0
votes
2answers
98 views

How is the price of a bond actually determined?

How the price of a bond is actually determined? Is it the supply-demand that determines the price first and then the YTM is calculated on the back of this for that bond. Or is it that the changes to ...
1
vote
3answers
327 views

How is PnL calculated

In Fixed Income, I know that bonds PnL are evaluated depending on where the price lies on price/yield curve at the end of the day, compared to where it started from at beginning of the day. The ...
1
vote
3answers
170 views

Handling Missing values in stocks returns when estimating the co variance matrix

What is the best way to handle missing values when stocks did not exist for the entire historical period?.
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Arbitrage free implies complete market?

In Tomas Björk's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ this proposition It seems that to show that the model is complete, we must show that the claims are reachable. That is, we ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Pricing Principle 1

In Tomas Björk's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ this Pricing Principle. Is the one in red supposed to be the proof of the Pricing Principle 1? Or merely an intuitive ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

forecasting crash time of KLSE index (1991-1994)

Price deviation = financial bubbles. i try to fit the following stock price index to predict recession. I couldn't fit the model with the data(Data are not available in yahoo finance for the ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

ETFs have lower tracking error than Futures?

I used the daily returns of SPX Index, SPY US Equity, and SPA Index. I then calculate their standard deviation as hedging instruments with respect to SPX Index, i.e., (spx_ret - spy_ret) or (spx_ret - ...
2
votes
2answers
101 views

Logic behind Gordon Growth Model in a DCF analysis?

Sorry, I wanted to ask this on the finance/money forum, but they don't support LaTeX there. Let's say we are valuing a company using the DCF methodology with a 5-year projection period. We project ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

SVCJ (SVJJ) Duffie et. al Model implementation in Matlab

I'm attempting to implement aforementioned SVCJ model by Duffie et al in MATLAB. so far without success. It's supposed to price vanilla (european) calls . parameters provided, the expected price is: ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

How to construct a deterministic trading model based on a loess (local regression) model?

Given data that has been fit to a loess model, can you make reliable decisions on future trades given a good past fit? Has anyone here done so and can give an example of their use case? I am yet to ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

(Purchased) terminology on Net Preferred Equity Issued

I understand what we mean when we say: Net Preferred Equity Issued it is the total amount of Preffered Stocks plus their price. But does the chart mean when it says (Purchased)? What other can it be? ...
-1
votes
1answer
28 views

Difference between Total Long Term Debt and Net Total Long Term Debt

What is the difference between Total Long Term Debt and Net Total Long Term Debt? Below you can see a picture revealing that they are not equal.
1
vote
3answers
51 views

Interpretation of equation derived from the delta of a call European call option

I have started reading an introductory book called: A Course in Derivative Securities by Kerry Back. On page 12 they mention the following: The delta of the call option is $\delta = (C_{u} - C_{d}) / ...
1
vote
2answers
159 views

Sharpe Ratio - my own calculation differs from Yahoo finance, Morningstar

I am trying to compute the Sharpe ratio for my portfolio. To check that I am doing this correctly, I am first trying to compute it for SPY (the S&P 500 index). ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

why people want to get a continuous time series from futures data?

So for the backtesting , is it necessary to make an adjustment for the last day of the current contract and the first day of the next far contract? Even if there's is a gap, that's the actual price, u ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Max Likelihood via Marquardt Optimisation

I asked a related question here: How to apply Levenberg Marquardt to Max Likelihood Estimation I tried the approach suggested it works for some of the parameters but not the variances. I spoke to ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

How to get permanently growing chart within PCA

I looked onto different questions and answers about application of PCA on this site and found this interesting article : ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

Technical analysis in Python - source of knowledge

I did my best, but I could not find answer for this one - is there any good and in-depth source of knowledge about using Python for technical analysis ? Obviously, there are plenty of tutorials, blogs ...
9
votes
2answers
978 views

Why Ito calculus?

Coming from physics, I am used to the fact that the Ito interpretation of most natural stochastic equations is wrong, and one should be using Stratonovich calculus instead (of course they are ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

Break down XIRR to different segments

Currently, I have the following transactions. ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Where can I buy historic raw order by order data for Euronext market?

I cannot find any vendor that sell the full depth order by order data historically. I called Euronext and for some sick reason they "have the data" but "do not sell it". Do you guys know where I can ...
3
votes
3answers
128 views

Martingale Stock Prices

In http://www.principlesofforecasting.com/files/pdf/Granger-stockmarket.pdf Granger makes survey of some arguments. In section I there are two hypothesis H01, and H02. H01: Stock prices are a ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Prove that the binomial algorithm implies the arbitrage free price at t=0 of a T-claim

In Tomas Bjork's Arbitrage Theory in Continuous Time (or here), $\exists$ these propositions How does the first formula follow from from the algorithm? I get that $\Pi(0;X) = V_0(0)$, but I don't ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

How to see the impact of one variable on a set of other variables?

Editing my question: I have decided to use multiple factor model to model my stress test. I am using factor shock method to implement the propagation of shocks. I am doing this according to a book ...
3
votes
1answer
299 views

How popular is the Linear Gauss Markov (LGM) model?

Some friends recommend to me Linear Gauss Markov model, saying it's interesting to have a look at it. Basically it's a framework different from HJM, with potential to extend, and the merit is that ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Excel to Java for Interactive brokers

I have a working excel workbook connected to Interactive brokers DDE API. I am struggling to upgrade to a more robust environment like Java. I tried to change it to ActiveX for Excel but the ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Option based portfolio insurance in practice

My question is about option based portfolio insurance in practice. Some insurance companies offer products where there is a mutual fund (equity and bonds) and a guarantee attached. This guarantee is ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Correlation of asset to portfolio, given certain variables

Ultimately I'm trying to calculate stdev contribution, but I've hit a hurdle. What I have: 20x20 correlation matrix for various assets Standard deviations for each asset Returns for each asset ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

How to benchmark bonds?

I am trying to find for each european bond in my database a proper Benchmark to compare them with the Bloomberg benchmarks for bonds. What i have done so far is to extract a list of all government ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Correlating random numbers seems to skew the data

First off, apologies for the cross-post from mathematics, but I found this site later and think it would be a better fit for the question (besides, there has been no comments/answers on mathematics ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

How to projectP&L or drawdowns on pair trading , trading and portfolios?

This is for planning and risk management. I am stuck on the following thoughts - Back-test the trading strategy for a period similar to the one you expect and then project. Do the above using ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Why use the E-curve as an interest rate benchmark?

EDSF or Eurodollar synthetic forward curve is used as an interest rate benchmark. Why? When should I use the EDSF "E-curve"? Any references would be extremely helpful.
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there any relationship between investment return of a stock, for individual year (Yearly return) and multiple years (Overall annualized return)

currently, I'm calculating the return of a stock, for individual year and multiple years. I tend to answer the following question. Return of a stock for end of year 2010 (Individual year) Return of ...
3
votes
3answers
113 views

What are the implication of a negative risk-free rate on SML?

What happens to the Security market line (within the CAPM model) when the risk-free rate turns negative?
1
vote
0answers
65 views

robust regions in grid search

I have a strategy f that takes parameters x,y (for x,y taking values in integer ranges). I get two grids (of returns and volatility values) from computing f(xi,yi) for integer ranges x1 <= xi <= ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

How to convert HJM model risk-neutral measure $\mathbb{Q}$ to real measure $\mathbb{P}$?

HJM model, $df(t,T) = \mu(t,T) dt + \xi (t, T)dW(t)$, is defined in risk-neutral measure $\mathbb{Q}$, according to Brigo's "Interest Rate Models" book. I wonder, how could I transform it to real ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Isn't a perfect economic system always in debt? [closed]

Let's say in a simple world, we have 3 persons, a banker, a businessman and a worker. Then we apply the current monetary system in this economy. So for the system to get started, we need a banker to ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Valuing a warrant on a warrant

How would you go about valuing a European warrant that entitles you to a) 1 share of a company and 2) 1 warrant on that same company?
2
votes
2answers
155 views

2 stocks, no shorting vs shorting. (concrete questions, mean-variance)

I'd appreciate help with the following questions. Suppose there are two stocks $A$ and $B$ with expected returns $E_A, E_B >0$ and volatilities $v_A, v_B >0$, respectively . Also, suppose ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

The Definition(s) of Momentum

I am currently studying the Momentum strategy and its differences in results (returns) when we change the formula describing momentum. There are indeed no accurate formulas for implementing the ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Commodity prices on Yahoo finance [duplicate]

I tried looking for some decent way to get stock data for general commodities. I went looking on Yahoo Finance and found https://nz.finance.yahoo.com/q?p=finance.yahoo.com&s=GCN14.CMX. But this ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Shorting 'pump and dumps' legal?

Ive seen my junk inbox overflowing recently with a few stocks being pushed extremely heavily via unsolicited emails from a variety of 'firms', my guess is that these are done by the same individual / ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Non-linear Dynamical Systems and Quantitave Finance

The vast majority of what I have read about quantitave finance is to do with option pricing and time series analysis for forecasting. However the economy as a whole behaves as a dynamic system with ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Calculate rate of return of a stock, if there is a buy transaction occurs during the middle of financial year

Currently, I'm implementing a feature of an open source project (https://github.com/yccheok/jstock/issues/7), which requires me to calculate the rate of return of a stock. Let's take the following ...
0
votes
3answers
115 views

Divergence between binomial pricing and monte carlo simulation for vanilla european call?

I notice a divergence in my own code, but it's evident even in public code: http://www.thalesians.com/finance/index.php/Knowledge_Base/Finance/Option_Pricing_in_Python_and_Simple_English Pricing a ...
-1
votes
1answer
50 views

Math basics of Equally-weighted Risk contributions

i'm writing my BA Thesis about "Equally-weighted Risk contributions". Can anyone recommend math books for further understanding of Risk contributions?
4
votes
3answers
114 views

Transaction Costs for Currency Pairs

I have been aggregating some tick data from Oanda's streaming API to try and get an idea of the relative cost and best time to trade different currency pairs. The idea was to plot the spread of the ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

What is the intuition behind the fact that Modified duration = Macaulay Duration / (1+r)?

I understand the derivation of both:take dP/dR and divide by P which will give you both 1) modified duration OR 2) macaulay duration / (1+r) (notice the weighted average time built into the ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Does a delta hedged short option guarantee profit of extrinsic value at expiration?

If a trader shorts an option and dynamically delta hedges to ensure the delta is equal to 0 if that option expires out of the money does the trader profit that options extrinsic value at the time of ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Trading days or Calendar days for Compound Annual Growth Rate?

When calculating CAGR for intervals shorter than a year (or intervals that are longer than, but not integer years in length), should you use the 252 trading days or the 365.25 calendar days? The ...

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