1
vote
0answers
12 views

Annuity Duration Based on Closed Derivative is half of Effective Duration?

I am analyzing an annuity with a stub. I calculate the effective duration as (P(-10bps) - P(+10bps))/(2*Principal * (.001)) I then take the derivative of the standard annuity formula discounted by ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

What is Margin of Conservatism

In modelling loss given default,(LGD), we often encounter the term Margin of Conservatism. What is it in layman's terms? I am not able to find a wikipedia page on this.
1
vote
0answers
39 views

How to apply the chain rule for partial derivatives to transformations?

I'm currently working to solve the Black-Scholes model partial differential equation (it's a model for a.o. stock option prices). The Black-Scholes equation for a calloption C(S,t) is given by $ ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

option pricing with limitation on the change of underlying daily changes

how are we supposed to price an European option given the fact that the daily return of the underlying is limited within -X% to X%? For example, if X = 5, the price of the underlying cannot go up 8% ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Spread options on prices or returns?

I need some clarifications regarding spread options. I have always found them characterized as paying, at maturity, the difference between the prices of two underlying assets: $$ (S_1(T)-S_2(T)-K)^+ ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

What kind of errors arise when I fit ARMA(1,1) to data generated from ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) process?

As far as I know estimates of parameters of ARMA(1,1) are asymptotically optimal when fitted to data from ARMA(1,1)-GARCH(1,1) process, and only their variance increase, so when we assume large ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Black-Litterman: Why should the views be independent of each other?

This question relates to this question. In the Black-Litterman framework views of inverstors on the market are modelled. These views have a covariance-matrix $\Omega$. I always found it quite ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Constant Relative Risk Aversion

The question: Consider a person with constant relative risk aversion p. (a) Suppose the person has wealth of 100,000 and faces a gamble in which he wins or loses x with equal probabilities. ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Portfolio optimised for diversification and regular yield. How to hedge?

Here is a portfolio optimisation for equity dividend and yield designed to diversify holdings and produce regular monthly returns using only ETFs complete with R code. ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Fund Allocation Logic

I am writing a program which automatically calculates the trade allocations. Imagine we have a 3 funds, Fund A, B and C. They current asset allocations (so-far-percentages) are 10%, 20%, 70% ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Library for interactive financial charts

For my recent project I am looking to build a software capable of visualizing financial charts in a dynamically and interactive matter. The workflow is as follows: I gather data from my data ...
3
votes
4answers
122 views

Logging FIX Messages

I need to persist every single FIX message received or sent by my order gateway for auditing purposes, however it takes more than 1 millisecond to write the bytes to disk. I tried to write in chunks ...
2
votes
1answer
291 views

Covariance matrix and Cholesky decomposition

I am simulating a spread option with stochastic volatility using Monte Carlo simulation. I have the positive-definite covariance matrix $$ \rho = \left( \begin{array}{cccc} 1 & \rho_{1,2} & ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Comparing cost of two alternative given their distribution

I have distribution for cost of two alternative through Monte Carlo simulation. The distributions are not normal. Given the benefit of the two alternatives is the same but ungiven, I want to choose ...
2
votes
0answers
243 views

Calculate spread for pairs trading

What is the best way to begin calculations for pairs trading? I have seen two ways: 1) Start from the price ratio (StockAPrice/StockBPrice) and calculate mean, standard deviation and z-score from a ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Standardized Abnormal Returns

I have a question. In an event study, I have found a standardized cumulative abnormal return Z test formula. It is attached. I couldn't find any sources to prove it. Do you know any articles about ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

What is a Heat Rate Option?

I tried a search with google but I can't find a clear definition of what a Heat Rate Option is. I would appreciate if someone could explain to me what this type of option is. My understanding is ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

How to compute daily compounded backtest returns closer to real-world results?

I often run quick tests of trading strategies in my analytics suites by: multiplying a vector of signal (lagged, {-1,0,1}) with a time series of daily percentage returns doing a cumulative product ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

how to make a nonlinear gird where grid points are not equally spaced?

I need to make a grid [0,1] with points that are concentrated close to the edges (close to 0 and 1) while the remaining points in the middle can be equally spaced. The reason for doing this is that I ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Optimization metric that takes into account number of trades vs expectancy

In optimizing my automated trading system I find that certain combinations while increasing the expectancy: ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Implied Vola from historical option prices

I have daily Close data of ODAX-options, obtained from ivolatility.com. One third of the daily data shows premiums that are just above the inner value. Even when inserting an implied vola of almost ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

arbitrage opportunity in a two period model

I have a little problem evaluating an european call. I Suppose the following: in $$t=0 : S_0 = 10$$ $$t = 1 : S_1 = \{10,11\}~with ~p=0.5$$ riskless rate : $(1+r)=\beta=1.049$ Strike ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Greenplum database storage model for time series data

I have to deploy a greenplum database for analysis of time series data. I will have around 50 different time series (s1,s2,s3,...s50) and each series will have multiple pairs (time is 1 hour average ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Copula and Correlation

I am intending to use the copula distribution to generate a transition matrix for credit ratings. However, I am not sure exactly what correlation matrix to use. Can anybody help me
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Data point discrepancy between Google Finance and Yahoo Finance

I have been comparing the historical stock data I am getting from Google Finance and Yahoo Finance. I am only getting six datapoints per day (date, open, high, low, close, volume). I have downloaded ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Can the Hurst exponent be greater than one?

Can the Hurst exponent be greater than one? Does it mean that the time series follows a random walk or that it's not stationary?
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Why model the variance-covariance matrix as an inverse-Wishart distribution in bayesian portfolio analysis?

I am following Risk and asset allocation (Attilio Meucci,2007). I must say I am enjoying this reading quite a lot so I hope nobody takes my question as a critique on the text. When we are introduced ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Interpretation of Correlation Matrix

I have past data which is in vector form. The information shows the probabilities of a AAA rated company to migrate to another credit rating. So for example, (x1, x2, x3) has the probabilities of ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Convolution of inverse gaussian and power law distributions

I am trying to understand how the first passage time density of Brownian motion with drift is modified by the presence of waiting times that are distributed as a power law In other words, what is the ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Why do we need $dS_t=r S_tdt+\sigma S_tdW_t^Q$?

Suppose $S_t$ is the stock price and follows the dynamics $$dS_t=\mu S_tdt+\sigma S_tdW_t$$. According to Girsanov, we can apply change of measure and obtain $dS_t=r S_tdt+\sigma S_tdW_t^Q$, this ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

A few basic questions on bonds, yield and derivatives?

I am fairly new to these subjects and direly in need of some basic answers about yields, bonds and derivatives. Please forgive my lack of financial knowledge and poor English. 1- What is the ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

Why is the vega of an at the money option so insensitive to movements in volatility? I.e, why do ATM options have such little Vomma?

I've been trying to understand why at the money options have very little vomma. I was reading and came across a graph that showed vega as volatility changes and I couldn't grasp how the relationships ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

European vanilla call/put option, when volatility increases, how will gamma changes?

according to the BS formula, $\gamma = \frac{N'(d_1)}{S_0\sigma\sqrt{T}}$, gamma will decrease when volatility increase. How does it intuitively make sense? rather than from the formula.
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Cheapness indicator for Convertibles Bonds

What indicator (or combination of those) could be used to roughly estimate the cheapness of a convertible bonds ? Like the price/earning ratio for equities. Thanks, Max.
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Straddle neutral strategy

What does it mean to implement a delta-neutral strategy for straddle ? A straddle consists in buying a call and a put simultaneously, at the same date, on same underlying, with same maturity and ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Real time data map about the amount of a currency that are held in the world ?

Where can I see in real time data about the amount of a currency that is held in central banks (and maybe other significant places) ? A map would be great. I would like to know if there is an ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Which sports are generally the best for trading on betting exchanges for a profit?

I am looking at trading bets on tennis, football and horse racing in particular as these appear to have the most liquidity. How much background research and how much trial and error is generally ...
3
votes
2answers
309 views

Pricing an american style option on a bond future

what is the good way to pricing american option on bond future? From bonk fixed income securities 3rd by Tuckman, I understand how to pricing European option on bond future, but I still have no clue ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Constructing Volatility Smile from American Options

My question is about best practices for reconstructing volatility smiles for a fixed tenor from American option data. For simplicity/liquidity, I am currently considering options on SPY. I am ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

What causes the call and put volatility surface to differ?

I currently have a local volatility model that uses the standard Black Scholes assumptions. When calculating the volatility surface, what causes the difference between the call volatility surface, ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Is it possible for two securities to have the same first 8 characters of a cusip, but differ in the check sum?

CUSIP is a 9 character long identifier. The last digit is a check sum checking the first 8 previous characters. This seems to me that it is not possible for two securities to have the same 8 ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

Bloomberg equity option volatility data

Using the Bloomberg open API, I am trying to program a C++ script that is able to download option volatility data from Bloomberg. I currently do not have access to Bloomberg, but in the coming week I ...
1
vote
2answers
172 views

Option Prices under the Heston Stochastic Volatility Model

I was wondering if anyone has come across a more straightforward derivation of the semi-closed form solution for the price of a european call under the Heston model than the one proposed by Heston ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

What constitutes an “odd lot” in corporate bonds trades?

This is important in price discovery and pricing of bonds based on trades. "Odd" lots are traded at lower prices than "round" lots. However I wasn't able to find a definition of "odd" lot anywhere. ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Black-Scholes: If exercise probability is 0.5, should $D_2$=0?

Let's say we have option strike price equal to current stock price. And we have zero risk-free rate. In this case I assume that probability of exercise is 0.5 because chances that price will go up or ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Which volatility to use to price options on futures contract?

I have some questions regarding pricing futures options and I just want to be sure that my thoughts are correct. I am trying to price options on futures for american & european style. In the ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

calculating share price from dividend discount model

I am trying to calculate dividend as per dividend discount model for titan company limited (india). Calculations: Cost of Equity: Now, As I have done calculation as shown above (formula on top ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Stock prices and probability

Lets say that the current price of a security is £245 , $\mu =5%$ and $\sigma=32%$ Assume that the natural logarithm of $\frac{S_{t +\delta t}}{S_t}$ is approximately normally distributed with mean ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

VIX For Convertible Bonds

Is there something similar to the VIX but related to the convertibles bonds market in the U.S. ? Thanks, Max.
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What are some quantitative approaches to value investment?

As a developer and statistician, I consider value investing to be a statistically sound investment strategy. I've read a few books on the area but I am still not clear on valuation measures. So I ...

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