A measure of the variation in price over time. Also a measure of the risk of a financial instrument.

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1k views

how do we know if the volatility which is quoted in market is Normal (Bachelier model) or log normal (Black 76)?

in market, many instruments are quoted in volatility, but how we can tell what kind of volatility is this? is it normal volatility, or lognormal volatility. because it affect our hedging positions so ...
10
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3answers
395 views

Historical Volatility vs Implied Volatility Performance in Pricing Options

I consistently read on academic papers, when pricing options, using implied volatility is better than using historical volatility. Because, market is more "forward-looking" and historical data is "...
1
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1answer
51 views

impact model what volatility to use

I am looking at the market impact paper here (http://www.cims.nyu.edu/~almgren/papers/costestim.pdf) and I had a question about volatility on page 11. On page 11 it is stated: "For volatility, we use ...
3
votes
3answers
244 views

Could we estimate a portfolio's volatility using a GARCH on the portfolio returns?

Estimating the volatility of a portfolio is typically done by first estimating the covariance matrix. This, however, can be difficult to do accurately and predictivly. This paper gives a nice summary ...
2
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0answers
101 views

Callable bond price sensitivity to Hull-White volatility changes

I'm using classic Hull-White model for short term interest rate dynamic: $$dr(t)=[\theta(t)-\alpha(t)r(t)]dt+\sigma(t)dW(t)$$ (Notation is quite intuitive, anyway I am using the same as Wikipedia ...
2
votes
3answers
507 views

How to predict daily range of forex?

I am trying to predict the intraday moving range of stock/forex (essentially, high-low). Here are some ideas based on what I've been reading recently (do not have quant background, so basic level of ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Volatility of Multiple Stocks

According to BSM, Stock Price follows log-normal distribution s.t. $$S(t)=S(0)*\exp(\sigma\sqrt t Z-(\sigma^2t)/2)$$ where Z is standard normal variable Then volatility of this stock is $\sigma \sqrt ...
7
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2answers
630 views

Why linear interpolation not appropriate for volatility surface construction?

We know linear interpolation is not appropriate for constructing a surface, but why? In the book, "Foreign Exchange Option Pricing: A Practitioners Guide", the author writes: native linear ...
4
votes
2answers
129 views

Estimating an appropriate haircut for illiquid stocks

I am trying to determine an appropriate haircut for a basket of illiquid stocks that barely traded during the year. Can someone suggest me an approach to estimate the risk? My dataset has a lot of ...
5
votes
2answers
390 views

How to calculate volatility on intraday data?

I have several weeks of minute-by-minute stock data (start and end prices, volume). Everything I've read so far leads me to believe there isn't a standard method for volatility, which is leaving me ...
6
votes
1answer
243 views

Density forecast of a GARCH model

I am currently working on developing a series of density forecasts and I am encountering some problems. I am working on weekly S&P 500 returns and the returns process is described as $r_{t} = \...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

How to user GARCH(p,q) to identify most volatile sector?

I would like to ask help concerning the utilization of GARCH(p,q) models to identify volatility. Suppose that I have daily closing prices of 6 financial sectors spanning several years, and I am ...
1
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1answer
622 views

Calculate and plot historical volatility with Python

I have downloaded historical data for FTSE from 1984 to now. What I would like to do is to graph volatility as a function of time. What I have written is: ...
7
votes
2answers
316 views

HFT to blame for Flash Crashes?

Some people 1, 2, 3 claim that High Frequency Trading is partly to blame for the extreme volatilities in the markets yesterday (24. August 2015). Is that true? Is the amount HFTs move even enough ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

How to handle currency change in exchange rate volatility measurement

I am trying to measure exchange rate volatility in some countries and I am using their currencies against euro. Problem is that one of them is Slovakia which has changed the currency in 2009 from ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

GARCH filtering and extreme value theory

We are evaluating a model for risk management based on extreme value theory using peaks over threshold and markov chain monte carlo methods. In doing this, we are firstly fitting a GARCH (we have ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

How to measure the volatility of illiquid bond with no historical prices

The basket of corporate bonds that I am following barely traded after the issuance. Hence, there is no historical data to estimate the volatility. Can you suggest me a different approach to come up ...
6
votes
2answers
568 views

How to calibrate a volatility surface using SVI

I've read the following paper by Gatheral and Jacquier and have several question regarding the calibration of a volatility surface in a arbitrage free way and some theoretical aspects. Let me first ...
2
votes
1answer
353 views

2-step estimation of DCC GARCH model in Python

Embedded in this thread are multiple questions. I'm currently im the process of implementing a DCC GARCH forecast model on quantopian (a python-powered trading platform). The two step consists of ...
2
votes
2answers
449 views

Ideas about Stochastic volatility models

I am currently working on comparing different models for modelling the volatility and then pricing vanilla options (I use option prices on real stocks in order to calibrate my models and then I ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

GARCH estimation does not work, error in my returns?

Hey everyone and I hope that there are some smarter people out here that can help me out with my problem...: I have trouble with my implementation of a GARCH(1,1) model and I do not know how to move ...
0
votes
1answer
483 views

Realized Volatility vs. Standard deviation of log returns

I am interested in calculating high frequency 5-minute intraday volatility. I am going to use the standard Realized volatility which is the square root of the sum of squared log returns. Given X is ...
5
votes
1answer
396 views

Is volatility for the next day forecastable? To any extent?

In a more general way: is there 1) a methodological approach to quantify the correctness of a model that produces a probability distribution for the, say, S&P 500 index return for the next ...
6
votes
1answer
230 views

How is implied volatility derived?

How to compute Implied Volatility Calculation? The above link shows that there multiple ways to calculate implied volatility. My question is that for most of the common data sources like Bloomberg, ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Calculating 6-minute, 20-minute, 45-minute, and 3-hour volatility

I am looking to measure the volatility from the open of the market until a trade takes place and use that volatility in post-trade regressions to help explain transaction costs. A simple regression ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Interpreting and scaling of Realized Variance with sample data

I have some question about realized variance(RV) and I have some sample prices below to work with. You can run the R code below to build a vector of log returns. Three are 78 5-minute buckets in a ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Estimate volatility in forecast

I have a model with a rolling forecast. In each time step $t$, I predict the price for the next periods, e.g. $\hat{p}(t, t+1)$ and $\hat{p}(t, t+2)$. If I start in $t=0$ and arrive at $t=2$, I ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Garch models and assumption of stationarity ?

I found big inconsistency in the GARCH models and their underlying assumption of stationarity. GARCH models require that data must be stationary, where stationary means both mean and variance are ...
2
votes
3answers
219 views

Intuitive Explanation for Volatility Smile for Equity

I am trying to understand the intuitive reasoning for why volatility is more for deep OTM/ITM put/call then ATM..(why Simles for equity) Why ATM will not have more volatility as deep OTM/ITM option ...
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votes
2answers
68 views

Approximating the IV of an underlying from Individual Options IV

Is it possible to get a calculation of IV from the volatility on components of the options chain? EG I have this data: ...
2
votes
2answers
441 views

How to interpret Realized Volatility and TSRV using R

I am looking at some high frequency data and I would like to know how to interpret and compare Realized volatility (RV) and Two Scale Realized Volatility (TSRV). References below. Given X is the log ...
4
votes
1answer
201 views

Monte Carlo, convexity and Risk-Neutral ZCB Pricing

I've built a simplistic Excel monte carlo model to price a zero-coupon bond, but it came up with a slightly unepxected result so I wanted to confirm whether my maths is just a little rusty or my model ...
3
votes
1answer
343 views

How to adapt a Moving Average period to market conditions?

I would like to know if there is some way to adapt the period of a moving average to market conditions like for instance the stop loss can be adapted to market conditions using the average true range. ...
10
votes
2answers
449 views

GARCH model, expectation of volatility?

Consider a time series $\{r_t\}$ following a standard GARCH(1,1) model, i.e., $$ r_t = \sigma_t \epsilon_t,$$ where $\epsilon_t \sim N(0,1)$ and are i.i.d, and $$\sigma_t^2 = \omega + \alpha_1 r_{t-1}^...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Implied volatility and nonconstant volatility

John Hull states in his text that "AS the maturity of the option is increases the percentage impact of nonconstant volatility on (option) prices becomes more pronounced, but its percentage impact on ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

volatility factor

I am trying to add a volatility factor to Fama-French factor model. Does anybody know of a source where I can get data for "volatility mimicking factor" or suggest a simple methodology for calculation....
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Options on Volatility Control Index

I have two question. Does an option on volatility control index exist? If I google it, it seems like there is such an option, but I can't find the option on any of exchanges. So this is my first ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

Have Goldman Sachs Quantitative Strategies Research Notes been published as a book or a comprehensive collection?

Back in the 90's, Goldman Sachs (publicly?) released a series called "Quantitative Strategies Research Notes" — mostly technical papers on topic. Emanuel Derman co-authored almost all of them. Some ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

How to use calibrated Standard Stochastic Volatility?

I'm considering the standard stochastic volatility model: $$x_t = \rho x_{t-1} + \sigma \epsilon_x$$ $$y_t = \beta \exp\left[ \frac{x_t}{2} \right] \epsilon_y$$ where $y_t$ is the log-returns and $...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Measuring Volatility from Execution Prices

I was told of a way of measuring the volatility of a stock by looking at the reported execution prices (from Level III or Level II data.) I'm well aware of how to measure volatility by looking at the ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

FX Portfolio Volatility Targeting

If I have 3 different currency trades (ex short EURSEK, short NZDUSD, long USDJPY), how do I size each trade if I wish to allocate risk equally in order to target a 12% portfolio volatility (allowing ...
0
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1answer
158 views

Looking for a definition of financial entropy

In Science, Entropy is generally considered to be the irreversibility of stuff. Google defines entropy as: lack of order or predictability; gradual decline into disorder The 'gradual decline in ...
0
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0answers
26 views

Return volatility or Price Volatility [duplicate]

Which is a better method to calculate volatility - Price variance or return variace or is it subjective to the use of volatility figure?
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Constant decreasing volatility, GARCH forecasting

I am trying to forecast the volatility using GARCH modelling in R. I fit an ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) model, but my sigma predictions are constantly decreasing. Anybody know why? ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Uses of Volatility models

I'm reading about volatility analysis here http://vlab.stern.nyu.edu/doc?topic=mdls. There are many variations of GARCH. My question is: rather than trial-and-error approach, is there any systematic ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Effect of volatility on the delta of a call option

In the book 'Dynamic Hedging', Nassim Taleb writes: ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

How to compute/find the volatility of an index like the S&P 500 to be used to control risk exposure? [closed]

I've asked two related questions. First this one on the money stack exchange and this one on the math stack exchange. But have not yet found a complete answer. Given an index such as the S&P ...
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0answers
58 views

Relation between Parkinson number and historical volatility

In his book 'Dynamic Hedging', Nassim Taleb gives the relation: P = 1.67*historical volatility, where P is the Parkinson number. What is the basis of this relationship. Does this hold under special ...
3
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0answers
99 views

How can a beginner trader make use of 'volatility of volatility'

For a beginner option trader in equity options, how can he use this metric that is provided by his broker/data vendor? How can he use this metric to gain an added understanding of the option pricing/...
6
votes
1answer
289 views

Variance replication using options

I would like to understand the intuition behind the following question: Why a certain weighted sum of prices of put and calls is equivalent to the implied variance of an underlying? A variance swap ...