# All Questions

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### What is the future value of a growing annuity with different periods for payment growth and monthly payments?

How can I modify the formula in this answer so that the frequency of payment growth is also a variable? For example, instead of payments growing by 2% each year I would like them to grow 2% every two ...
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### Bachelier model: number of stocks in replicating strategy

Given: Consider a two-asset, continuous time model (B,S) where $$dB_t = B_t r dt, \quad dS_t = \mu dt + \sigma dW_t.$$ The question is: How to show that the number of ...
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### Optional Sampling Theorem Application

Let x, y > 0. Defint eh first passage time of a Brownian motion $W_t$ as $\tau_a$ = min{t $\ge$ 0: $W_t$ = a}. I need to show that E[$e^{-u\tau_x}$$1_{\tau_x < \tau_{-y}}$] = ...
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### Stationarity tests in the frequency domain for regression

Strict stationarity is the strongest form of stationarity. It means that the joint statistical distribution of any collection of the time series variates never depends on time. So, the mean, variance ...
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### Price 3m libor autocap with LMM calibrated on 1y swaption data

I need to calculate a price of an autocap contract which is An autocap is similar to a cap, but at most γ ≤ β caplets can be exercised, and they have to be automatically exercised when in the ...
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### Black Scholes - how to calculate delta with a vol skew

I am trying to calculate the delta of an option at different strike prices where the underlying has a pronounced implied volatility skew in order to correctly hedge an options strategy. Researching ...
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### IR Yield Curve and Fixing Dates

Consider two FRAs. 3x6 , Effective 3 months from now, terminates in 6 months. The floating leg payer pays 3-month LIBOR. Fixing date for LIBOR 40 business days. To price this at par, the fixed leg ...
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### Model-independent dynamic portfolio optimization techniques

For a problem where we need to optimize the portfolio based on the data, going for Markowitz MPT has the following advantage: we only have to estimate mean and covariance to find optimal weights. I'd ...
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### Provide a bond pricing differential equation and invoke Feynman-Kac

Grateful for any assistance. Consider the process: $dZ=r(t)Z\,dt$ , where $r(t)$ is stochastic and $Z=Z(r,t;T)$ is a zero coupon bond. Provide a bond pricing differential equation and invoke ...
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### PDE and Black Scholes problem

Consider Black Scholes problem $\frac{\partial V}{\partial t} + \frac{\sigma^2 S^2}{2}\frac{\partial^2V}{\partial S^2} + rS\frac{\partial V}{\partial S} -rV = 0$ with boundary condition $V(S,T)=f(S)$, ...
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### The option values are different from two r package - foptions,rquantlib

The results are very different.I know the code from quantlib and the result of quantlib seem right(close to market price). Is there anyone know why the value from fOptions is so large or fOptions used ...
101 views

### VaR mapping - Forward Foreign Currency Contract

I have a question about VaR mapping for FX forwards. Please bear with me while I outline the problem. Philippe Jorion's book discusses VaR mapping; a means to break down complex instruments into ...
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### Variable Selection with Kalman Filter

I'm trying to estimate factor loadings on portfolios over time for portfolios that are traded pretty frequently. I have a sense that several portfolios are loading on the Fama-French HML factor ...
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### Finding criteria for a household financial budget falsification

I’m working on a financial problem about budget of households. Households in a state fill a form about their net budget in every year and our insurance company investigate their financial status and ...
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### trading strategy outperforms passive strategy in absolute terms, but in returns vice versa. how could this be?

Background: I want to compare two trading strategies in term of profitability. The red one is an active trading strategy, which involves many entry and exit to a specific market. The blue one is a ...