0
votes
0answers
44 views

Hedging portfolio of options with different underlyings

Suppose i have call options for 90 of the 100 stocks of NASDAQ100. How can i hedge the risk using NASDAQ futures? Also, how can I get rid of the residual risk?
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Isolating single assets standard deviation in a portfolio accounting for correlation

I am running a simple Monte Carlo analysis in Excel using mean return, standard deviation and the =NORMINV(RAND(),mean,std dev) method. I have a correlation matrix that I use to compute the portfolio ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

How does a Broker-Dealer lend shares to other Broker-Dealers?

Is it possible to find out how a OTC Broker-Dealer in thinly-traded equities lends shares for short-sales to other Broker-Dealers. Which platform or process is involved?
6
votes
1answer
110 views

Modelling EUR/USD with Ornstein-Uhlenbeck + jumps?

I'm trying to simulate a process as close as possible to EUR/USD of the ten past years. I've used a Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process: $$d X_t = -\theta (X_t - \mu) d t + \sigma d B_t$$ with the ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

How to measure if investors are diversified in a stock market?

My question is related to this question but it is not the same. Consider the US stock market. How can I tell if people trading in this market hold properly diversified portfolios? Is there some ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Fourier transform covariance estimator

I am estimating realized variance and covariance by the estimator described in this paper, and relying on Fourier Transform. Now, as my data is one day of data in ultra high frequency, so that the ...
4
votes
6answers
243 views

Data provider for daily futures settlement prices

Is there a data provider that has historical daily settlement prices for download? I'm interested in a provider that spans multiple exchanges.
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What continous adjustment methods are firms using for futures backtesting?

There are several methods available between data vendors and associated software programs to adjust futures contract data for historical simulations. Some of the methods are: 1) Back or forward ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

How to download efficiently intraday data with Bloomberg API?

I'm downloading intraday bar data using Bloomberg API and C#. I have adapted the official Bloomberg c# "IntradayBarExample” to suit my needs. However downloads are really slow, I found this post ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Determining rate of interest

If I have trade prices of 10Y futures contract (ZNH6) is it possible to derive the interest rate from it? Or is there a better way to obtain historical 10 year rates?
2
votes
1answer
762 views

Calculate spread for pairs trading

What is the best way to begin calculations for pairs trading? I have seen two ways: 1) Start from the price ratio (StockAPrice/StockBPrice) and calculate mean, standard deviation and z-score from a ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Are Variances generally stable for any given instrument?

My hesitation, as I look at getting into forecasting based on observed variances, is the nagging question - if variances are not constant per-instrument, is it any good to use the last month or year's ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

How are distributions for tail risk measures estimated in practice?

Let's say you want to calculate a VaR for a portfolio of 1000 stocks. You're really only interested in the left tail, so do you use the whole set of returns to estimate mean, variance, skew, and shape ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Liquidity Adjusted Asset Pricing Model

I have a data set with 4000 companies and I have calculated a liquidity measure of each of the company in the dataset as Where, Turnover is the monthly average ratio of daily volume to shares ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Equitable Allocation

This questions borders on the actuarial side of things but the general solution should have relevance in several situations. Suppose we have a set of $k$ people who will retire in $\{n_1,...,n_k\}$ ...
5
votes
4answers
217 views

Self study references for a Mathematician

I just finished my undergraduate (BSc) degree in Pure Mathematics & Applied Mathematics. I am starting my postgraduate degree in Pure Mathematics in a month's time. I am considering pursuing a ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Monetary Policy and the Yield Curve PART ONE

As I understand it, the Fed has 3 tools for moving interest rates to combat inflation/unemployment: the discount rate, Fed Funds rate and open market operations. I'm trying to understand how the ...
1
vote
0answers
131 views

How to backtest Value at Risk Models using Conditional and Unconditional tests?

I am trying to carry out backtesting on a number of Value at Risk figures i obtained using var/covar, historical, and monte carlo simulation. The two methods im using are the Kupiec test ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Ratio of gaussian CDFs in Black-scholes option pricing formula

What is meant by $\frac {\Phi (d_2)}{\Phi (d_1)}$ in the Black Scholes call option price? I found it in a solution as $\frac{\text{short position in cash}}{(\text{number of shares})(\text{strike ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

About the Feller Condition in Heston Calibration

I have noticed when reading (many) articles about Heston Calibration that not all (few actually) do care about the Feller condition. Below is a compilation of calibration results from some different ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Proper way to calculate the realized indiviual stock sharpe ratio

From the textbook, sharpe ratio is (return-riskfree rate)/risk However I wonder if I can use (return-index return)/risk, where the index acts as the benchmark, to calculate the sharpe ratio? I am ...
7
votes
4answers
658 views

How google finance calculates beta of a stock

How google finance calculates beta of a stock - What is the proxy for the market? - What is the time period it uses for regression?
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Historical book value data for S&P 500

In Graham's Intelligent Investor, he calculates a metric Earning/book value. I would like to calculate the same ratio in modern times (1960-2015) but am having trouble finding this data. I have found ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Variance covariance matrix for a portfolio containing bonds also with other asset classes

What should we take for a bond or a zero coupon bond in order to make a variance covariance matrix? For example:- Equities - we take the market price Cash - we take the spot rates Bonds - Do we take ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Integrated volatility

Can someone give me an explanation of what integrated volatility is (and possibly why it is preferred) versus a standard measure of volatility eg variance?
1
vote
0answers
65 views

School project about Black Scholes with stochastic volatility

In a university project I am looking at Black Scholes model with a stochastic volatility. I’m still not quite sure about my focus (I am in the beginning 'Idea phase'). I want to explain the theory ...
1
vote
1answer
278 views

Portfolio Management in R

I’ve been looking around for a R-package that will allow me to track my stock portfolio - basically I would like to enter stocks that I own, track the trades I make, calculate my open position & ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

building a correlation of equity portfolio to custom benchmark 60/40

Hi i have built a custom portfolio of equities with weights but would like to plot the daily, monthly and annual correlation to 60/40 benchmark. Please see code below and suggest how I can do the ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Eurostoxx50 data in USD

does anyone know how I can import from yahoo the Eurostoxx50 data denominated in USD (not Euros as listed on yahoo?)
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Is using Fama and French factors data screening dependent?

Fama and French (1993) three factors are available in Kenneth French's data library. Some papers use them as they are provided there and others calculate them again. If Fama and French (1993) used ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

What does continuously payable annuity mean?

I am preparing for F< exam but I am unable to understand the meaning of continuously payable annuity. What does it mean? An example would be great.
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Delta of a Commodity Future

Generally the price of a future is $ F(t,T) = S(t)e^{r(T-t)}, $ and it's delta is: $ \frac{\partial F}{\partial S} = e^{r(T-t)}. $ (As opposed to the delta of a forward which is always one.) In ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

Ideas for speeding up greek calculations

My current calculations using the vollib library averages 0.5 seconds. Is there any way to get it faster? Any tips/best practice notes will be helpful. This is for a scripting language such as ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Academic definition of portfolio turnover

I'm looking for an academic reference on how compute the standard portfolio turnover used in finance. I found a definition by Barroso and Santa-Clara, however their definition is based on both the ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Most recent work on American option **ANALYTIC** pricing

I am studying American options and inquisitive on why they lack an analytic pricing formula. I found a paper by Kim,1990 on analytic valuation of these options and then Byun,2005 paper which studies ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Question in “Computational Methods in Finance” by Ali Hirsa - Chapter 2: Derivatives Pricing via Transform Techniques"

Reference: "Computational Methods in Finance" by Ali Hirsa - Chapter 2: Derivatives Pricing via Transform Techniques" - Page 37* Background: The author prices call option using the Fourier Transform. ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Imposing MLE restrictions by logistic mapping

I am doing some Maximum Likelihood Estimation with a density that has time-varying parameters. I am using the fmincon function in Matlab, but I do not know how to ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Volatility of monthly performances, where the last month is short

I'd like to calculate the vol of a return series of, say, 25 months. However, the last of those months is not completed yet. The last data point only refers to the first 21 days of the month (say, ...
-1
votes
1answer
25 views

Why is it cheaper to repay monthly loan at the start of the month [closed]

Assuming I borrow $50000 from the bank where the details are as follow ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

How was this probability of negative U.S rates by end 2017 calculated?

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-26/bets-on-negative-u-s-rates-by-end-2017-jump-above-10-chance Options markets show some investors are taking out protection in case rates instead ...
6
votes
1answer
297 views

R Backtesters: Quantstrat vs SIT

I am learning R, and want to start using a backtester. I have spent about a day reading all I can about R backtesters, and it seems there are 2 main contenders: quantstrat, which uses the packages ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

How to get the the final % return in backtesting?

I'm learning how to do backtesting in Python using Pandas. I'm learning how to use Moving Average Crossover. I've generated signals to buy or to sell already. But I'm not sure where to go from there? ...
4
votes
2answers
144 views

What's the name of this nearly-brownian stochastic process?

1) Does the following algorithm (my question is math, not programming-related): ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

wishart stochastic volatility models

Stochastic volatility models assume that volatility follow a random process.In the emerging market the volatility tend to be high. why is it that the wishart stochastic volatility model fit well the ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Derivatives (Forex Forward) [closed]

Good day, Please, consult me about Forex Forward Swap (Ex. pair USD/RUB). I am trying to calculate and cant understand, how it works. For example: I have: USD/RUB Fwd points 3M - 19650/19950 IR - ...
4
votes
1answer
859 views

What happened to the French franc value in August 1969?

I stumbled onto a bit of a mystery. A strange financial blip in a historical database crossed my path and I was wondering if anyone could explain its meaning/cause for me? If this is not the right ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

out of the money time value versus in the money time value

For an out of the money option the time value is entirely positive, then if it moves into the money the time value has a negative impact on the new intrinsic value, ok, but it looks like the negative ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Why the diff of signal is called positions and what does it mean in backtesting?

I'm trying to learn Backtesting 101. I found this example which is very simple but I do not quite understand some of the terms. I understand Moving Average algorithm which is to measure trends or to ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

What is mathematically rigorous way to estimate floating swap cash flow in the future?

In vanilla swap, the FL payments is fixed on one date and paid on the next reset date. So the next payment is known. However, the payment after that is not known. What would be the best estimate of ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Aggregating Tick Data

I have Level 1 data that has already been aggregated into 0.5s buckets by the exchange. I'd like to further aggregate the data into hourly and daily buckets. I plan to do this by simply taking a ...

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