# All Questions

28 views

### The calculation of NIBID rate from 2013 by using NIBOR rate (UIP)

I need to calculate the NIBID rates from 2013. I have the NIBOR as a starting point and some indications but I am still quite confused. I found some advices online, but it does not seem to get me the ...
155 views

### Option with payoff $K^2/S^2$

Given the dynamics of the risky asset ( with dividend $q$ ), $$\frac{dS_t}{S_t}=(\mu-q)dt + \sigma dW_t^P$$ Consider a european option with payoff,  P_0(S) = \begin{cases} 1, & ...
182 views

### Parametric VaR with Student-t distribution

Im using VaR to estimate parametric VaR. I have been able to do this using a Normal Distribution, however I want to also do this using a Student t-distribution and I'm unsure how to implement that in ...
89 views

### Futures Parameters for Value at Risk

I am new to risk management. I am calculating the VaR for a portfolio of futures contracts, long and shorts. I calculated it using the historical, parametric, and ...
24 views

### Historical UK Gilt 2-year and 5-year data

Data on the Medium (approx. 5-years) and Short (approx. 2-years) futures contract listed on ICE only goes back to 2009. Is anyone able to point me towards where I can get a longer time series, perhaps ...
178 views

### Up and Down days in GBPUSD and a Filter

I want to study if the odds of an up or down day in a forex pairs is 50-50. I just count the total number of up and down days in X years and compare it with the total days. The results are very ...
74 views

### What exotic options are exchange-traded?

There are a number of exchanges that trade vanilla Call/Put American/European options on various underlyings (equities, indices, futures). There have been some trading in digital options on certain ...
115 views

### Is variance additive only under Log-returns?

Can't seem to figure this one out by thinking it through. Let's say that the simple return $R_t=P_{t+1}/P_t -1$ is assumed to be $R_t \sim iid N(0,\sigma^2)$. Thus, a two period return would be ...
94 views

### How are netting sets determined for CVA calculation?

In his book, Gregory describes a netting set as a set of trades that can be legally netted together in the event of a default Obviously, the netting agreements (as per ISDA master agreement) ...
32 views

### Mutual Fund Cash Level Data

I look for a source to download historical monthly mutual fund cash level data from. Is there any free/cheap source available?
303 views

### HFT to blame for Flash Crashes?

Some people 1, 2, 3 claim that High Frequency Trading is partly to blame for the extreme volatilities in the markets yesterday (24. August 2015). Is that true? Is the amount HFTs move even enough ...
121 views

### Yahoo finance, interactive chart and historical prices are different

I am very new to the stocks. I checked the TNTE.AS stock on Yahoo Finance website. Here it provides "Interactive Chart" and "Historical Prices". But I found they are showing different values. For ...
66 views

### How are Quandl monthly S&P500 earnings estimates derived?

Can someone explain how the monthly earnings estimates are derived for S&P500? Quandl sources multpl.com, who state: ...
49 views

### reference for elementary mortgage math

I have a student doing a project on default rate & prepayment rate for mortgages. She would like to include a section on how the quantities affect pricing, & so would like to reference a ...
31 views

### Specifying integration level of time series [closed]

Following model was estimated on 200 observations. How to specify the level of integration of $X_t?$ In brackets there are standard errors and p-value of Breusch-Godfrey test is also shown. ...
207 views

### Relationships between white noise and random walk

I would like to ask 5 questions about relations between these processes. 1) Could white noise be also a random walk? 2) Could random walk be also a white noise? 3) Could white noise be stationary? ...
146 views

### Realtime Exchange Rate Data API

There are various sources for real-time exchange rate data, e.g. Ariva EUR/USD. Is there also an API or other source which enables to automatically retrieve real-time exchange rates as a data stream ...
34 views

### How to arrive at expectation of negative utility function via Taylor series expansion

I'm attempting to follow an author's steps in an argument and having trouble seeing how Taylor series expansion can be applied to give the stated result. The scenario is as follows. The mid price ...
49 views

### how best to equalize individual pair risk in a portfolio of stock pairs?

I am building a portfolio of stock pairs in which each pair is individually hedged via beta/hedge ratio adjustment. I am looking for a method to ensure that I am taking the same risk in each pair that ...
45 views

### The best way to generate market scenarios [closed]

What general approaches could you recommend for modeling spot rates(for different maturities) and forward rates?(eg for LIBOR) I need to generate scenarios for term-structure of interest rates. What ...
17 views

### Stiffness of numerical methods for SDE

What can I do with stiffness of numerical methods for SDE? I want to use numerical approach for solving SDE in market's scenarios generation. Is there any general approach to handle it?
83 views

### Hidden/Dark Pool Hedge Funds

Is there a noun for investment funds which do not disclose the assets they are investing in to their customers? Some exchanges are called "Dark Pools" where the orderbook is hidden to traders, so I ...
214 views

### Vega hedging with implied volatility smile

I have a problem with vega hedging. Consider the management of an exotic derivative, such as Barrier option. Typically we do the following tasks: selecting a pricing model, say, a local volatility ...
203 views

### How do right-to-break clauses affect CVA calculations

Does the presence of a optional/mandatory right-to-break clause affect CVA calculations, and if so, how? Given two (otherwise identical) 10y swaps with the same counterparty, one of which has a right ...
58 views

103 views

### stochastic calculus and multidimentional itos lemma

I am considering a number of assets (N) in a portfolio. each asset follows a geometric Brownian motion process therefore the stochastic differential equation is dS(i) = S(i)μdt + S(i)σdX(i). The ...
26 views

### How to evaluate data handlers

How would I go about evaluating CME data handlers? Looking at:how to define and measure latency Two colo servers should have the same Order to Accept times. If the algorithm to generate the order ...
33 views

### Where can I find historical P/E values of Russell 2000 Value and Russell 2000 Growth index?

I have no problems finding the current values, but historical (ie yearly) is harder and even my commercial databases have failed. Only need the last ~15 years or so, and yearly is enough. Do any one ...
32 views

### Expected value of bivariate lognormal spread

I don´t know how to derivate the Expected Value for the following problem: Suppose that the random vector (S_1, S_2) has a bivariate lognormal distribution with ...
114 views

### What is the difference between market equilibrium and market efficiency? equilibrium implies efficiency?

The market efficiency hypothesis means securities are traded at their fair price. If the market is at the equilibrium, does it mean the market is efficiency? If equilibrium cannot implies ...
81 views

### R quantstrat backtest with dollar based position sizing

I am attempting to tweak a quantstrat based backtest but have run into an issue. The maxPos limits are share based, and I would rather use a fixed dollar amount instead. So I've tried generating a ...
37 views

### Choosing Optimum Sampling Frequency

There was an interesting post made by Jonathan Kinlay where he discusses the use of a Fourier Transform to discover a potentially optimum bar frequency to choose as an input to a trading system. I am ...
110 views

### Derive OIS rate from IRS rate and Fed Funds/Libor basis spread

For example I have 7Y interest rate swap rate and 7Y Fed funds/Libor basis spread. What is the step-by-step procedure to derive OIS rate from these two?
Please consider the following modified European Call Option where $0 < a \leq 1$. When $a = 1$ the modified European call option is reduced to the standard European call option. ...