1
vote
2answers
2k views

Early execise of American Call on Non-Dividend paying stock.

Let us consider an American call option with strike price K and the time to maturity be T. Assume that the underlying stock does not pay any dividend. Let the price of this call option is C$^a$ today ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

When the Inverse Correlation between the SPX and VIX breaks down

As we all know the S&P and its implied vol, the VIX, generally move in opposite direction. To a large extent, the correlations makes sense. IV is one of the main drivers of the price of options, ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Optimal mortgage rate strategy

When buying a mortgage, you can choose to "lock in" a rate at any point within 60 days of your closing date. Once locked in, you can't revert. This makes it a secretary problem - in the traditional ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Desired portfolio volume

I am working on a toy model, in part of which an investor has to decide (based on some utility theory) how much money to invest in a given portfolio. For simplicity, assume that the portfolio is ...
1
vote
0answers
140 views

Market Exposure and Hedging

Normally the Market exposure associated with your stock/portfolio is your delta for that stock/ portfolio. Basic idea of hedging involved here is buying/selling respective futures depending upon ...
5
votes
2answers
661 views

Best tool to generate cashflow diagrams

I often have to generate cashflow diagrams. I was wondering if anyone has a good tool to generate them in either $\LaTeX$ or a picture?
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Add transaction costs to prediction

An algorithm predicts price movement by some certainty and it invests proportional to the confidence level. Predictions range from -1 to +1, -1 meaning sell for a value of ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Exact value of mean reversion rate knowing terminal value of the process

Let you have the following mean reverting process: $\text{d}x_{t}=a(\theta-x_{t})\text{d}t$, where the diffusion term is absent, that is this process is not stochastic. Let you know the value of ...
6
votes
4answers
741 views

Threshold calculation for buying a mean-reverting asset

I am trying to figure-out an optimal policy for buying a unit when its price follows a mean-reverting price process (Ornstein–Uhlenbeck), when I have a finite time deadline for buying the unit. I ...
3
votes
0answers
132 views

Is it random walk?

I would like to ask a question about random walk. Campbell, Lo & Mackinlay defined the random walk, in the following way (RW3): $$ cov[f(r_{t}),g(r_{t+k})]=0,\qquad k\neq0 $$ for all $f(\cdot)$ ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How to use Itô's formula to deduce that a stochastic process is a martingale?

I'm working through different books about financial mathematics and solving some problems I get stuck. Suppose you define an arbitrary stochastic process, for example $ X_t := W_t^8-8t $ where $ W_t ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

What are the differences between CFD and SSF?

What are the intricate differences between SSF and CFD? The similarities are that both take into account interest and settled daily thus looks more or less the same pima facie.
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Covariance of brownian motion and its time average

It's a question pertaining to the correlation of a log asset process (following BM) and its time average, to put it into form, if $$X(t)=\mu t+\sigma W(t)$$ then $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Overnight Index Swaps

Just a very quick general question regarding the OIS market. Is it common place on termsheets to state a PV Notional and additionally a FV notional, if so what is the purpose of this and does market ...
5
votes
1answer
471 views

Profiting from price discrepancies between stock exchanges

Here is an interesting video by Nanex: http://www.youtube.com/watch?&v=rB5jJuMP84E Perhaps some of you have already seen something similar. It is an animation of the order routing. It shows 1/2 ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

pricing of heat rate-linked derivative

It's a simplified model. Suppose $U_t$ is a random variables subject to Lognormal($x_1$, $z_1^2$)distribution. $V_t$ is a random variables subject to Lognormal($x_2$, $z_2^2$)distribution. Suppose ...
2
votes
2answers
196 views

Quadratic variation quesiton

Here I have this question (i) state Ito's formula (ii) hence or otherwise show that $\int^t_0B_s dB_s = \dfrac{1}{2}B^2_t -\dfrac{1}{2} t$ (iii) define the quadratic variation $Q(t)$ of Brownian ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

How to simulate a Geometric Binomial Process with state/tie dependent increments?

I want to simulate a geometric binomial process with state/time dependent increments. So the model is given by \begin{align}R_t=\frac{X_t}{X_{t-1}}\end{align} \begin{align}P(R_t=u)=p(X_{t-1},t) ...
3
votes
2answers
715 views

Position management and market-making techniques

Suppose, there is a HF strategy (agent) that is based on order book microstructure, and it is able to make good executions locally. More formally, in average its execution price is better than asset ...
2
votes
0answers
187 views

Error term/Innovation process in ARCH/GARCH processes?

I am wondering about the distribution of the error term/innovation process in a ARCH/GARCH process and its implementation, I am not sure about some points. The basic assumption is ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Forecasting using rugarch package

I want to do one step ahead in-sample forecasts. My data can be found here. This is just a data frame with the date as the rownames. I specify my model and do the fit and show the plots with ...
5
votes
0answers
288 views

Distribution of profit/loss for retail traders in FX

I've heard that 90% of retail investors in FX lose money. I want to analyze this in more detail. Question: Is there some literature that describes the statistics of profit/loss for retail traders in ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

mean variance minimizer

I need to use the lagragian multiplier to find the minimal martingale measure from the set of equivalent martingale measures. i formed the lagragian as L = $L(u(t,S(t)),\lambda) = ...
3
votes
2answers
894 views

Pair Trading Index Options

Suppose the trade is between Index Options of two Indices X and Y which are quite similar (but not exactly). So for the equivalent strikes, one can quote option on Index X and cover in Index Y. But ...
5
votes
2answers
619 views

What is the average stock price under the Bachelier model?

Let's say stock price follows following process: $$dS(t) = \sigma dW(t)$$ where $W(t)$ is Standard Brownian motion. The initial level for the stock is $S(0)$. Define the average of stock price ...
2
votes
2answers
498 views

RQuantLib, Hoadley and Bloomberg YAS: fixed rate bond pricing differences?

I'm trying to price a fixed rate bond one year from now on. The bond is the PEUGOT 7 ⅜ 03/06/18, whose ISIN code is FR0011439975. I'm using such a specific example because in this way everyone can ...
2
votes
2answers
723 views

backtesting options strategies in R

I would like to backtest an options strategy in R. I require the ability to delta hedge and rebalance to options in the portfolio at different frequencies (daily, monthly,etc.) What packages are the ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

knowing the order of GARCH model

I want to ask if there is a situation to know the order of GARCH(p, q) from the result. For example, in the case of AR(p), one can know the value of p by plotting pacf(). In case of MA(q), one can ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Proxy for Expected Economic Growth

Can anyone help me understand how expected economic growth is usually measured? I've read several papers that talk about using breakeven inflation as a proxy for expected inflation, and then the ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Best way to store hourly/daily options data for research purposes

There are quite a few discussions here about storage, but I can't find quite what I'm looking for. I'm in need to design a database to store (mostly) option data (strikes, premiums bid / ask, etc.). ...
4
votes
1answer
208 views

Non-arbitrage theory and existence of a risk premium

Consider a probability filtred space $(\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb F, \mathbb P)$, where $\mathbb F = (\mathcal F_t)_{0\leq t\leq T}$ satisfing the habitual conditions and isgenerated by $1 d $- ...
14
votes
4answers
6k views

Usage of NoSQL storage in Finance

I am wondering if anyone has used NoSQL (mongodb, cassandra, etc.) to store and analyze data. I tried searching the web but was not able to see if the financial firms had gotten in to using nosql ...
2
votes
2answers
260 views

Hedging credit risk using Put equity options

I am looking for some paper or similar which deal with this topic: hedging bankruptcy on firm's debt using Put options written on that firm's equity price. This should be based on the assumption that ...
3
votes
1answer
419 views

Risk-free rate for ex-post evaluation of investment strategy

When evaluating the strategy ex-post using e.g. Sharpe ratio, what should one use as the risk-free rate? Let's suppose I am using a 1Y sample of weekly returns, sampled between 2012-01-01 and ...
1
vote
2answers
363 views

Relationship between European, American options volatility

Suppose, if the price of a European option (say a put) can be shown to be monotone in volatility (say for any maturity), does it follow that American options has to be monotone in volatility? ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to implement Maximum Diversification in R?

I am trying to code up the optimization problem for Max Diversification Portfolios. The main problem I am having is properly translating the objective function in to code and port it in to the ...
4
votes
0answers
247 views

Rate Distortion Minimization in a Python Clustering Algorithm

I'm attempting to solve for $\hat{k}$ clusters, such that the rate distortion is minimized, as described here, however, the answers that I am getting from my algorithm are not following the "Jump" ...
3
votes
2answers
440 views

Is vega of Black-Scholes European type option always positive?

We assume we work in the risk-neural measure with a stock which pays no dividend and a continuous discount rate. For PUT and CALL only: can someone please clarify if what I said is correct? The ...
-2
votes
1answer
300 views

How to test the efficiency of Exponential Moving Averages as a trading startegy? [closed]

I would like to know how I can test the efficiency of Exponential Moving Averages when it comes to forex trading. Can i have any papers that point to the efficiency of this strategy? Thank you. :)
3
votes
0answers
202 views

Quant/Stat Factor Performance Website/Distribution?

Does anyone know of a decent quant/stat factor website, distribution(public or private) or publication that tracks performance of "many" of traditional quant/stat factors? By that I mean would show ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Event studies using revenue data vs. measuring abnormal returns

This may be a silly question, but does there exist a methodology for examining the impact of "events" on companies that are not publicly traded? I suppose it would look at abnormal revenues rather ...
1
vote
0answers
239 views

Interpolate option volatility in delta space in R

I have a bunch of deltas and option implied vols at those deltas. I would like to interpolate them in R. Interpolating them in delta space seems difficult, since normally you would like the ATM calls ...
2
votes
1answer
328 views

Does DOM trading using broker data make any sense?

Can I use DOM information from Interactive Brokers? Does it make sense? I assume that it makes sense to apply some volume based algorithms only then when you know this order book, that you can get ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Portfolio insurance with a coherent risk measure (CVaR)

I would like to analysis of portfolio insurance under a coherent risk-measure method (CVaR), How can I achieve that? Is there a way to turn the problem into a linear programming problem? or to ...
2
votes
0answers
236 views

Philips-Ouliaris test for cointegration

I'm trying to implement cointegration tests using the R urca package. I've figured out the Johansen test (ca.jo), but I'm having trouble with the Philips-Ouliaris test (ca.po). I have two questions: ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

What does it mean to adjust for short-run liquidity in finding risk-free rate of return

Risk-free rate of return should equal the expected long-run growth rate of the economy with an adjustment for short-run liquidity. What is meant by the last phrase, "adjustment for short-run ...
3
votes
0answers
124 views
2
votes
2answers
405 views

Trading days or calendar days for Black-Scholes parameters?

Black-Scholes requires volatility estimated in trading days. How does this affect other parameters? Specifically, should the time-to-expiration also be in trading days? And how does this affect the ...
4
votes
5answers
549 views

In Black-Scholes, why is $\log{\frac{S_{t+\triangle t}}{S_t}} \sim \phi{((\mu - \frac{1}{2}\sigma^2)\triangle t, \sigma^2 \triangle t)}$?

Namely, I dont understand why the mean is $(\mu - \frac{1}{2}\sigma^2)\triangle t$ and not just $\mu \triangle t$. I am aware that it is supposed to represent a lognormal distribution, but I guess I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
10k views

How to calculate unlevered beta

I have derived a firm's cost of equity using the WACC formula (see here), which means that the cost of equity has factored in the firms' debt (i.e. levered beta) and now I need to calculate the firm's ...

15 30 50 per page