# All Questions

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### Value-at-Risk of the sum of three independent lognormal random variables with different confidence level

there are three Business units in a firm, each has operational VaR value which are independent from eachother. the quantile for each opVaR is different from the others. can I simply add the VaRs to ...
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### Differences between editions of Security Analysis by Graham and Dodd?

Where can I find a comparison of the contents, a list of everything that changed or the differences among the different editions of the book Security Analysis by ...
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### Value-at-Risk - Currency Swap

Can someone explain to me how to calculate the VaR (delta-normal-method) for a Currency Swap? Thanks in advance. Regards Alexander
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### Using Gordon's Growth Model to find value of corporation

This is a question posed to us by my professor in my finance class. I was under the impression that the Gordon Growth Model was used to find the intrinsic value of a stock, but I am unsure how to plug ...
128 views

### What is the use of options pricing formulas

This may seem like a dumb question, but if the EMH is generally true, wouldn't options already be correctly priced? Why do we need all these intricate formulas, unless we think the prices are wrong or ...
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### Discounted Stock Price

I have the following Question : Prove that under the risk-neutral probability p the stock and the banjaccount have the same average rate of growth. In other words, if $S_0 , S_N$ are the initial ...
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### Distribution of running maximums of a log normal process

I've been searching for quite some time and would appreciate any guidance! What I'm looking for is the distribution of running maximums for a log-normal process. If anyone is familiar with any ...
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### Complete Multiperiod Binomial model

I have the following deifnition of a Complete multiperiod binomial model: A multi period binomial model can be called complete if every derivative security can be replicated by trading in the ...
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### Validation of Bates SVJ model

I have just finished implementing the Bates model for pricing European call options. To check results, I have been looking for a validation set where I could see the Bates parameter values and ...
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### Using Black-Scholes to price a geometric average price call

Sorry if this is the wrong exchange for this question. It seems to be the most relevant, anyway. I'm trying to learn and understand the Black-Scholes framework, with a focus on the stochastic ...
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### Dynamic Hedging for a Bond

Sorry if this question is duplicate. Analyzing the scenario to hedge bond credit risk with CDS. but if Bond price changes CDS notional will not change. is there any way i can hedge this ?
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### Difference between Risk avoidance and Risk transfer

I was hoping some could explain the two terms namely, risk avoidance and risk transfer. Also, can a risk be avoided by transferring it?
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### Empirical distribution function of overlapping time series data

If we model asset return volatility for periods of more than one (say more than one day) there is the square-root rule which holds true under some assumptions. The situation is more tricky if we look ...
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### Replication of the portfolio in single step binomial model

I would be grateful if anyone would comment how to construct this: Assume $S_{i}^k$ is a stock price at time level $i$ and at price level $k$. Assume option is written on $S$ with a a payoff ...
154 views

### US options market/microstruture research

Can someone point out where to find up to date market/microstruture research in the options market?
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### rollapply with Arima model: testing for stability of coefficients

I am trying to fit an arima model on a rolling window using rollapply.My aim is to plot a graph of the evolution of the coefficient, plot the error and the standard deviation. well i encountered the ...
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### Monte Carlo simulation returns not normal distributed

I am generating 100,000 paths of SPX out to 1 year using Euler discretization. I look at how S is distributed for 100,000 paths at the 1 year point and I find it is lognormally distributed. I look at ...
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### Is it possible to offer promoters of a public company to acquire only their stake?

I am preparing a project report and I am interested in suggesting to buy the promoter stake (34%) in a public company. Will I get into trouble with the Securities Board (like SEC) if I do that instead ...
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### Symbols for options on gold futures

I have a historical data set containing only options on gold futures. If I print out a unique list of option symbols I get: ...
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### Why normalize only data for CDSs for PCA?

I'm reading a Credit Suisse Research Report on PCA. The report says that to preprocess the data, you should "Centre data (and normalize when considering CDS data)." Why would you only normalize ...
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### Getting Into Quant Field without Phd or Masters [closed]

I was wondering it is possible to get into a quant role without a masters or a PhD. And if so, what are the steps to do so? The only resources I've really been able to find speaking to this on ...
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### How to get positions of your portfolio from Interactive Brokers with python ibPy?

I am using ibpy to get the positions of my portfolio. I understand that I can do: ...
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### Is a stationary process necessarily mean-reverting?

Intuitively, a stationary stochastic process needs to be mean-reverting. This should follow immediately from the definition of stationarity: the mean of the process needs to be constant over time, so ...
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### excel yearfrac 30u/360 across feb month end

Why are both of these formulas returning 1? One of them should be 3. =YEARFRAC(DATE(2015,2,27),DATE(2015,2,28),0)*360 =YEARFRAC(DATE(2015,2,28),DATE(2015,3,1),0)*360 Based on every description of ...
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### Method for finding a arbitrage opportunity when market price of call is incorrect

The solution of the Black-scholes equation is the price of a European call. And the option price assumes the underlying stock is a geometric Brownian motion with volatility $\sigma_{1}>0$. ...