3
votes
1answer
337 views

Error term/Innovation process in ARCH/GARCH processes?

I am wondering about the distribution of the error term/innovation process in a ARCH/GARCH process and its implementation, I am not sure about some points. The basic assumption is $r_t=\sigma_t*\...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Get intraday data of SAP with google Finance

According to this link I try to get intraday data of SAP listed at Xetra. Intraday data with timestep of 1 second would be great. I do not understand parts of the command, I try http://www.google....
3
votes
1answer
486 views

Where can I get historical ticker change database?

There's 30 days worth of data at http://www.otcmarkets.com/marketActivity/symbol-changes - but I'm really looking for the past 10 years, or 5 years if only that is possible. Any dice? The closest I'...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

Is Optimization ignoring correlation valid?

I have a fairly pedestrian optimization problem: Max sharpe, subject to a x% vol target. I have a set of expected returns, asset vols and a correlation matrix. I am finding that when i set the off-...
3
votes
1answer
342 views

how to define liquidity in equity, index, and etf options

i've heard several ways to put a metric on liquidity of options.. obviously liquidity isn't a constant.. things like the Bid/Asks spread, liquidity of the underlying.. Trying to find a way to ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

What are $d_1$ and $d_2$ for Laplace?

What are the formulae for d1 & d2 using a Laplace distribution?
3
votes
2answers
380 views

NYSE binary data, convert to ASCII

The data product "TAQ NYSE Order Imbalances" from the New York Stock Exchange is in a format that is described pretty well in sections 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, and 5 of the document "NYSE Order Imbalances ...
3
votes
1answer
568 views

Choice of epsilon for numerical calculation of vega in binomial option pricing model

I have a binomial option-pricing model (I don't think the details of how its implemented are relevant). However, when I go to calculate vega, I am essentially running the model a second time with new ...
3
votes
1answer
443 views

Value options when the currency’s risk free rate is negative?

How would you handle a negative interest rate in index/equity options valuation? An example would be negative rates for short term maturities for Swiss Frank (CHF).
3
votes
3answers
190 views

How to see if a set of asset returns corresponds to a known correlation matrix?

Let's say I have an arbitrary set of $n$ period returns for $k$ assets, and a given $k \times k$ correlation matrix (of asset returns), which is known a priori. Does it makes sense, or is it even ...
3
votes
1answer
359 views

Is it possible to model general wrong way risk via concentration risk?

General wrong way risk (GWWR) is defined as due to a positive correlation between the level of exposure and the default probability of the counterparty, due to general market factors. (Specific wrong ...
3
votes
2answers
676 views

How to calculate discounted inflation and growth?

Given the nominal bond yield and the inflation index bond yield (earning yield), how would one calculate the discounted inflation rate (discounted earning growth rates)? These two factor seems to ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Hurst Exponent Calculation

I am trying to calculate the Hurst Exponent using Excel. I am facing a problem where the exponent value sometime goes beyond 1. Can someone share a link / material so that it will help me to calculate ...
3
votes
1answer
342 views

Rank Correlation Based Prediction

Are there any methods of prediction (machine learning, regression, etc.) which are designed to maximize the rank correlation (spearman correlation, kendall's tau, etc.) of your prediction with your ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Does Interactive Brokers (IB) have a Web friendly API?

The requirement I am given is to implement a web ppplication which utilizes Interactive Brokers's API to fetch data. I went through the IB API web page and came across two viable methods: TWS and IB ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Aftcast Generation

Aftcast is a way of simulating equity curves for different start years, usually from a large sample data ~100 years. Its kind of like start date sensitivity testing but in my case, I incorporated ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

market completion under stochastic volatility model

Consider a stochastic volatility model. As there are two sources of risk and one asset only, this is an incomplete market. One can complete the market by considering a derivative V1 used to hedge the ...
3
votes
1answer
511 views

Interpreting QuantLlib implied volatility numbers

I am using QuantLib to calculate implied volatilities. I am trying to understand the calculated figures (especially, when compared to historical volatility). The calculated implied volatility numbers ...
3
votes
1answer
307 views

Application of ACD models

I have been playing around with autoregressive conditional duration (ACD) models and I have a nicely working R based implementation using real high frequency data (trades only data). However, what's ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What does leverage cost?

Let's say I've developed a strategy that always outperforms the S&P-500, let call it the "magic strategy". Now I should be golden. All I need is to always have the S&P shorted with the same ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to calculate COMPOSITE underlying implied volatility from ATM (near month) option prices?

I am trying to calculate the implied volatility of an underlying given observed prices of call and puts. There are two scenarios: The ATM strike is pinned by the market (i.e. underlying level == ...
3
votes
1answer
743 views

Rolling GARCH and higher moments

I m recently doing my dissertation and faced with problem in estimation basic rolling GARCh (1,1) process. I have 2500 observation and need to forecast 1 day ahead volatility in rolling form. I will ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How to estimate a multivariate GJR or TARCH model in Eviews?

How do I specify the GARCH/TARCH equation in Eviews 6 in the variance regressors frame, if I want to find out whether there are volatilty spillovers from stock markets A and B to stock market C? P.S. ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

How does financial institutions value European options in practice?

I am a little bit confused, or uninformed more truthfully, regarding how option pricing (Europeans only in this case) are handled in real life. Up to now I have acquired some theoretical knowledge of ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

How to compute 30/60/90-day Implied Volatility?

I want to calculate the 30/60/90/180 day 100% moneyness implied volatility for a stock. I think I know how to do it but would like to share my thought processes with the group to verify I'm on the ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Consensus Forecast Data for NFP

Does anybody know where I can get historical consensus forecast data for Non-forma Payroll (NFP)? Or any forecast data for NFP. Thanks,
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Model reference price of Limit order book

first of all, the description of this Stackexchange forum says its for professionals or academics. I'm doing a lot of self studying and with that I was able to understand some white papers but still I'...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Calibration of 1F Hull White short-rate model to market data

I want to calibrate the Hull White 1 factor short rate model to market data. The main purpose is to simulate interest rate paths, which I will use to calculate the net pv of banking liabilities. Some ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Calculating ex ante returns & probability of a negative return over some horizon

One way to go on about this is to parametrically calculate the returns, i.e. hold the exposure constant and backtest against the factor changes over that horizon. This is not forward looking per se ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Why is the value of an adaptive stochastic process known at time t?

I am having a hard time to understand the concept of an adapted stochastic process. Using an analogy to finance, I have been told we can think of adaptiveness of a stock price process as having an ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

STCDO upper tranche still paying coupons even after all default

We assume : that a CDO on $n$ names, with a maturity $T$ that at a time $\tau<T$ before the maturity of the CDO, these $n$ names have defaulted, that we are the protection buyer of the 22-100 ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Deriving $u$ and $d$ coefficients using binomial tree approach

From Hull's book when deriving coefficients of up and down movements, $u$ and $d$, of a stock price using binomial tree approach, at some point we get the following equation: $$e^{\mu\Delta t}(u+d) - ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

How to find volatility of Asset given volatility of Stock in Merton model?

I encounter a problem in one of my project to find the 1 year, 2 year and 3 year Asset volatility. We are given 2015 Bell Canada's financial report and a software to do this. The financial report can ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

How to deal with negative ARCH terms?

Lately I have been trying to fit a GJR-GARCH(1,1) model to fit against the S&P 500 returns over 1985-2015 but I have ran into some problems I can't quite figure out. The GJR-GARCH(1,1) model I am ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Where can I find historical DJIA closing prices?

Not sure if this is the best site for this question, it's pretty finance specific so I think it fits. In Correlation Risk Modeling and Management, Meissner refers to a study he performed on the ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

How to calculate interest rate in this problem?

Problem: A loan of £12,000 is issued and is repaid in instalments of £300 at the end of each month for 4 years. Calculate the effective annual rate of interest for this loan. What I tried- But ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Bloomberg, downloading data in Excel

My company has Bloomberg terminal, but ive heard I shouldnt import any batch of data into Excel using BLP plugin, because it is pricey. They told me that some time ago somebody did this and they paid $...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Expected returns vs expected prices?

This may be the most stupid question ever asked here, so sorry in advance for asking it. Suppose we have a single period security which gives dividend $D_{t+1}$ and has current price $P_t$. By ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Using Market Gamma to Predict FX Trading Environments

I want to test a hypothesis about using gamma to predict FX movements. Suppose that market makers will seek to be delta neutral given their portfolio of FX options. At any given time, market makers ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

Dealing with a constraint which is the square root of a quadratic form

I'm trying to maximize my portfolio, but don't know how to deal with the constraint which is on the form max $2u^Tx-x^T \Sigma x$ Subject to $e^Tx = 1$ $u^Tx - m (x^T \Sigma x)^{1/2} >= c $ ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Dickey Fuller test of stationarity differenced data

In this case study on treasury yeilds from MIT, I have a question on page 11-12. He uses this data getYahooData("^TNX", start=20000101, end=20130531) His logic on page 11 is this "only daily ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Consequence of negative mean reversion of hull white one factor model

I tried to calibrate the data for hull-white one-factor model. Sometimes, I get negative estimate of mean reversion factor after the calibration process. When I plug the negative mean reversion factor ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Subscribe to iNav changes via ETF_INAV_VALUE key

I'm using the Bloomberg API to subscribe to market data changes. While I manage to retrieve fields such as OPT_GAMMA_MID_RT or ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Why do we usually use normal distribution and not Laplace distribution to generate stochastic process?

When working with a stochastic process based on brownian motion, the increments have normal (gaussian) distribution. However, it seems that a Laplace distribution, with density: $$f(t) = \frac{\...
3
votes
3answers
152 views

Black Scholes Constant Implied Volatility

I hope someone can clarify my ideas about the constant implied volatility in the classical Black Scholes framework. As well known, market practitioners quote the prices of vanilla call and put ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Modeling Financial Assets

Let $\tilde{W}_t := (1+R)^{-t}W_t$ and $\tilde{S}_t := (1+R)^{-t}S_t$ be respectively discounted wealth process and discounted asset price. Then, show that $$\tilde{W}_t = w_0 + \sum_{i=1}^{t}\Delta_i(...
3
votes
2answers
107 views

Mathematical definitioln of Potential Future Exposure

I have come across a risk measure called "Potential Future Exposure" and I have not really understood the meaning of it. Knowing that this has to do with counterparty credit risk, I read different ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

How to implement dummy variables into GARCH(1,1) model from structural breaks (ICSS)

Hello everybody, I was already searching a lot of forums and read a huge amount of different papers. But I guess I am to stupid or I am at a loss. Hopefully some of you are able to help me out. Here ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Valuation of option on amortized IR swap

I'm currently valuing swaptions using an implied volatility surface and Black's formula. This formula is given by $$A (S\Phi(d_+) - K \Phi(d_-))$$ where $$ d_{\pm} = \frac{\log\left(S/K\right) \pm \...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

VAR of portfolio containing options, equities and forwards

If we want to calculate VAR of a portfolio using variance covariance matrix (delta normal method), containing equities, forwards and options, how do we treat each asset class for making the variance ...

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