# All Questions

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### Difference between kappa and delta in mixed-effects model

(This question is a crosspost from Cross Validated) I have a following stochastic model describing evolution of a process (Y) in space and time. Ds and Dt are domain in space (2D with x and y axes) ...
154 views

### Stochastic discount factor (aka deflator or pricing kernel) and class D processes

When (under what assumptions on the model) does a Stochastic Discount Factor need to be of Class D? What would be the implications if it was not? Is it connected to one of the no-arbitrage notions?
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### Backtest pair trade strategy in R

I am looking for some tips on how to run a simple backtest on a pairtrading strategy intraday using eg. 30minute bars. I have calculated the spread, ...
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### What is the use of the Euler equation in the Ramsey growth model?

I apologise for being brief, but I don't understand how is Euler equation used in the Ramsey growth model. I am reading a textbook "Dynamic General Equilibrium Modeling" and there is mentioned about ...
248 views

### Pricing with collateral

I have been confused about many things concerning the princing of securities with collateral. We can prove that today's price of a security( fully collateralized and within the same currency) is the ...
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### Comparing cost of two alternative given their distribution

I have distribution for cost of two alternative through Monte Carlo simulation. The distributions are not normal. Given the benefit of the two alternatives is the same but ungiven, I want to choose ...