-2
votes
1answer
74 views

Why do banks offer options? [closed]

I have only taken one introduction class in finance. However we came along opinions, their pricing, etc. We only contemplated being the buyer of a option. If everything works for you apparently you ...
3
votes
3answers
734 views

How to record tick data from Google/Yahoo Finance data streams?

Is there any way to record or piggyback with an app, code or excel Google finances' or Yahoo finance's data stream? Ideally, I need tick by tick data, as in every price change of the day. All the ...
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

How does Fed Qe affect the housing sales in the US? Why does it happen to be that way?

From my research, Fed's Qe should encourage house sales, however the graph shows houses price in the state seem to gradually go down after 2009. Isn't that contradicting itself? Ain't the increase in ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Interview questions pictures [closed]

I got this questions which is quite interesting, I am in a museum, there are 100 rooms (numbered from 1 to 100) in this museum and each room has a picture in it. I go visit each room in the ...
2
votes
3answers
115 views

How are referenced asset gains routed in a credit derivative?

Lets assume for the sake of the example that we are talking about a Total Return Swap. The flow diagram is something like this. Lets assume the Payer in this instance is a Hedge Fund, and the ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

How does the diameter of the spatial grid affects the solution of a Crank Nicholson algorithm?

this is my first question so I hope I express myself clearly. I'm trying to implement an Implicit and a Crank Nicolson algorithm for the generic PDE $\partial_\tau u(\tau,x)+a \partial_x^2 u(\tau,x) ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

European call option delta and maximum principle

From comments, the maximum principle for parabolic PDE can be used to show that the European call option delta cannot be greater than 1. I am looking forward to such derivations.
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Is the European call option delta an increasing function of the spot?

In the Black-Scholes' setting, the delta hedge ratio of a European call option is given by $N(d_1)$, which is an increasing function of the underlying equity spot $S_0$. Does this property hold ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Pricing of American Deriviatives

Reading the book by Andrea Pascucci "PDE and Martingale Method in Option Pricing" I am struggling with a very simple issue. Suppose we want to find the price of an American derivative $X$ in an ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Solving inequality constraint

I am trying to solve the following inequality constraint: Given time-series data for N stocks, I am trying to construct a portfolio weight vector to minimize the variance of the returns. the ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Yield curve interpolation at (very) short horizons

I'm struggling to find much information about yield curve interpolation for sub-yearly horizons. Say, one-two months. It seems to be the area where the curvature is usually nontrivial, while after ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Inverse Laplace transform

I'm trying to compute the inverse Laplace transform of the function gam below ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Portfolio Optimization with equal weight for assets selected

I have a data frame of bets, with 1 being a win and 0 being a loss. These bets are correlated so I cannot just pick the highest winning percentage. Goal is to get 2 optimizations, 1 for max sharpe ...
14
votes
2answers
519 views

Which interest rate model for which product

Given the multitude of existing interest rate models (ranging from simple to very complex) it would be interesting to know when the additional complexity actually makes sense. The models I have in ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Calculating Volatility Parameter using Closing Prices [closed]

Say you have 3 closing prices... 101 100 102 How would one calculate the standard volatility parameter using these values? I am quite confused, it seems simple enough though.
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Estimating Carma(2,1) parameters (using yuima package)

I am very new to R, and particularly to the yuima package, so I was hoping someone would be able to help me. I have some data (daily prices) that I wish to fit to ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Can the differential operator be removed to get the mean/variance of an Ito process?

If $X_t$ is an Ito process, such that: $dX_t = \mu(t, X_t)dt + \sigma(t, Xt)dW_t$ where $W_t$ is a standard brownian motion. Then we can say that: $E(dX_t) = \mu(t, X_t)dt$ and that $Var(dX_t) = ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Motivation: Stochastic Interest rate model

what is a reason that someone might be interested in a stochastic-interest model such as the Chen model? Also can you provide me with a link to an easy to read motivational paper/part of a paper on ...
9
votes
3answers
171 views

Validating a Credit Scoring Model without Data

Fellow Quants, Suppose you have a credit scoring model that is developed without the aid of statistics, because (unfortunately) there is no historical default/loss data in your portfolio. The ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Risk Manager must-know list

What are the products, concepts, and models a risk manager must know? I'm not looking for an exhaustive list, but rather a general list as the one in Paul & Dominic's Guide To Quant Careers: ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Brownian motion. Solve stoc. integral by using Ito's lemma

I want to show that following statement is true by using Ito's lemma to solve stochastic integrals: I define the functions in Ito's model: a()=0, b()= (2wt-2)^2. f(t)=Integrate[(2wt-2)^2] Then ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How to change to risk neutral measure in a mean reversion process?

For example, in the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process do I just replace the drift term with the risk free rate, like in the GBM case?
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Why is the forward rate used for the underlying in Black's model?

Why is the forward rate suitable for being used as the underlying in Black's model? Thanks
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How Current are Google Finance & YQL Sock Information

When viewing a specific stocks information on Google Finance and Yahoo Finance- how old/current is the stock information (Price, offer, bid, etc)? I've heard some providers offer information that is ...
5
votes
3answers
233 views

Present and future role of pricing quants

While looking up on quants, I came across many sources that cited 'pricing quants' as one of the biggest chunks among all quant positions. But then I also came across many software companies providing ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Question in the proof of “Optimization of conditional value-at-risk”

I'm reading the paper "Optimization of conditional value-at-risk" by Rockafellar and Uryasev. The state two theorems within the paper which are proven in the appendix. Let me introduce some notation ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Optimal Financing Mix: Cost of Capital Approach

According to Cost of Capital approach to optimal financing mix we can calculate Cost-of-Capital-minimizing $\frac{D}{E}$ ratio as follows: $\frac{D}{E}_{opt} = argmin_{\frac{D}{E}}WACC$, where ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

Which one is best Performance evaluation measures?

I want to compare the performance of various volatility models like GARCH, eGARCH, and gjrGARCH from actual volatility(computed using high frequency data). I found 3 common performance evaluation ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

How do derivatives affect capital structures?

Yesterday, I was at a lecture where the speaker said that the impact of derivatives was often to make senior debt, in effect, subordinated debt (in terms of priority, recovery rates, etc.)? How do ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

BLS v2 API took 20+ minutes to publish data where is immediate data available?

First, I should state that I built a Java program that uses HTTP Components to keep in sync with server time for my broker. Once 7:29:59 comes around the program ...
9
votes
3answers
314 views

Why do volatility and correlation increase in times of crisis?

can somebody please explain to me why volatility and correlation increase in times of crisis? It is connected somehow to the herding effect. But I cannot really explain it. And also why are negative ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Sobol numbers in monte Carlo simulation

I wanted to figure how how much faster the Sobol quasi random numbers convergence to the B&S call price compared with pseudo random numbers. To generate the Sobol numbers I used the randtoolbox in ...
4
votes
2answers
595 views

How many monte carlo runs do I need for pricing a Call?

I have to price several calls using Monte Carlo. Obviously, there is a huge tradeoff between the number of runs and the fair price of the call option. I know I can check how the approximation changes ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Effect on variance of change of measure

My current understanding: (a) changing the probability measure of a diffusion process does not change the variance. (b) for a general stochastic process the variance may change. Please confirm whether ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Asymmetric Random Walk / Prove that $T:= \inf\{n: X_n = b\}$ is a $\{\mathscr F_n\}_{n \in \mathbb N}$-stopping time

Given random variables $Y_1, Y_2, ... \stackrel{iid}{\sim} P(Y_i = 1) = p = 1 - q = 1 - P(Y_i = -1)$ where $p > q$ in a filtered probability space $(\Omega, \mathscr F, \{\mathscr F_n\}_{n \in ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Measuring strength of correlation for bivariate time series

In case of a bi-variate time series with both I(0) how do I measure the strength of co-relation. I am looking for measure similar to R-squared but ideal measure may not be one of the variants of ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

When to use SV or a GARCH model

So i have been searching for this answer for a question if there is a rule or something that would say when to use GARCH type model or use an stochastic volatility model to predict the volatility of ...
3
votes
3answers
563 views

Any package to run VAR-GARCH or VECM-GARCH models in R?

I need to estimate a multivariate VECM-GARCH (or simply VAR-GARCH) in R. Browsing on the internet, I did not find anything yet. Do you know if such kind of packages exists? Please, note that a BEKK ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

How to use genetic algorithms to optimize moving averages

I'm working on a school project that attempts to optimize moving averages using genetic algorithms. From what I understand about moving averages, it is an average over a certain length of time. To ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

commodities index volatility

Suppose that the average one year implied at-the-money volatility of the sub sector indices making up the BCOM is at 20% and that the sub sectors are uncorrelated. Bearing in mind the effect of ...
1
vote
2answers
182 views

Logistic Regression of tick data

I've been given some data (it's financial tick data) and I want to predict based on some observed variables whether the next move will be up, down or unchanged. So I have been trying to use ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Debugging Quantlib

I am trying to understand Quantlib's finite-difference pricer using Eclipse with GDB debugger. The code shown below prices an American put option using the Crank-Nicholson finite-difference scheme. ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

What is the standard length for rolling correlation in financial time series?

I know this is highly subjective, but is there any theory behind choosing a window period for rolling correlations? If I do 1-day or 2-day rolling correlations between highly correlated positions, ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

copulas and time series

Can anbody explain how Copulas are used to describe the dependency between, for example, the return on two different stocks? I understand how Copulas are the "glue" that binds the two marginals ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Why is preferred stock not always preferred

I was wondering why is it not the case that preferred stocks are not preferred to common stock? The reasoning is as follows: it seems that the disadvantage of holding preferred stocks is that one ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

What does martingale look like?

I'm doing a simulation of a CRR model and I'm trying to find parameters in order for the successive $S_t$s (stock prices) to be martingale. I'm assuming that if I'd create a function (and picked the ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

BDT model calibration using swaptions

I am using the Black-Derman-Toy model in a binomial tree that lasts 5 years with time increments of 1/12 . I have to calibrate my model using swaptions but I don't know which maturity I should use. I ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

High values of skewness and kurtosis of realized protfolio returns

I am investigating some asset allocation strategies and I am wondering about the results I obtain. I am working on monthly and weekly data of the same stock indices (SP500, FTSE 100 etc). And when I ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Fixed Income Sec: development of UK bond markets relative to the stock market

I am asked to describe (school project in the course Fixed Income Securities) the development of the UK bond markets relative the UK stock market and I am not sure how to tackle it. I want to compare ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Guranteed Investments Funds

Let's say a GIF's maturity is 10 years and an investor gets a 10% coupon each year if Eonia is higher than the original date (Day 0). When they say 10% coupon, is is it 0.1*"What I invested in Day 0" ...

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