# All Questions

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### Find the PDE for a function that makes it a martingale

Given the SDE, find the PDE for the function $V(t,x)$ such that $V(t,S_t)$ is a martingale. $dS_t = \kappa(m - S_t)dt + \sigma\sqrt{S_t}dB_t$ where $\kappa$,$m$, and $\sigma$ are constants. ...
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### Price compounding: Swap versus Governments Bonds

There are different rates curve to compound prices. Since the crisis, regulators tends to favor price compounding with swap curves over IR curves deduced from governments bonds (EU regulators, french ...
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### Why use Moody's KMV EDF for one year

If I were to use Moody's KMV proprietary database with expected default frequqncies(EDF) for sectors and countries, along with aggregations for financials and non-financials, significant banks etc: ...
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### How to value pricing and ratings? How to quantify best value? [closed]

I'm trying to define which hotel offers the best value. Let's say we have two hotels - A and B. For A, you pay $10 a night and the rating for the hotel is 9.8. For B, you pay$8 a night and the ...
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### Multi-factor APT model in practice: non-zero mean factors, observations needed and portfolios

I'm going to build a multi-factor APT model for the Swiss market starting from the work made by Chen, Roll and Ross (to which I will add and test some additional factors). I have some doubts though: ...
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### What are appropriate algorithms for forecasting contract schedules to maximize profit?

Imagine a situation where a business negotiates contracts for the maintenance of widgets it sells. Situation Customer buys 20 widgets. Customer negotiates contract for widgets to be serviced/...
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### How to calculate the unrealised profit on sinkable bond

How is calculate the unrealised profit on Sinkable Bond when 50% of the bond value already been paid? Is the following method correct: Unrealised P&L = ((Current.Position * Market.Price) - Cost....
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### Marchenko–Pastur, Student distribution and returns

I have a question regarding random matrix theory. I've been studying various papers and I found some confusing definitions of Marchenko-Pastur law. The most clear was the one on wiki: wiki-Pastur-...
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### When are factors returns in asset pricing and how do we construct them?

I am very certain that the temperature in New York's Central Park plays a super-significant role in stock returns, so I take its daily averages and I want to test it in factor model. Cochrane (...
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### Valuation Models for Bank Credit Default

What approaches exist for calculating a fair price for a credit default swap for a bank? Most of the traditional valuation models are geared towards industrial firms. Are there any theoretical ...
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### How to schedule a sequence number reset in QuickFIX?

What is the recommended way to handle scheduled sequence number resets (initiated by the counterparty once per day) ?
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### Cross-sectional Regression: Using calculated coefficient of first regression for a second regression as dependent variable

Hello stackexchange community! I am new to R and econometrics and and stuck in a step of the fama-macbeth (1973) regression, in which risk premia of stocks are estimated with a two-step regression ...
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### Pricing function $P(S,t)$ is convex in $S$ for all $t$

I am now reading Alternative Characterization of American Put Options by Carr et all (available at http://www.math.nyu.edu/research/carrp/papers/pdf/amerput7.pdf). There is a theorem called 'Main ...
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### Las vegas method?

In one of his winning paper, backward induction for future values, A. Antonov, quant of the year 2016, refer to the American Monte-Carlo method as the Las Vegas method. Is this name used appart from ...
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### What I find if I bootstrap a binary logistic regression?

I want to describe the direction of some stock returns, using as predictors several independent variables which are uncorrelated. The relation in which I am interested is between the stock returns and ...
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### Does the FF 3-Factor model work with unadjusted prices?

I am trying to investigate some trading strategies based on the Fama French 3-factor model, for which I assumed I need to use adjusted prices to account for dividends and splits. However, my ...
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### Embedding the naive portfolio into economic decision theory

I am trying to gain some insights about the vast literature of portfolio optimization and I hope to get some help when it comes to embed the most standard allocation strategies into a coherent ...
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### To calculate shift in the shifted lognormal model

I tried to calculate the shift for CHF interest rates (tenors with negative rates) using MLE, but as the shift is increased the MLE value increases(or decreases depending on whether positive or ...
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### How do I automatically graph S&P PE ratio moving average VS DOW

Obviously this is a rookie question, I'm simply looking to plot the S&P PE ratio moving averages over different periods of time and plot them vs the DOW. Ideally I would love like something that ...
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### What is Toxic FX Flow debate!

So, basically i want to debate and find out the real reason behind being flag by ECNs and venues as "toxic". How to avoid being flag? What kind of strategies are toxic and why? Below is an article ...
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### Euler discretization bias, heston model

I am performing option pricing using Heston model and Euler discretization. I'm getting the following result: ...
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### find the qth lower tail quantile

I have daily currency returns. For each month, I have to find the return associated to the 5% lower tail quantile for each currency (the lowest return or the second lowest return). Could you please ...
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### Inverse Smile Volatility Ibex35

I was analysing ibex implied volatility and when I draw it I found it was reversed: X axis are the strikes and Y axis implied volatilities calculated by BS. The blue line is the spot price. Data (...
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### how to specify given model on Eviews?

I am still struggling to estimate my model on Eviews. I know it should be really simplistic to do it,but without in depth Eviews knowledge it can be rather tricky. For instance, looking at the ...
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### Higher moments arbitrage

Is there concrete evidence that statistical arbitrage (historical vs. implied) on higher moments, specifically skewness and kurtosis, can be (significantly) done? Working from this source, the author ...
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### Computing Overall Return for A Single Asset Given Inflows & Outflows

I am creating a portfolio tracking model in Excel and have run into difficulty on how to track the overall performance of a single asset, given that over time more and less capital (shares) has been ...
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### Considerations when programming back testing engine

I am at the beginning of writing a back testing engine and wanted to get some Feed back on considerations I should take into account , design ideas etc.
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### Quantlib binomial tree

I was trying to price options with the extendedBinomialTree class of quantlib. I actually tried at some point to modify this class in order to optimize it. Normally the drift and diffusion of the ...
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### Vol surface changes as underlying moves

We market make in highly liquid, near term options markets. I want to build a risk report that tells us how our portfolio's greeks will change as the underlying moves. This is for risk management in ...
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### Problem with overlapping data when testing futures market efficiency

In my case non-overlapping data would represent the scenario where futures prices (3 months) do not correspond to the futures spot prices in terms of delivery date. For example, futures settlement ...
If $\rho_{12} < 1$ or $\sigma_1 \not= \sigma_2$ then $\sigma_v^2$ representing the variance of the portfolio with weights $(w_1, w_2) = (s, 1-s)$ as a function of $s$ attains its minimum value at: ...