# All Questions

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### Bayesian logit model in Psychometric or Behavioural Testing for Credit Scoring in Developing Countries

A lot of parameters in one title, I know. So there's credit scoring but not using credit history. Then there's using a Bayesian logit model. Then there's doing so in a developing country such as Haiti ...
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### How can a share price be different on its open than it was on the previous close?

The changing in price of shares are down to the number of people buying or selling stock. So, if there is a large demand for a stock then the share price will increase, and if there are lots of people ...
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### market change, correlation and estimation bias

I hear many quants sating that markets change very slowly. This "fact" is even presented as a justification of statistical arbitrage, for example, by affirming that correlations remain roughly the ...
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### Long-term proportion of convex and concave strategies in artificial financial markets

In their classic paper "Dynamic Strategies for Asset Allocation" Perold and Sharpe state: "That convex and concave strategies are mirror images of one another tells us that the more demand there ...
81 views

### European call down and out option (geometric Brownian motion, Monte Carlo, Euler)

I need to estimate the expected value and the Greeks of an European call down and out option, assuming geometrical Brownian motion of the asset, with Monte Carlo simulation employing Euler ...
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### How to get list of all symbols in fred database?

I am trying to query every single series in the fred database using r. I have checked out both the quantmod and fImport packages, and they work fine, though it seems that quantmod fits my use a bit ...
139 views

### Intuitive Explanation for Volatility Smile for Equity

I am trying to understand the intuitive reasoning for why volatility is more for deep OTM/ITM put/call then ATM..(why Simles for equity) Why ATM will not have more volatility as deep OTM/ITM option ...
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### Why square root of volatility in Heston model?

Why do we model it as sqrt root of v(t)? Is that because we don't want the volatility to go negative? If this is the case, can we model it as square of v(t)?
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### What P&L netting should one use when a strategy has trades in two different geographic locations?

I am familiar with the FIFO methodology of netting buys and sells to obtain a realized P&L and outstanding position. Suppose there's a strategy which runs in two different places A, and B and ...
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Are there any studies on the average difference or ratio between Settlement (execution price) and the Spot price dependant on lot size. I'm looking for a function such as ...
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### Approximating the IV of an underlying from Individual Options IV

Is it possible to get a calculation of IV from the volatility on components of the options chain? EG I have this data: ...
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### Evaluation of the semi-closed Heston pricing formula for call options

I'd like to know, how the integral part of the semi-closed Heston pricing formula for call options can be simulated for a given set of model parameters. Monte Carlo simulations shoud work for this ...
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### How does one estimate the probability of the Fed increasing its benchmark rate based on Fed funds futures?

How was this 67% probability calculated from Fed funds futures? Fed funds futures show a 67 percent chance the central bank will increase its benchmark rate by year-end from virtually zero, ...