0
votes
1answer
39 views

Conversion factor and CTD Bond

I'm reading the book 'Options, Futures and Other derivatives' an having a hard time to understand Conversion factor and CTD bond. Conversion factor I understand this as a factor to adjust the ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

How to calculate cumulative returns with one lag in R

I have a huge data frame with over 1000 column, which are companies(column headers) and in each column I have their estimated return(monthly). The sample period of the data frame in 11 years. I want ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Stock valuation/stock pitch and CAPM

If you were valuing a stock (say to pitch a stock for the buy side), you are looking for stocks that the market has mispriced. Your aim is to have a profitable long or short strategy. Can you use the ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

VECM model with GARCH (1,1) error in R

I should create a VECM model with 8 lags and with Garch (1,1) error in R but i don't know how to do it and which package to use. The VECM should also have covariates in it. Then I should perform a ...
1
vote
3answers
159 views

Evaluation of portfolio other than Sharpe Ratio

Is Sharpe ratio always the best way to evaluate a portfolio? I'm not really sure what this potential interview question wants me to answer. I have read that Sharpe ratio essentially explains how ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Can you calculate the current stock price with the Call-Put Parity

Given the Call-Put Parity: $$ C - Ee^{-rT} = P - S(0) $$ Where: $$ C = Max(S(T) - E, 0)\\ P = Max(E - S(T), 0)\\ E = Strike Price \\ S(0) = Spot Price \\ S(T) = PriceAtMaturity \\ r = RiskFreeRate \\ ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

How to perofrm a simple GARCH simulation example?

How is it possible to simulate one million of tick data for, say EUR-USD price, using a GARCH model? For example, how do I simulate $X_i$ for $i = 1 \dots 1000000$, with $\text{mean}(X)=X_0 \...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Convexity in Markovian contingent claim

Background information: I believe we can use Jensen's Inequality here Show that if the payoff function $V(S_T)$ is a convex function on $S_T$, then the Markovian European contingent claim with ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Black-Scholes and Markovian contingent claim

Background information: Proposition 4.1 - For a European Markovian contingent claim, the Black-Scholes price satisfies $$\Theta(\tau,S) = -\frac{\sigma^2 S^2}{2}\Gamma(\tau,S) - rS\Delta(\tau,S) + rV(...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

CCC-Garch predict

So I'm trying to measure the VaR of 2 stock with a multivariate GARCH model, so im using the CCC model. I need to predict the standard-diviation and the mean but the ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Quantlib binomial tree

I was trying to price options with the extendedBinomialTree class of quantlib. I actually tried at some point to modify this class in order to optimize it. Normally the drift and diffusion of the ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

$E[F_T] = F_0 \ \rightarrow \ \text{or} \ \leftarrow \ p = \frac{1-d}{u-d}$?

From Ch 12 in Hull's OFOD, we compute the risk-neutral probabilities for a futures contract: Later in Ch 17, futures options are valued, and we have the same result: In relation to ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Considerations when programming back testing engine

I am at the beginning of writing a back testing engine and wanted to get some Feed back on considerations I should take into account , design ideas etc.
0
votes
3answers
50 views

buy asset after exercising call options

Suppose that I buy a call option at \$10 for a stock $S_0 = \$100$, $K = \$110$, expiry date $T$. In $T$, $S_T = \$140$, so that I exercise the option to buy and then sell the assets (buy at $\$110$ ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Modelling callable bonds in a risk model (historical simulation)

What is a best-practice example on how to model callable bonds in a risk model - I focus on historical simulation (HS). For plain-vanilla bonds the input factors for historical simulation could be ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Normal Black&Schole model for swaptions isn't working properly

I just wrote two functions in Matlab which calculates the swaption prices based on the Lognormal model and on the Normal model, although I have the idea that the Normal model is wrong because the ...
0
votes
3answers
338 views

Quantlib with python on mac?

Is there anyone who knows a good guide to get quantlib working for python om mac? I have tried to search online and have not found any good guidance. I need to use quantlib for a project on python. ...
1
vote
2answers
156 views

Why is the duration of a bond important?

I know what duration measures, but now in the age of computers why is it useful? If the yield changes, we could just simply plug the new yield into a program, or excel or something like that, and ...
8
votes
3answers
214 views

Which features to include in an algorithmic trading dashboard?

I have been hacking around with algorithmic trading as a hobby project to build my data analysis skills, coding skills, and learn more about financial markets. As part of this project I am interested ...
4
votes
2answers
502 views

Why is the mean time-dependent in the Hull-White interest rate model?

In the Vasicek interest-rate model, the interest rate reverts to a constant mean. This makes sense to me. In my conception, the mean ought to be time-invariant, since interest rates don't follow an ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Video Analysis Platform

I own a data analysis company which is currently bulk extracting metadata from historical market video and audio files, and creating alternative/historical datasets around commodities, S&P 500 ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Deriving a 3M libor curve from 6M libor swaps and 3M-6M libor basis swaps

If I had a set of 6M Libor instruments and another set of 3M-6M basis swap instruments, how would I derive the 3M Libor curve? Just bootstrap the 6M curve and the basis curve and add up the zero ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Generating random numbers from the skew-t distribution

in another question I was trying to replicate density plots using random numbers coming from the skew-t distribution of Hansen (1994). Now I need to obtain a series of random numbers coming from this ...
-3
votes
1answer
77 views

Master thesis in Finance in search of topic concerning investor sentiment and financial crash

Is there any good idea that combines low volatility, risk aversion level of investors and prediction of financial crash ? Is there any literature?
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Vol surface changes as underlying moves

We market make in highly liquid, near term options markets. I want to build a risk report that tells us how our portfolio's greeks will change as the underlying moves. This is for risk management in ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

Risk management insurance (Solvency II / MaRisk)

I have a few different questions on topics involving an doing risk management in life insurance. If someone could shed some light on these issues, I would be very thankful. a) How does an actuary do ...
4
votes
1answer
577 views

Applying interest rate shocks under Solvency II

I'm trying to figure out how one would apply the stress scenarios defined under the interest rate risk sub module of Solvency II. I understand that all future cash flows of an interest rate sensitive ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Variance of a Stock price and relationship with volatility

A bit of background. I know that the forward price of a stock (or its expected price) is given by $\mathbb{E}[S_T]=S_te^{(r-q)(T-t)}$. Here, $r$ and $q$ are not constant, but follow a curve. I was ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

Implied probability from CDS spread

I have two tasks: 1) Given country's CDS spread draw implied probability of default. 2) Given probability of default calculate CDS spread. If possible, refer to any papers. Thank you in advance.
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Problem with overlapping data when testing futures market efficiency

In my case non-overlapping data would represent the scenario where futures prices (3 months) do not correspond to the futures spot prices in terms of delivery date. For example, futures settlement ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Under which conditions the minimum variance portfolio involves no short selling?

If $\rho_{12} < 1$ or $\sigma_1 \not= \sigma_2$ then $\sigma_v^2$ representing the variance of the portfolio with weights $(w_1, w_2) = (s, 1-s)$ as a function of $s$ attains its minimum value at: ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

instantaneous forward rates vs forward LIBOR rates

HJM describes the behavior of instantaneous forward rates while BGM describes the behavior of forward Libor rates. From concept perspective, I understand forward libor rate are like forward Libor rate ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

Where can I get two to four years worth of historic data news for companies included in DJ and S&P?

Where can I get two to four years worth of historic data news for companies included in DJ and S&P? I mean not just prices historic data but also news. Preferably for free and in CSV or any ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Two correlated brownian motions

Is it true (see here, footnote 2, p.22 / p.14, without proof) that we can obtain two discretized brownian motions $W_t^1, W_t^2$ with correlation $\rho$ by doing $$d W_t^1 \sim \mathcal N(0,\sqrt{dt}...
0
votes
2answers
128 views

Backtesting software with custom data input

I was considering to develop a custom backtesting platform for myself. However, I see that it would require some significant time and effort, and the result might not be as initially expected. So I ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

VAR models for log-returns?

I am wondering if Vector Autoregression (and other autoregressive models) is a sound modelling for the daily (not high-frequency!) log-returns of time series from liquid financial markets. One can ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Deriving the single factor model

Consider the following regressions, with the common factor $x$: $y_1 = \beta_1 \cdot x + \gamma_1 \cdot \epsilon_1 $ $y_2 = \beta_2 \cdot x + \gamma_2 \cdot \epsilon_2 $ With $\epsilon_1$, $\...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Credit Valuation adjustment (CVA) Hedges

I need to understand once CVA Desk has CVA number(Bilateral or Unilateral) for a Counterparty, how does it take hedge position. for Eg: if CVA charge for my bank to JPM is 100K Dollars. What does ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Latency Arbitrage in forex [closed]

(I've been downgraded on this question, and it's because most people don't understand what I mean. If you ever did hft arb, you will understand what I mean. If not, please do not answer) Everybody ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Is there a standard mortgage model available?

Is there a standard model (or way of modelling) different types of mortgages and different interest rates to find the optimal mortgage structure for home loans? e.g. a loan of $800k structure across ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Prove uniqueness, and prove $Y_t$ is a martingale by considering $dZ_t$ and $dL_t$

Suppose we are given a filtered probability space $(\Omega, \mathscr{F}, \{\mathscr{F}_t\}_{t \in [0,T]}, \mathbb{P})$, where $\{\mathscr{F}_t\}_{t \in [0,T]}$ is the filtration generated by standard $...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Why is a risk-free portfolio desirable?

I am in the process of creating a program that generates status-quo variance-free portfolio (at least theoretically), and my question is pretty fundamental, which may just mean dumb. I am sorry if ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Density plot of the skew-t distribution

I am using the sgt package in R to recreate the plot from Hansen's paper ( available here http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~bhansen/papers/ier_94.pdf on page 8) using random ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the cheapest way to connect to Nasdaq for market data and trading *electronically*?

I would like to connect to Nasdaq to execute some simple automated strategies. I am NOT a big bank or hedge fund, so paying a high monthly fee is impractical. Is there a way for a small startup or ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Reset Date standard for ICP (Indice Camara Promedio) trade

What is the Reset Date standard for ICP (Indice Camara Promedio) trade? Trade Currencies are USD v/s CLP. Please provide the ISDA link if there are any amendments to ISDA standards.
33
votes
9answers
2k views

Are there any new Option pricing models?

Back in the mid 90's I used the Black-Scholes Model and the Cox-Ross-Rubenstein (Binomial) Model's to price Options. That was nearly 15 years ago and I was wondering if there are any new models being ...
10
votes
1answer
449 views

Processes used in quant finance

What are the main stochastic processes (and their SDE) used in quant finance? For example to model currency prices, stock prices, etc.
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Monte Carlo based mean variance optimization

I was asked this question in an interview some years ago. It struck me as a poorly formed question. I thought I would put it out there to the community to see if I just simply missed something. ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

What is a standard model of convergence when looking at negative stub values?

I am trying to understand whether or not there is a standard model of convergence in the arbitrage scenario of negative stub models, i.e. when the market value of a company is valued less than its ...
5
votes
4answers
153 views

How to select the initial guess for implied volatility?

When we calculate the implied volatility, we would need to give the solver a range to start with. For example, QuantLib uses [0,4.0] for the range, which is another way of saying try all possible ...

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