3
votes
1answer
109 views

How to derive an option price for an asset with these dynamics?

Assuming my underline asset price follows the process: $$d\ln (F_{t,T})=-(1/2)\sigma ^2e^{-2\lambda(T-t)}dt+\sigma e^{-\lambda(T-t)}dB_t $$ How should I derive an option price formula?
3
votes
1answer
906 views

Replicating strategy in the Black-Scholes model

I have a two-asset Black-Scholes model for a financial market: $dB_t=B_t r dt$ $dS_t=S_t(\mu dt+\sigma dW_t)$ I introduce a European claim $\xi=max(K,S_T)$ with maturity $T$, for some fixed $K$. I ...
3
votes
2answers
601 views

Why gamma and theta have opposite signs?

I saw some textbooks use B-S equation to explain why gamma and theta have opposite signs in most of the cases. For example, John Hull's classic book. The explanation is, first write B-S equation in ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

How can I interpret US treasury?

I try to understand US treasury in the bond markets provided by bloomberg: In this webpage, I have a few questions, for instance taking 12month-Bill: (1) What is the maturity date? I find that it ...
3
votes
0answers
322 views

Microstructure effects for a market maker? [closed]

When building a market maker that rests limits orders on both sides of the book, what microstructure effects should we be looking at to price those orders? I’m targeting liquid futures markets, and ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

What are $d_1$ and $d_2$ for Laplace?

What are the formulae for d1 & d2 using a Laplace distribution?
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Why are there two expressions for the Black-Scholes hedging portfolio

I am new to derivatives pricing and am trying to understand why there are two different expressions for the Black-Scholes hedging portfolio. The first approach, used in books like Hull, stipulates ...
3
votes
0answers
1k views

Which CEP platform is most popular for trading systems? [closed]

I heard that trading firms employ CEP platforms such as StreamBase, Marketcetera, JBoss Drools, and etc., to implement trading systems. I wonder which one is most popular and the recent trend of ...
3
votes
2answers
281 views

Black-Litterman, how to choose the uncertainty in the views $\Omega$ for smooth transitions form prior to posterior

In Black-Litterman we get a new vector of expected returns of the form: \begin{align} \Pi_{BL} = \Pi + \underbrace{\tau \Sigma P^T[P\tau\Sigma P^T+\Omega]^{-1}}_{\text{correction}}[Q-P\Pi] \end{align} ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

What is wrong in this GBM simulation?

I am trying to generate a few samples of GBM using the following very simple MATLAB code: ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Calculating time value of an option

Can someone provide me with a robust way of calculating the future time value of an option or point in the direction? I have been reading a lot about the factors that affect it and about betas and ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the equation for Garman-Klass volatility?

I want to calculate realized/historical volatility for the underlying products of various options using the Garman-Klass estimator, but I can't see to find an equation, although I know it involves ...
2
votes
1answer
836 views

Risk-Free Rate determinant in CAPM

I have trouble understanding what type of maturity to use when calculating CAPM. My professor uses the 3-Month risk-free rate to ...
2
votes
2answers
631 views

How to use the stock as a numeraire to price a derivative with payoff of the form $(S_T f(S_T))^+$?

I have $\frac{dS_t}{S_t} = rdt + \sigma dW_t$ as usual under the money-market numéraire and I need to price options with payoffs $$(S_T f(S_T))^+$$ How do I express the stock dynamics using the ...
2
votes
3answers
121 views

Greeks for binary option?

How to derive an analytic formula of greeks for binary option? We know a vanilla option can be constructed by an asset-or-nothing call and a cash-or-nothing call, does that help us? Wikipedia states ...
2
votes
1answer
429 views

What is Margin of Conservatism

In modelling loss given default,(LGD), we often encounter the term Margin of Conservatism. What is it in layman's terms? I am not able to find a wikipedia page on this.
2
votes
3answers
269 views

Interpolating probabilities of default

I have a table of cumulative probabilities of default of industrial bonds, in time and credit rating. It is similar to S&P whitepaper here. Basically, it looks like this (sample numbers): ...
2
votes
2answers
186 views

Forex trading scenarios - calculating units

I'm trying to build an automated forex trading system and I'm trying to understand how to calculate the number of units I should specify for each trade in different scenarios. Say for example I have ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Finding Arbitrage in two Puts

A European Put Option on a non-dividend paying stock with strike price 80 is currently priced at 8 and a put option on the same stock with strike price 90 is priced at 9. Is there an arbitrage ...
2
votes
3answers
671 views

Calculate bond returns from yields

I have to construct and evaluate portfolio of bonds and stocks, namely I need to get return on portfolio, standard deviation and sharpe ratios. I have weekly data that contains stock prices, and I ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the filtration described?

What is the filtration $(\mathfrak{F}_t)$ encircled below? Is it $(\mathfrak{F}_t) = (\sigma(W_t)) = (\sigma(\tilde{W_t})), t \in [0,T]$? Or is it $(\mathfrak{F}_t) = (\sigma(\hat{W_t})), t \in [0,T]...
2
votes
2answers
840 views

How to calculate the volatility matrix with multiple stocks

calculating the volatility for a single stock is straightforward. However, I'm not sure whether my approach for calculating the volatility matrix for multiple stocks is correct: I assume a log-normal ...
2
votes
1answer
636 views

Reduce correlation in output of Minimum Variance Portfolio Optimization

After running a minimum variance portfolio optimization on a universe of ETF's I see the resulting portfolios tend to be composed of bond ETF or related treasuries/government ETFs. I suppose that ...
2
votes
1answer
243 views

CIR model: is the short rate really non-central $\chi^2$ distributed?

Probably simple question. Consider the CIR (1985) model for interest rates $$ dr = k(\theta - r)dt + \sigma \sqrt{r}dz $$ Then it is known in closed form the conditional pdf $f(r(s),s|r(t),t)$ ($s \...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Verifying an identity of an equation for Black Scholes formula

I just started working on the Black Scholes formula with help of the book Financial option valuation by Higham. Apparently you are possible to derive the following function: $\log(\frac{SN'(d_1)}{e^{-...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

What is the data quality of ask (offer) versus bid quotes in FX markets?

I'm working with high frequency FX data. Because the FX market is a decentralized market, different traders often have slightly different prices at the same moment. I can see how this would ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

How to find optimal noise covariance matrices Q & R

I am trying to use the discrete Kalman filter for forecasting and I wonder what is commonly considered as the optimal way of determining the measurement noise covariance constants (Q and R) for a ...
2
votes
1answer
359 views

Recovery rate in a structured bond

I need to model the recovery rate of a structured bond whose expected cash flows, if the issuer remains solvent, will be very low. For instance, assume that I need to estimate the recovery amount of a ...
2
votes
2answers
223 views

probability question about brownian motion

Assume $W_{t}$ is a standard Brownian Motion, calculate the the probability that $W_{t}*W_{2t}$ is negative, i.e., $P(W_{t}*W_{2t}<0)$. I find it tricky to calculate the probability.Thank you.
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Problem with obtaining densities

For my research I need to obtain a series of densities, however, I am encountering some problems. The first problem is perhaps very simple, but the answer eludes me. Let's say I have an observation ...
2
votes
1answer
547 views

annual excess returns from CAPM on monthly total returns

I want to calculate annual excess returns on portfolios using monthly returns for a CAPM (for the assets in the portfolio as well as for the benchmark), in order to have more information on the ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Fundamental CAPM questions

A couple questions about the CAPM model: If I only know the riskfree rate and expected market return, how do I solve for $\beta$ ? Given the stock's variance, how do I solve the percentage of it ...
2
votes
3answers
361 views

What are pros and cons of mean absolute deviation portfolio optimization?

In this question a paper about mean absolute deviation portfolio optimization is mentioned and in the answer a spreadsheet with an implementation is attached. What is the use of this procedure? Does ...
2
votes
0answers
341 views

Any one know how to implement the Heston and Rouwenhorst country-sector effects regression in R?

Heston and Rouwenhorst (1994) devised an empirical estimation strategy to decompose stock returns into three components: a pure industry effect, a pure country effect, and a world-factor return. ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Calculating probability of options with normal/lognormal distribution: does time make a difference?

I'm trying to calculate the probability of a calendar spread resulting in a profit at expiration, when estimating it is modeled as a lognormal distribution, by getting: ...
2
votes
1answer
361 views

2-step estimation of DCC GARCH model in Python

Embedded in this thread are multiple questions. I'm currently im the process of implementing a DCC GARCH forecast model on quantopian (a python-powered trading platform). The two step consists of ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Using Black-Scholes to price a geometric average price call

Sorry if this is the wrong exchange for this question. It seems to be the most relevant, anyway. I'm trying to learn and understand the Black-Scholes framework, with a focus on the stochastic ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Squared and Absolute Returns

I've always wondered why do one use squared or absolute returns to determine if volatility modeling is required for the return series? We understand that there are various tests for its ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Sharpe ratio with leveraged ETFs

There has been a discussion about how leverage affects Sharpe Ratios, but not in the context of leveraged ETFs (such as 2x or 3x). I'm just wondering how leveraged ETFs, if at all, change the ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Calculating portfolio allocation beta with different asset classes?

I'd like to calculate portfolio allocation beta on a portfolio that has different asset classes. The portfolio may be made up of: ...
1
vote
0answers
475 views

Oscillatory time-series forecasting

I was wondering if this mean(160)-reverting/oscillatory time series "SUM" can be considered chaotic & forecastable to some extend short-term? http://sg.myfreepost.com/sgTOTO_analysispower.php?...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Implied volatility as price transform

Implied volatility The way I understand it, traders often think of implied volatility as a transformed price. So in a way, the Black Scholes model is considered a 'model-free' blackbox that takes a ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

How to build a cross currency swap pricer?

We're looking to build a pricer to convert a funding spread in a given currency over a specific funding basis e.g. 20 bps EUR 3m€ and convert it to a funding spread to a different currency with a ...
1
vote
1answer
297 views

Reading recommendation on using statistical analysis in online fraud prevention [closed]

Can you please recommend good reads on statistical analysis related to online fraud detection and prevention of account abuse?
1
vote
3answers
84 views

Downward sloping smile in normal model

We consider an stock price $S$ following a normal model: $dS_t = \sigma dW_t$ We can write this as $\frac{dS_t}{S_t}=\frac{\sigma}{S_t}dW_t$ Hence we can see that $S$ follows a "log-normal" ...
1
vote
1answer
325 views

How to use Halton sequence in monte carlo simulation

Does anybody know how to use the Halton pseudo random technique in monte carlo simulation. I'm able to generate the sequences and I know they are correct. I checked a couple of numbers from different ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Portfolio Optimization with equal weight for assets selected

I have a data frame of bets, with 1 being a win and 0 being a loss. These bets are correlated so I cannot just pick the highest winning percentage. Goal is to get 2 optimizations, 1 for max sharpe ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

How to get all securities in an asset class from IBPy (Interactive Brokers python API)

Would like to know how to request all securities in an asset class using IBpy, the python wrapper for the Interactive Brokers API. For example getting all currency pairs in the class forex ('CASH'), ...
1
vote
2answers
601 views

garchOxFit in R

Could someone please help me with trying to get the Ox interface to work in R. I followed the steps outlined in this paper (http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1752095), but I get the ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Is there a formula for future value of a growing annuity with yearly payment growth and monthly payments?

My example is saving for college: assume a start of 0 balance deposits of 200 made monthly, every year they increase by (g) 2% to account for salary increases, first deposit made at the end of the ...

15 30 50 per page