# All Questions

116 views

### is there a mapping from Altman Z-score for private companies to bond ratings or probability of default?

On wikipedia, there is a formula to calculate the Altman Z-score for private companies: Z-score estimated for private firms: T1 = (Current Assets − Current Liabilities) / Total Assets T2 = Retained ...
502 views

### Multiple (linear) regression

I am looking for some inputs on a pair trading strategy that I am trying to improve with some semi-fundamental input. The basic idea is to use multiple linear regression to estimate the price of a ...
229 views

### time in time series database - UTC or local

I strictly store UTC time stamps inside time series files or databases, mainly to allow processing several time series together. Timezone information is kept with each time series file or item, so ...
75 views

### Intangible assets as underlying for Futures contracts

How is it possible for a Futures contract to have an intangible underlying? For example, to my knowledge, there exist Futures that have interest rates as their underlying, come delivery date, how is ...
2k views

### Daily returns using adjusted close

I want to chart the daily returns of a stock, and I'm using Yahoo finance data to download historic data. I was told to use Adjusted Close, but there seems to be an issue with this. For ANTO.L, you ...
202 views

### Testing for stationarity in large sample sizes

I keep struggling with testing 9 samples if they are stationary. Each of these samples is a real valued time series with 714.000 values. If I use the KPSS test with the each compleete sample set, the ...
235 views

### NYSE binary data, convert to ASCII

The data product "TAQ NYSE Order Imbalances" from the New York Stock Exchange is in a format that is described pretty well in sections 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, and 5 of the document "NYSE Order Imbalances ...
202 views

### Quantitative risk model for an open real estate mutual fund in Europe

How useful are quantitative techniques for the risk analysis/management of a open real estate fund? I am thinking about an approach for Europe (US and other markets are probably quite different - ...
337 views

### What do eigenvalues/eigenvectors of the yield/forward rates covariance matrices mean?

I have 5 bonds (with maturities 1,2,3,4,5 years) which I calculated the yield curve for 10 days. I also calculated the forward rates from the yield rates. Now I've been told to calculate the ...
1k views

### Kelly criterion and Sharpe ratio

Whats the relationship between the Kelly criterion and the Sharpe ratio? $$f=\frac{p(b+1)-1}{b}$$ where $f$ is a percentage of how much capital to place on a bet, $p$ is the probability of ...
173 views

### How to use mean-variance weights in practice (when going short is allowed)? [closed]

I have calculated my optimal portfolio weights following the mean-variance framework where I go $w_1$ in the risky asset and $1-w_1$ in the risk free rate. I get the following result: $w_1$ = 1.5, ...
666 views

### Position management and market-making techniques

Suppose, there is a HF strategy (agent) that is based on order book microstructure, and it is able to make good executions locally. More formally, in average its execution price is better than asset ...
611 views

### Usage of Random forests in Quantitative analysis of stocks

I have a question about Random forests and how they could be utilized in trading? I heard Random forests are used for classification, is that accurate? If so, could someone give an example of what ...
447 views

### How to calculate implied volatility and greeks in Bull Put Spread option strategy?

Ok, obviously I am buying lower strike put and selling higher strike put. What is the recommended volatility and greeks to consider in my trade? Volatility: Average volatility between both legs? ...
71 views

### How to work out weights for a portfolio based on an inverse ratio with positive and negative values?

I am trying to work out how to determine weights for the assets in order to form a portfolio. The ratio I am using is EV/EBIT, hence the smaller the better. The problem is I don't know how to handle ...
94 views

### What to do with linear regression or regression splines outside of the training range?

This is a cross-post from here In my question on a load forecast model using temperature data as covariates I was advised to use regression splines. This really seems to be a/the solution. Now I ...
4k views

### How to calculate stock move probability based on option implied volatility and time to expiration? (Monte Carlo simulation)

I am looking for one line formula ideally in Excel to calculate stock move probability based on option implied volatility and time to expiration? I have already found a few complex samples which took ...
113 views

### What do these maturity codes mean?

In fitting a curve I found that people are using the following tenors: U1 Z1 H2 M2 U2 Z2 2Y Could you please let me know what exact time periods they stand for? Is there a web page describing ...
387 views

### Calculating VaR/CVaR on high frequency data and returns

As we converge on the minute time scale and below for our unit time interval, the return distributions tend to be leptokurtotic and more discretized (due to fixed values such as minimum price ...
517 views

### How much does a Grid Computing software cost?

So far, I have been performing computations either on my own computer, or using an in-house scheduler that basically chooses a one of the employees' available workstations to run tasks in the ...
508 views

### Predict Quadratic Trend in Time Series

Can anyone kindly point out if I made any mistakes in making predictions using quadratic regression model in time series? I called the predict() function with the appropriate data vector and model, ...
108 views

### Simple question concerning Jump process (Lévy process) model for a risky actif price process [closed]

Consider $X= \left( X_t \right)_{t\geq 0}$ is a Lévy process whose characteristic triplet is $\left( \gamma, \sigma ^2, \nu \right)$ and where its Lévy measure is  \nu \left( dx\right) = A ...
159 views

### Why are there different estimators for stock volatility? (realized variance, RAV, etc)

I am very confused about why different volatility estimators (RV, RAV, BPV, etc) exist. If the goal is to find the best estimator for stock volatility, and volatility is latent, how do I know which ...
381 views

### Derivation of Ito's Lemma

My question is rather intuitive than formal and circles around the derivation of Ito's Lemma. I have seen in a variety of textbooks that by applying Ito's Lemma, one can derive the exact solution of a ...
200 views

### Consistency of economic scenarios in nested stochastics simulation

I am interested in references on research regarding the consistency of economic scenarios in nested stochastics for risk measurement. Background: Pricing by Monte-Carlo: For pricing complex ...
562 views

### What are the options for a mathematician to break into QF without working for a fund?

I have a degree in mathematics, and I've worked as a statistician and done some programming work. I'm very strong in my math/stats/programming background and have browsed some QF books, and I'm very ...
414 views

### Statistical significance of a pair trading strategy

How can I test the significance of a pair trading strategy, i.e. that the H0 is "The strategy has no predicting power". I was considering to use the technique in Evidence Based Technical Analysis ...
381 views

2k views

### How to create charts in WPF finance applications?

How to create charts for market data in WPF? Are there any charting controls provided by microsoft or you need to use only third party controls? Which are the popular third party charting controls ...
251 views

### Overview of software companies in the industry

I am looking for overview references on software companies that develop applications in the following domains: asset and portfolio management risk management derivatives pricing trading quant ...
2k views

### What do the terms in-sample and out-of-sample estimates mean in MVO?

How do the in-sample estimates and out-of-sample estimates I so often hear authors refer to in emperical analysis of MVO differ?
113 views

### Basel CVA VaR with R/WWR

In Basel III the CVA VaR “is restricted to changes in the counterparties’ credit spreads and does not model the sensitivity of CVA to changes in other market factors, such as changes in the value of ...