

I have implemented a function for calculating historical volatility using close the close method as described by Haug on page 166. When I implemented the formula given by Haug, it resulted in some ...
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2answers
171 views

How to get around flat likelihood function when calibrating GBM parameters?

I want to calibrate jointly the drift mu and volatility sigma of a geometric brownian motion, $$\log(S_t) = \log(S_{t-1}) + (\mu - 0.5*\sigma^2) \Delta t + \sigma*\sqrt{\Delta t}*Z_t$$ where $Z_t$ ...
2
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68 views

Callable bond price sensitivity to Hull-White volatility changes

I'm using classic Hull-White model for short term interest rate dynamic: $$dr(t)=[\theta(t)-\alpha(t)r(t)]dt+\sigma(t)dW(t)$$ (Notation is quite intuitive, anyway I am using the same as Wikipedia ...
2
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2answers
259 views

How to predict daily range of forex?

I am trying to predict the intraday moving range of stock/forex (essentially, high-low). Here are some ideas based on what I've been reading recently (do not have quant background, so basic level of ...
2
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3answers
1k views

How to trade volatility?

I am analyzing the volatility of financial stock returns and let's say I have a pretty good model to forecast tomorrows volatility of the stock returns. So let's say for simplicity reasons I have a ...
2
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2answers
72 views

Volatility of Multiple Stocks

According to BSM, Stock Price follows log-normal distribution s.t. $$S(t)=S(0)*\exp(\sigma\sqrt t Z-(\sigma^2t)/2)$$ where Z is standard normal variable Then volatility of this stock is $\sigma \sqrt ...
3
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1answer
276 views

How to adapt a Moving Average period to market conditions?

I would like to know if there is some way to adapt the period of a moving average to market conditions like for instance the stop loss can be adapted to market conditions using the average true range. ...
4
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2answers
123 views

Estimating an appropriate haircut for illiquid stocks

I am trying to determine an appropriate haircut for a basket of illiquid stocks that barely traded during the year. Can someone suggest me an approach to estimate the risk? My dataset has a lot of ...
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1answer
252 views

Calculate and plot historical volatility with Python

I have downloaded historical data for FTSE from 1984 to now. What I would like to do is to graph volatility as a function of time. What I have written is: ...
7
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1answer
975 views

Can American options with no dividends and zero risk-free rate be treated as European?

Let's say you've got American options on a future of a stock index. There are no dividends, and no risk-free rate either (assume $r=0$). Can these options then be treated as European from the ...
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268 views

How to calibrate a volatility surface using SVI

I've read the following paper by Gatheral and Jacquier and have several question regarding the calibration of a volatility surface in a arbitrage free way and some theoretical aspects. Let me first ...
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2answers
122 views

How to user GARCH(p,q) to identify most volatile sector?

I would like to ask help concerning the utilization of GARCH(p,q) models to identify volatility. Suppose that I have daily closing prices of 6 financial sectors spanning several years, and I am ...
4
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1answer
429 views

Moving window forecasting in Python

I am looking to create some code that will out-of-sample forecast the HAR-RV model. The model itself is formulated as the following, and the betas are estimated through HAC-OLS or Newey-West. ...
3
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1answer
206 views

How to interpret negative asset volatility numerical results in Merton model?

I am currently working on my thesis where I discuss the Merton default probability model. I have a huge sample of US firms for the period 1990-2010. I use both numerical and complex iterative approach ...
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303 views

HFT to blame for Flash Crashes?

Some people 1, 2, 3 claim that High Frequency Trading is partly to blame for the extreme volatilities in the markets yesterday (24. August 2015). Is that true? Is the amount HFTs move even enough ...
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148 views

How to handle currency change in exchange rate volatility measurement

I am trying to measure exchange rate volatility in some countries and I am using their currencies against euro. Problem is that one of them is Slovakia which has changed the currency in 2009 from ...
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65 views

GARCH filtering and extreme value theory

We are evaluating a model for risk management based on extreme value theory using peaks over threshold and markov chain monte carlo methods. In doing this, we are firstly fitting a GARCH (we have ...
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1answer
141 views

Looking for a definition of financial entropy

In Science, Entropy is generally considered to be the irreversibility of stuff. Google defines entropy as: lack of order or predictability; gradual decline into disorder The 'gradual decline in ...
2
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1answer
66 views

How to measure the volatility of illiquid bond with no historical prices

The basket of corporate bonds that I am following barely traded after the issuance. Hence, there is no historical data to estimate the volatility. Can you suggest me a different approach to come up ...
4
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1answer
329 views

Is volatility for the next day forecastable? To any extent?

In a more general way: is there 1) a methodological approach to quantify the correctness of a model that produces a probability distribution for the, say, S&P 500 index return for the next ...
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57 views

GARCH estimation does not work, error in my returns?

Hey everyone and I hope that there are some smarter people out here that can help me out with my problem...: I have trouble with my implementation of a GARCH(1,1) model and I do not know how to move ...
0
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1answer
217 views

Realized Volatility vs. Standard deviation of log returns

I am interested in calculating high frequency 5-minute intraday volatility. I am going to use the standard Realized volatility which is the square root of the sum of squared log returns. Given X is ...
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183 views

How is implied volatility derived?

How to compute Implied Volatility Calculation? The above link shows that there multiple ways to calculate implied volatility. My question is that for most of the common data sources like Bloomberg, ...
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2answers
398 views

GARCH model, expectation of volatility?

Consider a time series $\{r_t\}$ following a standard GARCH(1,1) model, i.e., $$ r_t = \sigma_t \epsilon_t,$$ where $\epsilon_t \sim N(0,1)$ and are i.i.d, and $$\sigma_t^2 = \omega + \alpha_1 ...
4
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1answer
190 views

Calculating 6-minute, 20-minute, 45-minute, and 3-hour volatility

I am looking to measure the volatility from the open of the market until a trade takes place and use that volatility in post-trade regressions to help explain transaction costs. A simple regression ...
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1answer
53 views

Interpreting and scaling of Realized Variance with sample data

I have some question about realized variance(RV) and I have some sample prices below to work with. You can run the R code below to build a vector of log returns. Three are 78 5-minute buckets in a ...
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45 views

Estimate volatility in forecast

I have a model with a rolling forecast. In each time step $t$, I predict the price for the next periods, e.g. $\hat{p}(t, t+1)$ and $\hat{p}(t, t+2)$. If I start in $t=0$ and arrive at $t=2$, I ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Garch models and assumption of stationarity ?

I found big inconsistency in the GARCH models and their underlying assumption of stationarity. GARCH models require that data must be stationary, where stationary means both mean and variance are ...
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331 views

Negative high frequency intraday volatility - Zhou estimator

To estimate high frequency tick data stock intraday volatility, I have read Robert Almgren's notes7.pdf http://www.cims.nyu.edu/~almgren/timeseries/notes7.pdf where he talks about the bias free ...
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2answers
235 views

How to interpret Realized Volatility and TSRV using R

I am looking at some high frequency data and I would like to know how to interpret and compare Realized volatility (RV) and Two Scale Realized Volatility (TSRV). References below. Given X is the log ...
2
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3answers
181 views

Intuitive Explanation for Volatility Smile for Equity

I am trying to understand the intuitive reasoning for why volatility is more for deep OTM/ITM put/call then ATM..(why Simles for equity) Why ATM will not have more volatility as deep OTM/ITM option ...
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62 views

Approximating the IV of an underlying from Individual Options IV

Is it possible to get a calculation of IV from the volatility on components of the options chain? EG I have this data: ...
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134 views

Monte Carlo, convexity and Risk-Neutral ZCB Pricing

I've built a simplistic Excel monte carlo model to price a zero-coupon bond, but it came up with a slightly unepxected result so I wanted to confirm whether my maths is just a little rusty or my model ...
4
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2answers
79 views

Implied volatility and nonconstant volatility

John Hull states in his text that "AS the maturity of the option is increases the percentage impact of nonconstant volatility on (option) prices becomes more pronounced, but its percentage impact on ...
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1answer
96 views

Constant decreasing volatility, GARCH forecasting

I am trying to forecast the volatility using GARCH modelling in R. I fit an ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) model, but my sigma predictions are constantly decreasing. Anybody know why? ...
4
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1answer
92 views

volatility factor

I am trying to add a volatility factor to Fama-French factor model. Does anybody know of a source where I can get data for "volatility mimicking factor" or suggest a simple methodology for ...
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4answers
4k views

Why is the VIX futures market usually in a state of contango?

I'm a VIX newbie and I'm trying to understand why the VIX futures market is usually in a state of contango. All I can figure is that the sellers of VIX futures contracts demand high "prices" (because ...
4
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1answer
107 views

Options on Volatility Control Index

I have two question. Does an option on volatility control index exist? If I google it, it seems like there is such an option, but I can't find the option on any of exchanges. So this is my first ...
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141 views

Reference request about stochastic volatility model

I'm fiddling with estimation of stochastic volatility models and have build up a somewhat flexible framework using indirect inference. I would like to try and throw a lot of different continuous ...