1
vote
1answer
25 views

Value-at-Risk of the sum of three independent lognormal random variables with different confidence level

there are three Business units in a firm, each has operational VaR value which are independent from eachother. the quantile for each opVaR is different from the others. can I simply add the VaRs to ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Differences between editions of Security Analysis by Graham and Dodd?

Where can I find a comparison of the contents, a list of everything that changed or the differences among the different editions of the book Security Analysis by ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Value-at-Risk - Currency Swap

Can someone explain to me how to calculate the VaR (delta-normal-method) for a Currency Swap? Thanks in advance. Regards Alexander
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Using Gordon's Growth Model to find value of corporation

This is a question posed to us by my professor in my finance class. I was under the impression that the Gordon Growth Model was used to find the intrinsic value of a stock, but I am unsure how to plug ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

What is the use of options pricing formulas

This may seem like a dumb question, but if the EMH is generally true, wouldn't options already be correctly priced? Why do we need all these intricate formulas, unless we think the prices are wrong or ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Discounted Stock Price

I have the following Question : Prove that under the risk-neutral probability p the stock and the banjaccount have the same average rate of growth. In other words, if $ S_0 , S_N $ are the initial ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Distribution of running maximums of a log normal process

I've been searching for quite some time and would appreciate any guidance! What I'm looking for is the distribution of running maximums for a log-normal process. If anyone is familiar with any ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Complete Multiperiod Binomial model

I have the following deifnition of a Complete multiperiod binomial model: A multi period binomial model can be called complete if every derivative security can be replicated by trading in the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Validation of Bates SVJ model

I have just finished implementing the Bates model for pricing European call options. To check results, I have been looking for a validation set where I could see the Bates parameter values and ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Using Black-Scholes to price a geometric average price call

Sorry if this is the wrong exchange for this question. It seems to be the most relevant, anyway. I'm trying to learn and understand the Black-Scholes framework, with a focus on the stochastic ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Dynamic Hedging for a Bond

Sorry if this question is duplicate. Analyzing the scenario to hedge bond credit risk with CDS. but if Bond price changes CDS notional will not change. is there any way i can hedge this ?
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Difference between Risk avoidance and Risk transfer

I was hoping some could explain the two terms namely, risk avoidance and risk transfer. Also, can a risk be avoided by transferring it?
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Empirical distribution function of overlapping time series data

If we model asset return volatility for periods of more than one (say more than one day) there is the square-root rule which holds true under some assumptions. The situation is more tricky if we look ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Replication of the portfolio in single step binomial model

I would be grateful if anyone would comment how to construct this: Assume $S_{i}^k$ is a stock price at time level $i$ and at price level $k$. Assume option is written on $S$ with a a payoff ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

US options market/microstruture research

Can someone point out where to find up to date market/microstruture research in the options market?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

rollapply with Arima model: testing for stability of coefficients

I am trying to fit an arima model on a rolling window using rollapply.My aim is to plot a graph of the evolution of the coefficient, plot the error and the standard deviation. well i encountered the ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Monte Carlo simulation returns not normal distributed

I am generating 100,000 paths of SPX out to 1 year using Euler discretization. I look at how S is distributed for 100,000 paths at the 1 year point and I find it is lognormally distributed. I look at ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Principal Protected Notes

I have a few questions on the structuring of principal protected notes. Let's say that the note has a call option on the S&P500 so that it has the following payoff at maturity: $PPN_T=100\% + A ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Simulated Price Data via Harmonic Logarithmic Walks?

Hi I came up with this equation last week and was wondering if: 1) There was already a name for this mathematical process. If so, where I might find more information. 2) Also, I am not adept at ...
2
votes
2answers
148 views

Futures fair value with spot in different currency

The fair value, $F$, for a futures contract is $ F = S(1+rt) - D,$ where $S$ is the underlying spot price, $r$ is the interest rate, $t$ is the time to maturity, and $D$ is the dividends. What is ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is a Basis Swap Curve?

I know what a Swap Curve is. But I don't understand what a Basis Swap Curve is and how it is constructed? Need some guidance on this.
4
votes
3answers
102 views

Technical analysis - Calculating Aroon Indicator Serie

I'm trying to build a class to create Aroon series. But it seems I don't understand the steps well. I'm not sure about what purpose I have to use the period parameter. Here is my first attempt: ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Implementing Minimum Leverage in an SOCP Portfolio Optimization

I'm optimizing a portfolio of n assets and my optimization variable is of the form $$x = [t,w,w_L,w_S]$$ where $$t:= \text{slack variable for turning my QP objective into SOCP constraint}$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

out-of-sample variance using rolling window

I am currently working on the comparison of the constructed portfolios using out-of-sample variance criteria. I am going to use rolling window procedure for the comparison. First, I choose a window ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Sortino Ratio calculation

I've been using an excel template to calculate the sortino ratio for my automated trading strategies. http://investexcel.net/calculate-the-sortino-ratio-with-excel Basically i input my monthly ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Portfolio of Assets

The following represents a model for an economy. At time $t=0$, four assets have the value $X_1= £5$, $X_2=£5$, $X_3=£10$ and $X_4=£4$. Three possible states of the world exist ($\alpha_1$, ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

continuous dividend yield - european option

Can someone help with following task? You need to use a 5-period forward binomial model to price options, which is constructed by specifying the up and down moves as follows: u = exp {(r − δ) · h + ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

What does it mean to change the currency of a spread between bonds from 2 different countries?

On reuters I charted the spread between the 10yr US bond and the 10yr UK bond. It gives the me the option of choosing the currency. For just the standard spread(ie: yield(US)-yield(UK)) you select ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

The effect of negative interest rates on derivative pricing

I am trying to get an overview of the impact on negative interest rates on financial products (in general). For the time being I distinguished the following products Vanilla options Exotic options ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Why do leveraged and inverse leveraged WTI ETNs have this price relationship?

UWTI: 3x leveraged exposure to WTI DWTI: 3x leveraged inverse exposure to WTI The inverse relationship between these two symbols seems to trend toward the origin on a log-log plot (using log base ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Random Matrix Theory in Risk Management [duplicate]

How can we apply Random Matrix Theory(RMT) in Risk Management for estimation risk of portfolio consisting of correlated assets?
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Why do I still see large orders?

When analysing T&S for stocks such as AAPL, I sometimes see huge orders. These orders are in the order of 10.000 shares or more. To my knowledge, large orders are (supposed to be) executed by ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Order routing: correlation of having same exchange for buy and sell

I am not familiar with the technicalities of order routing so my main sources of information as of now is the sec gov trade execution info and an explanation of how SOR works. Question 1: Let's ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Do I need to update the standard deviation into GARCH for the next step conditional variance predict?

I need to compare two garch models, I try to do that by Value at Risk. In general, if I have an initial conditional variance, for example, h1, then I can predict the next N days conditional variance ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Annual dividend yield using option prices

If I have only strike, call and put prices for European options, how do I work towards computing the continuous dividend yield?
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Methodology for handling short american options in a back test

Given that an American option can be exercised at any time, how does one handle algorithmically selling an American option in a back test? I am not sure what the best practice is to simulate the early ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Problem - stationarity and relevance

I am doing my Bachelor's thesis at the moment and I ran into a problem I was hoping you could help me out with. While running my data (in Eviews) I had relevant variables. However, when turning to a ...
0
votes
3answers
38 views

Small question about normalization

Lets assume I want to normalize some stock data ( prices or log prices) to compare for different types of correlation for example. And here is the question how should I normalize: a) by subtracting ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Replicating portfolio of a “delayed” call on zero-coupon bond

Let $T < T_2 < T+D$ and $B(t,T)$ the value at time $t$ of zero-coupon bond of maturity $T$. We suppose its volatility to be a deterministic function of $t$ and $T$. Let's consider a "delayed" ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Compute bond price with more coupon payments in a year

If I have a 5-year bond, which pays every six months a coupon of 2.5% with a yield of 1.5%, should I split up the yield to compute the bond price? Or is below the way to compute it? $\displaystyle ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Is it possible to offer promoters of a public company to acquire only their stake?

I am preparing a project report and I am interested in suggesting to buy the promoter stake (34%) in a public company. Will I get into trouble with the Securities Board (like SEC) if I do that instead ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Symbols for options on gold futures

I have a historical data set containing only options on gold futures. If I print out a unique list of option symbols I get: ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Why normalize only data for CDSs for PCA?

I'm reading a Credit Suisse Research Report on PCA. The report says that to preprocess the data, you should "Centre data (and normalize when considering CDS data)." Why would you only normalize ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Getting Into Quant Field without Phd or Masters [closed]

I was wondering it is possible to get into a quant role without a masters or a PhD. And if so, what are the steps to do so? The only resources I've really been able to find speaking to this on ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

How to get positions of your portfolio from Interactive Brokers with python ibPy?

I am using ibpy to get the positions of my portfolio. I understand that I can do: ...
6
votes
4answers
365 views

Is a stationary process necessarily mean-reverting?

Intuitively, a stationary stochastic process needs to be mean-reverting. This should follow immediately from the definition of stationarity: the mean of the process needs to be constant over time, so ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

excel yearfrac 30u/360 across feb month end

Why are both of these formulas returning 1? One of them should be 3. =YEARFRAC(DATE(2015,2,27),DATE(2015,2,28),0)*360 =YEARFRAC(DATE(2015,2,28),DATE(2015,3,1),0)*360 Based on every description of ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Method for finding a arbitrage opportunity when market price of call is incorrect

The solution of the Black-scholes equation is the price of a European call. And the option price assumes the underlying stock is a geometric Brownian motion with volatility $\sigma_{1}>0$. ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Implied volatility from American options using python

I am currently trying to construct volatility surface from american option prices (using Cox-Ross-Rubinstein tree) in Python 2.7. Below you can find the code I came up with. Any corrections would be ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Reference for drawdown, look ahead bias and survivorship bias

I'm writing a PhD thesis and I am using terminology such as maximum drawdown, maximum drawdown duration, lookahead bias, and survivorship bias. Although I understand what these are, and they are ...

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