0
votes
0answers
26 views

Define some finance terminology for me, please. Live options vs. crossed options

What is a "live" option vs. a "crossed" option? Does a cross option just mean that it is hedged? If someone is buying an option and says "I want to buy a November 5.00 (strike price) put cross at ...
0
votes
3answers
78 views

What makes investors risk averse?

There are some regularly-occuring events that coincide with a rise in the implied volatility of an asset. For example, in advance of an firm's annual earnings report, it is typically expensive to buy ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Practitioner's criterion for MC pricing convergence

Let's say I have some Interest Rates (IR) pricing model which relies on Monte Carlo pricing and I'd like to benchmark its quality and find out optimal settings (time steps & iterations) per asset ...
4
votes
4answers
233 views

What kind of front end/ gui is used with trading applications?

I was wondering what kind of front end is used for trading applications. Coming from a quant background, I was always only concerned with research and back end of the application but am at a total ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Intuition behind American Option pricing

The price of an American option is given by $$V_n = \max\left(G_n,\frac{1}{1 + r}(pV_{n +1}H^d + qV_{n + 1}H^u\right)$$ where p, q are the risk neutral probabilities. I have two questions: How ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

What do “Exposure Bounds” mean in Portfolio Optimization?

I've just started reading up on Portfolio Optimization models and have come across the use of exposure bounds to mitigate the sensitivity of the optimized model solution, owing to parameter estimation ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Constructing Volatility Smile from Implied Volatility & Delta

I have implied volatility data for call and put options (expiring in 1 month from any given date) for a particular stock. In addition, I have the delta for the options. However, I have no information ...
-3
votes
2answers
110 views

What software should I use for forex arbitrage?

These are my requirements: Speed of lookup & update Speed of crunching large numbers and combinations The exchanges I want to connect to will mostly provide json feeds to their orderbooks & ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Yahoo OHLC data reflects nonexistant stock split

Can anyone explain why the OHLC data I'm getting from yahoo appears to reflect stock splits during times when no significant corporate actions have occurred? For example, I'm looking at ABT and yahoo ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Fixed volatility portfolio with max returns creates skewed results

I am trying to create a portfolio of only four components using the mean-variance optimization (MVO). I am setting up my problem such that I want to maximize the expected returns with a fixed vol ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

State Space models with Short Time Series

My problem is that I have a state space model that I estimate using the Berndt–Hall–Hall–Hausman (BHHH) algorithm. The state space model is relatively simple in that the hidden part follows a pure ...
4
votes
3answers
222 views

Algorithm to detect the aggressor side of a trade

Most of the exchanges provide aggressor side property of trades (e.g. Tag=5797 AggressorSide on CME) in their raw data. But many data providers do not provide this information via their datafeed ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Explicit solution SDE

I have the following SDE: $$dY_{t}=A\left(\frac{W_{t}^{1}}{\sqrt{t}},\frac{Y_{t}}{\sqrt{t}}\right)dW_{t}^{1}+B\left(\frac{W_{t}^{1}}{\sqrt{t}},\frac{Y_{t}}{\sqrt{t}}\right)dW_{t}^{2}$$ where ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Which is the better risk sensitive measure?

Consider the two following optimization problem 1) $$ \min_{\theta} \ln E_{\theta}[ e^{X}]$$ 2) $$ \min_{\theta} E_{\theta}[ X]$$ with the constraint $$ Var_{\theta}[X] <c$$ Is it true that ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Contribute to Finance related projects [closed]

I am currently a student and in the future would like to work as a software developer for a financial institution such as Bloomberg, Factset etc. I was looking to contribute to some open source or ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Nested volatility

The introduction VIX options makes the concept of "volatility of volatility" a real life concept. The idea of "nested volatility" seems interesting, and I am wondering if there are any academic ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Art market specificities

I am looking for some reference on the art market in light of quantitative finance. I am interested in some things: The market in general, how is it compared to financial market ? What about common ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

CVA/CDVA - Worsened Credit Quality implies profit?

In the book Counterparty Credit Risk, Collateral and Funding by Brigo et al I found the following: credit quality of investor WORSENS $\Rightarrow$ books POSITIVE MARK TO MKT credit quality of ...
4
votes
2answers
76 views

How does this follow from the separating hyperplane theorem?

This is from Pliskas book in mathematical finance. I do not know what was best to write the question so I included the pages from the book. He has not written what form of the separating hyperplane ...
0
votes
3answers
149 views

How to create a model or formula for evaluating trade opportunities

I want to build a formula to produce a score for a potential trade based on 4 variables, time, return, liquidity of security, and probability of failure. For a set of potential trades I first ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Risk Neutral Pricing Necessary Condition

Suppose that I have an option on a single stock expiring at time $T$ and I replicate the payoff of this derivative by investing in the stock market and the money market. So this condition reads $$X(T) ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

List of dates at which the NYSE was closed from 2005 to 2014?

I'm doing research on historical price movements on the New York Stock Exchange. Because the NYSE is closed on weekends, on holidays, and sometimes because of special events, special care needs to be ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Portfolio Optimization - n risky assets

I'm currently implementing a CAPM model in Excel: A portfolio of n risky assets when n=6 (in this case) A riskless borrowing rate of 8% and riskless lending rate of 3% I'm given the expected return ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

How to develop your own interest rate model?

How can you develop your own interest rate model? What must be take cautiously before making one? Also what is the regulation that one mustfollow? Also what is some common properties that models ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

What is the reasoning to derive this financial model called the Vasicek Model?

The model specifies that the instantaneous interest rate follows the stochastic differential equation $$\mathrm{d}r_t = a(b-r_t)\: \mathrm{d}t + \sigma \: \mathrm{d}W_t$$ where $W_{t}$ is a Wiener ...
2
votes
2answers
235 views

How to classify stocks by their volatility?

I would like to hear other possible ways of classifying Stocks by the Volatility of their returns. Assuming that I want to characterize each stock as Low, Medium or High Volatility Stock and assuming ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Methods for “prompt month equivalent” exposure in commodities forwards/futures markets

It is common in commodities markets to hold many positions, both long and short, across a range of contract months beginning in the prompt month (today, September) to five or more years out. In ...
3
votes
3answers
85 views

Modelling currency exchange rates timeseries data across re-denomation dates

I am working with data for an exotic currency, that has been re-denominated a couple of times during the twenty years of data that I have. What is the best way of 'normalising' the data, so that I ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

multi factor equity model exposures not as expected

I'm researching an equity multi factor model. It contains three factors, say A, B & C. The factors are weighted as such, ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Cholesky Decomposition on Correlation Matrix for Correlated Asset Paths

I found a matlab example for modelling correlated asset paths: http://www.goddardconsulting.ca/matlab-monte-carlo-assetpaths-corr.html In this model the author uses the matlab code chol() in order to ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Approximation of different volatilities

Suppose I model the forward swap rate lognormal $$dS_t = \sigma_{ln}S_tdW_t$$ On the other hand we could model it simply by a normal assumption: $$dS_t = \sigma_{n}dW_t$$ I would like to know if ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Doubt on risk cost criterion

I want to minimize some kind of risk sensitive cost. But, I am confused what cost criterion should I use. I am aware of only expected exponential utility. I want to know what are the other such ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

hedging with a 3 month fx forward every month

I think this is a bit odd question. Let us say I want to hedge my fx exposure every month but using 3 month forwards . How can I do that ? Is it not easy just to use 1 month forwards ? I recalculate ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Probability of stock closing over a certain price

A stock has beta of 2.0 and stock specific daily volatility of 0.02. Suppose that yesterday's closing price was 100 and today the market goes up by 1%. What's the probability of today's closing price ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Valuation of barrier options in Jump diffusion model

I am trying to evaluate the value of a Barrier option using Monte carlo method. The stock follows a jump diffusion model. I am using the method described in Metwally and Atiya. The authors describe ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

ADR vs Foriegn Stock Price Arbitraguers

So I am sure you all know about the whole Argentina default that has been in the papers lately, no need to delve into it. This so called "technical" default has lead some interesting investment ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How can theta be so large on this option?

The AAPL Sep 95 put currently has a theta of -.21. The put midpoint is .84. 84/21 = 4 days. However, the put has nearly a month before expiration, at which time it will be zero. Not 4 days from ...
4
votes
3answers
146 views

multiperiod optimization using R

I'm interested in multistage optimization problems. Are there any good R packages around to solve such problems over time? I'm not at all an expert in it, so maybe someone knows a good paper / lecture ...
-2
votes
0answers
28 views

Stock Price Evolution Equation Clarifications [closed]

What is the dimension of Δt? Is it second [s]? What are the expected return and the expected volatility? How can I calculate them for any given stock? Should I use the return and volatility values for ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

what kind of test for volatility and where find the data

I am working on a model for stochastic volatility. In short, the model try to capture that the volatility goes up suddenly after a shock (war, policy, financial events, etc) and then goes down slowly, ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Explain drop in Correlation between two time series in consecutive periods

I have a time series for a security list with 2 parameters calculated for each time period. For example, for a stock XYZ, I have Param1 and Param2 calculated over various time periods stacked against ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

CVA formula proof

I'm struggling to prove the CVA formula in this paper. Equation (3) is the result of computing the expectation of formula (1). Could you please show me how to prove that?
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Volatility of Futures

Apparently: Under a constant interest rate, the futures price is given by a deterministic time function times the asset price (I think I understand this). This means that the volatility of the ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

M&A hedging an equity portfolio against an index

Quick Note This question was already posted under the userID user8170. Reason being I could not access my account. Now I am able to login to my account I am reposting the question here and will ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

one-step-ahead Stochastic Volatility for 5-minute VWAP prices

I'm trying to run an SV model against prices of Euro/USD. For those not familiar with SV, its a volatility model in which each point gets its own volatility parameter $h_t$ with 3 main parameters that ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Testing for the presence of a positive or negative gamma effect

I am currently analyzing a statistic that I believe will have the effect of hedgers having a positive or negative gamma position in certain stocks. In the case where I believe hedgers have positive ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Impact of NZD mid-day EST Roll forward

Was taking a look at an NZD spot deal that was traded on a Friday for value the following Tuesday (t+2). Somehow this trade became classified as a forward by our back office systems (dealer says they ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Incoherence in Bloomberg Data in Swap Curve Builder (ICSV)

When working on calibration for LMM model, we need to have Initial Libor quotes and Swaptions Black vol quotes on the market data. We have data provided by Bloomberg. However, before performing the ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

For an affine process, how do we know the second order term is positive definite?

A regular affine process is defined to have the generator $Af(x) = \sum_{k,l=1}^d(a_{kl}+\langle a_{I,kl},y\rangle)\frac{\partial^2f(x)}{\partial x_k\partial x_l}+\langle b+\beta x,\nabla f(x)\rangle ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

factor models and using cross section regression

I have been doing some reading on factor models. In the literature it mentions that when creating a portfolio that maximises particular attributes it may lead to unwanted bias to other factors. I ...

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