0
votes
2answers
38 views

Valuation growth rate for perpetuity

What would be reasonable rates of return for the computation of perpetuity in firm valuation? I tend to google FMI's expected World GDP growth rate, but I can't always find results. Would someone ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

In an example of “call options”

The following is an excerpt from Introduction to the Mathematics of Finance by Roman: As a more concrete example, suppose that IBM is selling for $\$100$ per share at this moment. A $3$ month ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

how to derive critical values for augmented Dickey–Fuller test (ADF) using Monte Carlo method?

Can anybody explain in simple terms how the critical value of the ADF test can be derived using Monte Carlo simulation?
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Does the starting currency matter in triangle arbitrage?

Say I have an FX arbitrage opportunity by doing a transaction like: EUR -> USD -> YEN -> EUR It seems to me like the (exact) same profit can be realized by starting the transaction in USD and doing: ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Accuracy Rebonato Swaption Approximation Formula among Different Strikes

Can somebody explain me if the Rebonato swaption volatility approximation formula is accurate for only ATM strikes, and if yes why? Can it also be used for ITM and OTM strikes? My foundings: Let $0 &...
0
votes
2answers
139 views

The Difference between Notional and Par Value of a Bond

I have reached a confusing dilemma regarding the par and notional values of a bond. I have been told that the par value of a coupon bond is $100. However, the notional value of the bond is 1,000,000....
0
votes
1answer
84 views

When and how to use RNN for stock analysis or trading

I am learning about neural network and created some small networks in feed forwarding network myself. I was curious about Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) and read some papers about RNN in trading. The ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Closed-form solution to optimal single assset position sizing with predicted returns

Say that I observe a predictor $w_t \sim N(0,\sigma_1)$ for the returns in a single asset over the next time interval: $$ r_t = \alpha w_{t-1} + z_t $$ where $z_t \sim N(0,\sigma_2)$ is unobserved ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

Calculating half life of mean reverting series with python

I am currently attempting to calculate the halflife of a mean reverting series using python programming language and the theory of the Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process. I have a series which when plotted ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

How to interpret the movement of stock index futures, in regards to regular market movements

In the hours before the stock exchanges open for the day, financial news reporters often discuss the latest developments in stock index futures. I'm curious how to interpret the developments they ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

ACT/360 day convention in swap pricing

The floating leg of a USD swap has present value $$ PV = \sum_{i=1}^N \delta_i f_i p^d(t_i) $$ where the $\{t_i\}$ are the floating leg payment dates, $\delta_i$ is the accrual fraction between $t_{...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Payoff of a butterfly c++

I would like to price options (call, put,, butterfly) with monte-carlo method, but actually I need the expression of the butterflay payoff; Could you ^please help me !
0
votes
3answers
107 views

Put-Call Parity Application

In the binomial model, how that the Delta of a call option $\Delta^{call}$ and the Delta of a put option $\Delta^{put}$ with the same maturity and strike satisfy $$\Delta^{call}_t - \Delta^{put}_t = ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

What is the formula that determines when VIX futures expire?

Or a source that will allow me to just get the list of dates into a program, I'm trying to do this in python but I want it to be able to figure out the next expiration automatically, or something like ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Open interest and short selling

Open interest of SPY: https://finance.yahoo.com/q/op?s=SPY+Options If someone sell short a contract the open interest adds up or down? The open interest on yahoo finance is a reliable Information of ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Price of call/put is convex in $K$ (strike price)

Let $\lambda\in(0,1)$. Then $$C(T, \lambda K_1 + (1 - \lambda)K_2, S, t) \leq \lambda C(T, K_1, S, t) + (1 - \lambda)C(T, K_2, S, t)$$ $T$ - the maturity $K_1$,$K_2$ - Strike prices $S$ - stock ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

What is the source of the money in a leverage transaction?

An example: I have 1000 dollars, the leverage is 10x, and one stock is 10$. In casual situation I could buy 100 stocks, because I have 1000 dollars, but if I use the leverage I can buy 1000 stocks. I ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Log daily returns of multiple securities for multiple time period in R

I have dataset containing daily closing prices of 5413 companies from 2000 to 2014. I want to calculate daily log returns for the stocks as according to dates as log(Price today/Price yesterday). I ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

How to estimate today's closing price?

I'm working on interday trading algorithm and I have a basic question: How can I estimate today's closing price? I need it to predict tomorrow closing price. Should I use the price few moments before ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

What is the current state of microstructure/order book analysis?

I know it's a broad question, but I'm curious as to the current state of microstructure analysis, specifically whether there's anything 'actionable' that people have discovered. Would also be ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Why is the forward rate used for the underlying in Black's model?

Why is the forward rate suitable for being used as the underlying in Black's model? Thanks
0
votes
2answers
34 views

Why debit and credit impact differently on different type of accounts?

Here is a table that I found in one of the accounting book: ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

For a Fama-Macbeth regression , How does one predict the returns based on the model?

Fama-Macbeth does a two-step regression i.e a time-series and cross-sectional regression and we estimate betas and lambdas, so how does one predict based on these parameters, which one to choose?
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Duration vs. Convexity Contradiction

A lower coupon bond exhibits higher duration, which means higher price volatility with changing YTM. A lower coupon bond also exhibits higher convexity. However, with higher convexity, bond prices ...
0
votes
3answers
200 views
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Definitive way of figuring out companies with multiple classes of stocks

Is there a definitive way of mapping tickers to companies for companies with multiple listed tickers? For example, GOOG and GOOGL are both Google (or now Alphabet), or BRK.A and BRK.B are both ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Quantlib bootstraping fails on 5y swap

I'm trying to build a euro swap curve with real up to date data. I should say that examples provided in github work fine. as soon as I add the 5y swap, I got the following error : ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Why does the credit exposure of a forward increase with time

According to Gregory, the most obvious driving force behind credit exposure is future uncertainty. He characterizes the credit exposure of a forward contract as increasing with time; where exposure is ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Macaulay Duration: Duration for 2 bonds

Using Macaulay Duration, determine the duration of Bond B if Bond A and B (market value of 600 000 dollars and 400 000 dollars respectively) have a duration of 6.7 years and the duration of A is 8.5 ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Can a large OpenInt of calls cause a stock to go down?

I read forum post from another site. Which stated... ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Multiplying by the Square Root of Twelve to calculate annual standard deviation

I failed to see the mathematics truism. Can someone care to elaborate.
0
votes
1answer
101 views

How difficult/easy it is to migrate from CME FAST to CME MDP3.0?

Has anyone gone through this migration? Just wanted to have an idea of the amount of effort required.
0
votes
2answers
169 views

Legitimate input parameters for Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I had previously asked this question and have come to better understand the answer with regards to setting the input parameters for the Non-Linear Optimization problem that provides the NSS parameters....
0
votes
1answer
279 views

Setting input parameters for Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I am trying to determine the parameters for the Nelson Siegel Svensson model and am solving a Non-Linear Optimization problem to do this. I am trying to solve: $$ \min_\theta{\sum{(p_i - \hat p_i)^2}...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Spot price and volatility has a correlation of -1, why?

A stock option trader taught me yesterday that the correlation between the spot price of asset X and the variance of asset X is approximately -1. Can anyone give me a explanation why this is true?
0
votes
1answer
37 views

European option and American option are equivalent in this case?

This is Question No.11 from 2007 May MFE Exam. For a two-period binomial model for stock prices, you are given: (1) Each period is 6 months. (2) The current price for a nondividend ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Binomial pricing model: When the Cox-Ross-Rubinstein assumption is not arbitrage-free

I understand that in an arbitrage-free Binomial model, we assume that $S_{t+1} = S_t \cdot u$ in the event of an up-jump and $S_{t+1} = S_t \cdot d$ in the event of a down-jump. We call $u$ and $d$ ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

A Difference between Local Vol and Stochastic Vol Models

For the purpose of this question a local vol model is a 1d SDE which specifies the price process and we have a contingent claim that depends on those prices (in general, at multiple times). e.g. $...
0
votes
1answer
283 views

Fama French 3 Factor Data

I have a trading strategy that uses the Fama and French 3 Factor data. It's provided on French's website up until the previous month or so. And indeed, this is a great source of data. The only ...
0
votes
1answer
881 views

Principal Component Analysis and Yield Curves

I've been tasked with researching trading strategies relating PCA to trading fixed income futures instruments. Apparently PCA is frequently used in this area. I'm just looking for some references for ...
0
votes
2answers
443 views

VIX options historical data

I'm looking at these data: call and put options on VIX. I'm interested in daily quotes (all strikes and maturities) for - at least - 2009/10. Could you list link of possible sources? and possibily ...
0
votes
2answers
128 views

Backtesting software with custom data input

I was considering to develop a custom backtesting platform for myself. However, I see that it would require some significant time and effort, and the result might not be as initially expected. So I ...
0
votes
2answers
176 views

float64 to store price data: is precision sufficient?

I am looking to store equity price data in a hdf5 table. The use will be purely as a historical archive, not as day-to-day data source. Options One option would be to store base10 significand and ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Par Yield Curves vs Zero Curves

Does it make sense to look at par yield curve for German bonds in the current environment? Because low rates mean that a lot of bonds are trading above much above par (even around 150!). I would ...
0
votes
2answers
147 views

Do people actually use VaR in professional settings?

VaR seems like such an obviously flawed metric, I am surprised that it seems to be used so much in the private sector. First, the way it is named and the way it is presented often imply it is the ...
0
votes
1answer
248 views

Level II market data (equities)

I have been playing around with some equities historical market data and I understand that different exchanges have different definitions of what Level II (Limit Order Book) data means. What I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
300 views

What data should be used for regression-based model backtesting?

I ran regressions using historical valuation data and now want to backtest the models I came up with. Are there any issues with using the same historical data set for the backtest that I need to be ...
0
votes
2answers
305 views

Can selling put equity options be a good business?

In one of his last books Jack D. Schwager suggested that selling equity puts can be a good business. The puts are like insurance policies against market downturns and there is a natural demand. ...
0
votes
3answers
421 views

How to create a model or formula for evaluating trade opportunities

I want to build a formula to produce a score for a potential trade based on 4 variables, time, return, liquidity of security, and probability of failure. For a set of potential trades I first ...
0
votes
1answer
220 views

Book recommendation for time series analysis

I have been trying to wrap my head around Engel-Granger test and jcitest etc. I have failed thus far. If possible can someone guide me about which books to start with and possibly reach to ...

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