All Questions

1
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1answer
24 views

Interest rate on loan for purchasing Sterling bond

I am struggling trying to find out where they get the $8$% interest rate for the loan you make to purchase the Sterling Bond in the following strategy: Problem: Suppose that $A(0)$ = $100$ and ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Portfolio Turnover Constraint

I have a few bonds and OAS and Duration for each. I had a Linear programming type of problem where I had to maximize OAS and keep duration <= constraint. There are few other constraints. I could ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Time Lag for Market Inefficiency

I recalled reading a academic paper that studied how long a market exploitation took to get priced into the market. I am trying to find that article. I remember it stating that the market priced in ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

ISLAMIC FINANCE WACC

I need to calculate WACC for copany operating in the coutry with islamic finance system. I used build-up method to calculate cost of equity. But still searching for cost of debt in the economy. Has ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Level II market data (equities)

I have been playing around with some equities historical market data and I understand that different exchanges have different definitions of what Level II (Limit Order Book) data means. What I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Which quantitative tools are actually used for hedging energy price and volume risk?

I'm a finance professor and I am looking for someone with actual trading and risk management knowledge within the energy sector who can tell me about pricing and hedging energy (especially electricity ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

quadratic programming portfolio optimisation

I am using MATLAB to do an optimisation. The QP minimisation problem is set up in the standard form shown below. The optimisation is used to calculate the weights (x vector in the equation below) of a ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Efficient Frontier Derivation: why minimize half the portfolio variance instead of just the variance?

In Robert Merton's derivation of the efficient frontier of a portfolio, he minimizes $\frac{1}{2}\sigma^2 $ over the investment weights in each asset, where $\sigma^2$ represents portfolio variance. ...
2
votes
3answers
79 views

Interpolating probabilities of default

I have a table of cumulative probabilities of default of industrial bonds, in time and credit rating. It is similar to S&P whitepaper here. Basically, it looks like this (sample numbers): ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Is it fair to assume $(ud=1)$ in the binomial tree option pricing model?

I have discussion with my colleague on why a general assumption $$ud=1$$ in binomial tree option pricing model would be necessary? I take it a simplification of the problem, otherwise, there will be ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

How to interpret ACF and PACF plots

I just want to check that I am interpreting the ACF and PACF plots correctly: The data corresponds to the errors generated between the actual data points and the estimates generated using an ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Law of a geometric brownian motion first hitting time (formula dont match Monte Carlo Simulation)

I posted this question before on MSE I need to use it in a small step in the middle of a simulation and I think I'm not getting correct results to this probabilities and so for my all ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What's the best filter to implement in order to assess the persistency of a FX devaluation?

I'm trying to to analyze the impact of a FX devaluation in companies' exports and earnings?
1
vote
1answer
310 views

What's the intuition behind DTS(duration times spread) in fixed income?

I am having some difficulty grasping the concept of using DTS to measure credit risk. In the equity world, one typical measure of risk is beta, which is quite well-defined as the exposure to a common ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Data provider for daily futures settlement prices

Is there a data provider that has historical daily settlement prices for download? I'm interested in a provider that spans multiple exchanges.
4
votes
3answers
112 views

What are the most effective market variables to measure liquidity/illiquidity in the market?

I'm trying to find/create a variable that measures liquidity in financial markets in order to assess, for instance whether credit conditions tightened? Does anyone know any relevant literature ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Is it possible that a security with a positive variance can have a required return that is less than the risk free rate?

I'm not sure of the answer but I think it's possible. What I don't get is what characteristics this asset would need to have and why it would mean that an investor would accept a return less than the ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Book chart plotting library identification

can you help me identify how those charts are constructed? To your knowledge, is it generated from Python, R, Java, C++? What packages can you identify? I've tried the ggplot2 library in R and I have ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

optimisation problem with linear constraint

I have an optimisation problem. I wish to maximise a function subject to a constraint. It is the constraint that is causing me problems. I am using an addin in Matlab which does the optimisation ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

AT1 ratio, Core T1 ration and CET1 ratio

I would like to first know the precise definition of each one of those 3 ratios as well as there differences. On the web there is bit of a mess on the explanations. I could not find a simple and clear ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Text book or distilled guide to market making?

Are there any practical articles, blogs or books that describe common practices in market making and how to calculate and use common measures? The majority of the information I found are research ...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

GMM time-series regression factor model with factors that are not returns

Factor models with factors that are not returns are usually estimated and tested by cross-sectional regressions. However, there is a way to use time-series regression to estimate and test the model. ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

negative transition probabilities in the heston model

I've been trying to implement a bivariate tree for pricing american options with the heston model in R using the paper of Beliaeva and Nawalkha ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Pricing American with floating strike

Consider a American floating strike put option with maturity $T$, written on a non-dividend paying stock $S_t$. The strike of this option at time $t\leq T$ is $Ke^{-r (T-t )}$, where $r$ is the ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

Intraday Data - Stylized Facts?

Can someone give an overview or literature on Intraday Data Stylized Facts? In particular for equity market returns or exchange rates.
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Why interest rate future does not support fed policy on reducing assets buying?

Using the 3-mon eurodollar interest rate futures, I construct a yield curve each year for 2015-2021 using sampling date from the end of the month. If you graphed this out, you would see that the ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Testing Statistical Significance of Various Portfolio Simulations

I'm trying to determine which of my portfolio simulations/backtests if any are good enough to put some money into. I outline an approach below and I'm interested in knowing: What problems are there ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How is USGG10Y (or any tenor) constructed?

I was wondering how the yield curve for US treasuries are constructed (ex. USGG10Y, USGG5Y, etc.). How to compute for it exactly (what deals/quotes are included in it, what financial institutions are ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

How to compute for basis adjusted forward rate?

To give you a brief background, I'm valuing a fixed-for-float Interest Rate Swap (IRS) using Bloomberg. I put in a notional amount in (USD) and a assigned 6MO USD LIBOR as the reference index for the ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

detecting and measuring lead lag effect

Given two time series data. I remember there is one statistics that tells you one is the leading factor while the other is the lagging factor. However, i do not remember the exact details. correlation ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Wholesale credit risk management

Trying to read up on "Wholesale credit risk ", can't find any useful references, why the emphasis on wholesale? - Any help greatly appreciated.
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Is linear programming important for quant?

I'm thinking about taking a course on Linear and Convex Programming, but I don't know how useful it is in the real world finance. Which areas in finance is mathematical programming used?
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How to compare the volatility of quarterly p&l of two firms in the same sector?

I want to compare the volatility of the historical quarterly profit and loss data of two or more firms operating in the same sector and determine whether the volatility of p&l of these firms is ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

negative probabilities in the bivariate tree heston model

I am trying to implement the bivariate tree approach for the Heston model by Beliavea & Nawalkha. I currently have the problem that given the specifications in their examples, I always obtain ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

how to determine the Cost of Fund (FTP rate) for Saving Account?

Saving Account are the deposit account that gives customers very low, almost 0%, interest. Currently the calculation of its cost of fund is, in a simplified way: assume a deposit duration, e.g. 1 ...
2
votes
5answers
182 views

Option pricing ? Where to get the dividend yield from?

I'm trying to apply Black & Scholes formula for a real example to price a vanilla equity option but I'm strugling a little bit whith the dividend yield. Let's assume I have a stock that trades at ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

Factor model assumptions

I was reading on Factor Models in the book Quantitative Risk Management by McNeil, et al. In section 3.4.1 they introduce a linear factor model $$X = a + BF + \epsilon,$$ where $X \in R^d$, $F \in ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

y-axis unity of density probability function

What is the unity/interpretation of the y-axis of a density distribution function? The X-axis is the values of the random variable, the area is the probabilty what about the y-axis ?
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Locked or Crossed Markets

I don't understand why Rule 610 from Reg NMS was introduced: what was the problem with locked markets? I have read that one of the issues is that it forced a market maker (say, from Nasdaq) who ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Difference in weekly and monthly data

I am confused about the following: I checked daily and weekly prices for Exxon (and also GE). But the values for Open, Low, High, Close, Vol., Adj. Close for both data streams seem to differ from each ...
0
votes
0answers
251 views

Bloomberg Pricing Sources: TRAC vs. BGN vs. BVAL etc

Sorry, I'm very new to using Bloomberg as a tool, so please forgive the naïve question. I couldn't find much information after some cursory online searches, so I figured I'd ask here. Particularly ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Historical Value At Risk on option portfolio

I am new to Value at Risk subject in fact everything related to quant. Can any body validate the Value at Risk Model on the option price ? I am using a below explained approach . our portfolio ...
0
votes
3answers
168 views

API-based equity screeners?

I know there are APIs from different brokers that allows you to trade and also obtain information about specific companies, but I wonder if there are equity/asset screeners that are API-based and can ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Game theory and antagonistic games in trading

In one of the topic here, particularly in the comments, i saw a link to the page describing connection between Antagonistic Games and finances but i cannot find it now and would appreciate if somebody ...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

Why most of apple stock price since 10years have been gained overnight?

I've been playing with stock data and I've discovered a terrible truth : in 10 years apple stock price passed from roughly 3\$ to 100$. However this gain isn't due to intraday price variation ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Different ways of portfolio optimization

There are different ways to optimize portfolios: $$ \max R^Tw\tag{1}$$ or $$ \min w^T \Sigma w\tag{2}$$ and finally using a risk tolerance $\lambda$: $$ \min{(w^T\Sigma w-\lambda R^T ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

What is Equity Asian Hybrid?

As listed in http://www.vectorrisk.com/Views/Solutions/ProductList.aspx What's an Equity Asian Hybrid? Any references? What is exactly a hybrid product?
2
votes
1answer
93 views

What is some prerequisite book that can help me to read “mathematical methods for financial markets”

What is some prerequisite book in mathematics or finance that can help me to read "mathematical methods for financial markets"? I found a lot of difficulties when try to start to read the PDF of this ...
3
votes
9answers
335 views

Why would there be a positive risk-free rate?

Most financial models include a risk-free rate or risk-free asset. Why should there be such thing as a positive risk-free rate? I dont see why an asset would provide a positive (real) return if it ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Does the correlation of matrices have explanatory power when building a pattern recognition model?

I'm using 8 different variables (with daily observations) with the purpose to compare different months across the historical data. For that purpose I calculate the correlation between each month and ...

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