7
votes
2answers
183 views

Is there an optimal covariance one would want forecasts to have?

Often in a quant process, one will generate a time series of return forecasts and use them in some sort of optimization to generate a portfolio. Generally, there will be a covariance matrix of market ...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

What is the highest frequency greek for options on futures on bonds?

I'm considering exchange traded options of futures on bonds. Options on bond futures are usually American, thus the Black model is out of question. Which is the most imporatant Greek with respect to ...
6
votes
3answers
226 views

How to measure investors' “experienced” volatility?

In asset allocation, you usually send reports to your clients where you will report the volatility of its portfolio. Assuming you only have monthly returns, you will compute volatility over a ...
2
votes
0answers
315 views

What is an appropriate hedge ratio for hedging a credit instrument with equity of the same issuer?

Given a bond and a stock issued by the same issuer, what is the appropriate ratio of bond-to-stock one should hold in order to minimize the specific risk to that issuer? Equivalently, what is the ...
2
votes
2answers
370 views

definition for “the viscosity” in financial market data series

I am willing to calculate and monitor the evolution of extreme-viscosity in the financial markets data series. Wikipedia says "Put simply, the less viscous the fluid is, the greater its ease of ...
1
vote
1answer
444 views

Arbitrage between markets

I'm trying to understand how arbitrage works, but I'm having some difficulties based on some restrictions: I have markets A, B and C. The currencies that are traded are X <-> Y, and X <-> Z. ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

Does the correlation amongst stocks rise when stock values decline?

Is there any research on whether the correlations among stocks rise when stock indices decline? Which model could account and test for that effect ? Maybe GARCH-BEKK, or some models using copulas?
3
votes
3answers
205 views

Why in general is the variance of volume changes higher than variance of price changes?

Why, in general, is the variance of volume changes higher than variance of price changes? I understand that these two quantities are functions of some very different factors, but I don't understand ...
3
votes
2answers
431 views

Entry and exit points for very short mean-reverting timeseries

I have a model specifying a cointegration relationship on a number of transaction-level timeseries. I would like to specify entry and exit points for trades where these points ideally would be just ...
5
votes
1answer
315 views

What are VIX back-month futures based on?

The VIX calculation is a weighted average of prices for front-month out-the-money options on the S&P index. So for VIX futures, this makes sense for the front month vix futures (being based on a ...
1
vote
1answer
636 views

What precision do I need to calculate implied volatility?

I'm developing a software to calculate the implied volatility of an option using the Black & Scholes formula and a trial-and-error method. The implied volatility values I get are correct, but I ...
5
votes
2answers
314 views

Correlation: Test for linear dependence

Setting the scene: Assume a multivariate GBM with correlation matrix $\Sigma$. Further, one want to estimate the correlation between two of the assets. Assume one has a suitable estimator of the ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How to get greeks using Monte-Carlo for arbitrary option?

Let's assume I have an arbitrary option that I can price using Monte-Carlo simulation. What is the general approach (i.e. without relying on specific option type) to calculating the greeks in this ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

What is augmented data when simulating stochastic differential equations using Gibbs Sampler?

I am reading this paper on Bayesian Estimation of CIR Model. Basically, it is about estimating parameters using Bayesian inference. It estimates this stochastic differential equation: $$dy(t)=\{ ...
13
votes
2answers
811 views

Why isn't the Nelson-Siegel model arbitrage-free?

Assume $X_t$ is a multivariate Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, i.e. $$dX_t=\sigma dB_t-AX_tdt$$ and the spot interest rate evolves by the following equation: $$r_t=a+b\cdot X_t.$$ After solving for $X_t$ ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

How to value non-libor swaps (not basis swaps)?

What discount curve should be used for a swap with a fixed leg and variable leg, where the variable leg is based on rate other than Libor (in my case 1-year deposit rate). Hull (5th edition, page 595) ...
10
votes
10answers
16k views

What is the difference between Option Adjusted Spread (OAS) and Z-spread?

I am preparing for the CFA level 2 exam, I got confused by the concept Z-spread and OAS. When a call option is added to a bond, since it is not favorable to the bond buyer, they would require more ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

What mathematical characteristics are required from the asset price process in order to stay within the RNP framework?

I'm currently doing a course in derivatives pricing and I'm having some trouble wrapping my head around the sweet spot where theory meets reality in terms of Risk Neutral Pricing. I know that the ...
5
votes
1answer
725 views

Automated 10-K XBRL data grab using the SEC file structure

I would like to write a program that takes as input a list of CIK/year/quarter entries. The program should iterate through the list and, for each entry, grab XBRL financial data from the SEC website ...
3
votes
0answers
289 views

Is there a standard method of scaling alpha forecasts to t-cost estimates?

Given a set of monthly alpha forecasts (i.e. standardized z-scores from a multi-factor return model) and a non-linear market impact model (or more specifically, its piecewise-linear approximation), is ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Deriving spot rates from treasury yield curve

I've been experimenting with bond pricing using easily available data (treasury auction prices and treasury yield curves on treasury direct). At first I assumed that I could use the components yield ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How are momentum and reversion long/short strategies dynamically combined in trading?

I'm trying to understand how to combine two strategies dynamically in trading: one mean-reversion and the other momentum. One way (also the simplest one) of doing this is by scaling/normalizing ...
7
votes
1answer
694 views

application of lie groups in finance

Can some one kindly go over some of the applications and use of Lie groups in finance? The math is very rigorous and I don't fully understand it or the potential it could have. Let me share some ...
3
votes
3answers
635 views

Do I need a copula to accurately estimate the VaR of a portfolio of risky assets?

I need to estimate the daily VaR of a portfolio of various exposures in $n$ risky assets (say equity futures). The simplest approach, I think, would be to just estimate VaR from a multivariate normal ...
8
votes
2answers
757 views

Analytical relationship between a covariance matrix and cross-sectional dispersion

Given an expected returns vector and a covariance matrix, one can perform a joint draw and measure the average cross-sectional variation as the standard deviation across returns for a particular joint ...
12
votes
10answers
5k views

Is “eoddata” a good data source?

Not sure if this is a relevant question for site, but I am looking to move to www.eoddata.com as my data source. If anyone has used it, can you tell me how the data quality is ? I am currently ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

Optimal stop-loss reinsurance

What are some methods for optimizing stop-loss reinsurance? I've found an article on the minimization of the variance. I also know about the method of average-at-range. Can we apply a method for ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Implied Volatility from American options (binomial)

I am trying to get the implied volatility from options on commodity futures and I know it's possible to get it from the binomial american options (on an non-dividend paying stock). I believe it is ...
4
votes
3answers
742 views

What are the applications of cointegration?

We have had several posts on cointegration, and I must admit that I have only seen them mentioned here and there but I have no real experience using this concept. My question is pretty simple: how do ...
3
votes
2answers
476 views

Distribution for High Kurtosis

Can you please advise which distribution to follow when your skewness is 0.28 and Kurtosis value is 51. Since it's leptokurtic and positively skewed I would like to fit distribution and also wanted to ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Can end-to-day trading be profitable? If not, why? [closed]

Many academics argue that end-to-day trading, where you go long or short before opening and sell your security at the end of the day, is not profitable. Various explanations are given for this ...
8
votes
1answer
596 views

Quantitative before/after or financial engineering studies of a bid or ask tax?

Has anyone in the quantitative finance or financial engineering community studied the effects of a bid or ask tax with actual or simulated data? If so, what were the quantitative results or ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

Application of ACD models

I have been playing around with autoregressive conditional duration (ACD) models and I have a nicely working R based implementation using real high frequency data (trades only data). However, what's ...
1
vote
1answer
536 views

Two prices pass the cointegration test but there is a trend. How to check stationarity?

Below is a spread built with two ETFs that pass the cointegration test i.e. Adjusted Dickey Fuller, adfTest(type="nc") in R's fUnitRoots with a p-value < 0.01. The red line is the trendline. What ...
6
votes
2answers
451 views

Choosing the time-frame to test for cointegration

Is there a technique to choose the time-frame for a cointegration test (eg Augmented Dickey-Fueller's)?
16
votes
3answers
520 views

Tests that any system must pass to be taken seriously

In an interview from '96 Bill Eckhardt points out that there are tests that any system must pass to be taken seriously. That is: tests for (1) overfitting, (2) post-dictiveness, (3) maldistribution ...
7
votes
1answer
380 views

calculating arbitrage-free ranges based off outright, spread, and fly prices

This may be more applied math rather than finance focused, but I'm curious about using linear algebra techniques for generating possible arbitrage signals among outright instruments and spreads/flies ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

statistical arbitrage option overlay strategies / volatility trading

Here's an interesting trading puzzle that I would love to get the community's input on. Let's say there exists an alpha signal that does a good job of sorting equities expected excess returns over ...
8
votes
1answer
240 views

Do weights from portfolio theory contain bias?

I want to experiment with some portfolio modelling and I was wondering if you guys could help me with something. If I try to estimate and implement the traditional two-fund portfolio consisting of one ...
7
votes
2answers
974 views

How to calculate the most realistic historical option prices with additional publicly available parameters

This is a follow up question of this one. My aim is to create the most realistic historical option prices possible with publicly available data. I want to do this for backtesting purposes. The ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Ways of treating time in the BS formula

The Black-scholes formula typically has time as $\sqrt{T-t}$ or some such. My questions: What is the granularity of this? If we treat $t$ as the number of days, then logically on the day of expiry, ...
4
votes
2answers
429 views

Does put-call parity hold for a compound option with underlying American option?

Say there is an American put option that expires $N$ months from today. A call-on-put (CoP) option provides the owner the right to buy the American put option in exactly $M < N$ months (but no ...
5
votes
2answers
358 views

A few questions about signs of the Greek letters

Rho is the partial derivative of the value of call option, $C$, w.r.t the riskfree interest rate $r$: $$\rho \equiv \frac{\partial C}{\partial r}$$ In the standard B-S formula this term is positive, ...
4
votes
1answer
198 views

Are there any well known methods of testing through-the-cycle rating systems?

Rating systems, as defined by the Basel II Accord, can be classified into two broad types - through-the-cycle (TTC) or point-in-time (PIT) - and the probability of default predicted by such a system ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

what is a typical way forex brokerages can provide cheap leverage for their customers?

I'm not very well read in the area of high finance but I'm curious how forex brokerages are able to provide the backing for leverage that they can provide to customers. Is it possible to do this ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to build an execution trading system with CQG API?

I am currently using CQG for spread trading and have a spread trading strategy in CQG chart. I am trying to automate my spread trading strategy in CQG, but CQG told me to look at CQG API samples to ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Parameter estimation using martingale measures - include real world data?

Please note: I posted this in nuclearphynance first, but didn't get any replies. For desks which sell exotics it is common practice (as far as I know it) to calibrate the model (Stochastic ...
1
vote
2answers
338 views

What is the minimum history data size to get an accurate EMA/ MACD for latest history point

Currently, I have history data for 10 years. Most of the time, I only interested in getting EMA/ MACD for the last history point (means yesterday point). Instead of using entire 10 years history, I ...
5
votes
1answer
403 views

Are there any tools or useful algos for identifying corner portfolios?

Let's say I am performing mean-variance optimization subject to some weight constraints. I'd like to identify the set of corner portfolios so that I can interpolate the entire efficient frontier. A ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

C++ training from scratch to quantitative trading? [closed]

I have been trading for decades, and I have a solid knowledge of technical analysis but also VB as professional programmer. I would like to start learning C++ from scratch, then specialised in C++ ...

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