3
votes
0answers
31 views

Basket Default Swap (BDS)

I would like to understand better the $n^{th}$ to default pair spreads of a basket default swap containing $m>n$ entities. For example, consider 2 single name CDS's with same spread and same ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Non-overlapping ranges of HCNN' observables and of state transition function

In the artcicle Forecasting and Trading the High-Low Range of Stocks and ETFs with Neural Networks HCNN is used for forecasting of nine time-series, namely: returns of the lows returns of the highs ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Implied Volatility Calculation for Deep In The Money Calls, Numerical Issues

I have two implementations for finding the implied volatility under Black-Scholes formula. One is bisection and the other is brent's method. (I know Newton-Raphson is popular due to speed and will ...
3
votes
2answers
358 views

Null and Alternative hypothesis for multiple linear regression

I have 1 dependent variable and 3 independent variables. I run multiple regression, and find that the p value for one of the independent variables is higher than 0.05 (95% is my confidence level). I ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

How to value an expansion option?

Fair warning this is help with homework. I am not asking for an answer but some guidance or a formula would be nice. I have absolutely no background in finance and this class is online with no ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

R TTR/RSI does not behave like a Bloomberg RSI

The implementation of TTR:RSI differs slightly from the RSI calculated in Bloomberg, see more details here. I use in TTR the SMA, which simply calculates the mean, that is a walking window of: ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How does implied volatility of puts relate to strike price in presence of negative news? [duplicate]

There is a lot of literature available but i don't kind understand that if there is a negative news about a stock with the traders why do puts with lower strike tend to have higher implied volatility ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Swapping expectation operator with differential operator

Suppose I have a general SDE $dx_{t} = \mu dt + \sigma dz_{t}$ Then I can put $E[]$ on both sides to get $E[dx_{t}] = E[\mu dt] + E[\sigma dz_{t}]$ Now comes the question: I've seen some formulas ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Ratios to determine company's current purchasing power

what are the parameters which will affect a company's ability to buy a new product or service based on its current financial situation. I found many ratios but I need specific metrics or ratios which ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

What are the parameters of the function PORTVAR in Matlab?

According to the Matlab help, Portvar will give the "Variance for portfolio of assets" by entering the returns of the Assets and the corresponding weight. However, it does not explain the parameters ...
0
votes
2answers
148 views

Countries and/or exchanges which don't allow algo-trading

I am doing a research paper on the effect of algo-trading on capital markets. In order to do this, I plan to do an OLS comparison of Countries and Exchanges who ban algo-trading platforms and those ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Immunising pension liability due in 4y?

Help required please on calculating the amount of Zero Coupon Bonds and annuity bonds that are needed to immunise a portfolio against interest rate risk, for a pension fund that expects to pay £500bn ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

How to obtain a log of all trades done on the Nasdaq or other major US exchange?

I'm looking to do a research paper on the impact of high frequency algo-trading on individual firms. In order to do that I need to be able to determine firms that have been high frequency traded. My ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Using the R package “ termstrc ”

I am attempting to use the function estim_nss from the termstrc package in R. However, I am experiencing the following error: ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

What is the the correct treatment while short for the cash in lieu of a reverse split?

Long case: Assume I am Long 50 shares and there is a 2 for 3 reverse split. Let's denote the quantity of stock by x Prior to the split Portfolio is $-cash_0$ $+50x$ I am then at $-cash_0 +33x ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How to build a mean reverting basket?

I have been playing with mean reverting pairs, but seems that most of the low hanging fruit (ie pairs) have been squeezed already. I would like to start with mean reverting baskets (>2 securities) in ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Tracking delistings on NASDAQ & NYSE

Does anyone know of a webpage (or webpages) of current delistings for NASDAQ & NYSE?
2
votes
2answers
182 views

Is it fair to assume $(ud=1)$ in the binomial tree option pricing model?

I have discussion with my colleague on why a general assumption $$ud=1$$ in binomial tree option pricing model would be necessary? I take it a simplification of the problem, otherwise, there will be ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Overlapping Value-at-Risk Backtest Data an Issue?

My understanding of VaR model back testing is thus: ~~ t: Calculate daily VaR using look back data over n past days t+1: Compare daily return against VaR, record breach if one occurred, repeat ...
0
votes
3answers
222 views

Parametric/Analytical VaR

Suppose I want to calculate VaR for a known distribution with mean $\mu$, variance $\sigma^2$ and $\alpha$-quantile as, $VaR_{\alpha}$ = $\mu + \sigma q_{\alpha}$. For a Gaussian distribution it is ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

Why is this delta-hedging/P&L example on a variance swap call correct?

I'm looking into this article about var swaps: http://sbossu.com/docs/VarSwaps.pdf and not sure how to correctly interpret Exhibit 2.1.1. "In this example an option trader sold a 1-year call ...
11
votes
9answers
11k views

Is there any thing out there as a substitute for KDB?

thanks a lot for your discussions on the original post. following your suggestions, let me re-phrase a bit : kdb is known for its efficiency, and such efficiency comes at a terrible price. However, ...
0
votes
3answers
168 views

Portfolio Optimization - Zero beta portfolio

I am trying to solve a optimization portfolio in R in which I do the following constraints: Set weight sum to within a boundary Set return to a certain value Set portfolio beta to 0 The purpose ...
2
votes
3answers
399 views

Any New Discoveries in Quantitative Finance?

It seems like the field has become stagnant in the decades following the enormously successful and influential Black Scholes model. (The original paper has been cited a staggering 25,000 times - more ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

Black-Litterman with simple portfolio

In an attempt to learn Black-Litterman I have come across this "simple" example. Suppose that you analyze market data using CAPM $$r_i-r_f=\beta_i(r_m-r_f)+\epsilon_i$$ Suppose there are 2 assets in ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

What is delta neutral

Does delta neutral portfolio mean you add up deltas of all positions and the sum should be zero? Is this true? Also, in a FX portfolio consisting of FX calls puts and Fwds, if FWD delta is given for ...
9
votes
2answers
665 views

Links to the risk model methodologies of the major providers?

There is quite a bit of art in constructing an equity risk model. This paper summarizes some of the key decisions: choice of factors, horizon matching, cross-sectional vs. time-series method, and ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Geometric Returns values less than -100%

I am trying to find the geometric return for semi-annual log-returns in Excel. However, I do not know how to handle values less than -100%.... ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

What is the mechanism of Asian option?

I have no problem with the mathematical definition of an Asian option. For example, assume the strike price is $K$, the expiration date is $T$, the underlying asset has price $S(t)$, and the payoff is ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Portfolio Performance Metrics

In comparing different long portfolios in stocks for 15 quarters, where at each quarter I re-balance the portfolio. So what I have done is made a function that outputs the rand value of the portfolio ...
7
votes
1answer
862 views

Risk Budgets with Target Portfolio Volatility

I'm working through the implementation of a risk budgeting approach as described in the recent Roncalli paper. The idea is that the portfolio manager sets a contribution of total portfolio volatility ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Why is Weighted Least Squares necessary in fundamental factor model?

Why is Weighted Least Squares necessary in fundamental factor model while it is not in a standard Macroeconomic factor model? I understand that $\mathbb{E}[\epsilon^2_{it}]=\sigma_i^2$ varies across ...
5
votes
3answers
779 views

Expected Shortfall (CVaR) Backtesting

I am writing my thesis on VaR and ES risk measurements and have encountered some issues with how to best test the accuracy of ES estimates. My understanding of the topic is that backtesting ES ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Comparing Portfolio Volatility with Index Volatility seems a wrong method?

thanks for looking into this question. I am comparing an investment strategy against the S&P 500 for a financial article I'm writing. I compute volatility of the Portfolio in this way, as the ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Law of large numbers necessary for APT derivation?

The question refers to the well-known Ross (1976) paper with the derivation of the Asset Pricing Theory. In the APT, the return of asset $i$ is driven by a linear factor model: $$ R_i = \alpha_i + ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

I have volatility of a portfolio in year 1 and in year 2. How do I calculate the volatility over the total 2-year period?

thanks for looking into this question. See the picture below (better is right-mousebutton - open in new tab). I also have the price and return data of the Stocks if that's needed to calculate the ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Comparing the return of different roll strategies

I am interested in calculating the effect of the roll return using different roll strategies. In specific I want to mimic a long-only futures investments. I have historical data for several ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Fixed Income risk attribution in the historical simulation of a sovereign bond portfolio

We use historical simulation for risk analysis. I.e. for each bond there is a repricing of the form $$ P_j = PV(\text{yield curve in scenario } j), $$ where the yield curve is the zero rates curve of ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Question about the stochastic differential equation in the Merton model

in the following stochastic differential equation merton model we have $$\frac{ds}{s}=(\alpha-\lambda k)dt+\sigma dW+dq$$ where $\alpha$ is the instantaneous expected return on the stock; ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

How do I specify Thirty360::European day counter in RQuantLib

I am taking liberty to ask the following question in quantLib forum though this question is about RQuantLib I am trying to use RQuantLib to calculate clean price of a fixed coupon bond using a ...
-2
votes
2answers
60 views

Martiglale and Brownian Motion [closed]

Stock market has been model as a random walk with a drift. Since it has a drift(bigger than zero) it is not a "Brownian Motion" but it still a Martingale? Is Stock market a Brownian Motion? Is it a ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

How can I interpret US treasury?

I try to understand US treasury in the bond markets provided by bloomberg: In this webpage, I have a few questions, for instance taking 12month-Bill: (1) What is the maturity date? I find that it ...
0
votes
2answers
267 views

List of dates at which the NYSE was closed from 2005 to 2014?

I'm doing research on historical price movements on the New York Stock Exchange. Because the NYSE is closed on weekends, on holidays, and sometimes because of special events, special care needs to be ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

Why is the price of a call option with $K=0$ equal to the price of the stock $S_0$?

In a case of a call option with strike $K=0$, then payoff at expiration time $T$ is equal to: $$(S_T-0,0)^{+}=S_T$$ In reality the price of the option on the date of maturity is never equal to the ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

How to find the best fitting GARCH model for a portfolio composed of 3 ETFs in R?

I am doing a project for my class Financial Time Series in which I am trying to forecast my portfolio log returns using a GARCH fit. I am having a bit of trouble determining the best way to fit this ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Transaction Costs Measure ATOP: What does it mean and exactly measure?

I went through some presentations about LowVol strategies for some indices. In the presentations were tables with average returns, vola, Sharp ratio and ATOP. I have no clue what this ATOP is supposed ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Log returns and GARCH models

I try to model currency rates volatility using GARCH models through the RUGARCH package in R. Starting from the observed currency rate series, I compute the log-return through: ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Which anomalies are easy to replicate in an event study?

In order to examine different approaches to event studies, I am looking for a market anomaly which is simple to replicate in an event study for demonstration purposes. For example, ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Yahoo currency api

I've had a currency widget made for me which is based on http://query.yahooapis.com/v1/public/yql?q=select I am wondering if I can use it on my site, which even though it not more than a hobby could ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the difference between the Interactive Brokers demo account and a personal paper trader account?

I'm interested in testing my trading strategy using the Interactive Brokers API for Trader Workstation. A demo account is provided to play with TWS for free, but if I fund a real account I will be ...

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