2
votes
0answers
115 views

How to Quantify Headwinds

What are some of the best ways to effectively measure headwinds for an open ended fund? Headwinds in this case refers to the amount of volatility contributed by a factor or a set of factors to a ...
1
vote
1answer
488 views

derivation of formula for portfolio skewness and kurtosis

Where can I find derivation of formula for portfolio skewness and kurtosis? I can find formulas everywhere, but not their derivations? For example, the portfolio variance formula is well known and I ...
3
votes
1answer
354 views

How do I backfill the price of bonds for backtesting?

I need to backfill the price of bonds for testing a startegy. The method employed is: Regressing the YTM of the bond against a benchmark. Using the regression estimates to calculate the YTM for the ...
4
votes
5answers
10k views

Why do some people claim the delta of an ATM call option is 0.5?

I am looking for a mathematical proof in terms of differentiating the BS equation to calculate Delta and then prove it that ATM delta is equal to 0.5. I have seen many books quoting delta of ATM call ...
-4
votes
2answers
154 views

Quadratic Programming Problem

How I can solve the following Quadratic Programming Problem: Min[X’VX+X’GX] In this case, X is a list of coefficient to be solved for, V is a square matrix of Price returns, and G is a square matrix ...
8
votes
3answers
998 views

How does Cornish-Fisher VaR (aka modified VaR) scale with time?

I am thinking about the time-scaling of Cornish-Fisher VaR (see e.g. page 130 here for the formula). It involves the skewness and the excess-kurtosis of returns. The formula is clear and well ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Bootstrapping spot rates from treasury yield curve

I'm attempting to construct a spot rate and forward rate curve from the 2011 daily treasury yield curve rates provided by the US Treasury. All US Treasury securities (1m, 3m, 6m, 1y, 2y, 3y, 5y, 7y, ...
1
vote
1answer
250 views

Normalized data

I am new to this. I trained and tested my data using SVM in Matlab with the autoscale option true => the data would be normalized with unit SD. Let's say the training data have the price around 200. ...
4
votes
2answers
910 views

How do I determine the maturity date from a T-bill's CUSIP?

Is there a way to determine a government bill's or bond's maturity date by looking at its CUSIP? For example, the CUSIP for US T-Bills with a maturity of 12/1/11 is 9127953V1. As you probably know, ...
9
votes
1answer
264 views

Is a linear combination of GARCH processes also a GARCH process?

If two time series follow a GARCH process, and a third is a linear combination of them, is the third also GARCH process?
8
votes
4answers
482 views

Position management in presence of continuous forecast

Let's say we have an equity liquidity-providing model that was fitted on 1 minute bar periods. The model forecasts the 1-min next period return given the activity of the previous bars. Now, when we ...
-2
votes
1answer
149 views

Different stocks with the same stock code [closed]

Is it possible to have different stocks with the same stock code on different stock exchanges.
3
votes
2answers
944 views

Tick data collection

I am new to this. I am confused on what consists of a tick data. I have a trading platform in which I could collect data of exchange traded product like futures and stocks. While I am intending to ...
2
votes
3answers
645 views

How to annualize dividends paid at varying intervals?

I am attempting to write a function that will calculate the annualized rate of return for individual dividends made by illiquid investments. These dividends are paid at varying intervals and the ...
12
votes
8answers
7k views

Should I use an arithmetic or a geometric calculation for the Sharpe Ratio?

What are the advantages/disadvantages of using the arithmetic Sharpe Ratio vs the geometric Sharpe Ratio? Is one more correct? Or is one better in certain circumstances?
4
votes
1answer
320 views

What is a good source to learn the different nuances of electronic orders and their nature?

Today I was speaking with someone involved in high frequency trading. They were mentioning hidden orders, queue positions (which can be lost in the orderbook based on certain order modifications), ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is “Flow Interest Rates”?

Looking at quant roles I keep seeing 'Flow Interest Rates' or 'Interest Rate Flow' - what does this refer to?
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How should I include the bid-ask spread as a transaction cost in a backtest?

I have two backtesting algorithms: One that uses bid and ask prices for signal generation. For example: Buy when $ask < threshold_1 $ and sell when $bid > threshold_2$. Bid and ask prices are ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How should I compute the Sharpe Ratio for mid-frequency pair trading strategy?

I have a pair trading strategy with positions that last 3-5 days and trades 2-3 times a month. By design, all the trades are profitable until the cointegration is broken. Should I calculate the ...
8
votes
3answers
951 views

Why isn't all market data free?

I am hoping any answers can be threaded somewhere between "don't be naive" and starting a quasi-political flame. Transparency is suppose to be good for markets and also a social good. The market ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the best live options data API?

What is the best/cheapest service to get real-time (as real-time as you can get) on stock options? I'm looking for the fastest update on the ENTIRE market, with a few stocks prioritized, so I need ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Commerical delayed stock quote feed that is redistributable?

I'm looking for a commercial delayed quote feed that will allow us to distribute delayed US stock market quotes to the public (ie. that will allow us to display US delayed quotes on the Internet). We ...
3
votes
1answer
988 views

What latency should I use for backtesting a high-frequency strategy?

We're developing an HFT strategy for highly liquid futures traded at Eurex. We are planning to colocate our server and to use data feed of QuantHouse and execution API of ObjectTrading. Backtesting is ...
6
votes
2answers
227 views

How to get an analytic result for option price based on this model?

I defined such a model for stock price (1).... $$dS = \mu\ S\ dt + \sigma\ S\ dW + \rho\ S(dH - \mu) $$ , where $H$ is a so-called "resettable poisson process" defined as (2).... $$dH(t) = ...
13
votes
3answers
905 views

How to account for transaction costs in a simulated market environment?

I am simulating a market for my trading system. I have no ask-bid prices in my dataset and use adjusted close for both buy and sell price. To account for this I plan to use a relative transaction ...
-3
votes
1answer
487 views

Trading Strategies and Portfolio Constructions based on Cross Sectional Regression? [closed]

I often see trading strategies and portfolio construction that are based on cross-sectional regression. For example, I often see regressing some numbers against some factors. I was wondering how ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

When do Finite Element method provide considerable advantage over Finite Differences for option pricing?

I'm looking for concrete examples where a Finite Element method (FEM) provides a considerable advantages (e.g. in convergence rate, accuracy, stability, etc.) over the Finite Difference method (FDM) ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

What is a real world example of negative forward interest rate?

As the title says, I am looking for a real world example where a forward interest rate is negative. Theoretically this is not a problem at all, if I look for a 3M forward interest rate that starts ...
5
votes
0answers
298 views

generating (or tracking) the DJUBS commodity index

Dow Jones and UBS publish one of the most popular commodity index families, the Dow Jones-UBS Commodity Index and its subindices. They provide a detailed manual describing the composition of the index ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the steps to perform properly a risk factor analysis on a portfolio?

I have been asked to perform a factor analysis on a given portfolio, assume it's a Swiss portfolio in CHF. First step, I chose which factors I would like to see in my analysis. The first factors I ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Optimal execution and reinforcement learning

Suppose a fairly simple problem: You have to buy (resp sell) a given number of shares V in a fixed time horizon H with the aim to minimize your capital spent (resp maximize your revenue). There are ...
6
votes
2answers
244 views

Reseach on when people/institutions sell?

I am curious to know if there have been studies on when selling occurs and if any useful patterns exist. I am particularly interested in the behavior of sellers when they are under water on their ...
2
votes
2answers
349 views

Proof showing that dollar cost averaging always worse than lump sum alternative

I am referring to the article here. In a nutshell the article says that using data based on S&P 500 index going back as far as to 1950, dollar cost averaging is performing worse than a lump sump ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Historical volatility from close prices (Haug pg 166)

I have implemented a function for calculating historical volatility using close the close method as described by Haug on page 166. When I implemented the formula given by Haug, it resulted in some ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

How to find the upper bound of a digital option given some market data?

Given the price of a call equals to 5 with Strike 100, please find the upper bound (sup) of the digital option with strike 105. I am not sure about the solution, but I write the condition like this, ...
-4
votes
1answer
670 views

How to calculate the weight of the stocks using the linear regression?

I do a simple example with the follow three series(stocks prices): ...
4
votes
1answer
13k views

How to interpret results of Johansen Test?

I have two time-series a & b. The objective is to find out whether two series are cointegrated or not. I am using Johansen Test in R to find this out. I am using urca package of R. Here is the ...
11
votes
3answers
484 views

What is a commonly accepted econometric model for volume?

What is the gold standard econometric model for volume? For example, a common model for price is the autoregressive (AR) model with GARCH(1,1) innovations. Do you know of any good survey articles ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Good Environment, Social, and Governance Indicators to correlate with financial performance of PE

I am trying to see if there is a correlation between the Environment, Social, and Governance (ESG) performance and the financial performance of Private Equity (PE) funds. Are there any suggestions ...
7
votes
1answer
493 views

How to model time series of illiquid stocks - 400 observations (transactions) per 8 hours?

How to model time series which are illiquid - 400 observations (transactions) per 8 hours ? Are there models suitable for this situation which incorporate not only size of the transactions but also ...
3
votes
2answers
349 views

Resources for Benchmarking Automated Trading Systems available as deltix etc.?

Is there some research resource/group working on benchmarking of software products out there with automated trading and goals of "Advanced alpha generation and execution strategies" incorporating low ...
6
votes
1answer
318 views

Measuring co-movement at non-constant intervals

Correlation measures how much two series move together over a fixed interval. Are there any techniques that measure co-movement over a variable time frame? One technique I am aware of is concordance.
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How does one go from measure P to Q(risk-neutral) when modeling an asset paying dividends?

I am really having a terrible time applying Girsanov's theorem to go from the real-world measure $P$ to the risk-neutral measure $Q$. I want to determine the payoff of a derivative based an asset ...
8
votes
1answer
387 views

Is there a closed-form solution for the partial autocorrelation function of a Markov regime-switching process?

Consider a Markov Regime-switching process $X_{t}$ with $k$ regimes represented by $s_{t}$ such that $$X_{t}=\mu\left(s_{t}\right)+\epsilon_{t}$$ and $$\epsilon_{t}\sim ...
5
votes
7answers
10k views

Exercising an American call option early

I have seen the rationale behind why it is never optimal to exercise an American call option early, but have a question about it. If the option strike price is $E=\$20$ and it expires at $T=1yr$, if ...
10
votes
5answers
796 views

Is it ever possible that---because of illiquidity---exercising an out-of-the-money option is better than directly buying the stock?

Is there a case, where due to illiquidity, exercising out-of-the-money options could be better than directly buying the stock? When a stock is too illiquid, there are some costs because of this ...
5
votes
1answer
295 views

What's the best way to test/validate an interest rate lattice model

I have some implementations of interest rate lattice models. I would like to verify their performance. What would be the best approaches? Currently I compare pricings of some interest rate dependent ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

GJR-GARCH Model In R

Any idea how to estimate GJR-GARCH models in R? Is there any particular library like fGarch that supports such models?
9
votes
3answers
644 views

Which greeks do you need to hedge if you want to implement an implied-volatility security?

Assume you want to create a security which replicates the implied volatility of the market, that is when $\sigma$ goes up, the value of the security $X$. The method you could use is to buy call ...
4
votes
1answer
278 views

Reference on Electronic volatility trading [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Looking for a recommendation for a real life volatily trading book. I recently came in contact with a quant desk that traded volatility. The discussion only highlited my ...

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