1
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1answer
45 views

How to reason about leverage in terms of elasticity

Return of an investment for a given period is by definition: $$r = \frac{P}{W_0} - 1$$ where $P$ is the price of the investment at the end of the period, and $W_0$ is the initial investment. I want ...
1
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4answers
714 views

How can I calculate Value at Risk?

Is it possible calculate Value at Risk on an asset without a time horizon? What kind of variables do you need? Variables that are on the table are value, standard deviation, beta, market return, risk ...
1
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1answer
171 views

Constant term in linear regresion

Can someone give a mathematical proof as to why including a constant in a linear regression equivalent is to running a regression with demeaned data and zero constant? More specifically, consider the ...
1
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1answer
191 views

Bond Spread Drivers

I have some work to do on the drivers of government bond spreads - ie. across terms (not across governments) of the yield curve, say 5yr and 20yr bond spreads from the same government issuer - and am ...
1
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2answers
241 views

Avoiding negative spread in pairs trading

I'm constructing money-neutral spread by this formula: Spread = log(P1) - log(P2), where P1 and P2 is prices of two instruments But sometimes spread can get into ...
1
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2answers
198 views

Are power contracts traded on any stock market?

Are power contracts traded on any stock markets ? What about OTC markets ? I ask about the derivatives where payoff is some exponential function of difference between strike and spot price.
1
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1answer
36 views

Integration in the context of modelling with the Meixner Process

I failed to evaluate the integral of $\frac{e^{ax}}{x\sinh(bx)}$ with respect to $x$ from negative infinite to positive infinite, What techniques can I use to evaluate the integrals of such kind for ...
1
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1answer
667 views

Price volatility and yield volatility

This question is a bit confused, but please bear with me. Now and then I see people use the terminology "price volatility" and "yield volatility" in connection with bond options. I understand the ...
1
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1answer
387 views

How can I use PCA to determine spread ratios for multiple legs?

I would like to generalize Paul Teetor's A Better Hedge Ratio, which uses prcomp() to determine a ratio between two legs. I am hoping to extend this to multiple legs, but am having trouble finding ...
1
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1answer
298 views

Given future price probability distribution, what is a strategy that maximizes return?

Say I know the price probability distribution, e.g., lognormal(p,s), of a stock X at a future time ...
1
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3answers
182 views

How often do banks update forward points?

My understanding is that forward rates are calculated by comparing interbank interest rates of the 2 currencies for a currency pair, with the points being the difference between spot and the forward ...
1
vote
1answer
249 views

List of financial derivatives Ito's Lemma does not apply

According to Ito's Lemma there is no restriction on the continuity of the stochastic process. The restrictions are on the continuity of the pay-off so that second derivatives with respect to ...
1
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1answer
138 views

Discount rate, convertible debt and the effect of time

The way I understand it is that there are three main parameters to a convertible debt investment. An investment amount A discount rate A trigger event Now under most of the examples I have seen, ...
1
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1answer
663 views

Ex-Ante tracking error how to determine the look back period

I am looking to compare the ex-ante predictions against the post values. I am using a look back period of ranges from 1 year to 5 years to construct my covariance matrix that I am using for my ex-ante ...
1
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1answer
149 views

Volatility tools / web sites?

Could someone give recommendations regarding volatility tools / web sites that they find useful? I am looking for information that my brokerage platform does not provide. Specifically, I want to see ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Implied state price density (Question 1 - derivation of the formula)

I came upon the term "implied state price density" in a couple of papers. As far as I understand the concept one basically tries to extract the "pricing density" from the market data. For the sake ...
1
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3answers
76 views

Who is the issuer and the counter part of this instrument?

I have the following SWAP contract : T1UH4 which is a 2-Year Deliverable Interest Rate Swap. Product info : http://www.cmegroup.com/trading/interest-rates/deliverable-swaps/2-year-deliverable-...
1
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1answer
1k views

Markit PMI vs ISM PMI

What is the difference between the Markit Manufacturing PMI and the ISM Manufacturing PMI? The monthly number differs a lot, my understanding is that they are trying to indicate the same thing.
1
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1answer
525 views

Pre-trade evaluation and risk assessment of option trading strategies (in market practice)

When a trader gets conclusion of the volatility is being underestimated (via volatility cone or some other technology), actually there are multiple ways for his trading. (Let's assume the underlying ...
1
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1answer
542 views

How to hedge a forward contract

I was asked this in an interview and I messed it up lol. This might actually be really basic. Let's say I signed a forward contract to buy NASDAQ at 4000 one year from now. How can I hedge this cash ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Reading XBRL Data from the SEC FTP SITE

After I ftp into the SEC Edgar site (ftp.sec.gov) I am able to pull the appropriate financial statements (i.e., 10-k, 10-q, 8-k, etc.) onto my local computer. However, when I go to open these files, I ...
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2answers
183 views

why is the BNS model the way it is

what I am puzzled about is, why dont we instead of having \begin{equation} dX_t = \sqrt{V_t} dB_t - (\frac{1}{2} V_t^2-r-\lambda\Phi(\rho)) dt - \rho dZ_{\lambda t}\nonumber \end{equation} we just ...
1
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2answers
306 views

Basket Option weight sensitivity calculation

I am looking to find/estimate the "greeks"/option price sensitivities/derivatives for a basket option situation. In specific the change in price of a put option associated with a change in weight of a ...
1
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1answer
257 views

binary tree options pricing model with dividend value - How should I discount the option at?

the expected value of the option given the next period up, down values is: $ Pexp = (p Price_{next, up} + (1 - p) Price_{next, down})/R$ where p is defined as $p = \frac{\exp(-r \times \Delta t) - d}...
1
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1answer
791 views

Interpolating spot rates given intermittent coupon-bond prices.

I'm trying to bootstrap spot rates given coupon-paying bond data. To simplify my problem, assume we are working with only 3 given data, the price/coupon rate on semi-annual bonds maturing in 0.5, 1, ...
1
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1answer
192 views

Estimate the market maker's price from the posted Bid/Ask and Trade price

If I see a Bid at 181.77 and and Ask at 181.78 for SPY and then immediately see a trade filled at 181.77 on BATS, then what can we conclude about market making activity? i.e At what price did the ...
1
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1answer
199 views

Volatility calculation for intra-day cash-or-nothing call binary option

Firstly, I do not have a quant finance background. This is new to me, and I imagine that this is a basic question for this group. I am calculating the price of a binary/digital option with closed-...
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1answer
81 views

Is it illegal for a publicly traded company to publish inaccurate financial data?

If you are the book keeper for a publicly traded company and you misrepresent the financial earnings of the company (even if by accident) for an earnings quarter, is this illegal?
1
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1answer
134 views

probablity expiring in the money ..basic question

Everyone says $N(d_2)$ is the probability of the option being exercised but stocks that have really high volatility have really expensive options indicating a high likelihood of expiring in the money. ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

How does Vega of a call/put behave under the Black-Scholes model?

I have two questions. I would prefer a reference if possible. Is the value of vega bounded for $\sigma\in [0,\infty)$? (I assume so, I imagine it goes to 0 as $\sigma$ go to infinity.) Are there any ...
1
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2answers
595 views

fair price for a call option

I am struggling with the following problem: An investor is considering a European call option, whose price $C_0$ is yet to be determined, on the shares of a company called XYZ. You know that : the ...
1
vote
1answer
208 views

Downside deviation

have any practitioners here worked with the downside deviation metric? I've looked a little into its concepts but wish to know its utility in practice (if any). Does it bring any value to risk ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Free database for storing intraday tick data and querying bar (candle) data on budget hardware

I'm using a cloud machine with 512 RAM to store tick data in mysql, but I'm having trouble querying candle data. My current solution is to select all data within a time interval and do the tick -> ...
1
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1answer
188 views

what is considered material information? [closed]

I'm trying to understand what is considered "material" information held by an executive of a company. There is company information that an executive (say insider) will know that a public investor will ...
1
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1answer
246 views

Lattice Boltzmann method for pricing options

I'm looking into whether there is ANY information out there regarding the implementation of the Lattice Boltzmann method for pricing options (or other financial tasks). I am very new to the world of ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Inferring signals in absence of sign of principal components (PCA)?

PCA seems to be very popular in dimension reduction applications and for extracting the top PCs which explain the data. One such application in futures is on the term structure to obtain the level, ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

Penny jumping in the direction of the price

Reading through examples of legal front running, I'm struggling to understand how "penny jumping" (http://www.wikinvest.com/wiki/Front-running) can be profitable. Suppose stock ABC is trading at a ...
1
vote
1answer
596 views

MonteCarlo simulation of stock prices using milstein scheme with dividend yield?

While performing a montecarlo simulation of stock prices using the milstein scheme is it possible to take into account the dividend yield into the simulation itself somehow, if we are given a ...
1
vote
1answer
844 views

Lagged dependent variable, yes or no?

I read conflicting opinions about the inclusion of lagged dependent variables in modeling, and I guess it is partly up to the researcher and depending on the scope and goal of the research. I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
612 views

Arbirtage free price process question in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time

I am currently working through questions in Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time. However, I am unable to solve the following question, 7.2 in the book. A solution would be greatly appreciated. ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Compare fund managers with insignificant alphas?

For my thesis I am evaluating two mutual fund portfolios in order to check for differences in manager performance. My hypothesis is that there will be no differences in performance (in terms of alpha) ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

ISDA: Interpreting a date specified as x business days prior to another date with a business day convention of 'NONE'

I've got an interest rate swap, it has a right-to-break with a bermudan exercise schedule. For each exercise, the settlement date is specified as an already-adjusted business day. The "last ...
1
vote
1answer
657 views

IB with R which package?

I want to implement my models in R and trade according to them with my IB account. Now I am wondering, how I should solve this problem? Do I need to program with C an access (https://www....
1
vote
1answer
245 views

How can I calculate the margin requirements for a Bitcoin futures contract?

Suppose that I want to calculate what the margin requirements should be for a Bitcoin futures contract, where the contract is the USD/BTC exchange rate (settled in Bitcoins). I've looked at the SPAN ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What does “primary calendar” mean?

I was reading the 2013 research rankings article on Institutional Investor and came across the following quote: "We do not expect spread widening in most markets, and we expect the primary calendar to ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

What does it mean by “labor taxes cut is self-financed”?

I'm reading "Principle of Economics" by Mankiw. In Part III Market and Welfare, Ch 8 "Application: the costs of taxation", it says: Only 32% of a cut in U.S. labor taxes would be self-financed, the ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Problems to understand a stochastic DGL equality

currently I am reading a paper called "Portfolio optimisation under non-linear drawdown constraints in a semimartingale financial model" for self-study reasons. The paper can be found here: http://...
1
vote
1answer
359 views

Black 76 for Options on Interest Rate Futures

This is my first time using Black76 to value options on IR futures and I have a question on $F$ and $K$. I understand the price for an IR future is usually quoted as $100 - r$. Do I use this price ...
1
vote
1answer
674 views

Components of an index in a specific date

Objective: Get a list of all the companies that were ever part of an index (e.g.: FTSE100) in a given period of time (scale: years/decades). Method I have in mind: 1) Create an empty list k. 2) Get ...
1
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1answer
119 views

Analysing FX Data

When analysing currencies, the data always comes in pairs so it is hard to normalise a multivariate time series of data e.g. if I have GBPvsUSD, EURvsUSD and CADvsUSD then changes in the US economy ...

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