1
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1answer
74 views

Call option pricing using CCR model - derivation problem

I'm viewing the following derivation of a Call Option price using the CRR model. There is one piece of the derivation which I cannot understand. \begin{align} C_0 &= e^{-rT} \sum_{i=0}^{N} ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

Value a structured note with Black-Scholes

Apologies in advance if this seems like a straight forward question but I'm really unsure how to go about it. Say I have the payoff for a structured note benchmarked against an index and I have a ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Lease Accounting / FX Embedded Derivatives [closed]

I have a lease agreement where the functional currency is USD, domestic currency is UAH. Lease agreement is written in EUR (rent rate) and payments are to be done in UAH in the amount of rent rate ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

About OpenMAMA, OpenMAMDA and OpenMDM

In the Linux Foundation are hosted the OpenMAMA and OpenMAMDA (found in that link too) projects and I'm wondering if has someone worked with those projects and if he/she could give me a more detailed ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

modeling regime switching for Correlation matrix

I am trying to estimate covariance in multiple time series. However, I want to do this using a regime-switching framework. So, I start with fitting a GARCH(1,1) model and then de-volatalize the ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

is there a limit on how many times i can access fxcm xml feed

i'm writing an python application that uses fxcm's xml feed. here is the link http://rates.fxcm.com/RatesXML does anyone know if there are limits on how many times you can access this data? right now ...
1
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0answers
113 views

Estimating the next tick movement in Chinese markets

I'm working on high frequency trading in the Chinese Futures market and I've been having a bit of trouble with getting orders to go through due to the lack of liquidity and large fluctuations. To ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Alternatives to CDSs for default term structure?

The CDS market seems to be drying up, funding&liquidity issues are now prevalent over credit, so other sources for default probabilities are needed. What else is commonly used to obtain a ...
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0answers
72 views

is there any calibration method to calculate FX forward rate? How Bloomberg define FX forward rate

there is any calibration method to calculate FX forward rate? How Bloomberg define FX forward rate
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0answers
74 views

How to measure interest rate risk of an equity?

What is the best method to measure interest rate risk of an equity? For example: I am looking to determine the change in price based on a change in yield. I currently have a position in XLU and ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Investing in all assets with positive expected return and allowing for positive correlation

How does the answer to this question Risk minimization by investing in all assets with positive expected return change if assets can be positively correlated (but not perfectly) and short sales are ...
1
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0answers
176 views

Tangent portfolio weights without short sales?

Consider a mean-variance investor in a world with a risk-free asset. Let $R_f>0$ be the return of the risk-free asset, $\mathbb{E}(R_i)>R_f$ the expected return of the risky asset $i$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

CFA (Level 1) schedule after school and working a 9-5 job [closed]

I am graduating with a BS in math and obviously love math but everything changed when a buddy of mine invited me to an investment society in our school and I love every single experience. The part I ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

MLE estimate of normal distribution

Probably a naive question. I am quoting this from Greene's econometrics book: "The occasional statement that the properties of the MLE are only optimal in large samples is not true, however. It can ...
1
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0answers
222 views

How to calculate global exposure via commitment approach for FX swaps?

How would you calculate global exposure for FX swaps using the commitment approach? In particular, would you take into account both legs? CESR guidelines (CESR/10-788) defines that the exposure for ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How to manage risk on a call calendar when underlying is falling

Let us say I bough a call calendar spread. Now, at expiry of the short option, the underlying has decreased significantly, and I am approaching my max loss(i.e both the options are close to 0). In ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Using Forward Equity Returns to Value Stream of Equity Return Cash Flows

Can I value the equity leg of an equity swap using the projected forward equity returns? In other words, for a sequence of times $t_{0}<t_{1}<\ldots<t_{n}$, where $t_{0}$ begins a brand new ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Please recommend a book regarding Monte Carlo simulation in OAS

I couldn't find a book that explains in details how to use Monte Carlo Simulation to generate a number of interest rate scenarios. And then based on the interest rate scenarios, how to calculate the ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Why implied volatility is less for the back month option even though the back month option is more expensive

Why is the implied volatility of this option at the ATM strike (18$) greater in the front month (March) than in a further month (Oct). The Oct month has 43%, but the front month has 54%. Should not ...
1
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0answers
37 views

Reputational Harm

How would you measure the reputational harm incurred on an individual by an organization. How is Market Pricing in the expected payout resulting from the law suit by an individual ? The news breaks ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

forward curve and cap/floors in nowadays environment

I'm currently trying to get the implied volatility of a vanilla Euro floor with maturity 1Y with data from bloom. I have the price ( which is not supposed to take into account the first floorlet ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

De-annualizing a target alpha return

apologies if this is not the correct place for this type of question, but I just want to confirm if the following de-annualization is correct. if a manager states that he will earn 200 bps of target ...
1
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0answers
119 views

Method to combine trading signals to achieve higher sharpe

There are a few thread with the question of methods to combine different trading signals/strategies. But is there any method that can ensure that by combining two signals, we can achieve a better ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

computation involving independent increments [closed]

One can rather easily show that E[$\sum_{i = 0}^{i = n - 1}W_{t_i}(W_{t_{i + 1}} - W_{t_i})]$ = -T + $W_T^2$. What I'm confused about is why we can't simply say that for each i, $W_{t_{i}}$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Differential equation involving bond price and forward rate

Given forward rate f(t,T) and bond price P(t,T) where $f(t,T) = - \frac{\partial}{\partial T} \ln P(t,T)$, $P(T,T) = 1 = P(t,t)$, T>0 and $t \in [0,T]$ Does it follow that $P(t,T) = ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Complicated American style option contract with numerous non-standard features (simultanous exercise, additional premium, etc.)

I want to value the following contract for times $0<t<T$, i.e. determine $V(t,\cdot)$ where $\cdot$ refers to all other dependences (strike, spot, volatility, etc.). The contract is long and ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

price engine configuration [closed]

My question is about forming market data which is received from the LPs. Some tools work with these parameters: min spread, max spread, bid spread, ask spread. If current spread < min spread or ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

How to hedge a long stock with the corresponding volatility ETF

Let us say I want to establish a market neutral position. So if I buy 50 shares of stock (SPY) and I want to delta hedge, I sell an ATM covered call. So that brings the position delta to 0. Now, I ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

How do I use BIC (Bayesian Information Criterion) to estimated model AR (auto regressive) lag?

In financial research papers, I have seen several times that the lag length in an ARMA model has been determined using BIC. Do the researchers estimate the lag length before considering other ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

How to estimate constrained a constrained VAR(1) with MATLAB?

Suppose I want to estimate the following VAR(1) model: $$ Y_t = \mu + \Phi Y_{t-1} + \varepsilon_t $$ where $Y_t=(y_{1t}, y_{2t},…,y_{kt})'$, $\mu=(\mu_1,…,\mu_{k})’$ and $\Phi$ a matrix of ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Why the growth of the American Economy is going to cause the Fed to raise interest rates?

Due the growth of the American economy the Fed have published that interest rates are likely to increase. Why is that the response of the Fed?
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Time-Varying Copulas (GAUSS)

Could anyone suggest me how to begin with Time-varying Copulas or Stochastic Copulas? I'm looking for the GAUSS code, however it seems there are only MATLAB code available over the internet. I'm ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Annuity Duration Based on Closed Derivative is half of Effective Duration?

I am analyzing an annuity with a stub. I calculate the effective duration as (P(-10bps) - P(+10bps))/(2*Principal * (.001)) I then take the derivative of the standard annuity formula discounted by ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Question regarding sinking fund

I am currently studying about financial mathematics for my Exam FM to become an actuary. There is one thing that really bothers me so I would like to have some answers. Whenever I solve a problem ...
1
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0answers
66 views

How to apply the chain rule for partial derivatives to transformations?

I'm currently working to solve the Black-Scholes model partial differential equation (it's a model for a.o. stock option prices). The Black-Scholes equation for a calloption C(S,t) is given by $ ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Spread options on prices or returns?

I need some clarifications regarding spread options. I have always found them characterized as paying, at maturity, the difference between the prices of two underlying assets: $$ (S_1(T)-S_2(T)-K)^+ ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Can wavelets be effectively used to approximate the market value of an illiquid instrument?

Considering less liquid instruments can have a higher degree of volatility especially on lower time frames (1-tick or 1-second), is it possible to effectively use wavelets to reduce the issue of noise ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Comparing cost of two alternative given their distribution

I have distribution for cost of two alternative through Monte Carlo simulation. The distributions are not normal. Given the benefit of the two alternatives is the same but ungiven, I want to choose ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Interpretation of Correlation Matrix

I have past data which is in vector form. The information shows the probabilities of a AAA rated company to migrate to another credit rating. So for example, (x1, x2, x3) has the probabilities of ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Convolution of inverse gaussian and power law distributions

I am trying to understand how the first passage time density of Brownian motion with drift is modified by the presence of waiting times that are distributed as a power law In other words, what is the ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Straddle neutral strategy

What does it mean to implement a delta-neutral strategy for straddle ? A straddle consists in buying a call and a put simultaneously, at the same date, on same underlying, with same maturity and ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Convertible bonds market data

My question is twofold. First, what are the key informations used to describe a convertible bond market ? I'm thinking about market size, conversion rate, appropriate index, ... Second, where to ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Multi-objective optimization: Where to find qualified examples for portfolio management?

I am looking for qualified examples of multi-objective optimization applied to a portfolio management situation in non-normal markets. Where can I find one or more examples of such a multi-objective ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

CDS credit spreads vs default probability

What is the relationship between a CDS credit spread (as set by the CDS issuer) and the instantaneous default probability (as estimated by the CDS issuer)? I hear they are similar but not the same. ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Build spot rate curve with multiple treasuries for each maturity

I have the following treasuries: T 0 1/4 01/31/15 at 100.1236 T 2 1/4 01/31/15 at 101.1257 T 0 1/4 02/15/15 at 100.1251 T 4 02/15/15 at 101.9994 T 11 1/4 02/15/15 at 105.6269 T 0 1/4 02/28/15 at ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

How to calculate the growth rate of a growing annuity? [closed]

I have a question that seems basic but has given me fits. If I have the following known variables, how do I solve for the growth rate? Known variables: initial payment outstanding balance number of ...
1
vote
0answers
184 views

R TTR/RSI does not behave like a Bloomberg RSI

The implementation of TTR:RSI differs slightly from the RSI calculated in Bloomberg, see more details here. I use in TTR the SMA, which simply calculates the mean, that is a walking window of: ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Using the R package “ termstrc ”

I am attempting to use the function estim_nss from the termstrc package in R. However, I am experiencing the following error: ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Fixed Income risk attribution in the historical simulation of a sovereign bond portfolio

We use historical simulation for risk analysis. I.e. for each bond there is a repricing of the form $$ P_j = PV(\text{yield curve in scenario } j), $$ where the yield curve is the zero rates curve of ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Should I use a correlation coefficient formula or a multiple regression formula?

I have an assignment dealing with the stock market and I'm a little lost. My instructions are to come up a method to create a score for a stock then compare the score against what the stock actually ...

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