0
votes
1answer
25 views

How to simulate historical performance of a short position of a security?

I would like to calculate with R the inverse return of Bitcoin. My objective is to simulate the historical price and return of a short position opened in Bitcoin. The first method is to cumulate the <...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Swaption on a swap with 0 year tenor

Any ideas on valuation of IRS swaption on a swap with 0 year tenor? As an example, we have a 5 year swaption, on expiration it is cash settled; the underlying swap tenor is 0 years with excercise and ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Is there any research for CoCo-Bond in a two factor model?

Basically I am trying to price CoCo-Bond with the AT1P from Brigo. But in the end this isn´t a two factor model. Is there any concret research about this topic? Kind regards, WLS
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Moving Averages Crossover question

I'm reading on Investopedia that one should buy a stock if short term moving average is ABOVE the long term moving average, since this "indicates an upward trend". However, this is not intuitive to ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Corporate bond quote convention

I'm not a quant practitioner, but a student so this may be a very simple question. I was of the understanding corporate US bonds were quoted 1/8 increments and US treasuries in 1/32 increments. Such ...
0
votes
2answers
483 views

Yahoo intraday historical download Timestamp

Yahoo offers an API to download historical intraday data, but I am unable to understand the timestamps on the data. The URL request is: ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Basic Metrics for Option Trading Limits

Imagine a trading house that trades options in a modest way, and is looking for simple but effective metrics over which trading option limits will be set. Some random thoughts: 1) VaR is not ideal, ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Least-Square Monte Carlo in multiple variable

The paper by Longstaff-Schwatz on Least Square Monte Carlo offers very little proof. The only proof they have given assumed the option can only be exercised at two different time point and the price ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

Calculating expected shortfall

I'm trying to calculate the expected shortfall for the below scenario. I don't understand why the 1.04% probability of 0 bonds defaulting is used as a weight when calculating ES, since the binomial ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

How to get list of large intraday movers for that day?

Is there a source (preferably free :) that provides a list of large intraday (versus pre market) movers for the day you look? I don't mind getting the list on market close. I don't need historical ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Problem solving using the put-call parity

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam on financial economics. I encountered this problem, and I am having difficulty seeing why the statement underlined is true: How do we know that $P(60) - C(...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Finding circumstances for price of call = price of put

Here is a problem in Hull's book and the given solution: My approach was to compute the profit $\pi = \pi_{SP} + \pi_{LC}$ (short put, long call). One can show that $\pi = \pi_{SP} + \pi_{LC} = ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Risk Adjusted Kelly Ratio?

The Kelly Ratio maximises the expected cumulative return. However, it has been criticised for leading to excessive volatility. Is there a version of the kelly formula that maximises the risk ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Implied inverse forex pair bid/ask spread

I just wanted to make sure this was correct: If AUD/USD has bid ask of 0.71999/ 0.72032, that implies there is another (theoretical) pair USD/AUD which has a bid ask of (1/aud_usd_ask) / (1/...
0
votes
2answers
98 views

Where can I download the history of dividends for Nasdaq?

I want to download the annual dividends(regular,special and repurchaces) for all stocks at Nasdaq for 5 years. Does anyone know where can I find it? Thank you
0
votes
1answer
70 views

CVA as a running spread - risk annuity calculation in the Monte Carlo framework

I have simulated future term structures in the one-factor Hull-White model and calculated the CVA of a particular trade (let's say, now I have it in absolute value, in dollars). However, I want to ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Initial holdings of bonds with delta hedging (Black Scholes model)

Consider the Black Scholes model so $$dS_t = \mu S_t dt + \sigma S_t dW_t, \;\;\; dB_t = rB_t dt$$ I want to delta hedge an European call option with strike price $K$ and strike time $T$. It is known ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

can an fx forward price simply be divided into 1 to quote the inverse?

Qu 1. Say I ask for EURUSD 1 week and get prices: 1.120986 / 1.120216 Does that mean to price USDEUR 1 week I can divide 1 / 1.120216 and 1 / 1.120986 and get rates: 0.8921 / 0.8927 Or is that ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Raw (level) variable is significant while log return is not significant

I know this might be an "amateur" question, but I am pretty surprised to see the following fact: I have a dependent variable, let's call it Y. Then I have an independent variable, let's call it X. ...
0
votes
1answer
221 views

Why can't marginal CVA be used in pricing?

"Marginal CVA may be useful to breakdown a CVA for any number of netted trades into trade-level contributions that sum to the total CVA. Whilst it might not be used for pricing new transactions (due ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

How does tranching cause leverage?

I've read that leverage is created with the tranches of a CDS index because the more junior tranches have more risk than the index. I get that the more junior the tranche the more the risk, but I don'...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Where am I making a mistake in my calculation of profit on a short-sale?

I am studying financial math and here is a problem and the solution from the author: Here are my calculations: The short sale is $200\cdot24.82 = 4964$. Now half of this amount will be taken for a ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate Credit VaR?

(source John Hull, Options Futures and Other Derivatives 8th edition) I can't follow why Hull calculates Credit VaR in the following manner. I thought CVaR was Unexpected Loss$_{confidence}$ - ...
0
votes
1answer
344 views

How to calculate annualised tracking error?

I have 36 months of relative returns and I need to calculate the annualised tracking error. So, using 36 months of returns is it simply like below: ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Isolating single assets standard deviation in a portfolio accounting for correlation

I am running a simple Monte Carlo analysis in Excel using mean return, standard deviation and the =NORMINV(RAND(),mean,std dev) method. I have a correlation matrix that I use to compute the portfolio ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Put-Call Parity Arbitrage Exploitation for Binary-Asset-or-Nothing Options

Is the Put-Call-Parity valid for binary (asset-or-nothing) options? If not, is there another formula for such exotic options? I know that for regular options, there are arbitrage opportunities when ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Projecting cash flows via Monte Carlo Simulation

I am looking to model the cash flows associated with a company as part of a Project finance experiment, where I got the idea from here. I'm looking to project cash flows for an Automotive company in ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Interpretation of vega out of BS formula

I am comparing Monte Carlo estimates of VaR (using importance sampling) under both the normal and student distributions. I am also considering risk factors other than log-prices; in particular, ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Ledoit-Wolf Shrinkage estimator not giving positive definite covariance matrix

I used ten year daily data for 407 stocks and computed the daily and monthly covariance matrices. Since I have more variables than observations for the monthly matrix, I wasn't surprised to find the ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

What exotic options are exchange-traded?

There are a number of exchanges that trade vanilla Call/Put American/European options on various underlyings (equities, indices, futures). There have been some trading in digital options on certain ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Explain equation to calculate CDS spread

I've come across this equation in a text and can't figure out what part of it is doing. (Using quarterly installments) $\frac{1}{4*10^4}s^t \sum\limits_{u=1}^{4t} p_{0.25u}[(1-\pi_{0.25u}) + \frac{...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

VIX Calculation - weighting of strikes

The formula for calculating the VIX from SPX options is given on page 4 of this document: https://www.cboe.com/micro/vix/vixwhite.pdf My question is, why is the option price at each strike weighted ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

need help with Donchian-channels function!

I want to be able to plot Donchian-channels. It's probably easier to use numpy but, am not that fluent with numpy yet so i thought i could make a function that takes two arrays as input(Highs and lows)...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

How to weigh many factors using a SMA/EMA

I'm learning about the SMA/EMA technical analysis, as well as, indicators such as Bollinger Bands, Stochastic Oscillators, MACD, etc. How do you know which one to use and which to weigh more over ...
0
votes
1answer
207 views

When measuring autocorrelation should you use log returns or prices?

Let's say you want to measure intra day autocorrelation from 9:30 am to 1pm using 5-minute prices should you calculate the autocorrelation using raw prices or log returns (i.e. diff(log(prices)))? Can ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Bond price in Ho-Lee Model

I know Ho-Lee model and want to extract the price at $t$, of a European call option with strike price $K$ and exercise date $T$, on an underlying $S$-bond, but I don't know what way should I choose: ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Is the stock price process a martingale or a random walk in efficient markets?

What is the difference between RWH and EMH? In efficient market, the price will be fully reflected by available information. If there is no news, the price would be unchanged. If there is a news, ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Futures vs. spot for currencies - who is the leader

What is known about interrelation between the currency (say EURUSD) spot prices vs. futures on the the same currencies (traded at Chicago CME) ? I mean what is typical situation - the main price ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Given cash flows, what is the interest rate of the following contract? [closed]

I am presented with an investment opportunity where I am given #481,000 on day 1. Thereafter, every 10 days, I am required to give back #50,000 every for 100 days (10 * 50000 = 500000). How do I ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Constructing NS-Svensson parameters with zero coupon AND coupon bonds

I am in the process of calculating sovereign zero coupon yield curves using the NS-Svensson parameter for a number of countries. Due to data constraints, I would like to use the information from price ...
0
votes
1answer
118 views

Calculating discount factors using Nelson Siegel Svensson model

I am trying to understand how to calculate the discount factors $disc(TTM)$ mentioned on Page 9 of this pdf. When I'm calculating the discount factors, mentioned each bond has its own cash flow and ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Transforming coupon bond returns to ZC bond returns

I am interested in aggregated Amihud ratios measures over bond groups. For a large panel data set with daily bond prices and volumes I have calculated already Amihud ratios per ISIN/day. Naive ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Term to Maturity when calculating discount function

I am just trying to understand what TTM (Term to Maturity) means in Page 8 of this PDF when calculating the discount function. Is it just the vector representing the difference between the time to ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Correlation Between 2 Portfolios

I have a set of assets, n. I'm trying to find the correlation between 2 portfolios, say x and y, where x is nested in, or, a sub-set of y. That is, x is a portfolio based on a sub-set of n, while y is ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

Understanding how to obtain Nelson Siegel Svensson parameters

I am trying to determine the parameters for the Nelson Siegel Svensson model and am solving a Non- Linear Optimization problem to do this. I am using the procedure presented in this paper. The way I ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

What P&L netting should one use when a strategy has trades in two different geographic locations?

I am familiar with the FIFO methodology of netting buys and sells to obtain a realized P&L and outstanding position. Suppose there's a strategy which runs in two different places A, and B and ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Should earnings be modelled normally or lognormally?

I am having difficulty deciding whether a company's earnings should be modelled normally or lognormally. If we consider two arguments: (i) The earnings of a company are the returns on the assets of ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Modeling EOD ETFs price returns together or individually?

Let's say you want to model the next day price returns for a set of US equities large cap ETFs (a relatively homogenous group). Would you model all the ETFs as a single, 15 years data set, or each ETF ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

American put option and rising interest rate

Will a rise in interest rate always result in a lower price of an American put option?
0
votes
1answer
48 views

In this scenario could gamma be higher for OTM options?

Let's say there is a $1 stock, with say 1 day to expiration. The 1.5 strike call, is probably a 0 delta at this point; however, a 1 point increase would mean the stock would be at trading at 2 dollars;...

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