12
votes
4answers
1k views

Resources for finding scholarly research on topics in quantitative finance?

A friend and I have taken up an interest in quantitative finance, and we're pretty much starting from scratch—neither of us have backgrounds in finance, but rather electrical engineering and ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Longstaff-Schwartz (Least Squares Monte Carlo) applied to American Options

I'm working on an implementation in R of Longstaff & Schwartz method from the this 2001 article. I've managed to build code that replicates their prices in table 1 (p. 127), but only for the ones ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

how do you evaluate an FX market EMS?

My firm is investigating FX EMS systems to see if we can reduce execution costs for our trading strategies that involve FX (not low latency). The liquidity providers are a few major banks. We're ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Can Central Index Keys (CIKs) issued by the SEC be reassigned?

Suppose company A has CIK 0000012345 and ceases to exist. At some later time, company B registers with the SEC to submit filings. Is it possible that company B will be assigned the same CIK ...
13
votes
4answers
27k views

How to compute Implied Volatility Calculation?

We all know if you back out of the BS option pricing model you can derive and solve what the options is "implying" as its volatility. However, what is the formula used to derive Implied Volatility ...
6
votes
0answers
228 views

Stress testing covariance

Going one level beyond stressed scenarios, to parameters e.g. for a VaR measure: what are the most common approaches for stressing a covariance/correlation matrix, especially taking portfolio exposure ...
2
votes
1answer
427 views

Using cointegration to prove that a long-short strategy is market neutral (in CAPM sense)

I am trying to prove that a long-short strategy invested according to the cointegrated relationship from Engle-Granger's. So essentially I'm trying to show that the return $r_{XY}$ of the portfolio (X ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

How are option expiration dates decided?

I looked at the CBOE website and they say the expiration is the Saturday following the third Friday of each month. However, I look up an options chain for Google, for example, and I see three ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Best tool to generate cashflow diagrams

I often have to generate cashflow diagrams. I was wondering if anyone has a good tool to generate them in either $\LaTeX$ or a picture?
3
votes
0answers
291 views

PCA Variances and Principal Portfolio Variances

In Meucci's paper called "Managing Diversification" he mentions that: "Indeed, the eigenvalues A correspond to the variances of these uncorrelated portfolios" I tried to replicate it but found they ...
3
votes
2answers
490 views

How do you know if if an option is priced correctly?

Besides obvious extreme examples (ie volatility going to infinity, infinite time, zero time, or zero volatility, deep OTM/ITM ) how does one gauge if an option is 'correct' or at least in the ...
1
vote
1answer
423 views

Greeks of Basket

I am considering a product composed of 10 underlying assets. The maturity is 5 year. Each year if the performance of the equi-weighted portfolio reach a barrier, it pays a coupon. My question concern ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Call option arbitrage opportunity

I am having trouble wrapping my head around some text provided to us by our lecturer (unfortunately he is currently unavailable). If we let $c$ be the price of a European call option, $S_0$ the ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Benchmarking risk

Given the portfolio return $R$ and the benchmark return $B$, I want to define a risk indicator, measuring the ability to beat the benchmark ($R>B$), given the downside risk taken; the latter not ...
2
votes
1answer
491 views

How to download risk free rate?

I've been trying to download the national interest rates for some countries. When i use Datastream, it only gives me the currency return (while i need yield). Can someone please tell how to ...
2
votes
0answers
768 views

How to correctly construct a value- and equally weighted portfolio consisting of property-types?

A problem of which I couldn’t find the answer on the forum is about the construction of equally-weighted and value-weighted portfolio. I want to compute the equally-weighted property-type portfolio ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

t-statistics for the mean return, using Newey-West standard errors

I have seen that in several papers, where the aim was to evaluate the performance of a certain investment strategy, they use t-statistics to test for significance in the results. However, this seems a ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

Ito's Lemma - Integrand depends on upper limit of integration

A problem I came across while practicing using Ito's Lemma had a process with an integral whose integrand depends on the upper limit of integration (the goal is to find $dZ_{t}$): ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

What does negative gamma mean in APGARCH model?

I got a gamma of -0.1321677. ...
1
vote
0answers
236 views

Modelling long run relationship between dividend and earnings

I am working on a paper where I have to model the long run relationship between earnings and dividends. I have downloaded the raw data from shillers website. I have converted the series to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Get intraday data of SAP with google Finance

According to this link I try to get intraday data of SAP listed at Xetra. Intraday data with timestep of 1 second would be great. I do not understand parts of the command, I try ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

Auto-correlation of GBM

The GBM is defined by $ dS(t) = \mu S(t)dt + \sigma S(t) dW_t, $ with analytical solution $ S(t^\prime) = S(t) ...
1
vote
2answers
156 views

Statistics of difference between two GBMs

if I have two asset prices modeled separately as geometric brownian motions. How do i go about calculating the expected statistics of their difference? Like given the sigmas and mus of both processes, ...
10
votes
2answers
444 views

How to estimate the following model?

Suppose I have the following model: $$r_t=\sigma_t * \epsilon_t$$ where $r_t$ is the return at time t, $\sigma_t$ is the volatility, the model used to model this volatility is an exponentially ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

How to deal with different amount of td's in computing Sharpe Ratio

In calculating the Sharpe Ratio, should I take into account the days were I have 0 return due to non-trading day? Another user posted a similar question but this was related to trading days with no ...
3
votes
2answers
245 views

Iterating through every path of a Trinomial Tree

I am attempting to come up with an algorithm to iterate through every possible path of a trinomial tree and am having difficulties coming up with one. Is there any literature on this or has anyone ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Foward-start option pricing

Consider a probability filtred space $(\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb F, \mathbb P)$, where $\mathbb F = (\mathcal F_t)_{0\leq t\leq T}$ satisfing the habitual conditions and is generated by $1 d $- ...
4
votes
1answer
265 views

Non-arbitrage theory and existence of a risk premium

Consider a probability filtred space $(\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb F, \mathbb P)$, where $\mathbb F = (\mathcal F_t)_{0\leq t\leq T}$ satisfing the habitual conditions and isgenerated by $1 d $- ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Gamma vs. Volatility Risk

Original Question: What is the link between Gamma and the Volatility Risk? It leads me to ask: - What is the Volatility Risk definition and what are the good practices to measure it? Thinking about ...
3
votes
2answers
643 views

Software for backtesting outside strategies (CSV transaction upload)

I've developed some software which generates sets of trades, and I'd like to backtest those trades. My software currently outputs a CSV file with details of each trade: ...
1
vote
1answer
437 views

Testing Significance of Correlation

Lets say I have the returns of two stocks(stock1 and stock2). Now without running a regression, I lag one of the variables, calculate the correlation between the two stocks and repeat this process as ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

High-Frequency Traders and Front Running: What order types are they using? [closed]

I often hear in the news that High-Frequency Traders can front-run incoming trades because they are faster at acquiring information and to execute trades. I also read that speed is only a necessary ...
4
votes
2answers
975 views

Fitting distributions to financial data using volatility model to estimate VaR

I want to fit a distribution to my financial data using a volatility model to estimate the VaR. So in case of a normal distribution, this would be very easy, I assume the returns to follow a normal ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Value at Risk Monte-Carlo using Generalized Pareto Distribution(GPD)

I have created a VBA program to calculate VaR by using Monte Carlo, I have simulated Brownian Motion. This method might be ok for 100% equity portfolio, but let's say this portfolio may have fixed ...
0
votes
2answers
532 views

Regression with Lagged variables

I am new to regression analysis. Let's say initially I have a linear regression x = alag(x1) + blag(x2) + clag(x3) -- eq 1 I want to predict the price x based on the the price of x from previous ...
1
vote
2answers
174 views

monthly contract volume required for penny increments?

Have the exchanges disclosed their criteria? Does anyone have a best guess based upon observations of volume (however you wish to define it)? Please no qualitative answers.
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Using variance ratios to test for mean reversion

Can you use the variance ratio test to determine whether or not a time series is mean reverting? I'm using the Lo.Mac function in the ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

Testing Black Scholes Analytical Options Pricer

I've written some code to calculate European option prices using the Black-Scholes analytical method. Can somebody recommend a good way to test that code? I have looked at option pricers online like ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Stochastic modeling of stock price process

Apart from the model of Geometric Brownian motion is there any other "widely accepted" stochastic model to characterize the dynamics of a stock price process?
4
votes
2answers
323 views

Obtaining a consistent covariance matrix for stochastic volatility processes

What is the condition for underlying stochastic volatility processes to give a consistent covariance matrix? I read in Hull that in order to have a consistent covariance matrix, volatility parameters ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Risk factors for derivatives on dividends

I consider pricing and risk analysis of derivatives on dividends of the members of equity indices (such as Dow Jones EuroStoxx). There are options but I focus on futures. What are the main risk ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Data Synchronization

I'm working on market trends. I have daily prices for 33 assets from different markets. I was wondering if there is a way to cancel the effects of different opening/closing times. I have been told ...
2
votes
3answers
466 views

Why do long-term equity return forecast models use dependent observations?

I've been reading up on different models used to forecast the equity risk premium, and I've seen a couple of papers that had questionable methods. For example, this paper by Javier Estrada goes into ...
2
votes
0answers
650 views

Does the geometric Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process have stationary variance?

I know that the long run variance of the standard OU process is $\lim_{s\rightarrow \infty}\mbox{Var}(P_{t+s}|P_t) = \frac{\sigma^2}{2\theta}$ I'm using the geometric version of the process. I ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Assessing Forcasting with Correlated Residuals

Trying to use a linear regression model to forcast the CPI. I noticed that when I took a moving average of the residuals, though homsokedatisc and nonautocorrelated(ie they squiggle up&down with ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

YTM and current yield

Which of the following statements is correct? a. If a bond’s yield to maturity exceeds its coupon rate, the bond’s current yield must also exceed its coupon rate. b. If a bond’s yield to maturity ...
2
votes
2answers
239 views

Portfolio risk-return when assets have limited and inconsistent historical data / time series?

Lets say we have "today's" snapshot of asset allocation and need to determine the 6mo, 1 yr and 5 yr risk and returns of this portfolio. If the time series for every asset is very long, longer than ...
10
votes
2answers
508 views

Stochastic modelling of derivatives on dividends

I consider pricing and risk analysis of derivatives on dividends of the members of equity indices (such as Dow Jones EuroStoxx). There are options but I focus on futures. What are common stochastic ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

What is the meaning of the discounted process defined from the interest rate process?

Assume a money market has interest rate process $R(t)$. In Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance II, formula (5.2.17) on page 215 defines the discounted process as $$ D(t) = e^{-\int_0^t R(s) ds}. ...
5
votes
2answers
195 views

How does the number of free dimensions of a model affect its required size of sample?

Adding more variables to a model usually increases its accuracy. However, without adequate analysis it could also lead to curve fitting. Another question (How much data is needed to validate a ...

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