1
vote
2answers
154 views

Who determine Sport rate curve (Yield Curve)

My study was in a Mathematical modelling, we studied much about theory, equations, how to resolve equation, how to implement, but we don't understand well where these equations come from. My ...
3
votes
1answer
554 views

Learn backtesting using MATLAB

What are some good ressources (books, articles, ...) to learn backtesting of investment strategies using MATLAB ? It can be strategies related to fixed-income, equities, derivatives, ... whatever. ...
15
votes
8answers
7k views

What is the best data structure/implementation for representing a time series?

I was wondering what is best practice for representing elements in a time series, especially with large amounts of data. The focus/context is in a back testing engine and comparing multiple series. ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Estimating Number of “Day Trades” from Total Volume of Commodity Futures Contract

Looking at futures data I am trying to calculate/estimate the number of "day trades", i.e. positions that were initiated and closed during the same day, as distinct from those positions that were ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Arbitrage-free market for continuous logreturn distribution?

Is it true, that a one-period market say $(0,t)$ is arbitrage-free if the logreturn for $S_t$ is continuously distributed on $\mathbb{R}$? I.e., for continuous distributions on $\mathbb{R}$, there ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Aren't Technical Indicators calculated on Adjusted Close Price?

I would assume that day to day movement in stock can be accurately compared with the Adjusted Close Price and not simply the Close Price, taking into account Stock Splits Dividends etc. ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

What's the intuition behind DTS(duration times spread) in fixed income?

I am having some difficulty grasping the concept of using DTS to measure credit risk. In the equity world, one typical measure of risk is beta, which is quite well-defined as the exposure to a common ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

How market making in Index options is done?

I have been thinking about this one for last couple of days. With options on share we hedge on cash and the underlying equity as per Black-Scholes formulation. But I am confused on Index options. ...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Calibration of nested pricing models consistently on two different classes of derivatives

Hi everyone, I'm programming in MATLAB and I have the following optimization problem in calibrating several nested specifications of pricing models. Summary: I have two pricing models ($1$ and $2$, ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Exercise on American call option and dividends

Consider an americal Call option on an underlying paying dividends. Then it is often argued that it is only optimal to exercise right before the dividend is paid out, otherwise one will not exercise. ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

How to calculate a forward-starting swap with forward equations?

I have been trying to resolve this problem for some time but I cannot get the correct answer. The problem is the following one. Compute the initial value of a forward-starting swap that begins at ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

interbank market rates - missing data

I took EU market rates here: https://www.banque-france.fr/en/economics-statistics/rates/main-euro-area-interbank-market-rates.html As you can see (Eonia 05/13/1999 for example) there is non defined ...
1
vote
2answers
262 views

Using Technical Indicators for forecasting Financial time series using Machine learning models

Hi I am trying to use financial technical Indicators for forecasting, using machine learning models. The usual approach in time series cross validation is to use a moving window or growing window. ...
-1
votes
1answer
64 views

Probability distribution and Stock Price Movement [closed]

How can we use normal distribution for finding the probability of a stock price offer where current price offer depends upon the last price offer. The price offer on some day can go 10% above (at the ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Moneyness and option prices

I'm attaching stock prices from CRSP to a dataset of option prices in order to compute the option moneyness. I'm wondering whether I should adjust the underlying prices taking into account splits and ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

$\frac{1}{p(T_{i-1},T_i)}(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_i$ is equivalent to a payment of $(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_{i-1}$

How can I show that payment of $\frac{1}{p(T_{i-1},T_i)}(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_i$ is equivalent to a payment of $(A-p(T_{i-1},T_i))^+$ at time $T_{i-1}$ ? Where A is a deterministic ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

How to calculate the probability of 2 options ending in money with different expiration dates?

Lets say I make a trade that consists of buying one put and 2 calls of the same underlying but with different expiration dates and different strikes. Example trade: ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Variability in the Expected Shortfall estimator

Are there any results for calculating the variability in the Expected Shortfall measure. I am looking for Large sample confidence intervals under Normality for Expected Shortfall or calculation of ...
0
votes
3answers
74 views

Is there a broad currency index just like there is an equity market index?

I would like to assess the performance of currency traders so I was wondering if there is a broad currency index that can be used as a benchmark to assess the performance of these traders. The index ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Implied probability from CDS spread

I have two tasks: 1) Given country's CDS spread draw implied probability of default. 2) Given probability of default calculate CDS spread. If possible, refer to any papers. Thank you in advance.
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Impulse Response Function, VAR

I calculated VAR coefficients and got stability coeficients. But then I calculated Impulse Response function and it turned out to be spike-shaped function (like cos(x)*exp(-x) with acute extremuma ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

ERP and FF 3-factor model

In a more conservative estimate than a simple historical average, Fama & French estimate (US) equity risk premium at 3-4% (e.g., Equity Risk Premium, JF, 2002). This suggests that in an APT-like ...
0
votes
1answer
503 views

Key rate duration - Bond trading at par

I am reading the CFA L2 curriculum Bond Analysis section and it mentions that for a bond trading at par, the maturity-matched rate is the only rate that affects the bond's value and therefore the key ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Life annuity and the use of Gompertz-Makeham

The question goes as follows: Consider a life annuity contract that pays the holder a yearly fixed amount from a certain time until the death of the holder of the contract. (a) Suppose ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Optional Sampling Theorem Application

Let x, y > 0. Defint eh first passage time of a Brownian motion $W_t$ as $\tau_a$ = min{t $\ge$ 0: $W_t$ = a}. I need to show that E[$e^{-u\tau_x}$$1_{\tau_x < \tau_{-y}}$] = ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

VIX options historical data

I'm looking at these data: call and put options on VIX. I'm interested in daily quotes (all strikes and maturities) for - at least - 2009/10. Could you list link of possible sources? and possibily ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

How to price a futures spread option?

Let's say I have two futures contract $F_1(0,T)$ and $F_2(0,T)$ on two different correlated underlyings. If I assume that both underlying follow a GBM with volatility $\sigma_1$ and $\sigma_2$ ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

derivation of heston pde in gatheral

Following Gather (the volatility surface, chapter 2) we assume the following process: $$ dS_t = S_t(\mu_t dt+\sqrt{\nu_t}dZ^1_t)$$ $$ d\nu_t= -\lambda(\nu_t-\bar{\nu})dt+\eta\sqrt{\nu_t}dZ^2_t$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Stochastic Volatility CIR estimation

would anyone have a code (pref. Matlab or R) for any type of estimation (QML, GMM) not using option prices of a stochastic volatility model driven by a CIR process described below? \begin{equation} ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Libor Market Model: numeraire change

I am currently studying the Libor forward market model, and although I get the mechanics behind the main arguments, I still do not have an intuitive idea of what's exactly the objective behind ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Quadratic exponential method (by Andersen) in Heston model

I am having trouble understanding the reasons that led Andersen to define his QE scheme to efficiently simulate Heston Stochastic volatility model (you may check the celebrated scheme here). The ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Historical Implied Volatility Calculation

I'm trying to calculate implied volatility for the FTSE 100 for the last few years. I have all the end of day data from LIFFE for the last few years. I have combined the data by weighting the ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Ho and lee derivation for short rates model

A silly question that is bugging me. I am working my way through Baxter and Rennie (again) and I am getting my wires crossed on the short rate models in particular the straight forward Ho and Lee ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Is the value also log-normally distributed?

My book assumes many times that $log(1+R)$ is normally distributed, so R is log-normal. But does this also mean that the value process is log-normal? Since $V=V_0(1+R)\rightarrow V/V_0=1+R$, and since ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

How to synthesize a futures spread option?

Is it possible to synthesize a futures spread option using only the options on the spread's underlyings? If so, how? If not, is there another way? As an example, please show me how to synthesize ...
5
votes
2answers
118 views

Distinction between “risk factor” and “market anomaly”

What are some of the general rules to decide whether a particular factor is a "risk factor" or "anomaly?" Naively speaking, can't you put any anomaly factor on the right-hand-side of the regression ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

Arbitrage and dominant strategies

If there is no arbitrage there is no dominant trading strategy, but there may be arbitrage opportunities even if there are no dominant trading strategies. Could you explain this statement and bring ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Get: Historic S&P500 Market Cap

I need the market cap of the S&P500 components on 2.6.2013. It should be easily downloadable via Bloomberg, but I dont have this databank. E.g. you could use ...
0
votes
2answers
169 views

Downloading most recent stock prices

I would like to download (from Google) the most recent prices for a series of stocks. I have created a portfolio at Google and I can click on "Download to Spreadsheet". That works. But I would ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Which risk free rate is assumed by market when pricing american options?

I'm just started with finance, so maybe my question is dumb or answered elsewhere. Please guide me to relevant materials. According to put-call parity more time to expiration means more difference ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Relationship between Beta and Standard Deviation

I was doing some financial analysis on two firms in the coffee industry. After calculating Beta and Standard Deviation for both firms, I seem to have stumbled on some weird phenomenon. It appears ...
6
votes
3answers
597 views

Testing the validity of a factor model for stock returns

Consider the following m regression equation system: $$r^i = X^i \beta^i + \epsilon^i \;\;\; \text{for} \;i=1,2,3,..,n$$ where $r^i$ is a $(T\times 1)$ vector of the T observations of the dependent ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Total return index for interest rates (EURIBOR 3M)

I would like to calculate a daily total return index for the EURIBOR 3M. • Should I freeze at the beginning of each qurter die rate? (With this methology the developing of the index depends on the ...
-1
votes
1answer
32 views

How should I interpret MDD and ASD? [closed]

I'm studying hedge funds and I'm looking at two figures that I'm not sure how to interpret: The first is Max Drawdown, which I see scaling from 0 to -30ish. Is Fund A with a MDD of -15 more or less ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

How to use WACC for investment?

How to use a value of WACC? I have calculated WACC of company to be 7%. What if company had smaller or bigger WACC? Which one would attract investment?
0
votes
0answers
59 views

How do I track implied volatility of specific delta?

I'm a newbie with respects to volatility trading and options. I recently purchased a book on the topic called "Trading Implied Volatility -An introduction" by Simon Gleadall. It's been one of the most ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Why Beta Distribution for Credit Migration

When modelling credit migration probabilities (e.g. AAA to AA), research has indicated the use of the Beta Distribution simply because it fits empirical data. My question is; What are some other pros ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Historical Financial Statement to Backtest in R

I would like to preface this by saying I am preparing for an upcoming internship this summer so I am extremely new to Quant Finance. At my university we have access to Datastream by Thomson Reuters ...
4
votes
5answers
9k views

How to calculate stock move probability based on option implied volatility and time to expiration? (Monte Carlo simulation)

I am looking for one line formula ideally in Excel to calculate stock move probability based on option implied volatility and time to expiration? I have already found a few complex samples which took ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Ibrokers: reqMktData extremely slow when adding tickers

I am trying to snap prices in R for the latest price for a list of stocks (around 150). When I snap them for 2 stocks, it's almost instantaneous: ...

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