# All Questions

259 views

### Regression giving the return on a stock

I have this regression equation: $$R_{stock} = 3,28\% + 1,65*R_{market}$$ Where $R_{stock}$ is the expected return on a stock and $R_{market}$ being the market risk premium. I have a one-year ...
283 views

### Can a long put trade be profitable through Vega even if the underlying moves upwards?

Generally speaking, I know when implied vol increases, option prices increase for calls. However, does the same occur for puts? If I am expecting implied volatility to increase for an option on an ...
7k views

### Is there an Australian Interbank Rate?

Most widely used Interbank Rates are LIBOR, EURIBOR. Then I read online on SIBOR (Singapore). It says Canda, US are following LIBOR as well. So for Australia, is there a dedicated interbank rate like ...
441 views

277 views

### Upper bound concerning Snell envelope

Consider a non-negative continuous process $X = \left (X_t \right)_ {t\geq 0}$ satisfying $\mathbb E \left \{ \bar X \right\}< \infty$ (where $\bar X =\sup _{0\leq t \leq T} X_t$) and its ...
685 views

### Multiple Discrete Dividends

Using the recombining tree model as described in Haug's Option Pricing Forumla one can factor in multiple future discrete dividends when calculating the option value and greeks. What's unclear is ...
5k views

### Why do we use GARCH(1,1) to predict volatility?

What makes GARCH(1,1) so prevalent in modeling especially in academia? What does this model has that is significantly better than the others?
210 views

### Interpretation of PCs

I have computed PC1 and PC2 wts on future contracts derived from cumulative log differences. How can I use them to get back the theoretical price of each contract using those 2 pcs? Thanks in ...
711 views

### Markov-Switching E-GARCH with R

I am looking for a R library for modeling a Markov-Switching E-GARCH process. In other questions at StackExchange related to GARCH models, the package rugarch is often mentionned. Do you recommend it ...
2k views

### What different methods of pairs selection exists? (For Pairs trading)

(I'm quite new to quant finance so I'm not sure if this is an eligible question.) I've decided I want to backtest pairs trading on the Nordic stockmarket. So I would guess there exists different ...
145 views

### how to quantify non-fundamental risk if variance is 100% discounted?

If there's better vocabulary, forgive me. If you were required to ignore variance as risk, how would you quantify non-fundamental risk? Many thanks in advance!
1k views

### R ARMA-GARCH rugarch package doesn't always converge

I'm trying to compute the standard ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) as shown in this answer for an entire index,just to store in a database to quickly lookup values for back ...
395 views

### What stock market indicators to model based on twitter feed? [closed]

We are developing an algorithm that models twitter users and groups of words that may indicate real world events. One application is modelling elections, i.e which party is likely going to win. ...
1k views

### Why doesn't a simulated delta hedging process go to zero?

I put together a simple simulation of delta hedging a set of options with an underlying and it seems that the fluctuations of the price still seem to affect the final outcome. The reason, I understand ...
249 views

### How to calculate two-time scale variance?

I am having trouble understanding how to calculate two-time scale variance as I do not have a strong mathematical background. Suppose I want to calculate the TSRV at 5 min intervals. Do I calculate ...
2k views

### What continous adjustment methods are firms using for futures backtesting?

There are several methods available between data vendors and associated software programs to adjust futures contract data for historical simulations. Some of the methods are: 1) Back or forward ...
235 views

### What are $d_1$ and $d_2$ for Laplace?

What are the formulae for d1 & d2 using a Laplace distribution?
82 views

### Imputed values in a multi-index

I have an equal-weighted index on a number of different Indices (from US, Europe and Asian markets). This compound index is constructed from a time series that has missing values (for example, those ...
247 views

### is there a mapping from Altman Z-score for private companies to bond ratings or probability of default?

On wikipedia, there is a formula to calculate the Altman Z-score for private companies: Z-score estimated for private firms: T1 = (Current Assets − Current Liabilities) / Total Assets T2 = Retained ...
1k views

### Multiple (linear) regression

I am looking for some inputs on a pair trading strategy that I am trying to improve with some semi-fundamental input. The basic idea is to use multiple linear regression to estimate the price of a ...
367 views

### time in time series database - UTC or local

I strictly store UTC time stamps inside time series files or databases, mainly to allow processing several time series together. Timezone information is kept with each time series file or item, so ...
99 views

### Intangible assets as underlying for Futures contracts

How is it possible for a Futures contract to have an intangible underlying? For example, to my knowledge, there exist Futures that have interest rates as their underlying, come delivery date, how is ...
8k views

### Daily returns using adjusted close

I want to chart the daily returns of a stock, and I'm using Yahoo finance data to download historic data. I was told to use Adjusted Close, but there seems to be an issue with this. For ANTO.L, you ...
272 views

### Testing for stationarity in large sample sizes

I keep struggling with testing 9 samples if they are stationary. Each of these samples is a real valued time series with 714.000 values. If I use the KPSS test with the each compleete sample set, the ...
374 views

### NYSE binary data, convert to ASCII

The data product "TAQ NYSE Order Imbalances" from the New York Stock Exchange is in a format that is described pretty well in sections 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, and 5 of the document "NYSE Order Imbalances ...
489 views

### Quantitative risk model for an open real estate mutual fund in Europe

How useful are quantitative techniques for the risk analysis/management of a open real estate fund? I am thinking about an approach for Europe (US and other markets are probably quite different - ...
989 views

### What do eigenvalues/eigenvectors of the yield/forward rates covariance matrices mean?

I have 5 bonds (with maturities 1,2,3,4,5 years) which I calculated the yield curve for 10 days. I also calculated the forward rates from the yield rates. Now I've been told to calculate the ...
4k views

### Kelly criterion and Sharpe ratio

Whats the relationship between the Kelly criterion and the Sharpe ratio? $$f=\frac{p(b+1)-1}{b}$$ where $f$ is a percentage of how much capital to place on a bet, $p$ is the probability of ...
222 views

### How to use mean-variance weights in practice (when going short is allowed)? [closed]

I have calculated my optimal portfolio weights following the mean-variance framework where I go $w_1$ in the risky asset and $1-w_1$ in the risk free rate. I get the following result: $w_1$ = 1.5, ...
1k views

### Position management and market-making techniques

Suppose, there is a HF strategy (agent) that is based on order book microstructure, and it is able to make good executions locally. More formally, in average its execution price is better than asset ...
2k views

### Usage of Random forests in Quantitative analysis of stocks

I have a question about Random forests and how they could be utilized in trading? I heard Random forests are used for classification, is that accurate? If so, could someone give an example of what ...
1k views

### How to calculate implied volatility and greeks in Bull Put Spread option strategy?

Ok, obviously I am buying lower strike put and selling higher strike put. What is the recommended volatility and greeks to consider in my trade? Volatility: Average volatility between both legs? ...
230 views

### How to work out weights for a portfolio based on an inverse ratio with positive and negative values?

I am trying to work out how to determine weights for the assets in order to form a portfolio. The ratio I am using is EV/EBIT, hence the smaller the better. The problem is I don't know how to handle ...
119 views

### What to do with linear regression or regression splines outside of the training range?

This is a cross-post from here In my question on a load forecast model using temperature data as covariates I was advised to use regression splines. This really seems to be a/the solution. Now I ...
14k views

### How to calculate stock move probability based on option implied volatility and time to expiration? (Monte Carlo simulation)

I am looking for one line formula ideally in Excel to calculate stock move probability based on option implied volatility and time to expiration? I have already found a few complex samples which took ...
135 views

### What do these maturity codes mean?

In fitting a curve I found that people are using the following tenors: U1 Z1 H2 M2 U2 Z2 2Y Could you please let me know what exact time periods they stand for? Is there a web page describing ...
547 views

### Calculating VaR/CVaR on high frequency data and returns

As we converge on the minute time scale and below for our unit time interval, the return distributions tend to be leptokurtotic and more discretized (due to fixed values such as minimum price ...
724 views

### How much does a Grid Computing software cost?

So far, I have been performing computations either on my own computer, or using an in-house scheduler that basically chooses a one of the employees' available workstations to run tasks in the ...
957 views

### Predict Quadratic Trend in Time Series

Can anyone kindly point out if I made any mistakes in making predictions using quadratic regression model in time series? I called the predict() function with the appropriate data vector and model, ...
140 views

### Simple question concerning Jump process (Lévy process) model for a risky actif price process [closed]

Consider $X= \left( X_t \right)_{t\geq 0}$ is a Lévy process whose characteristic triplet is $\left( \gamma, \sigma ^2, \nu \right)$ and where its Lévy measure is  \nu \left( dx\right) = A ...
241 views

### Why are there different estimators for stock volatility? (realized variance, RAV, etc)

I am very confused about why different volatility estimators (RV, RAV, BPV, etc) exist. If the goal is to find the best estimator for stock volatility, and volatility is latent, how do I know which ...