0
votes
0answers
2 views

multi factor equity model exposures not as expected

I'm researching an equity multi factor model. It contains three factors, say A, B & C. The factors are weighted as such, ...
19
votes
8answers
2k views

How to design a custom equity backtester?

I was thinking about writing my own backtester and I realize I have to make some assumptions. So I was hoping I could post what I am planning on doing and hopefully some of you can give me some ideas ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

Doubt on risk cost criterion

I want to minimize some kind of risk sensitive cost. But, I am confused what cost criterion should I use. I am aware of only expected exponential utility. I want to know what are the other such ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

How can theta be so large on this option?

The AAPL Sep 95 put currently has a theta of -.21. The put midpoint is .84. 84/21 = 4 days. However, the put has nearly a month before expiration, at which time it will be zero. Not 4 days from ...
-2
votes
0answers
10 views

Stock Price Evolution Equation Clarifications [on hold]

What is the dimension of Δt? Is it second [s]? What are the expected return and the expected volatility? How can I calculate them for any given stock? Should I use the return and volatility values for ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Probability of stock closing over a certain price

A stock has beta of 2.0 and stock specific daily volatility of 0.02. Suppose that yesterday's closing price was 100 and today the market goes up by 1%. What's the probability of today's closing price ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

hedging with a 3 month fx forward every month

I think this is a bit odd question. Let us say I want to hedge my fx exposure every month but using 3 month forwards . How can I do that ? Is it not easy just to use 1 month forwards ? I recalculate ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

ADR vs Foriegn Stock Price Arbitraguers

So I am sure you all know about the whole Argentina default that has been in the papers lately, no need to delve into it. This so called "technical" default has lead some interesting investment ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

What is the effect of dividend yield being greater than the risk-free rate to American options pricing?

Even though dividends are discrete, literature often makes the assumption of continuous dividends (mostly in the case of indices but the individual stocks as well). The dividend yield denoted by q is ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Valuation of barrier options in Jump diffusion model

I am trying to evaluate the value of a Barrier option using Monte carlo method. The stock follows a jump diffusion model. I am using the method described in Metwally and Atiya. The authors describe ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

An optimization problem on Markov Chain

Consider a Markov Chain $\{X_n\}$ whose transition probability depends on some parameter $\theta$ ($p_{ij}(\theta)$). Now I want to optimize the following quantity $$\lambda(\theta) = ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Is it possible to model general wrong way risk via concentration risk?

General wrong way risk (GWWR) is defined as due to a positive correlation between the level of exposure and the default probability of the counterparty, due to general market factors. (Specific wrong ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

what is General IB2 Restriction in Basel II credit risk model

I was reading Basel II wiki page, it says: The first pillar The first pillar deals with maintenance of regulatory capital calculated for three major components of risk that a bank faces: ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Stress Testing Methods

I'm working on the following task: Given quarterly data: a time series representing the 1-year realized (10 years of data) rates of default on a portfolio of mortgages a slew of ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

multiperiod optimization using R

I'm interested in multistage optimization problems. Are there any good R packages around to solve such problems over time? I'm not at all an expert in it, so maybe someone knows a good paper / lecture ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

one-step-ahead Stochastic Volatility for 5-minute VWAP prices

I'm trying to run an SV model against prices of Euro/USD. For those not familiar with SV, its a volatility model in which each point gets its own volatility parameter $h_t$ with 3 main parameters that ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Explain drop in Correlation between two time series in consecutive periods

I have a time series for a security list with 2 parameters calculated for each time period. For example, for a stock XYZ, I have Param1 and Param2 calculated over various time periods stacked against ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

what is a typical way forex brokerages can provide cheap leverage for their customers?

I'm not very well read in the area of high finance but I'm curious how forex brokerages are able to provide the backing for leverage that they can provide to customers. Is it possible to do this ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Volatility of Futures

Apparently: Under a constant interest rate, the futures price is given by a deterministic time function times the asset price (I think I understand this). This means that the volatility of the ...
1
vote
2answers
26 views

Impact of NZD mid-day EST Roll forward

Was taking a look at an NZD spot deal that was traded on a Friday for value the following Tuesday (t+2). Somehow this trade became classified as a forward by our back office systems (dealer says they ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

what kind of test for volatility and where find the data

I am working on a model for stochastic volatility. In short, the model try to capture that the volatility goes up suddenly after a shock (war, policy, financial events, etc) and then goes down slowly, ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

CVA formula proof

I'm struggling to prove the CVA formula in this paper. Equation (3) is the result of computing the expectation of formula (1). Could you please show me how to prove that?
1
vote
0answers
30 views

M&A hedging an equity portfolio against an index

Quick Note This question was already posted under the userID user8170. Reason being I could not access my account. Now I am able to login to my account I am reposting the question here and will ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Why does regression capture differences in volatility?

I read the following statement in the book python for data analysis, chapter 11, and I was wondering if someone could give me intuition about why regression has this effect? The purpose of the ...
2
votes
2answers
307 views

Robust Returns-Based Style Analysis

Sharpe's Return-Based Style Analysis is an interesting theory but flawed in practice when working with long-short funds or funds that are changing strategies over shorter periods of time due to the ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Time series analysis of PnL with an increasing variance and large negative values [on hold]

PnL can take large negative values, and its variance increases over time as the firm grows. If we do differencing, an increasing variance remains. If we take log, negative values cannot be defined. ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

A question about how to design Option

There is a question about the construction of an option Manufacture and option from plain vanillas that makes money in case of low volatility and does not lose too much in the opposite scenario. ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Testing for the presence of a positive or negative gamma effect

I am currently analyzing a statistic that I believe will have the effect of hedgers having a positive or negative gamma position in certain stocks. In the case where I believe hedgers have positive ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

How to work out weights for a portfolio based on an inverse ratio with positive and negative values?

I am trying to work out how to determine weights for the assets in order to form a portfolio. The ratio I am using is EV/EBIT, hence the smaller the better. The problem is I don't know how to handle ...
48
votes
10answers
31k views

How can I go about applying machine learning algorithms to stock markets?

I am not very sure, if this question fits in here. I have recently begun, reading and learning about machine learning. Can someone throw some light onto how to go about it or rather can anyone share ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Incoherence in Bloomberg Data in Swap Curve Builder (ICSV)

When working on calibration for LMM model, we need to have Initial Libor quotes and Swaptions Black vol quotes on the market data. We have data provided by Bloomberg. However, before performing the ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

How can I calculate Fama-French betas for a particular stock?

For a particular stock, what's the simplest way to calculate betas for the Fama-French factors SMB and HML?
3
votes
0answers
27 views

For an affine process, how do we know the second order term is positive definite?

A regular affine process is defined to have the generator $Af(x) = \sum_{k,l=1}^d(a_{kl}+\langle a_{I,kl},y\rangle)\frac{\partial^2f(x)}{\partial x_k\partial x_l}+\langle b+\beta x,\nabla f(x)\rangle ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

factor models and using cross section regression

I have been doing some reading on factor models. In the literature it mentions that when creating a portfolio that maximises particular attributes it may lead to unwanted bias to other factors. I ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Logic behind Gordon Growth Model in a DCF analysis?

Sorry, I wanted to ask this on the finance/money forum, but they don't support LaTeX there. Let's say we are valuing a company using the DCF methodology with a 5-year projection period. We project ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Discounted risky asset stochastic process problem

$S_t$ is the random variable representing the risky asset price at time $t$. M_t is the riskless asset. They are governed by the equations $\frac{dS_t}{dt}=\mu dt + \sigma dZ_t$ and $dM_t = rM_t ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Particular Conditional Expectation of Geometric Brownian Motion

If we have the density function $$f_{Y}(y,t)=\frac{1}{y \sqrt {2\pi\sigma^2t}}exp(-\frac{(ln \ y - \mu t)^2}{2\sigma^2t})$$ Then the mean of $Y(t)=e^{X(t)}$ conditional on $Y(0)=y_0$ is found to be ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Mid-Point calculation with execution probability

Referring Cao, Hansch, and Wang (2004) "The Informational Content of an Open Limit Order Book" $$ \mbox{WP}^{n_1 - n_2} = \frac{\sum_{j=n_1}^{n_2} (Q_j^d P_j^d + Q_j^s P_j^s)}{(Q_j^d + Q_j^s)} $$ ...
5
votes
2answers
758 views

How is the default probability implied from market implied CDS spreads for CVA/DVA calculation?

From point 38 on P.17 the default probability can be implied from market implied CDS spreads. "Macro Surface" method is mentioned, but I cannot get any clue of what it is? Where do I get the acedemic ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Asset true price determination, quoted on 2 exchanges

There is a stock that is quoted on 2 exchanges and I'm thinking about ideal (from market micro structure point) method for calculate true value of that asset. Assuming that venue with volume traded ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Do people hedge with leveraged ETFs intraday? How?

Seems that the answer to the first part should be yes, but haven't seen any references or examples. E.g. suppose I want to hedge XLF position with FAZ. Do people use close to current returns, or just ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Calculating short/long order percentages?

I have a feed in real time that lists the ask and bid orders. Each order consists of a value and a quantity. I want to calculate the percentage of short orders from the total orders in terms of ...
2
votes
1answer
449 views

R ARMA-GARCH rugarch package doesn't always converge

I'm trying to compute the standard ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) as shown in this answer for an entire index,just to store in a database to quickly lookup values for back ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

list of ADR's by volume or market cap

I'm looking for a list of ADR's (for a simulation) that I can screen by either market cap or volume? If anyone knows of a free way to get such a list it would be much appreciated.
4
votes
5answers
452 views

Consensus on Cauchy distribution for stock prices

What is the general consensus for using a Cauchy distribution to model stock prices? I can't find much after researching online and wonder if it has been tried and discarded. My motivation is to find ...
1
vote
2answers
145 views

Is stock price priced in the uncertainty?

Consider a one step binomial tree model for stock price. The classical setup is as below: At time $t=0$, the stock price is $S_0$. At time $t=1$, the stock has probability $p$ to jump up to price ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

How does Volatility Pairs Trading work?

I've read some material related to pairs trading for equities and I understand the process of finding non-stationary pairs price series that can be cointegrated to form a stationary series. The basic ...
7
votes
2answers
310 views

How to compute the Radon-Nikodym derivative?

Suppose $B(t)$ is a standard Brownian motion, and $B_{1}(t)$ is given by $dB_{1}(t)=\mu dt+dB(t)$. Suppose $P$ is the Wiener measure induced by $B(t)$ on the $C[0,\infty)$, and $P_{1}$ is the Law ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Correlation of Dividend Yield Index/Stock

I need your experience and intuition about dividend yields. Indeed, I would to know if the dividend yield of and Index is correlated with the dividend yields of it's componenets separately? The ...
1
vote
2answers
187 views

Is node.js being used in systematic trading software?

I have a project where I would like to track some tick data and create some indicators to follow it. I am thinking of using Node.js for this project, but I would like to know from those in industry if ...

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