# All Questions

30 views

### Determining rate of interest

If I have trade prices of 10Y futures contract (ZNH6) is it possible to derive the interest rate from it? Or is there a better way to obtain historical 10 year rates?
147 views

### Deriving a 3M libor curve from 6M libor swaps and 3M-6M libor basis swaps

If I had a set of 6M Libor instruments and another set of 3M-6M basis swap instruments, how would I derive the 3M Libor curve? Just bootstrap the 6M curve and the basis curve and add up the zero ...
29 views

### Are Variances generally stable for any given instrument?

My hesitation, as I look at getting into forecasting based on observed variances, is the nagging question - if variances are not constant per-instrument, is it any good to use the last month or year's ...
93 views

### Black_scholes formula for a butterfly option

Im wondering if I can apply Black-Scholes formula to valorate a butterfly option, i.e: $$B(T)=Vcall(S(T)-K,0)+Vcall(S(T)-K',0)-2Vcall(S(T)-K'',0)$$ with $K<K''<K'$, just evaluating each call ...
117 views

### Monetary Policy and the Yield Curve PART TWO

The Fed has a number of tools/targets with which they manage monetary policy. I'm looking to refine a concise summary of them and looking for guidance/correction/validation. Think I understand these ...
30 views

### Equitable Allocation

This questions borders on the actuarial side of things but the general solution should have relevance in several situations. Suppose we have a set of $k$ people who will retire in $\{n_1,...,n_k\}$ ...
161 views

### How to backtest Value at Risk Models using Conditional and Unconditional tests?

I am trying to carry out backtesting on a number of Value at Risk figures i obtained using var/covar, historical, and monte carlo simulation. The two methods im using are the Kupiec test (...
51 views

### About the Feller Condition in Heston Calibration

I have noticed when reading (many) articles about Heston Calibration that not all (few actually) do care about the Feller condition. Below is a compilation of calibration results from some different ...
90 views

### Variance covariance matrix for a portfolio containing bonds also with other asset classes

What should we take for a bond or a zero coupon bond in order to make a variance covariance matrix? For example:- Equities - we take the market price Cash - we take the spot rates Bonds - Do we take ...
51 views

### Integrated volatility

Can someone give me an explanation of what integrated volatility is (and possibly why it is preferred) versus a standard measure of volatility eg variance?
71 views

### School project about Black Scholes with stochastic volatility

In a university project I am looking at Black Scholes model with a stochastic volatility. I’m still not quite sure about my focus (I am in the beginning 'Idea phase'). I want to explain the theory ...
217 views

### Free high resolution financial data

As thebonnotgang(1) stopped updating their database, I was wondering if there are some other free sources of high-frequency data available. I found a proper tick data api (ca. 25 day history) hosted ...
76 views

128 views

### What is the heat-map method of calculating VaR?

I'm familiar with the historical full revaluation, VcV, and Delta-gamma methods, but a client keeps talking about a heat-map method and I'm not sure what he's talking about. Any ideas?
67 views

### How was this probability of negative U.S rates by end 2017 calculated?

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-01-26/bets-on-negative-u-s-rates-by-end-2017-jump-above-10-chance Options markets show some investors are taking out protection in case rates instead ...
109 views

### How to get the the final % return in backtesting?

I'm learning how to do backtesting in Python using Pandas. I'm learning how to use Moving Average Crossover. I've generated signals to buy or to sell already. But I'm not sure where to go from there? ...
71 views

### Bounded Stochastic discrete process

I just came across this stochastic process (link): $dY_t = (a-bY_t)dt + c \sqrt{Y_t(1-Y_t)}dW_t$, where $dW_t$ is a Wiener Process. According to the author under certain conditions this process is ...
52 views

### wishart stochastic volatility models

Stochastic volatility models assume that volatility follow a random process.In the emerging market the volatility tend to be high. why is it that the wishart stochastic volatility model fit well the ...
56 views

### Historical volatility from non-uniform samples

The way I compute historical volatility is that I take two parameters $dt$ and $T$, get a list of stock prices with the step of $dt$ over the window $T$ (so $T/dt+1$ samples in total), compute $T/dt$ ...
37 views

### Is using Fama and French factors data screening dependent?

Fama and French (1993) three factors are available in Kenneth French's data library. Some papers use them as they are provided there and others calculate them again. If Fama and French (1993) used ...
71 views

### Why the diff of signal is called positions and what does it mean in backtesting?

I'm trying to learn Backtesting 101. I found this example which is very simple but I do not quite understand some of the terms. I understand Moving Average algorithm which is to measure trends or to ...
887 views

### What happened to the French franc value in August 1969?

I stumbled onto a bit of a mystery. A strange financial blip in a historical database crossed my path and I was wondering if anyone could explain its meaning/cause for me? If this is not the right ...
147 views

### How to automatically get all options data for a particular stock into microsoft excel?

I'm looking for a way to get the entire options chain (All options expiries) for a particular stock in excel without manually copy pasting anything. It does not have to be real time and I will only be ...
119 views

### Ideas for speeding up greek calculations

My current calculations using the vollib library averages 0.5 seconds. Is there any way to get it faster? Any tips/best practice notes will be helpful. This is for a scripting language such as python....
54 views

### Estimating Daily Dynamics using Hourly Data

This article gives a nice outline of how daily data can be used to estimate cointegration on a monthly horizon. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1404905 I'd like to use the same ...
113 views

### Calculating annualized continuous dividend yield

What would be a formula for calculating the annualized continuous dividend yield of a stock? Given the quarterly or annual dividend
60 views

### out of the money time value versus in the money time value

For an out of the money option the time value is entirely positive, then if it moves into the money the time value has a negative impact on the new intrinsic value, ok, but it looks like the negative ...
85 views

### Aggregating Tick Data

I have Level 1 data that has already been aggregated into 0.5s buckets by the exchange. I'd like to further aggregate the data into hourly and daily buckets. I plan to do this by simply taking a ...
326 views

### Mark-to-market cross currency basis swap

Given everything is the same we have a cross currency basis swap (non MTM) and another which is MTM. Should the PV of both swaps be the same and why ? Consider the case when there is no counterparty ...
96 views

### Memory-efficient clustering algorithm for large time-series datasets

I have a simulation task at hand with ~1e6 time series to be clustered on the basis of statistical measures every few days in the simulation. Most clustering methods I'm aware of require an affinity ...
184 views

### What is the difference between par delta and zero delta?

I was looking at different methods of calculating delta for Interest Rate Swaps(IRS) and came across the words par delta and zero delta. I am not sure of the difference between the both and when to ...
448 views

### R Backtesters: Quantstrat vs SIT

I am learning R, and want to start using a backtester. I have spent about a day reading all I can about R backtesters, and it seems there are 2 main contenders: quantstrat, which uses the packages ...
83 views

### Downloading IB futures data and then making a datapump to another program

I never have programmed before in my life but I wouldn't mind learning if I knew what i needed to do in order to solve my problem. I use neuroshell for day trading and use it extensively for trading ...
147 views

### Question in “Computational Methods in Finance” by Ali Hirsa - Chapter 2: Derivatives Pricing via Transform Techniques"

Reference: "Computational Methods in Finance" by Ali Hirsa - Chapter 2: Derivatives Pricing via Transform Techniques" - Page 37* Background: The author prices call option using the Fourier Transform. ...
109 views

### Mathematical definitioln of Potential Future Exposure

I have come across a risk measure called "Potential Future Exposure" and I have not really understood the meaning of it. Knowing that this has to do with counterparty credit risk, I read different ...
56 views

### Min. Spanning Trees, Planar Maximally Filtered Graph US equities?

Does anyone know of any free source of recent or preferably regularly updated Minimum Spanning Trees, PMFGs or other similar maps for US equities? (S&P 500 will do.)
93 views

### Timesteps in Vasicek model

When simulating stocks one can easily use GBM with only one random variable per simulation to create a new stock price in say 5 years, you don't need to create the whole asset paths if you don't need ...
28 views

### How to adjust Black-Scholes price in function of liquidity?

Black-Scholes pricing formula assume a lot of thing, included perfect liquidity : One can buy/sell any fraction of Stock at any time and buy/sell prices are equal. The cost of the option reflect the ...