1
vote
1answer
88 views

what is the vol in the BS formula?

I need to compute the delta of an option for which I know a) the time to maturity, b) the price of the option, c) the price of the underlying asset. what is the formula to get this delta It seems ...
4
votes
4answers
304 views

Why use implied volatility

First I'll describe the way I understood things so far from the literature, feel free to correct me here, and then I formulate some questions. I'd search through QSE, but haven't found so far similar ...
3
votes
2answers
320 views

Pricing an american style option on a bond future

what is the good way to pricing american option on bond future? From bonk fixed income securities 3rd by Tuckman, I understand how to pricing European option on bond future, but I still have no clue ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Overview of robust/regularized portfolio selection

I am looking for either a review paper or individual papers on portfolio selection using robust statistics or regularization (e.g. LASSO, Ridge, etc.) I.e. a review on methods along the lines of: M ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

What are some different methods for calculating hedge ratios for multiple leg spreads?

I am looking for many different ways of doing this, and I want to compare the results I get among the different choices. I am going to be using close-to-close change data. Thanks.
2
votes
1answer
253 views

Value at Risk from Delta of a single asset portfolio

I am trying to figure out the following, for me unfamiliar type of question: Given is a single asset portfolio: the Delta of the portfolio is 15, the value of the asset is 10 and the daily volatility ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Incorporating a stochastic correlation structure into a multi-factor model

I am considering extending a multi-factor fixed income stochastic model (e.g. LIBOR-Market) to use stochastic correlation matrices instead of determinstic ones. For pricing instruments with short ...
7
votes
3answers
676 views

What are the merits of pseudo random numbers over quasi random numbers in monte-carlo simulation?

I understand that quasi-random numbers have much better convergence, but are there any reasons for me to use pseudo-random numbers instead?
6
votes
1answer
102 views

FTAP a-la Harrison, Kreps and Pliska

I was reading the papers co-authored by Harrison, Kreps and Pliska, that initiated the formal research on the connection between pricing, martingale measures, arbitrage and completeness. I have some ...
4
votes
3answers
258 views

How to hedge a derivative that pays the reciprocal of the stock price?

1) Suppose S is the stock price, how to hedge a derivative that pays $1/S_t$ at time $t$? 2) Suppose there will be a dividend of amount $d$ between $t$ and $T$, how to hedge a derivative that pays ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

Numéraire — couldn't understand the wiki explanation

I'm trying to understand Numéraire concept so am reading the wiki page: I couldn't understand the last formula's 2nd equation: $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
354 views

Mean-variance portfolio & quadratic programming

I am somewhat confused when it comes to modern portfolio theory, mean-variance portfolio optimization and its quadratic programming formulation. Issue 1: Formulation of mean-variance portfolio ...
1
vote
1answer
255 views

How can I use PCA to determine spread ratios for multiple legs?

I would like to generalize Paul Teetor's A Better Hedge Ratio, which uses prcomp() to determine a ratio between two legs. I am hoping to extend this to multiple legs, but am having trouble finding ...
5
votes
1answer
262 views

Use of Girsanov's theorem in bond pricing

Assume that we want to calculate the time $t=0$ price of a bond: $B(0,T) = E_P[\exp(-\int_0^T r_s ds)]$, where $r$ is the interest rate following the SDE $dr_t=k(\theta-r_t)dt+\sigma ...
3
votes
2answers
400 views

SABR model inconsistent with Black Swaption Pricing

I am confused on the following: When we price swaption, the market convention is to use Black's Model which assumes forward swap rate is following Black's model under the Q(t) measure. When we tries ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

backward Kolmogorov equations - Markov properties

I'm a physicist who's research has lead him into the theory of stochastic differential equations. If this question is not appropriate for this forum, please feel free to delete it. So I've been ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Reference for Algorithmic Trading [closed]

I have recently started to look up algorithmic trading but I am finding it hard to find references related to this field.I am math major with a sound knowledge in Statistics, various programming ...
3
votes
4answers
302 views

Does an implied volatility always exist for a binary option?

I'm trying to compute the implied volatility of a binary option but I cannot get some of the strikes to reach a convergent solution using either a Monte Carlo pricing model or an analytical Black ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Understanding the derivation of a ML-estimator

I'm trying to understand the derivation of a ML-estimator and more specifically the rewriting of the covariance matrix Sigma. In this rewriting a lemma is used to show that $$ (1) \hspace{1.4 ...
7
votes
3answers
637 views

On the interface between Quant finance and actuarial-science/insurance-math

Actuaries (at least in Europe) are frequently severily lacking in quant finance topics. At best they are familiar with B&S model. People going into quant finane or striving to become a quant on ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

Options with a stochastic strike

Do options where the strike itself is a stochastic process exist? If they do - what are the motivations for such a product and where is it used ? Example: Call-Option with stochastic strike: ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Where does this copula come from?

In a paper I encountered the following notation $$P(Z\leq z,u\leq Y\leq v)=C(F_{Z}(z),F_{Y}(v)-F_{Y}(u))$$ However I don't see why this holds in relation to uniform random variables. Usually ...
3
votes
2answers
351 views

Why is that a risk averse consumer buys the optimum insurance when there is actuarially fair insurance?

I think I understand the fact that when marginal utilities of the same function are equal (a consequence of the actuarially fair insurance), the independent variables in it must be equal -- right? But ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Are PX_BID and PX_ASK on Bloomberg closing bid/ask? or are they daily averaged?

Bloomberg provides PX_BID and PX_ASK on a daily basis, but it's not clear exactly where these numbers come from. Are they closing bid and ask prices, or are they averaged over the entire day? For ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

Credit Spread, Transition Matrix

Consider a credit rating system consisting of three credit states, A, B and D (default) with the following annual credit transition probability: T = [0.7 0.2 0.1;0.2 0.5 0.3; 0 0 1]. For a company ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

Given future price probability distribution, what is a strategy that maximizes return?

Say I know the price probability distribution, e.g., lognormal(p,s), of a stock X at a future time ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

What impact does arbitrage have on realised volatility estimates?

Doing some research modeling/estimating volatility in the bitcoin market. There is quite a bit of scope for arbitrage within crypto-currency markets. Wonder if this has any impact on my volatility ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Does risk-neutral measure have anything to deal with risk-neutrality in utility theory?

Or simply: why do we call equivalent martingale measures as risk-neutral measures? In the utility or game theory, when we consider a person's preferences to certain outcomes, we often deal with the ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Effects of random-generator-choice on derivative's price

There is a plethora of pseudo-random-generators out there. Some of them are definetly better and some of them severily underperform. My standard tool is Mersenne Twister - when I need to generate ...
1
vote
3answers
137 views

How often do banks update forward points?

My understanding is that forward rates are calculated by comparing interbank interest rates of the 2 currencies for a currency pair, with the points being the difference between spot and the forward ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Is the volatility of a trader's wealth equal to the volatility of the underlying assets traded?

Assume that a trader trades in several stocks with different volatilities. The return of the trader's portfolio would be the weighted average of returns and the risk would be a function of the the ...
2
votes
1answer
647 views

Backtesting with fundamentals

Recently I've read some books about quantative approach to fundamental investing: - What works on Wall Street - James O'Shaughnessy - Quantitative Value - Wesley Gray, Tobias Carlisle - Quantitative ...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

What type of interpolation should be used in key rate perturbation models?

When perturbing a key rate in order to assess sensitivity of portfolio value, what sort of interpolation is standard? A book I am looking at says linear, but this seems pretty unrealistic to me--and ...
1
vote
1answer
385 views

Baye's rule for conditional expectations (Proof review)

The Baye's rule for conditional expectations states $$ E^Q[X|\mathcal{F}]E^P[f|\mathcal{F}]=E^P[Xf|\mathcal{F}] $$ With $f=dQ/dP$ - thus being the Radon-Nikodyn derivative and $X$ being ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Direct exchange data via a Vendor

I am considering the option between using direct exchange connections vs using a vendor like Bloomberg for market data. I am interested in daily data and potentially tick by tickdata. Initially I am ...
5
votes
4answers
501 views

Geometric Brownian motion - Volatility Interpretation (in the drift term)

A Geometric Brownian motion satisfying the SDE $dS_t = rS_t dt+\sigma S_t dW_t$ has the analytic solution $$S_t = S_0\exp\left\{\left(r-\frac{\sigma^2}{2}\right)t\right\}\exp\{\sigma W_t\}$$ Recently ...
4
votes
1answer
238 views

Definition of orthogonality and independence for a stochastic processes

Somehow I can't find the explicit definition of when two processes are supposed to be orthogonal or independent anywhere. I think orthogonality and independence should mean the same thing in this ...
2
votes
1answer
983 views

Does one use the covariance or correlation matrix in cholesky decomposition to generate correlated samples

Can we interchangeably use Cholesky decomposition of covariance and correlation matrix to generate simulations? If not, in which situations do we use one or the other and why? Thanks in advance.
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Value Weighted Return

I recently have started to look at some data from CRSP, and they have a metric called Value Weighted Return (two versions with and without distributions). When I looked it up, it seemed that this ...
0
votes
1answer
334 views

Difference between VaR and credit VaR?

Quick question: is there a difference between credit VaR and VaR or are they the same thing?
2
votes
2answers
299 views

Backtesting Period

Views on timeframes for backtesting vary considerably. Curious on what timeframe/trade size leads to a statistically significant result. For example, what backtest period is reasonable for a system ...
1
vote
0answers
201 views

Mock/practice trading for options (delta/gamma hedging etc.)

I know there are some sites for practicing equity investing. But could you provide me with suggestions concerning options trading etc. I read Natenbergs book on Options and want to test things like ...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

List of financial derivatives Ito's Lemma does not apply

According to Ito's Lemma there is no restriction on the continuity of the stochastic process. The restrictions are on the continuity of the pay-off so that second derivatives with respect to ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

CAPM as pricing formula

P - price that the asset was purchased. Q - price that it was sold P = Q/(1+r+B(R_m - r)) What is the financial meaning of denominator. Thanks for help.
1
vote
0answers
38 views

evaluating portfolio performance without knowing the amount held on cash accounts

I would like to evaluate the performance of a portfolio mananger. I know his trades, and the initial portfolio holdings. I do not know, however the amount held on his cash account. That is, I ...
3
votes
1answer
389 views

How is the MA (moving average model) useful?

How is the MA model useful in modeling financial data, for example the stock indices? For example, from what i understand in the AR (auto-regressive) model portion, we can use the ADF test to check ...
3
votes
1answer
335 views

Scaling of a transition matrix

I am working on a ratings transition matrix and I wondered how people scale it down to shorter time periods (although one should more or less stick to the estimation period i know). It is clear that ...
2
votes
2answers
763 views

How to incorporate fundamental analysis in quantitative trading algorithm? [closed]

I want to write a quantitative stock trading program based on fundamental analysis. It would crunch through prices, financial reports to look for value stocks. It can support backtesting of strategy ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

QuantLibXL - Optionlet bootstrapping failure

I am trying to bootstrap the Optionlet volatility surface from a Cap/Floor volatility surface using QuantLibXL. To be specific, the data is from ICAP: ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I calculate probability distribution of stock prices given option prices?

I'd like to calculate a probability distribution for prices given the option prices for that stock? Any ideas how to do this? My desire is to do this daily and then see how the price PD changes over ...

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