# All Questions

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### Using cross-sectional factor model (BARRA type) returns in a time series factor model (Fama-French type)?

This may be seen as a follow up question for the previous discussion on time-series vs cross-sectional factor models: Which approach to estimating fundamental factor models is better, cross-sectional ...
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### Initial values for Heston Model calibration

I'm doing a Heston model in Matlab using simple Monte Carlo simulations (5.000 paths and 2 steps per day, simulating 360 days). When I try to calibrate the Heston parameters using fminsearch it takes ...
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### Black Scholes with Dilution

I've seen two ways to account for dilution when valuing a European option using Black Scholes. I'm not sure which is the correct way and why these methods differ. The two ways I've seen are: 1) ...
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### Is there any theoretical work to find an optimum size for the size of horizon in finite-horizon optimization or control?

we learn a lot about finite and infinite horizon control in dynamic programming. but I was wondering if we want to minimize the cost per time(discrete time) is there any work to find the optimum size ...
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### How to decide if the ARCH coefficient is necessary in the GJR-GARCH model?

I did some analysis for CAC 40, the French market benchmark, for the period 2005-2014, and I tried to fit the data with a GJR(1,1) model in MATLAB. Then some warning showed Lower bound ...
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### bandwith portfolio rebalancing in python

I want to calculate a bandwith rebalancing machanism for a portfolio of two assets. As soon as the performance of one ov the assets gets bigger or smaller than the other one + a defined tolerance ...
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### Zero rate vs. yield on coupon bearing bond

in Hull's solutions manual of Options, Futures & Derivatives (8th edition), there's question 4.7, in which is asked to put the following in descending order: a) the five-year zero rate, b) the ...
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### Hypothesis Testing for Portfolio Weights

Investigating international diversification is an ongoing topic in portfolio allocation literature. Britten-Jones and Kempf-Memmel , for example, use derived properties of the distribution of ...
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### Relation between Parkinson number and historical volatility

In his book 'Dynamic Hedging', Nassim Taleb gives the relation: P = 1.67*historical volatility, where P is the Parkinson number. What is the basis of this relationship. Does this hold under special ...
142 views

### How to calculate beta against a multi-asset benchmark

Lets say that I have a benchmark, $BM$ that consists of 3 assets- 30% asset $A$, 30% asset $B$ and 40% asset $C$. Now, lets further assume I am trying to construct a portfolio that uses $BM$ as its ...
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### Filtering my own orders from a UDP multicast market data feed

I am wondering what is the policy practiced by most exchanges from different market segments (FX, equities, futures, etc.) about the privacy implications of order identification in their market data ...
617 views

### How can I convert Yahoo Ticker Symbols into ISIN Codes?

I have a list of all Yahoo Ticker Symbols and I want to convert them into ISIN Codes. I have been researching and found out that finance.yahoo in the US does not ...
71 views

### B-S Put Option Formula: Derivation using expected value under Q

I have been working on an old problem in one of my finance classes and, since no solution has been provided and I won't be able to contact my teacher anytime soon, I was hoping I could ask you guys to ...
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### Cointegration and variance of time series

Given that $X_t , Y_t$ are two cointegrated random processes, what can we say about the relationship between variance of the two increments $var(X_{t+h}-X_t)$ , $var(Y_{t+h}-Y_t)$ for a given ...
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### Black Scholes Model Replicating Strategy Delta Hedged Exam Question

A share is currently priced at 640p. A writer of 100,000 units of a one year European put option with an exercise price of 630p has delta-hedged the option with a portfolio which holds cash and is ...
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### Implied volatility from American options using python

I am currently trying to construct volatility surface from american option prices (using Cox-Ross-Rubinstein tree) in Python 2.7. Below you can find the code I came up with. Any corrections would be ...
66 views

### Calculating Asset Returns

The question pertains to a simple phenomenon. There is gold futures listed on Exchange A and Exchange B. Exchange A and Exchange B overlap times with A and B starting 8 hours later and A and B ...
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### Calculate minimum IV increase to offset theta

How would one calculate the minimum implied volatility increase necessary to offset theta decay? IV is typically a percentage, while theta is a dollar value. In theory I think I could look at what ...
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### EDGX, EDGA, Nasdaq and Bats-Z Pricing in 2011

I'm trying to find the fee and rebate structure of these 4 exchanges during year 2011, in the specific, I'm interested in the cost of posting a hidden Limit Order, in the cost of removing a visible ...
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I have a beginner question in credit quantitative modelling. I would like to know how we can derive forward credit spread curve, i.e the counterparty of forward yield curves. Indeed, for deriving a ...
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### How to make the algo decide over a optimal selling point?

Please don't bully if its a basic question.Kinda new to the topic hence experimenting. Problems to construct trading algorithm.For the example I assume I am getting a buy signal from the DMI/ADX ...
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### Hedge volatility decreases

My particular options positions are typically a long delta, and long vega. Decreases in implied volatility, or specifically the VIX, can drastically alter the profitability of my position. Is there a ...
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### Create Markets Bubble Indicator

I am trying to replicate a Bubble Indicator described here. The indicator is strictly based on calculating the regularity of price behavior to determine herding in multiple time frames. I tried the ...
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### About OpenMAMA, OpenMAMDA and OpenMDM

In the Linux Foundation are hosted the OpenMAMA and OpenMAMDA (found in that link too) projects and I'm wondering if has someone worked with those projects and if he/she could give me a more detailed ...
109 views

### modeling regime switching for Correlation matrix

I am trying to estimate covariance in multiple time series. However, I want to do this using a regime-switching framework. So, I start with fitting a GARCH(1,1) model and then de-volatalize the ...
116 views

### is there a limit on how many times i can access fxcm xml feed

i'm writing an python application that uses fxcm's xml feed. here is the link http://rates.fxcm.com/RatesXML does anyone know if there are limits on how many times you can access this data? right now ...
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### Estimating the next tick movement in Chinese markets

I'm working on high frequency trading in the Chinese Futures market and I've been having a bit of trouble with getting orders to go through due to the lack of liquidity and large fluctuations. To ...
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### Alternatives to CDSs for default term structure?

The CDS market seems to be drying up, funding&liquidity issues are now prevalent over credit, so other sources for default probabilities are needed. What else is commonly used to obtain a ...
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### is there any calibration method to calculate FX forward rate? How Bloomberg define FX forward rate

there is any calibration method to calculate FX forward rate? How Bloomberg define FX forward rate
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### How to measure interest rate risk of an equity?

What is the best method to measure interest rate risk of an equity? For example: I am looking to determine the change in price based on a change in yield. I currently have a position in XLU and ...
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### Investing in all assets with positive expected return and allowing for positive correlation

How does the answer to this question Risk minimization by investing in all assets with positive expected return change if assets can be positively correlated (but not perfectly) and short sales are ...
177 views

### Tangent portfolio weights without short sales?

Consider a mean-variance investor in a world with a risk-free asset. Let $R_f>0$ be the return of the risk-free asset, $\mathbb{E}(R_i)>R_f$ the expected return of the risky asset $i$ and ...
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### MLE estimate of normal distribution

Probably a naive question. I am quoting this from Greene's econometrics book: "The occasional statement that the properties of the MLE are only optimal in large samples is not true, however. It can ...
222 views

### How to calculate global exposure via commitment approach for FX swaps?

How would you calculate global exposure for FX swaps using the commitment approach? In particular, would you take into account both legs? CESR guidelines (CESR/10-788) defines that the exposure for ...
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### Using Forward Equity Returns to Value Stream of Equity Return Cash Flows

Can I value the equity leg of an equity swap using the projected forward equity returns? In other words, for a sequence of times $t_{0}<t_{1}<\ldots<t_{n}$, where $t_{0}$ begins a brand new ...
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### Please recommend a book regarding Monte Carlo simulation in OAS

I couldn't find a book that explains in details how to use Monte Carlo Simulation to generate a number of interest rate scenarios. And then based on the interest rate scenarios, how to calculate the ...
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### Reputational Harm

How would you measure the reputational harm incurred on an individual by an organization. How is Market Pricing in the expected payout resulting from the law suit by an individual ? The news breaks ...
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### forward curve and cap/floors in nowadays environment

I'm currently trying to get the implied volatility of a vanilla Euro floor with maturity 1Y with data from bloom. I have the price ( which is not supposed to take into account the first floorlet ...