5
votes
3answers
702 views

Why are interest rates and stock prices positively correlated?

If I've been looking at graphs correctly, there is a strong positive correlation between stock prices (or P/B values) and interest rates over time, i.e. P/B values tend to be high when interest rates ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

How to get greeks using Monte-Carlo for arbitrary option?

Let's assume I have an arbitrary option that I can price using Monte-Carlo simulation. What is the general approach (i.e. without relying on specific option type) to calculating the greeks in this ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Mortgage parameters

I'm looking for readings about the trade-off between the parameters of a mortgage: length of the mortgage, percentage of the principal to repay, inflation rate (at which the payment growths) and total ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

Practical implementation of Least Squares Monte Carlo (tweaks and pittfalls)

The Longstaff-Schwartz LSM approach is nowadays ubiquitous(at least in the academic literature) in pricing path dependant derivatives. Up to now I have mostly worked with lattice methods. My ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Filtering out AR(1) effects before using stochastic volatility model

I wonder if I first filter out AR(1) (autoregressive model with lag 1) effects from univariate time series and then fit stochastic volatility model does above procedure introduce any bias at first or ...
15
votes
6answers
5k views

What is the intuition behind cointegration?

What is the intuition behind cointegration? What does the Dickey-Fuller test do to test for it? Ideally, a non-technical explanation would be appreciated. Say you need to explain it to an investor ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

formulating MVO with costs

I am trying to formulate this simple MVO utility function with a linear transaction cost penalty added using Quadprog in MATLAB tcost = 0.001; lambda = 4; mu = vector of expected returns (say 4x1) S ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Standardizing SEC XBRL Reports into common format

I'd like to grab SEC XBRL 10-Q's from various companies and standardize/summarize their content to be able to run common analysis. But it looks like different companies use different elements, making ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

GARCH parameters

I'm trying to estimate parameters of GARCH(p,q) model. I tried p=1, q=1 with t-distribution errors. Ljung-Box showed no correlation in residuals and squared residual. But the null hypothesis that ...
6
votes
1answer
269 views

What is the difference between market efficiency, market equilibrium, and no-arbitrage?

Aaron Brown (in the book, The Poker Face of Wall Street, p. 196), discusses four approaches to deriving the same Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing formula: Ed Thorp, Myron Scholes, Robert ...
1
vote
3answers
165 views

What is the name of this product?

Consider the payoff =$S_T1_{S_T>K}$ where $S_T$ is the asset price at maturity. What is this type derivative called? and is it a liquid option?
6
votes
5answers
4k views

What are the advantages/disadvantages of these approaches to deal with volatility surface?

I would like to know if someone could provide a summarized view of the advantages and disadvantages of the approaches on the volatility surface issues, such as: Local vol Stochastic Vol ...
5
votes
3answers
187 views

Stochastic volatility model with exponential OU volatility

I have a friend in the industry who said they are interested in the model I gave in the title. Whether they use it, idk. $dS_t= S_t(rdt+ \sigma_t dW_t)$ And $\sigma_t$ is the exponential of an OU ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Importance sampling for barrier option like pricing by Monte carlo

I would like to know some references regarding importance sampling algorithms for variance reduction of Monte Carlo barrier options pricing. Please could someone help me leaving some references? If ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Stationarity tests in the frequency domain for regression

Strict stationarity is the strongest form of stationarity. It means that the joint statistical distribution of any collection of the time series variates never depends on time. So, the mean, variance ...
3
votes
1answer
461 views

Why does Skew measure remain more-or-less constant for Listed Expiries?

I have looked at the Variance Swap Papers published by GS-VarSwap and JPM-VarSWap where they talk about approximation to VarSwap strike using ATMF vol and Skew (slope of the volatility skew for 90-110 ...
-1
votes
1answer
67 views

Replicate by Arbitrage price of a forward

Given market(Mid): 1- USD Swap market (fixed for float). Float leg pays 3MLibor quarterly, act360. Fixed Leg pays annually, act360. Market is trading mid at 1.125%. 2- TIIE market. Fixed for ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Normalization of Market Data in Time Series Correlation

Suppose we have 2 time series of market data, one for each security and we want to correlate between these 2 securities. My question is How do we handle gaps of missing data in the time series? ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Where can I find an historical data source for Fixed Income instruments?

We would like to find a data source for fixed income instruments. The information we would like is: Issuer Credit rating Terms Price The information needs to be available over a period, for ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Cobb - Douglas Production Function

let's say that we have complete data on the sample of companies about their capital (K), labor (L) and materials used in the production (M) and the total output of each company. Let's have ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Price 3m libor autocap with LMM calibrated on 1y swaption data

I need to calculate a price of an autocap contract which is An autocap is similar to a cap, but at most γ ≤ β caplets can be exercised, and they have to be automatically exercised when in the ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Is there a better way to price options than with historical volatility?

I know that annualized historical volatility calculated with closing prices is a much rougher estimate than implied volatility for the correct "volatility" parameter in options pricing models. ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

how to apply a simple copula model

I'm playing around with copulas and wanted to generate some sample based on copula techniques in R. For this purpose I applied the following algorithm: Generate three sample vectors coming from ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Cause of long term inflation in the United States [closed]

Does the US government have a policy of printing money? If so what is this number called, who decides what it is, and where can I find it? If not what is the cause of our long term inflation? (I'm ...
1
vote
0answers
205 views

Black Scholes - how to calculate delta with a vol skew

I am trying to calculate the delta of an option at different strike prices where the underlying has a pronounced implied volatility skew in order to correctly hedge an options strategy. Researching ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Binary option expression

Given r=0, σ(K)=const Binary=lim┬(ε→0)⁡〖((C(K,σ(K))-C(K+ε,σ(K+ε))))/ε〗 What is the analytical expression for the binary option value? σ(K)=const Therefore, Binary=lim┬(ε→0)⁡〖((C(K)-C(K+ε)))/ε〗 ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Index creation from multiple time-series and variable weights

I am trying to compose one index out of several (three) indices with variable weights, 50%, 25% and 25%. After normalizing and calculating the log returns, what would be the best way to create the ...
5
votes
7answers
37k views

How to calculate unsystematic risk?

We know that there are 2 types of risk which are systematic and unsystematic risk. Systematic risk can be estimate through the calculation of β in CAPM formula. But how can we estimate the ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Where could we download free historical exchange rate? [duplicate]

It doesn't seem yahoo finance and google finance supports download of historical exchange rates. Also, where could we get more accurate exchange rate tick data? Can we get this from open Bloomberg ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

I want to prove Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at $T_0$, equals its face value

Consider a coupon bond, starting at $T_{0}$ , with face value $K$, coupon payments at $T_1, . . . , T_n$ and a fixed coupon rate $r$. Determine the coupon rate $r$, such that the price of the bond, at ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Distribution of the differences of the inverse of the integral of a Gaussian Distribution

I have a time series, $P$, undergoing geometric Brownian motion, which varies between $1$ and $1000$. I difference it $P(t) - P(t-1)$ and can see the differences are distributed according to a ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How to prove following order?

Consider a consol bond, i.e. a bond which will forever pay one unit of cash at $t = 1, 2, . . ..$ Suppose that the market yield $ y$ is constant for all maturities. (a) Compute the price, at $t = 0$, ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

I want to Derive $P(t)=P(t,T_{n})+\sum_{i=1}^{n}[P(t,T_{i-1})-P(t,T_{i})]$

Derive the pricing formula $$P(t)=P(t,T_{n})+\sum_{i=1}^{n}[P(t,T_{i-1})-P(t,T_{i})]$$directly, by constructing a self-financing portfolio which replicates the cash flow of the floating rate bond. ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Stochastic Differential

Let $W_t$ be a Wiener process. It is clear to me that $dW_t$ is of size $\sqrt{dt}$. This can be seen because $$ \mathrm{Var}(W_{t+\Delta} - W_{t})=\Delta. $$ But am I allowed to actually write ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

What is the stochastic differential of a general semimartingale?

By using the canonical representation of a semimartingale in Eberlein, Glau and Papapantoleon's "Analysis of Fourier Transform Valuation Formulas and Applications", on page 3: $$H = B + H^c + h(x) ...
4
votes
2answers
246 views

Factor Model - Minimum Variance Portfolio [Complete Proof]

Can someone check my proof? I think there is something not quite right. I have found limited resources online for this as well so I think it might benefit others to get this on the internet. Assume ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Implied volatility and pricing of vanilla options

As far as I understood, implied volatility (IV) is a lucky parametrization of the vanilla option's price. That is, instead of deciding how much the call worth now, you can decide on its IV and put ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

An Alphabet Effect?

While I prepared some quick and lazy charts picking just the first 10 symbols out of the SP500 for this other question I observed, that the first 10 symbols (figure 1) actually outperformed the larger ...
2
votes
4answers
202 views

Portfolio Optimization using S&P Universes

Assuming a set portfolio optimization problem, if all optimization inputs are kept constant, what would you expect, in terms of results, if you run the same optimization using the S&P500 as ...
4
votes
2answers
147 views

Why is the rate of change of a stock price proportional to the stock price?

When deriving the Black Scholes equation, it is usually stated "we assume the change in the stock price is": $dS=\mu S(t) dt + $random term My question is why is the change in the stock price always ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

What is the probability distribution of the changes in $\Delta$?

What are the odds that a 10 delta option will become a 30 delta option in "N" number of days? Is that calculation possible? For instance, I want to know the probability with which my 56 day, 10 ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Model-independent dynamic portfolio optimization techniques

For a problem where we need to optimize the portfolio based on the data, going for Markowitz MPT has the following advantage: we only have to estimate mean and covariance to find optimal weights. I'd ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Returns adjusted for dividends

In various financial models such as CAPM, Black Scholes, one assumes the returns are adjusted for dividends. As I understand it, the share price often (in a relative sense) increases a bit before the ...
0
votes
2answers
550 views

Par Yield Curves vs Zero Curves

Does it make sense to look at par yield curve for German bonds in the current environment? Because low rates mean that a lot of bonds are trading above much above par (even around 150!). I would ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

C# - Using Black Scholes Newton returns NaN occasionally

First caveat: I'm a programmer doing this for a client, and my knowledge of options probably has holes in it. So be a little forgiving here. =) The Issue: When I run Black Scholes Newton against ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Index tracker and inflation

I'm trying to get my head around how inflation really affects index trackers. I've been looking at this question, but somehow misses the point I want (How To Account For Inflation Over Historical ...
2
votes
3answers
210 views

Calibration of a GBM - what should dt be?

I have a time series of daily data that I want to calibrate GBM parameters $\mu$ and $\sigma$ to. Using the discretized solution $$ S_{t_{i+1}} = S_{t_i}\exp\left(\left(\mu - ...
13
votes
7answers
2k views

Good quant finance jokes

Have a good quant joke? Share it here. The principle "should be of interest to quants" trumps. I would be particularly keen to learn jokes which involve some nontrivial finance/mathematics. I am ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

simple question on DSCR

What is the DSCR for a 2.5 million property generating a 7.5% before tax annual return on equity with a 1.5 million ten year interest-only first mortgage at a 5% annual interest rate? a) 2.00 b) ...

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