1
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1answer
231 views

Volatility Smile Approximation

Does anyone know what type of model is used to model the skew and IVs inside Thinkorswim platform for its volatility smile approximation? I am trying to replicate but do not know where to start. Any ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Quantum Computing for Quantitative Finance

It's been a while that quantum computing is looked as the next step in computational science. I somewhat always tought we were decade aways from it's happening but it appears I was wrong: ibm-quantum-...
1
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1answer
50 views

Discount factor taking into account yield curve shape

I have always been told that the discount factor formula is just: $$ DF(T) = \frac{1}{(1+L_{t_0})^T} $$ where $L_{t_0}$ is the LIBOR rate on one period (the first one I guess) and $T$ the number of ...
1
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0answers
37 views

Modelling log-returns and calculating the portfolio return

I know this might be a trivial question, however, I would be grateful for some clarification. I am working on weekly log-return data, doing volatility-foracasting using GARCH models and then using ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

How to choose a GARCH model which delivers iid standardized residuals?

For my thesis I first need to examine nine financial time series and fit a conditional volatility model such that the obtained standardized residuals ($z_t = \epsilon_t / \sigma_t$) are approximately ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Calibrating and simulating returns from a t-distribution

A slight twist (I hope) on the familiar problem of simulating log returns from a t distribution. My two questions concern calibration to sample data. First, one can infer the degrees of freedom in the ...
1
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0answers
31 views

calculating long short portfolios currency exposure

I have calculated the currency exposures of a long short portfolio simply by summing the weights of each stock. However I was told that I need to incorporate the dollar borrowing (short dollars), I ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Cash Flow for Operating Cost, Sheldon Ross Question

In his An Elementary Introduction to Mathematical Finance, 3rd Edition book, pg. 55, Sheldon Ross has a question - A company needs a certain type of machine for the next five years. They ...
1
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2answers
21 views

How can you find change in working capital and capital expenditures without a balance sheet?

I'm working with the following information trying to work through a valuation exercise and I'm absolutely stuck. How can I find ∆WC and CAPX with this information?
1
vote
1answer
32 views

arbitrage proof question

prove the condition $D<R<U$ is equivalent to the absence of arbitrage: R = risk free investment rate of return. U and D are returns corresponding to the upward/downward price movements of a ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Pricing a Vanilla swap between coupons; What rates to use?

Vanilla Swap question. Entered into a 5Y fixed for floating HUF swap. Fixed is annual coupons, Float is semi-annual coupons. 1 month later I want to price it. I set up my future values for Fixed ...
1
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0answers
66 views

Optimize a trading strategy created in excel with R

I have created quite a complex back test in excel spanning 15 years with 17 parameters. I would like to optimize the parameters which would give me maximum return given a maximum draw-down percentage. ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

EMTA Guidelines

Does EMTA guidelines are only for Non-Deliverable trades? IF yes, then why this is applicable for Deliverable Option trades? EMTA Site - http://www.emta.org/ndftt.aspx
1
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0answers
51 views

Replicating American call option

Consider a two-period binomial model for a risky asset with each period equal to a year and take $S_0 = 1$,$u = 1.2$, and $l=0.8$. The interest rate for both periods is $R = .05$ a.) If the asset ...
1
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0answers
16 views

Forward Exchange Rate Data: Germany x US

Would anyone know where I can find historical forward exchange rate data between germany and US, yen and US to download? In Bank of England website i already found. Thanks
1
vote
0answers
17 views

First coupon CDO tranche

I am interested in Tranches on Credit Indexes. Let $T$ be the trade date, let $t_1<T<t_2$ be the accrual dates surrounding the trade date. I would like to know which option is correct ? A) ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Calculation of IRR [closed]

How do we calculate IRR if I have an investment that allows me to buy into 10% of a company @1m and the first year is a negative cash flow of 200,000 but the subsequent years till year 10 is a ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Generating random yields

I would like to test different methods for fitting a yield curve, like the Nelson-Siegel, cubic splines etc. I would like to generate random yield to maturity data, that somehow reflects the common ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

How are ETF fees deducted? What happens if you short an ETF?

When I buy an ETF, the ETF issuer wants a certain management fee (expense ratio). How is this usually paid? I've read that this might be deducted from dividends - is this the case? How does it work ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

BSM Model - Actual probability

Actual probability of exercise of put option under BSM model is: PD = N(-d2(u)) (using expected return of stock, u) Risk-neutral equivalent is ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Two-period binomial model for American option

Consider a two-period binomial model for a risk asset with each period equal to a year and take $S_0 = 1$, $u = 1.5$, and $l = 0.6$. The interest rate for both periods is $R = .1$. a.) Price an ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

SDE for a portfolio of two correlated assets $ Y_{t} = 2 S^{1}_{t} S^{2}_{t}$

I am analysing a problem where I have two correlated stocks described by Brownian motions $$ \frac{dS^{1}_{t}}{S^{1}_{t}}=\mu_{1} dt + \sigma_{1} dW^{1}_{t} \quad \quad (1)$$ $$ \frac{dS^{2}_{t}}{S^{...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

On the construction of a Brownian motion from a Gaussian process

Let $X$ a Gaussian process defined by $$ X_t=\int_{0}^{t}\left(\frac{1}{\sigma}\left(r_s-\frac{\sigma^2}{2}\right)-\rho\sigma_P(s,T)\right)\mathrm{d}s+\sqrt{1-\rho^2}Z_2(t)+\rho Z_1(t);\;\;t\in[0,T] $...
1
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0answers
54 views

Modeling Interest-only Mortgages

First post on this forum - happy to be here. Please give feedback if this is off-topic so I can more meaningfully contribute moving forward. Can we infer a range of future all-in costs for I/O ARMs ...
1
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0answers
28 views

PnL Explained Using Scenario(Full Reval Model)

I was wondering if any quant guru can help . How to calculate the PnL explained using full reval aka scenario based = > t - (t-1) approach for linear instrument. I am finding difficulty to understand ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

How to calculate the initial payment of a graduated payment mortgage (GPM). Real estate Mortgage analysis

My professor used this: 12%, monthly-pmt, 30-yr GPM with 4 annual step- ups of 7.5% each, then constant after year 4: ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Affect of choosing different combinations of variables for multivariate regression [closed]

If I have variables x1,x2,x3,and x4 that have correlation coefficients −0.9,−0.5,0.5, and 0.9 to another variable y, what is the effect of choosing different combinations of them in a multivariate ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Marginal Distribution using GARCH model

I have n return series. I fitted AR(1)-GARCH(1,1) to each return series. Then used PIT(residuals) to transform the residuals to uniform. Then I fitted n dim copula to the data. I simulated 1000 points ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How to Rank assets in Portfolio? [closed]

I am working on active equity Portfolio. I have total 30 securities in my Portfolio. Can someone please guide me how can I rank those assets in my portfolio. ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Initiating new orders with active “order-session” only?

Is it a must to establish "quote-session" & subscribing to quotes/market data before initiating a "New Order-single(Market-GTC)"? I actually can't see any use of quote-session for trading ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

what do metrics and indicatives mean in the finance context? Like trading of MBS products

it's often heard in my daily work as a programmer in an investment bank, supporting mortgage backed securities desks (passthrough, agency cmo, cmbs, etc). My take is that the terms describe the ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

How to calculate price in non-competitive bidding that bidders will receive?

Following bids are received in treasury bond auction. Notified amount is Rs.20,000Million. No amount devolves on the RBI/PDs. No. Of bonds/ Price(Rs.) 46/ 110.185 45/ 110....
1
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0answers
41 views

Distribution of AR and MA polynoms roots in ARMA/ARMA-GARCH models

I have another noob question. So, for example, I have ARMA(2,2) model: $$ x_{t} = \phi_{1}x_{t-1} + \phi_{2}x_{t-2} + e_{t} + \theta_{1} e_{t-1} + \theta_{2} e_{t-2}$$. So, I have 2 polynoms: $$1 - \...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What is the difference between a three month return and a quarterly return?

I am looking at VGENX, and this product has first-quarter and three-month returns of 7.8% and 20.3%, respectively, according to zacks.com. I take it as the three month return is calculated taking into ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

A question about spot rate forward rate and swap rate [closed]

A term structure is given as follows. The market convention is compound interest, that is, the present value of one unit at time T is...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Regressing using Fama-French portfolios with small amount of stocks

I'm doing some research for my thesis and I was wondering if it is possible to only use monthly stock price data for 22 stocks and construct Fama-French portfolios out of them and then regress? What ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Using Put Volatilities to Estimate Firm Leverage/Credit Risk

This paper by Hull, Nelken and White uses implied volatilities in structural credit risk models to back out a market-implied leverage ratio. CreditGrades has a similar implementation using equity ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

American option - Upper bound

I have computed a lower bound for an american option through longstaff and schwartz's algorithm. Now I have to compute the upper bound as andersen and broadie does in their article. Can anybody help ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Arbitrage opportunity in discrete time

Say we have the following binary option $B$ on asset $S$ with strike K and expiration time T, assume also that the following relation holds at time $0$: $B > N*C(K,T)-N*C(K+1/N,T)$ Where $N$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Trouble verifying roll rate model

I found this paper on roll rate analysis via a google search. I would post a link, but every page is stamped with "CONFIDENTIAL" at the bottom (humorous since it is easily found). In a nut-shell, ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Timing of S&P 500 Component Changes - Pre or Post Market?

When S&P 500 has a component change is the change made before market open or after the close. For example on March 3rd announement by S&P that UDR replacing GMCR after close of trading on ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How we can use adjusted price in combination with price limit in a stock market?

How we can use adjusted price in combination with price limit in stock market? suppose that we have a price limit in a stock market. For example if yesterday last price is ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Performance measure

Can anyone give some intuition behind the relative performance measure that is a percentile raking of trading activity. It indicates the percentage of total activity the investor outperformed the ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

How to estimate parameters for 2 correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes with maximum likelihood?

I would like to use maximum likelihood to estimate the parameters of two correlated Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes from empirical data. Do you have any good references for this? If you have any hints as ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Methodologies behind shocking a composite index instrument, what assumption distinguishes these?

Suppose I have a composite index (rebalancing or non-rebalancing) that at present time has some base value $B_{\text{base}}$ in some base economy. I am in the process of shocking the economy on which ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

How can I discover dark pool orders in an order book?

I'm learning order flow. I would like to differentiate between aggregated dark pool volume and aggregated algo trading volume. Is there a way to tell orders coming from a dark pool from algo orders?
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Beta in Capital Structure [closed]

Can anyone please explain how do I get this: $$\beta_e = \beta_a +(\beta_a - \beta_d) \times D/E$$ from $$K_e =K_a +(K_a − K_d) \times D/E.$$
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Local volatility grids - Monte carlo - Implementation [closed]

I read the paper "Monte Carlo pricing with local volatility grids" (authors: D.F. Abasto, B. Hientzsch and M.P. Kust) and I would like to know if anyone on this forum had a chance to implement it as I ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Bloomberg Currency Exchange Rate Data (London and New York)

I'm new to Bloomberg terminals (a paper I'm reading uses data from a terminal - my first exposure) and I'm having trouble figuring out how to download a few different time series: (1) daily closing ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Parametric VaR of a portfolio including a swap

I am calcualting the parametric VaR of a portfolio that includes among other things an IRS swap that begins in the exact same day the valuation is done. Therefore, its NPV is 0 and I do not which ...

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