A measure of the variation in price over time. Also a measure of the risk of a financial instrument.

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834 views

Relationship between Beta and Standard Deviation

I was doing some financial analysis on two firms in the coffee industry. After calculating Beta and Standard Deviation for both firms, I seem to have stumbled on some weird phenomenon. It appears ...
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2answers
247 views

How to classify stocks by their volatility?

I would like to hear other possible ways of classifying Stocks by the Volatility of their returns. Assuming that I want to characterize each stock as Low, Medium or High Volatility Stock and assuming ...
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2answers
314 views

How to calculate the volatility matrix with multiple stocks

calculating the volatility for a single stock is straightforward. However, I'm not sure whether my approach for calculating the volatility matrix for multiple stocks is correct: I assume a log-normal ...
2
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1answer
114 views

Asset volatility in Merton model

I am currently working on my thesis where I discuss the Merton default probability model. I have a huge sample of US firms for the period 1990-2010. I use both numerical and complex iterative approach ...
2
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1answer
189 views

Square-root-of-time and autocorrelation

My question is that when we have autocorrelation in daily volatilities can we scale daily volatility to annual basis using square-root-of-time rule? Does it breach the main assumption of the rule ...
2
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1answer
184 views

How to compare different volatility measures?

I read the Euan Sinclair's book (Volatility trading) in which he suggests different volatility estimators (Close-to-close, Parkinson, Garman-Klass, ...). I am inquiring about what is the best stock ...
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1answer
115 views

Is the volatility of a trader's wealth equal to the volatility of the underlying assets traded?

Assume that a trader trades in several stocks with different volatilities. The return of the trader's portfolio would be the weighted average of returns and the risk would be a function of the the ...
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1answer
149 views

evaluation of volatility models using loss functions

This question has two parts, What is the state of the art in an academic or public knowledge sense of volatility forecast model evaluation? Since there are many methods out in the wild, and do ...
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1answer
249 views

Which prices to use to compute realized volatility?

For computation of realized volatility, especially range based volatility, deal prices are commonly used. If Level I data available should the deals data still be used or another measures of spot ...
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429 views

Logarithmic returns for realized variance?

I am wondering which method makes more sense when computing log returns. I am trying to compute log returns for realized variance, and I have the opening and closing prices for every minute. Since ...
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1answer
753 views

How to calculate implied volatility and greeks in Bull Put Spread option strategy?

Ok, obviously I am buying lower strike put and selling higher strike put. What is the recommended volatility and greeks to consider in my trade? Volatility: Average volatility between both legs? ...
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1answer
179 views

How to enumerate all the possible portfolios with a given target volatility?

Let's say I have $n$ assets and their returns are stored in a matrix $X \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ (i.e. I have $m$ returns for each of them. The covariance matrix of the returns is $\Sigma \in ...
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1answer
47 views

Question about historical volatility ranking

I have seen this strategy example, which uses garch in a regime switching context: https://systematicinvestor.wordpress.com/2012/01/06/trading-using-garch-volatility-forecast/ The author classifies ...
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1answer
46 views

How to get around flat likelihood function when calibrating GBM parameters

(Hope this is the correct place for this question - I posted it first on stackoverflow:) I want to calibrate jointly the drift mu and volatility sigma of a geometric brownian motion, ...
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2answers
78 views

Time-independent local volatility

Suppose somebody provides us with a surface of European call prices $C(\tau,K)$ where $\tau$ stands for time-to-maturity and $K$ for the strike. By Dupire's results, there is a unique local volatility ...
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2answers
143 views

Is there a way to adjust R PerformanceAnalytics function VaR with EWMA or GARCH method?

Is there a way to upgrade R PerformanceAnalytics function VaR with more risk sensitive approaches like EWMA or GARCH? Or is there another R package which can handle the issue?
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0answers
39 views

Testing for the presence of a positive or negative gamma effect

I am currently analyzing a statistic that I believe will have the effect of hedgers having a positive or negative gamma position in certain stocks. In the case where I believe hedgers have positive ...
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0answers
189 views

Does Bakshi, Kapadia and Madan (2003) VIX building approach underestimate volatility?

From a paper that shortly addresses an alternative approach to VIX-like index building: To test this approach, I've built a fake book of B&S options with constant volatility equal to ...
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0answers
85 views

Derivation of variance of Zhou (1996) volatility estimator

Does anyone know how to derive the Variance of Bin Zhou's volatility estimator (Theorem 1) in 'High-Frequency Data and Volatility in Foreign-Exchange Rates' (1996) Zhou 1996 Any help would be ...
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151 views

Reasoning for Bloomberg's short rate volatilty calculation

Bloomberg, in its documentation, explains that it calculates the short rate volatility for its Hull White implementation by multiplying the e.g. 10y IRS rate (divided by 100) by the 10y cap vol. Why? ...
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186 views

EUR/PLN and EUR/USD delta-term-vol surface quoting convension

does anyone know for sure what is the FX market convension to quote delta-term pairs for EUR/PLN, for EUR/USD. I know that for EUR/PLN it should be delta p.a forward, for EUR/USD it should be delta ...
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0answers
438 views

Markov-Switching E-GARCH with R

I am looking for a R library for modeling a Markov-Switching E-GARCH process. In other questions at StackExchange related to GARCH models, the package rugarch is often mentionned. Do you recommend it ...
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0answers
335 views

Yield Curve Volatility

Let you have several issuers, and let each issuer have its yield curve built up with liquid plain vanilla fixed rate bonds. Each yield curve has its slope and its curvature, and they obviously change ...
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1answer
880 views

Historical volatility from close prices (Haug pg 166)

I have implemented a function for calculating historical volatility using close the close method as described by Haug on page 166. When I implemented the formula given by Haug, it resulted in some ...
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68 views

What models for backing out Equity IVOL [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How should I calculate the implied volatility of an American option in a real-time production environment? I am starting a project and would be grateful for some ...
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2answers
641 views

Relationship between European, American options volatility

Suppose, if the price of a European option (say a put) can be shown to be monotone in volatility (say for any maturity), does it follow that American options has to be monotone in volatility? ...
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1answer
601 views

What is the equation for Garman-Klass volatility?

I want to calculate realized/historical volatility for the underlying products of various options using the Garman-Klass estimator, but I can't see to find an equation, although I know it involves ...
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2answers
296 views

how to calculate more efficient volatility figure than historical volatility?

can we use alpha value to calculate option price instead of historical volatility. And if we can please explain how. I am doing my MMS in Finance and this for a project i am doing. the project is ...
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1answer
757 views

How to interpret/use VaR and Standard Deviation?

The parametric VaR is defined as follows: $$VaR=Z_a*Vol$$ Is this the best way to interpret how much risk is being taken on for a particular asset? How does one interpret volatility on its own if ...
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1answer
364 views

Why does $\hat{\epsilon}'\hat{\epsilon}$ of a factor model measure risk?

$\hat{\epsilon}'\hat{\epsilon}$ from the market model: $R_{it} - \hat{\alpha} - \hat{\beta}R_{mt} = \hat{\epsilon}$, or from a factor model such as the Fama-French 3 factor model, is often used in the ...
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1answer
37 views

European vanilla call/put option, when volatility increases, how will gamma changes?

according to the BS formula, $\gamma = \frac{N'(d_1)}{S_0\sigma\sqrt{T}}$, gamma will decrease when volatility increase. How does it intuitively make sense? rather than from the formula.
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66 views

Why is the vega of an at the money option so insensitive to movements in volatility? I.e, why do ATM options have such little Vomma?

I've been trying to understand why at the money options have very little vomma. I was reading and came across a graph that showed vega as volatility changes and I couldn't grasp how the relationships ...
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1answer
78 views

Arrow-Debreu Price in “The Volatility Smile and its implied Tree”

I was reading the old, but still interesting paper "The volatility smile and its implied tree" by Derman and Kani. I have a two questions about the derivation of the $2n+1$ equations, both of them ...
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1answer
40 views

Risk-free arbitrage given a volume oracle?

Given a magical oracle who can correctly predict the volume, but not the price, of a given security, does there exist a risk-free arbitrage to capitalize on this information?
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1answer
335 views

How does Volatility Pairs Trading work?

I've read some material related to pairs trading for equities and I understand the process of finding non-stationary pairs price series that can be cointegrated to form a stationary series. The basic ...
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1answer
143 views

Interpolation of volatility curve for Swaption

I have found volatility in the black model for swaption for different maturity (1-2-3-6-9M, 1Y, 18M, 2-10Y, 15-20-25-30Y) and Tenor (1-10Y, 15-20-25-30Y). Now I need another values (Maturity: 2, ...
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3answers
123 views

What does “true”volatility mean in volatility comparison?

In Sinclair's book, wee need to compare standard deviation with "true volatility" to check the power of the model suggested, close -to-cloce, or Parkinson formula, etc. What do we mean here by "true" ...
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1answer
83 views

what is the vol in the BS formula?

I need to compute the delta of an option for which I know a) the time to maturity, b) the price of the option, c) the price of the underlying asset. what is the formula to get this delta It seems ...
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1answer
188 views

Directional View of Volatility

What is an option strategy that someone could employ to simply go long/short volatility?? Assuming I want 0 delta(0 gamma if possible) risk in my option position, how do I take a directional view on ...
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1answer
163 views

Basics about the scaling property of volatility

It is a usual practice to calculate realized volatility $\sigma$ using the square root of the usual variance estimator $\hat{{\sigma}²}$. This is done using the stock log returns (practitioners ...
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1answer
357 views

Unsystematic/Idiosyncratic/Firm-specific volatility/variance in the market model?

I was asked to use idiosyncratic volatility as a regressor in a cross-sectional regression upon cross-sectional returns as the dependent variable. Returns can be thought of as the raw log stock return ...
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2answers
425 views

What is the instantaneous P&L of a Variance Swap?

What is the instantaneous P&L of a variance swap. Is it $(\sigma^{2}_{t}-\sigma^{2}_{implied})dt$?
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1answer
131 views

Brent Crude Data

I am trying to locate historical volatility data (5+ years) for Brent Crude? Does anyone know where I might be able to source such data?
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1answer
992 views

How is mean reversion implied by different valuations of Bermudan swaptions?

Someone told me that mean reversion can be implied by the different valuations of bermudan swaptions when using different methods for volatility calibration. Does anyone know what this means?
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1answer
25 views

What is an appropriate algorithm to use for tax loss harvesting?

I've been reading into how Betterment and Wealthfront have architected their tax loss harvesting algorithms, but they stop short of providing any real examples. Essentially, they both reduce to: ...
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1answer
180 views

HAR-RV, realized GARCH and HEAVY model for realized volatility

I don't have much experience with volatility modeling using intraday data but I'm in the process of collecting 5mins data. Currently I have ~6 months of data. Is it enough to use these models with ...
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1answer
110 views

Volatility of Option

I hope I'm asking this at the right place. This pertains to actuarial exam MFE/3F on Financial Economics. If $\sigma$ is "volatility" and $\Omega$ the elasticity of the stock, one formula that is ...
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1answer
163 views

How would you correct a GARCH model to deal with non mean reverting volatility?

I am currently attempting to model and forecast volatility of bitcoin but have not been able to find a GARCH model that fits the data appropriately. I've used tick data sampled at 1 hour intervals ...
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1answer
230 views

Price volatility and yield volatility

This question is a bit confused, but please bear with me. Now and then I see people use the terminology "price volatility" and "yield volatility" in connection with bond options. I understand the ...
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1answer
123 views

Volatility tools / web sites?

Could someone give recommendations regarding volatility tools / web sites that they find useful? I am looking for information that my brokerage platform does not provide. Specifically, I want to see ...