1
vote
1answer
336 views

Probability of a return from historical average and standard deviation

I have a question from a sample exam paper that I'm having some trouble figuring out. The question is: Bavarian Sausage stock has an average historical return of 16.3% and a standard deviation of ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

download intra day data [duplicate]

I am trying to download intra day stock data for some 7000 symbols using google url : ...
4
votes
4answers
474 views

Deep bid ask orders

Why do I often see some very deep limit buys and limit sells in a limit book? For instance the bid-ask may be \$39.00-39.01 but I see some bids at \$20 or even \$10 and some ask at \$60 or even \$500. ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

A basic question about market jargon

What does it mean by DBR 4s of Jan4, 2037? I know the Jan4, 2037 is the maturity. How about DBR and 4s?
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Get discount factors with limited knowledge?

I am facing the problem of just having this information: 6% coupon bond with 2.5 years to maturity, traded at a 100% clean price 4% coupon bond with 1.5 years to maturity, traded at a 98% clean price ...
2
votes
0answers
165 views

Potential pitfalls in the use of correlation

Background: The red line is an index, which goes from 0 to 100, measuring uncertainty in the markets. The dark blue line is a price index, which has a lower bound at 0, and virtually no upper bound. ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Why is the discount function non increasing if pure cash holdings are feasible?

I am struggeling with the question, for example lets take a swap with rate of 3.2 for one year and 3.6 for 2 years and Discount Factor 0.96899 for the first year and 0.93158 for the second year. ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Optimizing stochastic functions numerically

Is there an efficient and commonly used optimization method for "more complex" investment strategies. For instance, say you have a function $f(X_1,...,X_n,c,v)$ where the $X_k$'s are your random ...
3
votes
2answers
192 views

Is price gaping the major risk that market maker has?

Suppose you are a market maker. So you put a limit price out and hope someone will cross bid/ask spread to take your limit. But there is risk that bad news could come out and market will gap. So ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Optimal Choice of exceeding time

Suppose you hold a share from company $Z$ whose vaue at time $t$ is $S_0+\sigma B_t$ where $B_t$ is Brownian Motion and $\sigma$ denotes some volatility. Now lets assume that company $Z$ may go ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Accrued Interest in CVA DVA

I'm implementing the CVA/DVA for some derivatives, which follows a Hull-White model (one factor). Once I have calibrated the model and I get the results with the simulation, a quite interesting ...
1
vote
1answer
281 views

Components of an index in a specific date

Objective: Get a list of all the companies that were ever part of an index (e.g.: FTSE100) in a given period of time (scale: years/decades). Method I have in mind: 1) Create an empty list k. 2) Get ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

Can I trade the volume of a security or index?

Is it possible to trade a derivative product priced on the volume traded of some underlying security or index? Does such a derivative exist on any exchange traded markets? Or anywhere?
7
votes
2answers
250 views

Extrapolating implied volatilities to small time

Could anyone please direct me to literature or methods for extrapolating the implied volatility surface towards small expiry? I'm looking to price very short time to expiry binary options (e.g. 5 ...
6
votes
0answers
141 views

Proving the asymptotic distribution of Manipulation-Proof Performance Measure (MPPM) (Paper by Goetzmann et al.)

In Goetzmann et al.'s (2007) paper, the authors derive a "Manipulation-Proof Performance Measure" (MPPM), which is a performance measure that is impervious to performance manipulation by fund ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do stocks with a negative beta return less than the risk free rate?

Let's say we have two stocks, Stock A and Stock B. Both of them have the same standard deviation $\sigma$, and therefore have the same risk. The only difference is that Stock A has a perfect ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

Closed form european option prices for a variance gamma process with a randomly distributed drift, volatility, and variance rate

Does an option pricing model with a closed form European option price exist that takes into account randomly distributed drift, volatility, and variance rate? I prefer a modification to the variance ...
1
vote
2answers
506 views

Finding Probabilities Using The Binomial Model

I was not able to find a similar question when searching, but if I've missed one please feel free to point me to it. Unfortunately the closest example in the textbook was not terribly helpful either. ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Why does the SMA and EMA appear to be relative to the timeframe?

Why does the value of the SMA and EMA for the current time appear to change when I change my timescale. I'm using ActiveTrader by Fidelity, but I'm hoping there's an general phenomenon so that someone ...
0
votes
1answer
399 views

Question about weighted midpoint formula

The answers from these two replies seem to contradict each other. The first numerator is bidSize*bidPrice + askSize*askPrice but the second is bidSize*askPrice + askSize*bidPrice. Price functions ...
3
votes
2answers
735 views

How do I calculate Sharpe ratio from P&L?

Say I have a market-making strategy that trades intraday. I start with a flat position and finish flat too. I end up with a daily P&L $p_{today}$. Over a year of trading I get $\vec{p} = ...
5
votes
2answers
657 views

What are common methods for modeling intraday trading volume?

What are the most common ways to model intraday trading volume, particularly for futures contracts? There are obviously a number of seasonal-type factors, like roll, economic news releases, time of ...
4
votes
4answers
955 views

Library for interactive financial charts

For my recent project I am looking to build a software capable of visualizing financial charts in a dynamically and interactive matter. The workflow is as follows: I gather data from my data ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

How to convert trasaction log to bid-ask ticks

I have data from exchange in transaction log format that indicating: price volume timestamp That element indicating that timestamp transaction was made on price of size volume. My question is how ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Binary options and European option is similar?

European options and binary (digital) options is similar? How apply the Black & Scholes formula on binary option?
0
votes
0answers
54 views

I want to optimize an equity portfolio for the four central moments can anyone help me with the problem formulation

Basically i am confused as to which formula to use for portfolio skew and kurtosis and how to use the same in the optimization problem. I would also like to know the options available regarding the ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Cross validation of a garch model

Suppose I divide a time series into 10 sequential time windows, where each window contains 1000 data points. I want to do test 5 different garch models using cross validation. So for each model, I ...
1
vote
1answer
199 views

Portfolio risk decreased by increasing share of riskiest asset?

In Parker's The Economics of Entrepreneurship he explains how certain theoretical models predict seemingly bizzare things (e.g. people becoming more risk-averse resulting in them taking riskier jobs) ...
1
vote
3answers
654 views

Understanding the concept of Martingale pricing

I am a bit confused about how to formulate a problem where I have to price an option on a stock. Many papers say that stock prices are best modeled using a geometric Brownian motion (GBM), and I ...
1
vote
1answer
315 views

How to explain the path dependency in binomial tree model to price options?

I'm new to quantitative finance, so I'm confused with the so-called path dependency in binomial tree model. Originally I thought the path dependency exists because in binomial tree model, we will ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Dividend Index Futures

My question is dealing with the proportionality between Dividend Index Futures prices and Index prices. Indeed, we in the past we used to do a simple regression between these variables and use the ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Synthesize a futures spread option

Is it possible to synthesize a futures spread option using only the options on the spread's underlyings? If so, how? If not, is there another way? As an example, please show me how to synthesize ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Analysing FX Data

When analysing currencies, the data always comes in pairs so it is hard to normalise a multivariate time series of data e.g. if I have GBPvsUSD, EURvsUSD and CADvsUSD then changes in the US economy ...
0
votes
1answer
300 views

what's the difference between Peak-Load pricing and price discrimination?

i just don't get it. Peak-load pricing wiki page gives example: in public goods such as public urban transportation, where day demand (peak period) is usually much higher than night demand ...
2
votes
1answer
299 views

Interpretation of cross-correlation matrix when one sample distribution is not normal

I am looking at the variance of (log) price changes in securities vs. the amount of social media discussion about them. I'm not interested in building a model. I'm just looking to see if there is a ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Risk and Reward in practice

My question is a bit philosophical. As a risk manager I often have to tell portfolio managers to reduce risk (e.g. due to VaR limits or exposure limits). Then usually the discussion arises that if ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

moody's credit ratings for senior unsecured bonds

Can 2 senior unsecured bonds from the same obligor have different moody's credit ratings? Or do they both have to have the same rating because they are in the same capital structure? Thanks
0
votes
0answers
193 views

Dirty price of US T bill

I need to calculate the dirty price of a US T bond given the below details: Assume the coupons on a U.S. Treasury bond are paid on January 1st and July 1st. The bond has a par of $1,000 and pays a ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Parameters for numerically fitting t-distribution to log-returns

I am fitting the t-distribution to log-returns numerically (not using R, MATLAB, Stata, etc.), but rather using general programming. Assuming the log-return values are $r_t$, and the $t$-variates are ...
0
votes
1answer
468 views

converting US tickers into Reuters RIC [duplicate]

I have a large list of US equity tickers such as: "GIRO", "ITUB", "BITA" etc and I would like to convert them into their corresponding RIC codes. Do you know how can I do it? I have access to ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

the law of comparative advantage and exchange rate

I'm reading Steven N. S. Cheung 's "Economic Explanation" (2001). In vol 2 ch 2 section 2, he mentions Comparative Cost, or "the law of comparative advantage". after quoting the britain/spain ...
-1
votes
1answer
190 views

interpreting huge jumps

i have been working on this trading system that uses digital filters to generate signals. the system works fine during normal market hours. but it goes haywire when there is news release. i have ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

How to calculate implied vol for next trading day?

We can seem to get implied vol for a period from now to option expiration, but does anything tell us implied vol for the next trading day ? Like if fomc is tomorrow the next day implied vol would be ...
0
votes
0answers
298 views

R or Matlab code for Multi-Barrier-Options (3 or more underlyings)

I am looking for R or Matlab code examples of multi-barrier-options (or multi-barrier reverse convertibles) with at least 3 underlyings. Do you have such code or can you point me to a place where I ...
3
votes
2answers
170 views

Mitigating gateway delay

A trading system has $n$ colocated uplinks to TCP order entry gateways $g_1, \dots, g_n$ on a given exchange. Each gateway $g_i$ has a different order entry delay function $d_i(t)$ as a function of ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

Bond Convexity Treasuries Futures

I know long duration bonds, on a a single bond basis, exhibit convexity however do treasury futures prices and the 10 yr yield exhibit the same property? Below is a plot of continious ten year ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

The basic principle of the construction a portfolio of options

I have a question like this. Assume today's date is 9 January 2016 and XYZ's share price stands at $10. On 8 November 2016 there is a Presidential election and you believe that depending on who is ...
3
votes
0answers
240 views

pairs trading detrend the spread

I have calculated a hedge ratio that generates a mean reverting spread (stationary, without trends) 60-70% of the time. But the remaining 30% of the time, it seems like there is a trend in the spread. ...
3
votes
1answer
465 views

How to sum interest rate curves in QuantLib

C++ code taken from Bonds.cpp and slightly amended: ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

LSM American Option pricing with dividends

Under the Longstaff-Schwartz LSM method for an American call, how should I account for a continuous dividend paying stock? I assume that it'll needs to be accounted for when simulating the underlying ...

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