1
vote
1answer
58 views

Selecting bonds to be used in Nigel-Siegel Svensson OLS Regression

I need to obtain the initial parameters that would be used in the Non-Linear Optimization that provides the Nelson-Siegel Svensson parameters for US Treasury Bonds. The Optimization appears to be very ...
3
votes
3answers
96 views

Why is the spot price not used as the forward price when a forward contract is created?

If the initial value of a forward contract is zero, surely the forward price used would be the spot price at the time the contract was created? However, my notes tell me that the forward price F, at ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Can a large OpenInt of calls cause a stock to go down?

I read forum post from another site. Which stated... ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

NZX market depth data

Can someone point into the right direction for NZX market depth data specifically for individuals? I have tried many vendors but seem to be coming up with "institution-only" responses.
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Order Execution Algorithms

To execute large orders under minimum price impact or to hide a market view, trading systems sometimes utilize special order execution algorithms or order types. One example is an iceberg order, ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Multiplying by the Square Root of Twelve to calculate annual standard deviation

I failed to see the mathematics truism. Can someone care to elaborate.
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Forecast biasness of VIX term structure

I'm interested in the topic of VIX futures being overpriced, so I'm looking for different models to find evidence for it. Asensio 2013 uses a regression to evaluate the forecast biasness of the VIX ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

What is the logic behind this backtesting code in R

I am new to R and I have found this simple backtesting code and can you explain me what is happening here. ...
6
votes
1answer
266 views

Calculate turnover for portfolio

I am trying to calculate the turnover for a portfolio strategy. First I generate some random data and assign it dates: ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

coefficient of determination of an autocorrelation

Ok this is a very quick question, the Coefficient of Determination (power(R;2)) of a simple Pearson Correlation value (r) can be interpreted as the percentage of the total variation in Y that can be ...
4
votes
1answer
329 views

Is volatility for the next day forecastable? To any extent?

In a more general way: is there 1) a methodological approach to quantify the correctness of a model that produces a probability distribution for the, say, S&P 500 index return for the next ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Introduction to Multiple Curve construction

Could someone please share a good starting point to learn about Multiple curves? More than exact theorems and proofs, I am mainly interested in reading about - How to build multiple curves - how to ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Overstating Interest Rates?

I'm fact checking my analysis, so there's only one possible answer in that I'm either right or way out in left field (wrong). A friend of mine mentioned this bitcoin lending site and I looked at it ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Poor investment preformance in early years impacting on final fund value

I am currently doing some work on the performance of funds across different models of the economy. I am trying to find some work that looks at the impact of poor/lower returns at the early years of ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Linear combination of geometric Brownian motion

Let $X_t= e^{\left(\mu-\sigma^2/2 \right)t+\sigma W_t}$ be a geometric Brownian motion with drift $\mu$ and volatility $\sigma$. I am trying to find an analytical solution to $$\mathbb{E}\left[ ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Is there a limit to the number of Spot rates than can be calculated from Par Yields

I am just trying to calculate Spot Rates from Par yields. I find that the code below gives very similar spot rates for the data here, yet if I increase the size of the ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Why does Bloomberg's HRH test the simple returns for normality?

On a Bloomberg terminal, it is possible to use the HRH (Historical Return Histogram) function on individual assets. It basically generates a histogram of the (simple) returns and overlays them with a ...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

How is implied volatility derived?

How to compute Implied Volatility Calculation? The above link shows that there multiple ways to calculate implied volatility. My question is that for most of the common data sources like Bloomberg, ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Futures vs. spot for currencies - who is the leader

What is known about interrelation between the currency (say EURUSD) spot prices vs. futures on the the same currencies (traded at Chicago CME) ? I mean what is typical situation - the main price ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

Calculating 6-minute, 20-minute, 45-minute, and 3-hour volatility

I am looking to measure the volatility from the open of the market until a trade takes place and use that volatility in post-trade regressions to help explain transaction costs. A simple regression ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Understanding how to calculate Accrued Interest of Bonds

When calculating the accrued Interest of Treasury Bonds, how does one set the settlement date? And, is it possible for certain bonds that there are no coupon payments before the settlement date and ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Calculating Accrued Interest of Bonds

I am trying to calculate the accrued interest for a set of Treasury Bonds. I am comparing the answer from the code below with that for the 1st Bond(row) over here. In the link the AI is ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

how to get free data tin future (3M, 15M) and stock tin monthly since 1990-2015? [duplicate]

please help me. I need information how to get free data tin future (3M, 15M) and stock tin monthly since 1990-2015. thank you for your help best regards Adis Imam M
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Option prices in Bates SVJ model?

In this [post] discussed the European put and call price formulas under the Heston Stochastic Volatility model. There exists an important extension of Heston model to include diffusion jumps, known ...
6
votes
2answers
278 views

Value at Risk for Futures Contracts

I would like to know how you would compute Value at Risk on a portfolio of futures i.e rates futures, commodity futures and equity. How do you deal with the discontinuous form of commodity futures for ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Correct Theoretical Discount Factors from Nelson-Siegel-Svensson?

I am calculating the theoretical discount factors associated with a bond that has 30 months to maturity from today with the parameters below obtained from here using the Nelson-Siegel-Svensson Model. ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

List of Economic Data for Index Forecast

What econometric symbol list (or tickers) could be used to forecast return of global stock market indexes (S&P500, TSX, CAC40, ...) and their subsectors? I'm aware of the answer to question: ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

Is $\frac{P(t,S)}{P(t,T)}$ martingale?

Assume $r_t$ follow the CIR process and $P(t,T)=E[exp(-\int_{t}^{T}r_s ds)|F_t]$.I am going to show $\frac{P(t,S)}{P(t,T)}$ ($S<T$) is an $F_t$-martingale under Forward Measure but So confused! Do ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Pair trading based on cointegration - equity line

I'm preparing a project at my Uni where I have to make a simple pair trading strategy using cointegration between two stocks. I'm stuck on the equity line calculation. I have prepared opening and ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Self-Frontrunning Arbitrage

If I have a large order to fill, shouldn't I always buy a derivative in the same direction to profit from the market impact? E.g. I sell 1 million shares and so I buy a put, which will hence almost ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Interpreting and scaling of Realized Variance with sample data

I have some question about realized variance(RV) and I have some sample prices below to work with. You can run the R code below to build a vector of log returns. Three are 78 5-minute buckets in a ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Issue with OLS Regression for Nelson Siegel Svensson parameters

I have been working on getting input parameters to the Non-Linear Optimization which gives the Nelson Siegel Svensson model parameters and am carrying out the OLS regression as described in this ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

What market making strategies are often used nowadays ?

I am doing a survey of market making strategies, what's the popular market making strategies?
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Forward parity in fixed income

In stock and index we have a beautiful forward-spot parity $$ F(t,T) = S(t)\cdot B(t,T) \tag{1} $$ which tells us that to price a forward contract at time $t$ with expiry $T$ we can just borrow ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Is there a considered floor for variation the 1st principal component must explain?

I am wondering if there is a considered floor to the percentage variation the 1st principal component must explain in general for PCA - ie. any lower and it is not worth doing PCA at all? Is the floor ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Influencing factors on credit

There was the following question on an exam: Which factors are influencing the effective interest rate of a credit? loan amount fees interest rate running time I would have said ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Fed Funds Rate: longer maturities

FFR published by Fed Bank of NY is the average rate US banks charge each other for the overnight loans of their reserves required by the Fed regulations. Since Fed acts similar to a clearing house ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Likelihood of a caplet ending in the money

with what likelihood would one expect an ATM caplet to end up in the money? Just as a very rough guess, from real world experience. When I consider N(d2) from the Black formula, for spot = strike = ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Why is the value of debt modeled as a short put option in Merton's model?

Can someone give me an intuitive understanding of why the Merton model models the value of the debt from the lender's point of view as a short put with a risk free bond? I'm not well versed in this ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

compute technical indicators from candle data

i have a rookie question but can't find the answer anywhere so..what is the right way to compute a simple moving average when you have an array of (open,close,low,high) tuples ? From what i saw so ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Given cash flows, what is the interest rate of the following contract? [closed]

I am presented with an investment opportunity where I am given #481,000 on day 1. Thereafter, every 10 days, I am required to give back #50,000 every for 100 days (10 * 50000 = 500000). How do I ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Ledoit-Wolf portfolio weights calculation

I am trying to implement the Ledoit-Wolf minimum variance portfolio strategy on a real-world stock dataset. ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Derivation using Ito's Lemma of price process

Define $q(t)$ as the log price minus a linear trend $$ q(t) = \ln P(t) - \mu t $$ Assume the log price process = Equation 1: $$ dq(t) = - \Theta q(t) dt + \sigma dW(t) $$ Can you show that the ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Expected Shortfall alternative formulation

Define: $$q_\alpha(F_L)=F^{\leftarrow}(\alpha)=\inf\lbrace{x\in \mathbb{R}\mid F_L(x)\geq \alpha\rbrace}=VaR_\alpha(L)$$ I want to prove that: $$ES_\alpha = ...
0
votes
2answers
133 views

Difference between Closing Price, Last traded price and Settlement Price for option contracts?

What is the difference between Closing price, Last traded price and settlement price ? I got the difference between Closing Price and Settlement price from previous post : The difference between ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Constructing NS-Svensson parameters with zero coupon AND coupon bonds

I am in the process of calculating sovereign zero coupon yield curves using the NS-Svensson parameter for a number of countries. Due to data constraints, I would like to use the information from price ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Estimate volatility in forecast

I have a model with a rolling forecast. In each time step $t$, I predict the price for the next periods, e.g. $\hat{p}(t, t+1)$ and $\hat{p}(t, t+2)$. If I start in $t=0$ and arrive at $t=2$, I ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Delta hedging cost of exotic options?

I'm simulating dynamic delta hedging for up-and-out call option. For plain vanilla call options, I heard that the option price is the expected value of the accumulated delta hedging cost. Does it also ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

calibration of Gaussian two factor short rate model

I am trying to calibrate the gaussian two factor short rate model whose dynamics is given by r(t)=x(t)+y(t)+phi(t) Now to calibrate the model to term structure ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Merton Jump Diffusion Model: Influence of lambda

I use Monte Carlo to simulate sample paths of Merton's jump diffusin model. By plotting a histogram of the log returns and using kerneldensity to approximate the density function I try to look at the ...

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