# All Questions

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### What is the most convenient data structure for backtesting a model of futures options prices?

I have an empirical model for the dynamics of futures prices in a particular market that I have implemented using a long series of the front five contracts. (I account for the roll in my model.) I ...
160 views

### Heat/Diffusion Equation

I am working on a problem where I have successfully reduced a version of Black Scholes to the Heat Equation and then shown the solution to be: ...
64 views

### Why would a 9% dividend payment halve the stock price? [closed]

I am trying to understand why a stock experienced a very drastic drop in price. The only event linked to the drop seems to be payment of an unusually big dividend; however its effect on the price ...
302 views

### Is this arbitrage?

Assume the stockprice as in the Black-Scholes model (Geometric Brownian Motion): $$S_t=S_0e^{(\mu-\sigma^2/2)\cdot t+\sigma W_t}$$ Wouldn't there be an immediate arbitrage opportunity, to just buy ...
142 views

### Simulate non-stationary time series with cointegration

how can I simulate/generate two non-stationary time series (with unit root) so that they can be also cointegrated (using R or Matlab). Thanks in advance.
109 views

### Econometrics - Testing

If we have a time series of returns and two time series of indicators, how would we test the use of these indicators if they are autocorrelated or nonstationary (VAR Models dont produce significant ...
75 views

### How are bond prices quoted in the financial press related to bond yields quoted?

For example in the FT this month a 10 year US bond with redemption date 05/24, coupon 2.50 has a bid price of 99.52 and a bid yield of 2.56. Can one calculate the bid yield from the bid price, red ...
120 views

### Minimum Variance Hedge Ratio in Binomial Framework

In order to find the minimum variance hedge ratio when holding a portfolio of vanilla call options and hedging with stock, you can do an OLS regression. In a binomial model framework, given ...
201 views

### hedging with known volatility

Suppose we have a stock $X$ at which trades at 100 dollars. We suppose the stock follows a geometric brownian motion. We know that the interest rate is zero and annual volatility is 10 percent. How ...
206 views

### Difference between a warrant and an option?

What is the difference between a warrant and an option on a stock? Apparently both represent the same right to receive a share of stock at the strike.
170 views

I'm constructing money-neutral spread by this formula: Spread = log(P1) - log(P2), where P1 and P2 is prices of two instruments But sometimes spread can get into ...
234 views

### Why would an exchange choose one matching algorithm over another?

There are a number of different matching algorithms at different exchanges. Time-based FIFO is most common, but there is also mixed FIFO/pro-rata, pure pro-rata, size priority, etc. Why would an ...
190 views

### Are power contracts traded on any stock market?

Are power contracts traded on any stock markets ? What about OTC markets ? I ask about the derivatives where payoff is some exponential function of difference between strike and spot price.
1k views

### Drawbacks of Black-Scholes option pricing model

Will highly appreciate if anybody can provide logical financial proof why the Black-Scholes option pricing model overestimates the value for long-term options as described in this paper "Warren ...
218 views

### Exchange rate model and Martingales

In exchange rate model explanation, "...If under the domestic risk neutral measure $Q_d$, the process $X(t)$ satisfies $\displaystyle \frac{dX(t)}{X(t)}=\sigma dZ_d(t)$ Since $Z_d(t)$ is ...
41 views

### Discretization Schemes

I am working with two correlated SDE's and I was wondering if I could use two different discretization schemes for them. Is there maybe a reference of this being done? And can something be said about ...
426 views

### Popular R packages for Quantitative Finance

Which R packages (in this list or not) do you use in quant finance, why not an alternative, do you use it in production and if so, how? There is a list of most of the R packages related to Finance by ...
199 views

### Resources for finding quantitative finance examples using excel, VBA and access

I am seeking to increase my knowledge in the quantitative finance field. I would be grateful if someone could point me to useful resource online, where I can find working examples of they types of ...
5k views

### Why non-stationary data cannot be analyzed?

Searching online, i found out that non-stationary cannot be analyzed with traditional econometric techniques as in case of non-stationarity some basic model assupmtions are not met and correct ...
315 views

### Starting mathematics reading for quants

What book should I start with in order to learn about the mathematics behind financial (derivatives I think!) trading that would be used in HF's & IB's (Not sure whether there would be a ...
148 views

### Book recommendation for time series analysis

I have been trying to wrap my head around Engel-Granger test and jcitest etc. I have failed thus far. If possible can someone guide me about which books to start with and possibly reach to ...
36 views

### Formal Proof of Immunization Techniqu

Please correct me if I am wrong in understanding the Immunisation Technique behind bond interest rate risk management. It says that any change in interest rate can be neutralised by reinvesting the ...
2k views

### Is there a charting API which allows to replicate Bloomberg chart tool features?

I believe that most of us will agree that being able to compute values is only part of our job, as we would also like to be able to display them nicely in order to better understand or help ...
3k views

### How are HFT systems implemented on FPGA nowadays?

I have read about different implementations of HFT systems on FPGAs. Argon HFT system (http://trading-gurus.com/argon-design-an-fpga-based-hft-platform/) Hardware-only implementations or hybrid ...
365 views

### QuantLib: Black / BSM processes and pricing via volatility surface. Different results?

I start this question with a couple of C++ functions that will be useful to show some results. So start your Visual Studio C++ Express or Ceemple or whatever you want and copy & paste this: ...
166 views

### High correlation will help detect spurious regression over cointegration?

I'm analyzing two financial time series with Johansen method. A high Correlation coefficient using the Pearson method will help me to detect spurious cointegration models to avoid? If this is not ...
95 views

### Concise way of learning Bond & IR models

What is the most concise way to learn about bond and interest rate models from the book Mathematical Models of Financial Derivatives by Yue-Kuen Kwok? I have studied Oksendals Stochastic Differential ...
124 views

### Which size of constant range bar gives the most persistent chart?

A constant range bar chart is like a candle chart, only the candles don't close after a certain amount of time (i.e. 30 min, 4 hours), but after a certain range (i.e. 5 ticks) has been crossed. So if ...
466 views

### Correlation between S&P500 returns and 10y US Treasuries yields

I'd like to investigate the comovement of stock index returns with bond yields but I don't know which return's duration to use (1-year, 1-month or anything else) to get a better view of the ...
335 views

### Backtesting with Simulated Historical Data?

The trading strategies that are going to backtest well are the ones that pick the winners from the past. For example, if a trading strategy simply bought apple stock it would backtest extremely well. ...
59 views

### Handling IQFeed events in Matlab

I need to get some specific market data for my studies, and it seems like the most convenient way for me to do this is to use IQFeed data feed and MATLAB. But unfortunately, since I'm not a seasoned ...
351 views

### Calculating and interpreting cumulative returns is R

I have buy and sell signals,and accordingly, I artificially generate a signal series,for which,I assign 1 to every buy and -1 to every sell: ...
22 views

### Is it compulsory for feed to send orders/levels for particular symbol on same multicast line?

Multicast feeds have several lines some of which are dedicated for sending current order-add/modify/delete. Its is a implicit restriction that for a single security order-add/delete/modify will be ...
196 views

### Price change of a bond towards yield and YTM

I have been trying to get a good picture of PV01 and DV01(PVBP). I was going through below link. This measure is the absolute value of the change in price of a bond for a one basis point change in ...
90 views

### Why doesn't VG flatten volatility skew for short term options?

The VG process, from my inexpert point-of-view, seems to nearly perfectly model equity distributions. For longer term options, there is little to no volatility, skewness, or kurtosis parameter skew. ...
49 views

### How do I find the mappings between sedol and isin codes?

I am looking at data for Unit Trusts and OEICs in the UK. They are identified by SEDOL or ISIN codes. Given an SEDOL, how can I find the ISIN associated with the same product? And given an ISIN, ...
68 views

### How to display stock prediction results?

I'm not sure if this is a question for "Quantitative Finance" or "Personal Finance & Money" so forgive me if this one is irrelevant for this site. The Situation So I wrote a program (in vb.net ...
129 views

### Models for volatility estimation of high frequency data?

I have read on several news articles and research papers, "Contrary to popular belief, high frequency trading reduces volatility in stock markets rather than exacerbates it". Do you know the models ...
33 views

### How to compute return of a variance swap?

How does one calculate the investment of a zero initial investment asset, specifically a variance swap? In this asset the payoff is given by the difference between the realized variance in a certain ...
78 views

### Properties of a Symmetric Copula

I am working with the following copula, and have a few questions about it: $C(x,y) = xy + \theta (1-x)(1-y)xy$ Here $\theta \in [-1,1]$ and $x,y \in [0,1]$ First, I am trying to show this copula is ...
118 views

### Comparison of multicurve calibration methods

It seems that there are mayor softwares around offering a multicurve framework based on bootstrap. I find this puzzling nowadays, given the distinct advantages of best-fit optimization methods and ...
24k views

### Mapping symbols between tickers, Reuters RICs and Bloomberg tickers

Is there any known solution (preferably open source) to map between ticker symbols, Reuters and Bloomberg symbols. For example: Ticker: AAPL Reuters: RSF.ANY.AAPL.OQ Bloomberg: AAPL US Equity ...
26 views

### Real-World Cash Account Implementation and Return

Often in financial math, the concept of the risk-free cash account, with return R, is invoked as an instrument for calculating prices - when constructing an option-replicating portfolio, for example. ...
75 views

### Recommended Literature for creating Factor Mimicking Portfolios

Is there a textbook that contains the basics for creating Factor Mimicking Portfolios? Although there is a lot of peer-reviewed literature on this, I cannot find textbooks on Asset Pricing that ...
85 views

### Solving the Jamshidian Zhu (1997) PCA short rate model

This is my first time posting a question. I have very limited experience in the field of stochastic calculus and interest rate modelling. I have been tasked with implementing the short rate model ...
145 views

### law of one price, understanding

I am reading about mathematical finance, and I was tipsed to ask the quesiton on this site. It is about the "law of one price". Just first I'll make precise the model my book uses: I have a single ...
283 views

### Why are we obsessed over normalizing financial data?

I have recently began work on some high frequency financial tick data. I have been told to 'normalize' the data as much as possible and run linear regressions through them. In fact, the data doesn't ...
628 views

### How popular is the IRR as a tool for capital budgeting, nowadays?

This 2004 McKinsey Quarterly article reports that, back in 1999, three-quarters of CFOs always or almost always use[d] IRR when evaluating capital projects. The same article warns against the ...