2
votes
1answer
104 views

Which quantitative tools are actually used for hedging energy price and volume risk?

I'm a finance professor and I am looking for someone with actual trading and risk management knowledge within the energy sector who can tell me about pricing and hedging energy (especially electricity ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

quadratic programming portfolio optimisation

I am using MATLAB to do an optimisation. The QP minimisation problem is set up in the standard form shown below. The optimisation is used to calculate the weights (x vector in the equation below) of a ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Efficient Frontier Derivation: why minimize half the portfolio variance instead of just the variance?

In Robert Merton's derivation of the efficient frontier of a portfolio, he minimizes $\frac{1}{2}\sigma^2 $ over the investment weights in each asset, where $\sigma^2$ represents portfolio variance. ...
2
votes
3answers
120 views

Interpolating probabilities of default

I have a table of cumulative probabilities of default of industrial bonds, in time and credit rating. It is similar to S&P whitepaper here. Basically, it looks like this (sample numbers): ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

Is it fair to assume $(ud=1)$ in the binomial tree option pricing model?

I have discussion with my colleague on why a general assumption $$ud=1$$ in binomial tree option pricing model would be necessary? I take it a simplification of the problem, otherwise, there will be ...
2
votes
1answer
311 views

How to interpret ACF and PACF plots

I just want to check that I am interpreting the ACF and PACF plots correctly: The data corresponds to the errors generated between the actual data points and the estimates generated using an ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Law of a geometric brownian motion first hitting time (formula dont match Monte Carlo Simulation)

I posted this question before on MSE I need to use it in a small step in the middle of a simulation and I think I'm not getting correct results to this probabilities and so for my all ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

What's the best filter to implement in order to assess the persistency of a FX devaluation?

I'm trying to to analyze the impact of a FX devaluation in companies' exports and earnings?
1
vote
1answer
2k views

What's the intuition behind DTS(duration times spread) in fixed income?

I am having some difficulty grasping the concept of using DTS to measure credit risk. In the equity world, one typical measure of risk is beta, which is quite well-defined as the exposure to a common ...
2
votes
5answers
106 views

Data provider for daily futures settlement prices

Is there a data provider that has historical daily settlement prices for download? I'm interested in a provider that spans multiple exchanges.
4
votes
3answers
173 views

What are the most effective market variables to measure liquidity/illiquidity in the market?

I'm trying to find/create a variable that measures liquidity in financial markets in order to assess, for instance whether credit conditions tightened? Does anyone know any relevant literature ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Is it possible that a security with a positive variance can have a required return that is less than the risk free rate?

I'm not sure of the answer but I think it's possible. What I don't get is what characteristics this asset would need to have and why it would mean that an investor would accept a return less than the ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Book chart plotting library identification

can you help me identify how those charts are constructed? To your knowledge, is it generated from Python, R, Java, C++? What packages can you identify? I've tried the ggplot2 library in R and I have ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

optimisation problem with linear constraint

I have an optimisation problem. I wish to maximise a function subject to a constraint. It is the constraint that is causing me problems. I am using an addin in Matlab which does the optimisation ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

AT1 ratio, Core T1 ration and CET1 ratio

I would like to first know the precise definition of each one of those 3 ratios as well as there differences. On the web there is bit of a mess on the explanations. I could not find a simple and clear ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Text book or distilled guide to market making?

Are there any practical articles, blogs or books that describe common practices in market making and how to calculate and use common measures? The majority of the information I found are research ...
3
votes
0answers
139 views

GMM time-series regression factor model with factors that are not returns

Factor models with factors that are not returns are usually estimated and tested by cross-sectional regressions. However, there is a way to use time-series regression to estimate and test the model. ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

negative transition probabilities in the heston model

I've been trying to implement a bivariate tree for pricing american options with the heston model in R using the paper of Beliaeva and Nawalkha ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Pricing American with floating strike

Consider a American floating strike put option with maturity $T$, written on a non-dividend paying stock $S_t$. The strike of this option at time $t\leq T$ is $Ke^{-r (T-t )}$, where $r$ is the ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

Intraday Data - Stylized Facts?

Can someone give an overview or literature on Intraday Data Stylized Facts? In particular for equity market returns or exchange rates.
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Why interest rate future does not support fed policy on reducing assets buying?

Using the 3-mon eurodollar interest rate futures, I construct a yield curve each year for 2015-2021 using sampling date from the end of the month. If you graphed this out, you would see that the ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Testing Statistical Significance of Various Portfolio Simulations

I'm trying to determine which of my portfolio simulations/backtests if any are good enough to put some money into. I outline an approach below and I'm interested in knowing: What problems are there ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

How is USGG10Y (or any tenor) constructed?

I was wondering how the yield curve for US treasuries are constructed (ex. USGG10Y, USGG5Y, etc.). How to compute for it exactly (what deals/quotes are included in it, what financial institutions are ...
1
vote
0answers
231 views

How to compute for basis adjusted forward rate?

To give you a brief background, I'm valuing a fixed-for-float Interest Rate Swap (IRS) using Bloomberg. I put in a notional amount in (USD) and a assigned 6MO USD LIBOR as the reference index for the ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

detecting and measuring lead lag effect

Given two time series data. I remember there is one statistics that tells you one is the leading factor while the other is the lagging factor. However, i do not remember the exact details. correlation ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

What are the canonical references on wholesale credit risk management?

I am trying to read up on "Wholesale credit risk ", but I can't find any useful references. Why is the emphasis on wholesale?
3
votes
2answers
195 views

Is linear programming important for quant?

I'm thinking about taking a course on Linear and Convex Programming, but I don't know how useful it is in the real world finance. Which areas in finance is mathematical programming used?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How to compare the volatility of quarterly p&l of two firms in the same sector?

I want to compare the volatility of the historical quarterly profit and loss data of two or more firms operating in the same sector and determine whether the volatility of p&l of these firms is ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

negative probabilities in the bivariate tree heston model

I am trying to implement the bivariate tree approach for the Heston model by Beliavea & Nawalkha. I currently have the problem that given the specifications in their examples, I always obtain ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

how to determine the Cost of Fund (FTP rate) for Saving Account?

Saving Account are the deposit account that gives customers very low, almost 0%, interest. Currently the calculation of its cost of fund is, in a simplified way: assume a deposit duration, e.g. 1 ...
2
votes
5answers
456 views

Option pricing ? Where to get the dividend yield from?

I'm trying to apply Black & Scholes formula for a real example to price a vanilla equity option but I'm strugling a little bit whith the dividend yield. Let's assume I have a stock that trades at ...
3
votes
2answers
160 views

Factor model assumptions

I was reading on Factor Models in the book Quantitative Risk Management by McNeil, et al. In section 3.4.1 they introduce a linear factor model $$X = a + BF + \epsilon,$$ where $X \in R^d$, $F \in ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

y-axis unity of density probability function

What is the unity/interpretation of the y-axis of a density distribution function? The X-axis is the values of the random variable, the area is the probabilty what about the y-axis ?
2
votes
2answers
242 views

Locked or Crossed Markets

I don't understand why Rule 610 from Reg NMS was introduced: what was the problem with locked markets? I have read that one of the issues is that it forced a market maker (say, from Nasdaq) who ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Difference in weekly and monthly data

I am confused about the following: I checked daily and weekly prices for Exxon (and also GE). But the values for Open, Low, High, Close, Vol., Adj. Close for both data streams seem to differ from each ...
0
votes
0answers
2k views

Bloomberg Pricing Sources: TRAC vs. BGN vs. BVAL etc

Sorry, I'm very new to using Bloomberg as a tool, so please forgive the naïve question. I couldn't find much information after some cursory online searches, so I figured I'd ask here. Particularly ...
1
vote
1answer
722 views

Historical Value At Risk on option portfolio

I am new to Value at Risk subject in fact everything related to quant. Can any body validate the Value at Risk Model on the option price ? I am using a below explained approach . our portfolio ...
0
votes
5answers
386 views

API-based equity screeners?

I know there are APIs from different brokers that allows you to trade and also obtain information about specific companies, but I wonder if there are equity/asset screeners that are API-based and can ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Game theory and antagonistic games in trading

In one of the topic here, particularly in the comments, i saw a link to the page describing connection between Antagonistic Games and finances but i cannot find it now and would appreciate if somebody ...
0
votes
1answer
191 views

Why most of apple stock price since 10years have been gained overnight?

I've been playing with stock data and I've discovered a terrible truth : in 10 years apple stock price passed from roughly 3\$ to 100$. However this gain isn't due to intraday price variation ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Different ways of portfolio optimization

There are different ways to optimize portfolios: $$ \max R^Tw\tag{1}$$ or $$ \min w^T \Sigma w\tag{2}$$ and finally using a risk tolerance $\lambda$: $$ \min{(w^T\Sigma w-\lambda R^T ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

What is Equity Asian Hybrid?

As listed in http://www.vectorrisk.com/Views/Solutions/ProductList.aspx What's an Equity Asian Hybrid? Any references? What is exactly a hybrid product?
2
votes
1answer
187 views

What is some prerequisite book that can help me to read “mathematical methods for financial markets”

What is some prerequisite book in mathematics or finance that can help me to read "mathematical methods for financial markets"? I found a lot of difficulties when try to start to read the PDF of this ...
3
votes
9answers
430 views

Why would there be a positive risk-free rate?

Most financial models include a risk-free rate or risk-free asset. Why should there be such thing as a positive risk-free rate? I dont see why an asset would provide a positive (real) return if it ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Does the correlation of matrices have explanatory power when building a pattern recognition model?

I'm using 8 different variables (with daily observations) with the purpose to compare different months across the historical data. For that purpose I calculate the correlation between each month and ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

In what kind of stochastic process Ito's lemma is adopted?

I have been told that Ito's lemma serves as the stochastic calculus counterpart of the chain rule. And yet again my tutor mentioned it is not used for all stochastic processes. Is this statement ...
1
vote
1answer
213 views

Analog - Pattern Recognition model using KNN

I'm building a pattern recognition model for my master thesis. The idea is to build a framework with some Macro variables (long/short term rates; rates differential; equity; fx; vix) in order to find ...
5
votes
1answer
369 views

Solving Black-Scholes PDE using Laplace transform

I'm trying to obtain the Laplace transform of Call option price with repect to time to maturity under the CEV process. The well known Black scholes PDE is given by $$ ...
7
votes
1answer
263 views

Girsanov Theorem and Quadratic Variation

Girsanov theorem seems to have many different forms. I've got a problem matching the form in wiki to the one in Shreve's book, due to the difficulty of quadratic variation calculation. Below is the ...
-2
votes
1answer
55 views

Two assets with the same mean and standard deviation - Would there be any benefit? [closed]

If I have two assets in a portfolio with the same standard deviation and mean and the correlation between the assets is 0, theoretically could there be a situation where it would be beneficial to ...

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