0
votes
0answers
36 views

Lambda in RiskMetrics for fixed income

What is the default lambda proposed in RiskMetrics for fixed income?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Stochastic correlation arbitrage-free replication

I'm interested in possibility of stochastic correlation arbitrage-free replication (something VIX-style, mayby). To my knowledge, no such method exists. Could you provide some intro to the problem: ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

Behaviour of out of sample efficient frontier

I am comparing the efficient frontier of a set of portfolios that are in and out of sample. The first period is from 1991-01-03 until 1992-10-03 and the second one from 1992-10-03 until 1994-03-03. I ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

simulation and timestep

Suppose I have a stochastic process i.e. a Vasicek process with parameteres estimated with monthly (RW measure) data and want simulate the process using a daily timestep. Is this a good practice?
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Scalar and vectorial sensitivities

In a recent discussion about the implementation of the calculation of derivative sensitivities, the notion 'scalar' and 'vectorial sensitivities' were used. I am not familiar with this notion and ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Currency risk USD>EUR>EGP

Seeking input on hedging risk on USD to Euro with a 3rd component of payroll issued in Egyptian Pounds. We are a US corp invoicing a Germany entity in Euro with massive payroll being paid in Egyptian ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Delta of an option derived from the binomial model

I have the following function $V=V(S,t)$, $V^- = V(vS,t+\delta t)$, $V^+ = V(uS, t +\delta t)$. The book proceeds to explain that if we use Taylor series expansion on the above we will confirm that $\...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Selling two uncorrelated OTM options lowers the over all probability of profit?

I am trying to simulate shorting two uncorrelated put options, I wrote a python program and used monte carlo method to simulate the PnL on expiration: gist It seems the probability of profit is ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

VaR mapping fixed-for-floating swap

I came across a problem that asks what risk factors to map a 5 year semi annual settle fixed-for-floating swap to given it's just before the reset date. Since a FRN prices to par just before the reset ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Portfolio value containing stocks and a bond

Consider: 1000 dollars invested in stock portfolio and a zero coupon bond. Investment period: 30 years Yearly retur for the stock portfolio: Rk = eµ+σZk , k is after year k Zk are normally ...
1
vote
3answers
159 views

delta hedging strategy for OTM option

Wondering how you would think about the following thought experiment - suppose you sell an OTM call option and plan to implement a delta hedging strategy whereby if the price of the stock were to ...
3
votes
4answers
127 views

Difficulty understanding put-call parity for currency options

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam on models for financial economics. I am having difficulty thinking about the put-call parity for currency options, specifically how use the notation. Here is ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Interest Rate and Price of Assets

I have a very basic question about finance. I know that for an asset, the price is inversly related to the yield to maturity, or the interest rate. However, I have three ways of thinking about this ...
0
votes
5answers
113 views

What can I use to measure of diversification?

I have to come up with a measure of diversification for trade (this can tie in closely to diversification as regards portfolios). Are there any well known measures of portfolio diversification?
5
votes
2answers
231 views

Intuitive explanation of stochastic portfolio theory

Fernholz and Karatzas have published various papers about so called stochastic portfolio theory. Basically they say that the return to be expected from a portfolio on the long run is rather the ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Where can I find information about the “Target Portfolio Pattern”?

It might not be known as a "pattern" but basically it's a way of (low-frequency) order management where a 'target portfolio' is built using notional amounts which is then compared against an 'actual ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Testing a Monte Carlo simulation independently

I'm building a Monte Carlo option pricing model in Python/SciPy. I want to test the results produced by the Python code by building the model independently in Excel and then comparing the results. Off ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Duration vs. Convexity Contradiction

A lower coupon bond exhibits higher duration, which means higher price volatility with changing YTM. A lower coupon bond also exhibits higher convexity. However, with higher convexity, bond prices ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Integrated Volatility in Diffusion Processes vs Volatility of Discrete Processes

In a Diffusion Process of the form $$dX_t = \mu(X_t)dt + \sigma(X_t)dW_t $$ the Integrated Volatility is defined as $$IV_t = \int_t^{t+1} \sigma^2(X_s)ds.$$ In this case, the Integrated Volatilty ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

“Spot rate is not observable” meaning

In Bruno Remillard's text, "Statistical Methods for Financial Engineering," he states the following on p 148 after giving the general form of a bond price $P(t,T)$ under Vasicek's model: Note that ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Smoothing factor of Exponential Moving Average

I'm trying to implement an Exponential Moving Average indicator, but I'm sort of stuck on the smoothing factor. What I've come up with: $$\frac{1}{N}\sum\limits_{k=0}^N \alpha^{k} P_k$$ Where N is ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Factors to Include in a Model to Predict Gross Profitability Persistence

I am trying to build a logistic model that predicts gross profitability persistence. Specifically at the start of every July, I assign stocks to one of five gross profitability groups (5 being the ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Listed companies on NASDAQ

Where can I find a list of listed companies on NASDAQ from 2000 to 2014?
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Difference between DV01 and IR DV01

What is the difference between DV01 and IR DV01? As far as I can see DV01 is at point on the yield curve and IR DV01 represents a parallel shift of the entire yield curve? My understanding is still ...
0
votes
3answers
200 views
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Basic Metrics for Option Trading Limits

Imagine a trading house that trades options in a modest way, and is looking for simple but effective metrics over which trading option limits will be set. Some random thoughts: 1) VaR is not ideal, ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

High Beta 'Filter' for Minimum Variance Portfolios (MVP's) - Lower Risk/Improve Return?

I am busy conducting research in South Africa on the JSE. I am investigating several risk based portfolios with an emphasis on MVP/min vol. My process is as follows: Although the JSE has around 400 ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Relationship between risk-neutral probability and subjective probability

I recently came across a Paper by a paper of Rubinstein and Jackwerth (1997): http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.441.5214&rep=rep1&type=pdf where they assume that you ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Does the fact that volatility is not constant imply existence of skew?

I had a question regarding the existence of the volatility skew. I've tried researching it a fair bit and I come across a few different explanations: 1. Market participants like buying downside puts ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Least-Square Monte Carlo in multiple variable

The paper by Longstaff-Schwatz on Least Square Monte Carlo offers very little proof. The only proof they have given assumed the option can only be exercised at two different time point and the price ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

Determining the investment strategy

I have the following problem: Consider the 5 year investment strategy and given the yearly portfolio returns $S_{t+1}/S_t$ and dividends $D_{t+1}$ paid at $t+1$ which are modeled as: $\frac{S_{t+1}}{...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Construction of bond portfolio represented by a CDS-Index

Markit publishes investable basket CDS indices. These are indices intended to track the credit risk of a basket of issuers (e.g. in the case of iTraxx Europe Series 24 these are 125 names) in an ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

Calculating expected shortfall

I'm trying to calculate the expected shortfall for the below scenario. I don't understand why the 1.04% probability of 0 bonds defaulting is used as a weight when calculating ES, since the binomial ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

How to get list of large intraday movers for that day?

Is there a source (preferably free :) that provides a list of large intraday (versus pre market) movers for the day you look? I don't mind getting the list on market close. I don't need historical ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

What is mathematically rigorous way to estimate floating swap cash flow in the future?

In vanilla swap, the FL payments is fixed on one date and paid on the next reset date. So the next payment is known. However, the payment after that is not known. What would be the best estimate of ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Hwo to create a benchmark for a portfolio?

How does one create a benchmark for a portfolio? I realize if I were using strategic asset allocation, I could just look at the already existing benchmarks associated with the various asset classes ...
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

European option on a dividend paying stock, limits to arbitrage?

What is the price C of a European call option on a dividend paying stock? I believe it is: C = U. N(d1) - exp(-rt).K.N(d2) d1 = [ ln(U/K) + (r + v^2/2).t ]/[ v.sqrt(t) ] d2 = d1 - v.sqrt(t) U ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

What should be the sign of greek letter $\rho$?

I'm reading the book Risk Management and Shareholders Value in Banking by Resti & Sironi. I quote a paragraph from the book (Chapter 5, appendix): The derivative of an option’s value with ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

UK company data from Datastream: FBRIT+DEAKUK versus WSCOPEUK?

I'm working on a paper investigates the existence of a profitability premium in the UK starting in 1970. (Novy-Marx, 2013) The core methodology is creating Fama and French portfolios, testing the ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Value at risk computation for a diffusion process

Given a hypothetical process $X_{t}$ defined by : $$ X_{t} = \int_0^t b_{s} ds + \int_0^t W_{s} ds + \sum_{i=1}^{N_{t}} \gamma_{T_{i}} Y_{i}$$ $ W_{t}$ is a standard brownian motion, $b_{t} ,\gamma_{...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Turnbull & Wakeman Asian - not Edgeworth?

My understanding is that Turnbull & Wakeman derived an approximation formula for continous arithmetic Asian option using Edgeworth series by matching the first two moments. However, in the book ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Problem solving using the put-call parity

I am self-studying for an actuarial exam on financial economics. I encountered this problem, and I am having difficulty seeing why the statement underlined is true: How do we know that $P(60) - C(...
5
votes
4answers
182 views

Market returns below risk free rate

Let's say I'm using CAPM to estimate the cost of equity, so I need expected market returns for the calculations. The standard approach is simply to compute arithmetic mean of an index (or rather its ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Order ID or Broker information from TAQ or Limit Order book?

Is it possible to see if a big order was executed in smaller chunks, and at what prices and times?
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Monte Carlo Convergence

Let $\{X_i\}$ be an i.i.d. sample of $X$ with $E(X) = \mu$ and $Var(X) = \sigma^2$. We know a MC estimate converges to the true value almost surely by the SLLN. That is, $$ \bar{X}_n \to \mu, \...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

SVI calibration, why fit to option prices and not implied volatilities

Bear with me. Related (very good) question: How to calibrate a volatility surface using SVI From this paper http://arxiv.org/pdf/1204.0646.pdf, page 21. Why does the recipe suggest fitting to option ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

Calculating historical implied volatility

I know that each individual option has it's own implied volatility, but how do you go about calculating the overall implied volatility for an underlying? For example when someone sais the IV of a ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

Shannon's entropy for financial times-series (return)

I'm looking at Shannon entropy, and generaly at ways to tell noise from signal when observing intraday returns (at the minute level for now). In python, e.g. I've implemented the fomula (sum of P(xi)*...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

difference between caplet and call

I wanted to know the difference between a caplet and a call. In my course (Interest rate models and curves) , we said that a caplet is a call option. Is it really true? Thanks
1
vote
0answers
127 views

Application of time series analysis to Bitcoin prices

Various exchanges allow for the trading of Bitcoins. The price of Bitcoin was very volatile since the inception of the system, today it is 391.76 USD: I wonder whether time series analysis tools ...

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