All Questions

3
votes
2answers
294 views

Why use market capitalization weighted index over PCA?

Why is it so popular to use market capitalization weighted indices instead of taking the first principle component that explains the most variation of the constituents? I haven't yet seen an academic ...
-3
votes
1answer
443 views

Why do we need derivatives? [closed]

I read somewhere that derivatives are the biggest weapons of financial destruction. Why do we need derivatives? If exploiting risk-proneness of people to make profit is the goal, why don't we stop ...
2
votes
0answers
303 views

Yield Curve Volatility

Let you have several issuers, and let each issuer have its yield curve built up with liquid plain vanilla fixed rate bonds. Each yield curve has its slope and its curvature, and they obviously change ...
3
votes
3answers
174 views

How to see if a set of asset returns corresponds to a known correlation matrix?

Let's say I have an arbitrary set of $n$ period returns for $k$ assets, and a given $k \times k$ correlation matrix (of asset returns), which is known a priori. Does it makes sense, or is it even ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Determining portfolio risk return in R given historical data for individual holdings?

Currently we compute portfolio risk and return via our own C# program. Historical data is stored in a SQL database. We want to compute the risk and return parameters - given a portfolio (i.e. not ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Why might a manager consider using an interest-rate in which the notional principal amount declines over time?

Say swap would be used to convert the payments of its portfolio of fixed-rate residential mortgage loans into a floating payment. Why might a manager consider using an interest-rate in which the ...
4
votes
2answers
246 views

How to reactivate a risk mangement rule in an automated process

If some conditions are met (stop loss, trailing stop, take profit...) we will close ours positions (sell/buy) to avoid having more loss or to ensure profit. In an automatic trading system, it is easy ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Hidden Markov Model & Its Application

I have started reading about HMM it gives an intuitive idea about what HMM is all about. I am looking out for example where its applied to Equity model using R / Excel. The material which I read so ...
4
votes
5answers
536 views

What sources would you recommend for Real Time Market Data other than Bloomberg/Reuters?

I am dealing with a strategy that is not high-frequency based. The strategy consumes normalized data from Bloomberg and Reuters. For US equity market, can someone recommend some real-time data ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Eurdollar Futures

Trying to understand the Eurdollar market a little better. I understand it's the market for dollar denominated deposits outside the US (not just in Europe). They are unregulated and not subject to ...
1
vote
1answer
632 views

How to interpret/use VaR and Standard Deviation?

The parametric VaR is defined as follows: $$VaR=Z_a*Vol$$ Is this the best way to interpret how much risk is being taken on for a particular asset? How does one interpret volatility on its own if ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

How to attribute income that incurs a double liability in a P&L?

I'm a developer writing a system for a startup. Without giving away too much of the business model, here are the basics of how it works: The web site has two forms of "currency": tickets and ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Can determinant of liquidity risk be used as a dimension or measure of liquidity risk

Can I take liquidity risk determinant as a dimension of it in order to examine the impact of liquidity risk on performance of banks? For example in a literature, Tangibility i.e., ratio of fixed ...
6
votes
4answers
839 views

Threshold calculation for buying a mean-reverting asset

I am trying to figure-out an optimal policy for buying a unit when its price follows a mean-reverting price process (Ornstein–Uhlenbeck), when I have a finite time deadline for buying the unit. I ...
2
votes
4answers
483 views

easy one step option replication

I have the following question. Consider that you have a stock currently trading at 100\$. In one month it can jump to 120\$ with probability 99% and go to 80\$ with probability 1%. How much is call ...
5
votes
2answers
285 views

Most natural generalization of covariance/correlation to model dependence of extreme events

One of the most serious shortcomings of covariance/correlation are the assumptions of linearity and normality. What is the most natural generalization of these measures of dependence when you want to ...
2
votes
1answer
859 views

what is the implied volatility on a basket of options

If I have 4 optionable stocks A,B,C,D and each different implied volatilies,IV-A,IV-B,IV-C,IV-D. How do get the implied volatility for a basket option on A,B,C,D where the basket weights are w-A=.6, ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

How to enumerate all the possible portfolios with a given target volatility?

Let's say I have $n$ assets and their returns are stored in a matrix $X \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ (i.e. I have $m$ returns for each of them. The covariance matrix of the returns is $\Sigma \in ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

price of a “Cash-or-nothing binary call option”

I'm stuck with one homework problem here: Assume there is a geometric Brownian motion \begin{equation} dS_t=\mu S_t dt + \sigma S_t dW_t \end{equation} Assume the stock pays dividend, with the ...
3
votes
2answers
615 views

Using the termstrc package in R

I am attempting to use the function estim_nss from the termstrc package in R to find the spot curve from constant maturity rates published by the Fed. I am using this package because I will need to ...
6
votes
4answers
615 views

How to cluster ETFs to reduce cardinality for portfolio selection

I'm looking to run portfolio optimizations using various optimization goals - e.g. minimum variance, max diversification etc. My challenge is if I want to do this on ETF's which ones do I pick to run ...
-3
votes
1answer
517 views

Target daily ROI for a market-making algorithm

I'm designing a market-making algorithm, I was wondering what a decent ROI / day would be to aim for in such a system?
1
vote
2answers
165 views

round price to tick size

I have an issue about rounding price to tick size. Suppose there is price tick table below. what is tick size for price 1001, 1002 ... 1004? In other words, how to handle the price in between upper ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

How does a covered bond characteristics compare to a mortgage security for credit enhancement?

I need help with understanding how does a covered bond characteristics compare to a mortgage security for credit enhancement?
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Is MATLAB-generated code good enough for use in live trading?

I know that MATLAB has mechanisms for generating code, but I've never used them. Have you? If you have - is it good enough (=fast enough, I guess) to be used in live trading systems? Anything one ...
1
vote
2answers
865 views

Calculating true value of a stock given the order-book and recent trades

I'm trying to calculate the 'true value' of a stock listed on an exchange. I have access to the limit order-book (containing all bid/ask quotes) and also all trades which have taken place (which ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

Price difference between bond cash and futures

I used to trade German and US govt. bond futures and I am now having trouble understanding the price difference of these markets against the cash market. For example, the 10 year german government ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Limits analysis

I have a few time series of models to analyse in terms of how far/close they are to their underlying limit. The limit is a simple value on the y-axis (always positive), and the series can act ...
5
votes
1answer
216 views

How to build an electricity portfolio for an electricity production company?

I am referring to an electricity production company. Company is located in AsiaPac. The power is generated using Natural Gas fired combined-cycle power plants. Then this electricity is distributed to ...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

What are the best Journals & Conferences in Quantitative Finance?

What are some of the most prominent journals, conferences and publishing venues in Quantitative Finance research? Where can I find information more information about them? (e.g. impact factor and ...
0
votes
0answers
221 views

How to calculate cf and interest accruals of the swap?

How to calculate to calculate daily interest accruals and cashflows for the full term of the swap, given notional, effective date, maturity date: (total one year), accrual: ACT/360 payment: ...
5
votes
4answers
570 views

Regressor: Nominal return, continuous return or first difference?

Suppose the application is linear models in financial econometrics. If we want to analyze stocks, the standard approach is to take the continuous/log return: $\ln{ \frac{P_t}{P_{t-1}} }$. Suppose, ...
-2
votes
1answer
296 views

How to get a Quant Job [closed]

At the end of the academic year I will graduate with a Computer Science degree (hopefully) and I would like to peruse a career in quantitative finance. What is the dest way of doing this? Is it worth ...
-3
votes
1answer
123 views

Control Bloomberg logins in a library [closed]

In a campus library or other public place, typically many people share the same PC with the Bloomberg terminal software. Is there a way to prevent users from creating new logins? Is there a way to ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Annualized Covariance

I have two time series. One with monthly returns on an asset and one with monthly returns on a benchmark index. I have calculated the covariance using the ...
4
votes
1answer
319 views

Applying interest rate shocks under Solvency II

I'm trying to figure out how one would apply the stress scenarios defined under the interest rate risk sub module of Solvency II. I understand that all future cash flows of an interest rate sensitive ...
0
votes
1answer
307 views

Using OpenCL video cards to offload Quant Finance calculations, what features should I look for?

I'm benchmarking some software and am looking for cards that are better at parallel multiplication vs parallel addition. Is there any prior work that may have this information? What GPU features ...
0
votes
1answer
182 views

Cloning Return Streams

How would one go about cloning/replicating returns of a hedge fund or a strategy. That is given a return series of the object to be clone, is it possible to decompose return and reconstruct another ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Regression extensions

I'm trying to find extensions for my regression and obviously would like to use PE, BV and CFO. But I've got monthly data, while all company's fundamentals are semi-annually... Can I deal with it ...
6
votes
3answers
348 views

Replicating portfolio and risk-neutral pricing for interest rate options

For equity options, the pricing of options depends on the existence of a replicating portfolio, so you can price the option as the constituents of that replicating portfolio. However, I am not seeing ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Basket option pricing: step by step tutorial for beginners

I would like to learn how to price options written on basket of several underlyings. I've never tried to do it and I would appreciate if you can provide some documents, papers, web sites and so on in ...
1
vote
1answer
316 views

Probability of trade's exit orders being triggered in random-walk market

When placing a trade with Stop Loss and Take Profit orders in a hypothetical random market (i.e. 0.5 probability of up tick and 0.5 probability of down tick), assuming: x is the distance in ticks of ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Simple question about stochastic differential

What is the equivalent of product rule for stochastic differentials? I need it in the following case: Let $X_t$ be a process and $\alpha(t)$ a real function. What would be $d(\alpha(t)X_t)$?
3
votes
0answers
275 views

Monty Hall Model

Given a fixed time period,say 3 days, the stock/market can go up,down or stay sideways. A hedge fund can long, short or use rangebound(options strategy) to bet for that 3 days closing level. Hedge ...
2
votes
1answer
639 views

hedging two bonds in different currencies with FX forward

Is there a way to make a hedged portfolio using two bonds, one is in EUR, the other one is in USD and FX forward contract? Assume that FX rate follows geometric Brownian motion movement.
0
votes
3answers
312 views

How to do performance attribution for a few characteristics?

Let's say the characteristics that I am interested in are FX Country Security selection I have the benchmark weights and returns, the FX returns, and the portfolio weights and returns. Can ...
2
votes
2answers
571 views

Should I use GARCH volatility or standard deviation in cross-sectional regression?

I want to do a cross-sectional study where the historical, medium-long run volatility of some return series (call it $R_t$) is included as a regressor. Which of the following two estimates of ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Interpretation of Macaulay Duration

I am having a difficulty conceptualizing the meaning of "Macaulay duration" - I want to note I completely understand the math, this isn't the issue. Modified duration & Efficitive Duration make ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Model-implied yield spread on corporate bonds

While using Merton (or any other) model, is the model-implied yield spread on bonds greater than actual yield spread? And is it possible to estimate actual probablities of default?
3
votes
1answer
952 views

Understanding Passive Rebate Arbitrage

I was reading a BMO paper which offered the following example of passive rebate arbitrage: "For example, if BBD.b is trading at $4.71 - ...

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