0
votes
1answer
6k views

What does “Inst. Own” mean on Google Finance, and how can AOL be 103% “Inst. Own”'d?

https://www.google.com/finance?q=NYSE%3AAOL&ei=yZCpUODEMsKqqgHPzQE Previously, I assumed "Inst. Owned" meant the percentage of the company's stock that was owned by the company (viz. not ...
0
votes
1answer
298 views

Where to find introductory material on leveraged loans?

What are some good, preferably free, introductions to leveraged loans, also known as syndicated loans or bank loans? The introduction should describe the basic mechanics and very importantly provide ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

How do I check whether OAS value is correct?

How do I check whether the Option-adjust spread value I have retrieved from external calc utility is correct? Can you please tell me the steps to verify this?
0
votes
1answer
233 views

What are the rules for quoting option prices on the market?

I have implemented a monte carlo pricer for an option. I simply don't know how many decimals I need to include in the quoted price. Can anyone please provide guidelines?
0
votes
1answer
32 views

How to determine portion of portfolio's risks from components?

Say I have a portfolio of 3 stocks $A,B,C$ with $\mu_A = 5%$, $\mu_B = 10%$, $\mu_C = 15%$ and volatility $\sigma_A = 10%$, $\sigma_B = 15%$, and $\sigma_C = 25%$. Let us also say that correlations ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

How can I compute zero coupon bond prices from dirty/clean prices of coupon bonds?

I am having problems with computing zero-coupon bond prices. The question is the following: Today is $t$=14.4.2016 and I know dirty and clean prices of coupon bonds expiring at maturities: 4.7.2016, ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Multivariate Ito problem $M_t=\frac{X_t}{Y_t}$

I am analyzing a problem given in the lecture slides published here (Slide 7-8 Example of Multivariate Ito’s Lemma). Can anybody explain how the $M_t$ was calculated out of the Ito formula. I ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

how to measure a event driven strategy?

How to measure an event driven investment strategy? Say I have a strategy which I assume that if a firm has positive momentum and it has a refinance corporate action, it's value will increase. For ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

What does it mean when a risk reversal is near choice?

I'm currently reading Kathy Lien's 'Day Trading and Swing Trading the Currency Market' and I came across this phrase on risk reversals: "near choice". What does it mean when risk reversals are near ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Payoff of option

Consider the payoff $g(S_T)$ shown the figure: I believe the payoff represented as a linear combination of the payoffs of some options with different strike and same maturity $T$ is $$g(S_T) = ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Can we derive 5 year zero coupon interest rate by using 1, 2 and 3 year zero coupon interest rate?

Given that the 1 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 5%, 2 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 6% and 3 year zero coupon bond interest rate is 7%. 4 year coupon bond price and interest rate are ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Which rate of return to use in portfolio weight estimation?

I am learning the basics of portfolio management. I am confused about different ways to calculate rate of returns mentioned in the text investment and portfolio analysis. There are three methods to ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Bilateral Counterparty risk

Why do counterparty risk pricing adjustments need be considered in a bilateral counterparty risk perspective? Thanks
0
votes
3answers
101 views

What assets other than bonds are risk free?

I saw a question the other day that said Assume you have only two assets to build a portfolio. Name and explain three scenarios under which a completely risk-free portfolio can be formed? I ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Definition of Financial Futures: The price to pay for the underlying asset on delivery date

According to the opening paragraph of the Wikipedia article for "Futures contract", the parties to a futures contract initially agree to buy and sell an asset for a price agreed upon today (the ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

How to calculate annual returns from daily prices?

Suppose I have daily adjusted closing prices for SPY, for example from yahoo finance. How from this calculate annual return? Note: It's NOT about issues like 1.2 means 20% or 0.2 means 20%. The ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

AUD Swap Reference Rate?

So I understand that BBSW is the reference rate used in AUD swap transactions since AUD LIBOR has been discontinued. If I want to build a curve out of the reference rates used to price AUD swaps, I ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Value At Risk for Long and short position with same maturity and same traded price

I am not a quant geek.I always have doubt what should be the VaR output for portfolio contains long and short of the same maturity @ same traded price. e.g. CME corn future of sept expiry ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Does a 1Y swap depend on zero curve beyond the 1Y point?

When using market swap rates to calibrate a discount curve, it seems that the PV of a 1Y swap depends on the zero curve at points beyond the 1Y mark. For example, a USD 1Y swap with trade date today ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Known future volatility and difficulty in predicting final P/L

I have started Chapter 1 of Dynamic Hedging by Taleb and it starts by saying "Even if traders knew the exact future volatility but hedged themselves (rebalanced the gamma) at discretely spaced ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Interpolating on the BS parameters and injecting in the BS formula vs interpolating directly on option prices

Let's consider a simple European call option. In practice, the way the Black-Scholes formula is used to price it is by injecting all of the parameters and paying special attention to the volatility ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

What is a Constant Maturity Swap (CMS) rate?

I have been searching in books and on the internet for a basic definition and explanation of CMS rates, but I cannot find anything clear and simple. Can you explain (maybe with an example) what a CMS ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Java platform/lib widely use in industry

I am currently switching from Java dev to quant and for my self-study I want to code a few auto-trading algorithms to get my hands on the subject. Are there any must know platforms/libs that I should ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Binomial Model, Number of nodes from $t = 0$ to $t = n$

How many paths are there in a binomial model from time $t = 0$ to time $t = n$? How many nodes (states) are there? Intutively it seems that there are $2^n$ paths and $2n - 1$ nodes. But I am not sure ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

RiskMetrics VaR Volatility Sample Size

RiskMetrics calculates volatility using an exponentially weighted moving average. For a decay factor of 0.94, they advise a sample size of 74 past returns. Does this mean the entire calculation should ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Price of an equity

An equity has a value of 100 Euros, and pay a dividend of 5 Euros in 6 months. The interest rate of 6 months is 5% and the interest rate for 1 year is 6%. I would like to compute the value of the ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

ABS vs covered bonds vs CDO [closed]

What is the difference between asset-backed securities(ABS), covered bonds and collateralized debt obligations (CDO)?
0
votes
2answers
135 views

Discrepancy between binomial model, Black-Scholes and Monte-Carlo Simulation

I try to use Monte-Carlo Simulation to price a 10-year call option. Based on below parameter, S = 1, X = 1, volatility = 80%, T = 10, risk-free rate = 0.22% The option value based on Monte-Carlo ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Equitable Allocation

This questions borders on the actuarial side of things but the general solution should have relevance in several situations. Suppose we have a set of $k$ people who will retire in $\{n_1,...,n_k\}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Ratio of gaussian CDFs in Black-scholes option pricing formula

What is meant by $\frac {\Phi (d_2)}{\Phi (d_1)}$ in the Black Scholes call option price? I found it in a solution as $\frac{\text{short position in cash}}{(\text{number of shares})(\text{strike ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Volatility of monthly performances, where the last month is short

I'd like to calculate the vol of a return series of, say, 25 months. However, the last of those months is not completed yet. The last data point only refers to the first 21 days of the month (say, ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Derivatives (Forex Forward) [closed]

Good day, Please, consult me about Forex Forward Swap (Ex. pair USD/RUB). I am trying to calculate and cant understand, how it works. For example: I have: USD/RUB Fwd points 3M - 19650/19950 IR - ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

What are “risk” or “risk numbers?”

I work in finance but do not have any formal education in the subject (I do have a PhD, but not in finance). I've picked up a lot of the jargon but there's one thing that I haven't figured out, and it ...
0
votes
2answers
131 views

Stock Symbols: ETFs vs Real Companies

I built a trading strategy that is based on a pool of all the symbols available on NYSE, Nasdaq, and AMEX. I don't like the idea of trading symbols that are ETFs. For example, the symbol TVIX, which ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Volatility of EUR/USD: is this correct?

Let x be the closeBid price of EUR/USD, sampled every 5 minutes during year 2015 (historical data). This is the variation (is it ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Does presence of arbitrage necessarily make all derivatives have zero value?

Spin-off from: Pricing when arbitrage is possible through Negative Probabilities or something else I mean in a theoretical sense: If we have a particular market model with some fancy assumptions such ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Convex risk measure and a coherent risk measure?

A coherent risk measure is: $\rho(\lambda X_1+(1-\lambda X_2))$ How can it be shown that everey convex risk measure is indeed a coherent risk measure? I assume that it is enough to show that a ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac as substitute benchmark bonds

"The reduction seen in US government debt in the late 1990s has led to a redution in the supply of intermediate and long-term government bonds, and some concern has arisen over this fact. In the ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Using Forward or Spot rates for NPV?

I have to calculate the NPV for Capital Budgeting in a project with annual cash flows discounted by a risk - free interest rates 1.Instead of using a constant interest rate, should it better to use ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

High values of skewness and kurtosis of realized protfolio returns

I am investigating some asset allocation strategies and I am wondering about the results I obtain. I am working on monthly and weekly data of the same stock indices (SP500, FTSE 100 etc). And when I ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

What risks is an exchange exposed to?

Putting aside operational/reputational/business risks for a minute, a financial institution is concerned with the risk of losing money on their positions. What about an exchange ? I can only think of ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

For a Fama-Macbeth regression , How does one predict the returns based on the model?

Fama-Macbeth does a two-step regression i.e a time-series and cross-sectional regression and we estimate betas and lambdas, so how does one predict based on these parameters, which one to choose?
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Can someone explain to me what's snell envelope?

What is snell intuitively? And what is its use in quantitative finance? Please explain to me as intuitive as possible! As I explained in the comments, I am new to this field and I was hoping someone ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Interest Rate and Price of Assets

I have a very basic question about finance. I know that for an asset, the price is inversly related to the yield to maturity, or the interest rate. However, I have three ways of thinking about this ...
0
votes
4answers
83 views

Calculating portfolio risk

I want to calculate the risk of a portfolio with the following. In order to calculate the following formula: However, I am not sure if I have to use log returns or simple returns to calculate the ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Is the equity value of the firm “in the money” or “out of the money”? BOPM & BSOPM [closed]

Value of the firm V = 100 Face value of debt X is 120 and still one year to go until maturity Firm value volatility is 40.5% per annum Risk free rate is 6% Consider a one-period model. If any ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Real-time Tick Filtering

Is anybody aware of any papers regarding tick/quote filtering algorithms. I'm aware of the Olsen stuff, but I'd prefer something with fewer free parameters.
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Binary Option valuation problem in R using RQuantLib; also result validation aspect

When I am trying to value Binary Option using RQuantLib I am not getting all the greeks for exctype "american" wheras "european" exctype is fine. What is the problem here ? ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Is it OK to consider the expected return is zero for stocks when calculating VaR over a short horizon?

I want to implement the approach described in the following recipe for calculating VaR: Is there a step-by-step guide for calculating portfolio VaR using monte carlo simulations I was told that I can ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Conversion factor for bond with coupon=yield

Please illustrate that a bond with maturity N years that has coupon equal to its yield is associated with the conversion factor of 1. I do this by writing out $$\frac1{100} \left( \sum_{t=1}^N \left[ ...

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