1
vote
1answer
25 views

simple, intuitive barrier option derivation

Is there a simple integral that gives barrier option prices without having to deal with messy, hard PDEs and change of variables I understand there is a reflection principle such that the simulation ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

How does Yahoo finance calculate Beta?

I am trying to replicate the beta value that yahoo calculates but I am getting different results. According to Yahoo, its beta is calculated using 5 year returns against the SP500: yahoo beta I ...
14
votes
2answers
5k views

Transformation from the Black-Scholes differential equation to the diffusion equation - and back

I know the derivation of the Black-Scholes differential equation and I understand (most of) the solution of the diffusion equation. What I am missing is the transformation from the Black-Scholes ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Cointegration tests: how do you accurately test the necessity of time trends in the Johansen and Engle-Granger Test?

Is there a correct and up to date procedure? I just run the equation in VEC form and test the significance of the time trends? What are the possible problems that I should be aware of?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Calculating VaR with Monte Carlo simulation

I would like some help here :) I have a problem calculating VaR with the Monte Carlo Simulation. I have followed then next steps, is this a right way to calculate VaR or I need something more? ...
-3
votes
1answer
53 views

Show that the equation solves the Black-Scholes PDE

I have the solution as given Based on this, I have to show that this solves the Black-Scholes formula It means that I should take the partial derivatives of the solution above and then receive the ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Why we consider second derivative w.rt price but only first derivative w.r.t time and volatility

What is the reason (better if it is intuitive, and not too math heavy), that when we talk of Greeks, we consider second derivative with respect to price (gamma), but only first derivative with respect ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Where to get historical daily settlement price of each VSTOXX futures contract

I'm doing some analysis on VIX and VSTOXX futures and require historical prices of each contract as a result. VIX info is free to download on CBOE website: ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Why must a replicating portfolio be self-financing?

If I have a trading strategy such that at each time $t$ I own $\Delta_t$ units of stock $S_t$ and $\psi_t$ units of bond $B_t$, it is a replicating strategy for some claim with time $T \geq t$ payoff ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Reuters RIC chain for Eurodollar midcurve options

Can someone please tell me what this is? Thanks. Edit: The RIC for the straight eurodollar options is 0#GE+, I need RICs for the 1,2,3,4 mid curve options which the IMM/IOM calls GE0, GE2, GE3, ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Can the J language be used as an effective alternative to Q/Kdb+?

I hear a lot about Q/kdb+. I've never had the opportunity to use it for anything real but have played with it using their trial license and found it intriguing (if not somewhat mind warping). I've ...
8
votes
6answers
11k views

How to calculate historical intraday volatility?

Sorry for what must be a beginner question, but when I went to write code I realized I didn't understand exactly how historical volatility, or statistical volatility, is defined. Wikipedia tells me ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Best way to scan 1000 stocks? [closed]

I am trying to identify the stocks which gap up during a period, and then get the relative information, such as volume on the day and the prices before and after that day. I'm just experimenting and ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Value-at-Risk Calculation with respect to the Capital Requirements

I want to calculate the Value-at-Risk at date $t$ in such a way that I minimize the capital requirements given as \begin{align} \text{CR}_{\,t+1\,:\,t+250} = \sum_{h=0}^{249}\max\left( ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Estimate simple option price without a calculator

I have been to two different interviews for jobs related to option trading, and both time I have been asked a question, which is pretty basic, and still I could not answer it. If you have an European ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Can Yahoo Finance API work for non-US markets?

I am trying to fetch ticker prices and historical prices for major Asian exchanges (HKSE, SGX etc). I am trying to use yahoo finance API, but it is not returning any data for even SingTel, which is a ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a step-by-step guide for calculating portfolio VaR using monte carlo simulations

I am trying to determine a step-by-step algorithm for calculating a portfolio's VaR using monte carlo simulations. It seems to me that the literature for this is extraordinarily opaque for something ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

Why dynamics of local volatility is wrong?

In Dupire's local volatility model, the volatility is is a deterministic function of the underlying price and time, chosen to match observed European option prices. To be more specific, given a ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

What are the canonical references on wholesale credit risk management?

I am trying to read up on "Wholesale credit risk ", but I can't find any useful references. Why is the emphasis on wholesale?
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Leverage on ETF the same effect as on portfolio?

While we know that leveraged ETFs do decline in value to zero given infinity, can we also say the same with our portfolio value if we use leverage in our trading activity and seeing our portfolio ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Technical Analysis - OBV indicator calculation in R

Here is a few references about OBV calculations: http://ta.mql4.com/indicators/volumes/on_balance_volume ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

Breaking Down Option P&L

I am comparing the MTM valuations of two risk systems, with respect to FX Options. My Question is can I quantify the difference in MTMs given the following: System1: AUD/JPY, MTM = USD 461,000, ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Using multiple regression to determine coefficient that feed into another multiple regression problem

Ok so it is a bit of a complicated problem so I hope I explain this well. I currently have a multiple regression formula where I input 3 items and the output is expected growth. Each of these input ...
8
votes
1answer
485 views

How to price a Swing Option?

I'm working in the commodity market and I've to price Swing Options with MATLAB, preferably with finite element. Has anyone already priced these kind of derivatives? I'm thinking about using the ...
1
vote
1answer
347 views

How to fully replicate ADX + DI Indicators in Excel?

For black box testing, I was hoping that I could replicate the ADX + DI+ and DI- indicators that are provided in trading platforms such as ThinkOrSwim, ScottradeElite etc. However, I noticed that ...
-4
votes
1answer
41 views

Can not understand options pricing [closed]

As we are seeing here http://www.theoptionsguide.com/strike-price.aspx Relationship between Strike Price & Call Option Price Relationship between Strike Price & Put Option Price I do not ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Cash flow diagram, interest rate inflow series

I have a econ midterm coming up soon and stumbled upon this question. My approach is: 2C=800/(1.12^2)+1200/(1.12^6)=125.71 or C=1245.71/2=622.85 But I have a gut feeling this is wrong. I believe the ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

How can I make this portfolio self-financing?

$a_t S_t$ = number of shares ($S_t$ is stock price at $t$), $S_0 = 1$ $b_t \beta _t$ = saving account value , $d \beta_t = r \beta_t dt$, $r=$ interest rate So the value of the portfolio: $$V_t = ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Why is the black-scholes model arbitrage free when σ>0?

I want to show that: if $σ$ is positive then there is no arbitrage in the model, even if $r > µ$. Whilst I have satisfied this for $ r > \mu$, I cannot see why the conditioning on $\sigma>0 $ ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

The source of “Cost of hedging” in the Black Scholes model

I am trying to get some intuition for the fact that a Black-Scholes price for an option is equal to the cost of replicating the option. Say the interest is 0. The option is obviously still worth ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Order Book vs Wallet Updates

Good morning, i am in the middle of developing my own stock exchange system and have implemented limit orders (basics) matching. The system is just a DIY solution for my own purposes and for fun ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

Finding Expression for Optimal Markowitz Weights

So there are two assets with return rates $r_1$ and $r_2$ which have identical variances and a correlation coefficient $p$. The risk free rate is $r_f$. I need to find an expression for the optimal ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

High frequency price forecast model ARMA GARCH or another?

Can you reccomend model for high frequency data (1 second and less) (returns and volatility forecasting)? Most papers use ARMA, GARCH etc in 1 minute and lower time frame. PROBLEM ARMA does not know ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Negative time value european options

I have a basic question for which I feel like I should have found the answer by googling it, but I didn't get a definitive answer, so here I am: Can the time value for a plain vanilla (European) ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Why can a CDS indices be used as a bond market index?

I don't understand why the iTraxx indices family, which are credit default swap indices, are in practice often used to gauge the bond market. How are CDS prices related to bonds prices ? And what ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Why does the short rate in the Hull White model follow a normal distribution?

Consider Hull White model $dr(t)=[\theta(t)-\alpha(t)r(t)]dt+\sigma(t)dW(t)$ when we solve the SDE above we have $r(t)=e^{-\alpha t}r(0)+\frac{\theta}{\alpha}(1-e^{-\alpha t})+\sigma e^{-\alpha ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Fractional Brownian motion

In Mandelbrot(1968)'s paper, the fractional brownian motion, denoted by $B_{H}(t,\omega)$,(t>0) is defined by $$B_{H}(0,\omega)=b_{0}$$ ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Computing Value at Risk for portfolio in R

I know how to compute VaR with long positions using PerformanceAnalytics. What about a portfolio consisting in two equities A and B, 100 USD long positions in each, and 2 stock options for the same ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Why is volume a totally independent variable from price?

In Martin Pring's book "Technical analysis explained", when talking about volume, he asserts that it is "a totally independent variable from price" Why is this?
0
votes
1answer
221 views

constrained portfolio optimization by fmincon

I am working through this paper, http://www.nber.org/papers/w8922.pdf I want to implement the portfolio weight constraints see page 6-7. Here is the brief overview of my problem: Let ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Z-Score calculation for a win-loss streak

I am trying to find the correlation between wins and losses by applying Z-Score according to formula attached below. I put them in an array by assigning 1 to wins and -1s to losers. I am trying to ...
6
votes
3answers
139 views

Application of Control Theory in Quantitative Finance

I have recently completed an MSc in Control Systems from a top university. It seems to me that control theory must have an application within quantitative finance. I would like to apply my degree ...
2
votes
3answers
88 views

For $B_t$ a Brownian motion what is the probability that $B_1>0$ and $B_2<0$?

Let $B_t$ be a Brownian Motion. What's the probability that $B_1>0$ and $B_2<0$?
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What is the difference between simple interest and simple discounting? [closed]

I have been given the following statements: "Simple interest: $C$ now $\equiv (1+in)C$ in $n$ years; $C$ in $n$ years $\equiv \frac{C}{1+in}$ now. Simple discounting: $C$ in $n$ years $\equiv ...
5
votes
2answers
160 views

Variance swap replication and variance vega

Noob here. I've been trying to gain a better understanding of variance swaps and what better way than to replicate it with a portfolio of better understood instruments. I have read the GS 1999 ...
28
votes
8answers
3k views

Option pricing before Black-Scholes

According to the Wikipedia article, Contracts similar to options are believed to have been used since ancient times. In London, puts and "refusals" (calls) first became well-known trading ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

A good way to calculate the realised daily volatility

Currently, I am confused about the calculation of realised daily volatility. Assume I have daily returns, for example, FTSE, then I need to estimate the daily realised volatility. I read some ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Right metric to manage a portfolio based on correlation?

I want to algorithmically add a new investment to an existing portfolio. The decision should be based on a low correlation to the existing assets. E. g. the following situation The portfolio ...
0
votes
2answers
152 views

Pricing a call when minimum stock price above strike with certainty

I am editing this question because it was originally unclear, and I didn't get the answers I was hoping for. In my finance book I have the following question T-bills currently yield 5.5 percent. ...
-2
votes
0answers
41 views

How much does Axioma risk model cost?

does anyone know the pricing scheme of Axioma's risk models? I heard that they are much cheaper than Barra, which can easily go above $100k per year per country/region. PM is welcomed. thanks

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