1
vote
0answers
17 views

How to calculate the growth rate of a growing annuity? [closed]

I have a question that seems basic but has given me fits. If I have the following known variables, how do I solve for the growth rate? Known variables: initial payment outstanding balance number of ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Basket Default Swap (BDS)

I would like to understand better the $n^{th}$ to default pair spreads of a basket default swap containing $m>n$ entities. For example, consider 2 single name CDS's with same spread and same ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Non-overlapping ranges of HCNN' observables and of state transition function

In the artcicle Forecasting and Trading the High-Low Range of Stocks and ETFs with Neural Networks HCNN is used for forecasting of nine time-series, namely: returns of the lows returns of the highs ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Is Least Median Squares (LMS) regression commonly used in Finance?

Least Median Squares is often argued to give more stable results than does OLS. Whereas in OLS one minimises the mean of squared residuals, in LMS, one instead minimises the median of squared ...
4
votes
3answers
304 views

What does it mean to be “long or short in volatility”?

I've heard a question regarding pricing of european calls. The question is: Is the call long or short in volatility when it is (deep) OTM? What is the profile of the implied volatility? I ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How does implied volatility of puts relate to strike price in presence of negative news? [duplicate]

There is a lot of literature available but i don't kind understand that if there is a negative news about a stock with the traders why do puts with lower strike tend to have higher implied volatility ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Implied Volatility Calculation for Deep In The Money Calls, Numerical Issues

I have two implementations for finding the implied volatility under Black-Scholes formula. One is bisection and the other is brent's method. (I know Newton-Raphson is popular due to speed and will ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Swapping expectation operator with differential operator

Suppose I have a general SDE $dx_{t} = \mu dt + \sigma dz_{t}$ Then I can put $E[]$ on both sides to get $E[dx_{t}] = E[\mu dt] + E[\sigma dz_{t}]$ Now comes the question: I've seen some formulas ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Ratios to determine company's current purchasing power

what are the parameters which will affect a company's ability to buy a new product or service based on its current financial situation. I found many ratios but I need specific metrics or ratios which ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

How to value an expansion option?

Fair warning this is help with homework. I am not asking for an answer but some guidance or a formula would be nice. I have absolutely no background in finance and this class is online with no ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Order book Limit Order book

I am trying to make a Limit Order book from an ITCH file using r. what is the basic difference between orderbook and limit orderbook? R has a package for orderbook I think
0
votes
0answers
63 views

R TTR/RSI does not behave like a Bloomberg RSI

The implementation of TTR:RSI differs slightly from the RSI calculated in Bloomberg, see more details here. I use in TTR the SMA, which simply calculates the mean, that is a walking window of: ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

Black-Litterman, how to choose the uncertainty in the views $\Omega$ for smooth transitions form prior to posterior

In Black-Litterman we get a new vector of expected returns of the form: \begin{align} \Pi_{BL} = \Pi + \underbrace{\tau \Sigma P^T[P\tau\Sigma P^T+\Omega]^{-1}}_{\text{correction}}[Q-P\Pi] \end{align} ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Immunising pension liability due in 4y?

Help required please on calculating the amount of Zero Coupon Bonds and annuity bonds that are needed to immunise a portfolio against interest rate risk, for a pension fund that expects to pay £500bn ...
0
votes
2answers
136 views

Countries and/or exchanges which don't allow algo-trading

I am doing a research paper on the effect of algo-trading on capital markets. In order to do this, I plan to do an OLS comparison of Countries and Exchanges who ban algo-trading platforms and those ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

Real-time market data from the exchanges: what should we be aware of?

We receive daily end-of-day data from a data vendor (i.e. not direct from an exchange) and are comfortable with this. We are now wanting to receive live data, and after a few enquiries we are feeling ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Building curves using onshore or offshore JPY overnight rates?

I am trying to build Japanese Yen interest rate curves. When defining the curve instruments for the 'OIS' (discount) curve (aka TONAR), I am uncertain as to which rate to use for the overnight deposit ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What are the parameters of the function PORTVAR in Matlab?

According to the Matlab help, Portvar will give the "Variance for portfolio of assets" by entering the returns of the Assets and the corresponding weight. However, it does not explain the parameters ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

How to price an option on a dividend-paying stock using the binomial model?

This is actually an exercise from a course. But I don't completely understand the wording of the question. A stock is now trading at 100 dollars. Its price over the next 6 months evolves as a two ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What is the the correct treatment while short for the cash in lieu of a reverse split?

Long case: Assume I am Long 50 shares and there is a 2 for 3 reverse split. Let's denote the quantity of stock by x Prior to the split Portfolio is $-cash_0$ $+50x$ I am then at $-cash_0 +33x ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Using the R package “ termstrc ”

I am attempting to use the function estim_nss from the termstrc package in R. However, I am experiencing the following error: ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

How to obtain a log of all trades done on the Nasdaq or other major US exchange?

I'm looking to do a research paper on the impact of high frequency algo-trading on individual firms. In order to do that I need to be able to determine firms that have been high frequency traded. My ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Why is this delta-hedging/P&L example on a variance swap call correct?

I'm looking into this article about var swaps: http://sbossu.com/docs/VarSwaps.pdf and not sure how to correctly interpret Exhibit 2.1.1. "In this example an option trader sold a 1-year call ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Longevity risk modelling

What is Longevity risk, and how to model it under DC and DB pension plans? characters|characters|characters|characters|characters|
0
votes
3answers
104 views

Portfolio Optimization - Zero beta portfolio

I am trying to solve a optimization portfolio in R in which I do the following constraints: Set weight sum to within a boundary Set return to a certain value Set portfolio beta to 0 The purpose ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Does anybody know how to use jquantlib with eclipse?

I'm currently beginning to work on my masters project in QF and I wanted to use jquantlib for my work. I've searched the internet quite a bit but couldn't find good understandable info on how to work ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

If you knew market’s expected spot rates, could you deduce if there is a forward-risk premium?

Suppose that you were importing small electric transformers, that delivery from all suppliers would take approximately 6 months, and that you faced the situation shown in the table below: The Table ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Geometric Returns values less than -100%

I am trying to find the geometric return for semi-annual log-returns in Excel. However, I do not know how to handle values less than -100%.... ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

How to download intraday data regarding a particular stock exchange from bloomberg at one time

Good day I would like to know how to download the intraday data regarding a particular stick exchange at one time, (I need to analyse all the equities listed on it) Second I need to verify that my ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Where can I find US public company bankruptcy data

I am doing a thesis about firm survival in time of crisis (2008-2009) and I would like to know where can I find publicly available database about company bankruptcy. Since I have thousands of ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Portfolio Performance Metrics

In comparing different long portfolios in stocks for 15 quarters, where at each quarter I re-balance the portfolio. So what I have done is made a function that outputs the rand value of the portfolio ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Volatility updating rule using r

I'm trying to program a volatility updating rule using iteration. I start with the well know Heston-Nandi model where the returns dynamics are : with is iid standard normal randome variable, where ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Deriving the definition of stochastic integrals with respect to Ito processes from first principles

When I first encountered the definition of integrals with respect to Ito processes (Shreve's Stochastic Calculus for Finance Vol II), I didn't think twice. However, I wanted to see if the definition ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Practical implementation of Libor Market Model

I am trying to implement a project about the BGM model, suggested in the book "The Concepts and Practice of mathematical finance" by Mark Joshi. My question is related to the forward volatility ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Comparing Portfolio Volatility with Index Volatility seems a wrong method?

thanks for looking into this question. I am comparing an investment strategy against the S&P 500 for a financial article I'm writing. I compute volatility of the Portfolio in this way, as the ...
2
votes
3answers
381 views

Any New Discoveries in Quantitative Finance?

It seems like the field has become stagnant in the decades following the enormously successful and influential Black Scholes model. (The original paper has been cited a staggering 25,000 times - more ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the mechanism of Asian option?

I have no problem with the mathematical definition of an Asian option. For example, assume the strike price is $K$, the expiration date is $T$, the underlying asset has price $S(t)$, and the payoff is ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

I have volatility of a portfolio in year 1 and in year 2. How do I calculate the volatility over the total 2-year period?

thanks for looking into this question. See the picture below (better is right-mousebutton - open in new tab). I also have the price and return data of the Stocks if that's needed to calculate the ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Factor immunization for bond portfolio

I'm trying to figure out some kind of immunization using a factor model I developed for interest rates. Here is the basic problem. Let's say that we have a bond portfolio containing $N$ bonds with ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

I have portfolio volatility for year 1 and for year 2. What is portfolio volatility for year 1 and 2 combined?

Thanks for looking into this question. Portfolio volatility in year 1 = 15%. Portfolio volatility in year 2 = 20%. What is the portfolio volatility over the timespan year 1 and 2 combined? Is it ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

I have portfolio volatility for individual years, can I use them to compute portfolio volatiltiy for subperiods?

Thanks for opening this question. I have constructed some rules for a portfolio with annual rebalancing and am backtesting it for the period 1990-2014. I want to compare the risk-adjusted return to ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Fixed Income risk attribution in the historical simulation of a sovereign bond portfolio

We use historical simulation for risk analysis. I.e. for each bond there is a repricing of the form $$ P_j = PV(\text{yield curve in scenario } j), $$ where the yield curve is the zero rates curve of ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Question about the stochastic differential equation in the Merton model

in the following stochastic differential equation merton model we have $$\frac{ds}{s}=(\alpha-\lambda k)dt+\sigma dW+dq$$ where $\alpha$ is the instantaneous expected return on the stock; ...
1
vote
2answers
155 views

Feature for Maching Learning(SVM) in High Frequecy Order Book?

I am trying to implement machine learning to predict the movement of bid and ask price but is unable to find the proper feature for training set. I am using Support Vector Machine for binary ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

How can I interpret US treasury?

I try to understand US treasury in the bond markets provided by bloomberg: In this webpage, I have a few questions, for instance taking 12month-Bill: (1) What is the maturity date? I find that it ...
-2
votes
2answers
54 views

Martiglale and Brownian Motion [closed]

Stock market has been model as a random walk with a drift. Since it has a drift(bigger than zero) it is not a "Brownian Motion" but it still a Martingale? Is Stock market a Brownian Motion? Is it a ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Why is Weighted Least Squares necessary in fundamental factor model?

Why is Weighted Least Squares necessary in fundamental factor model while it is not in a standard Macroeconomic factor model? I understand that $\mathbb{E}[\epsilon^2_{it}]=\sigma_i^2$ varies across ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Transaction Costs Measure ATOP: What does it mean and exactly measure?

I went through some presentations about LowVol strategies for some indices. In the presentations were tables with average returns, vola, Sharp ratio and ATOP. I have no clue what this ATOP is supposed ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Law of large numbers necessary for APT derivation?

The question refers to the well-known Ross (1976) paper with the derivation of the Asset Pricing Theory. In the APT, the return of asset $i$ is driven by a linear factor model: $$ R_i = \alpha_i + ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Black-Litterman with simple portfolio

In an attempt to learn Black-Litterman I have come across this "simple" example. Suppose that you analyze market data using CAPM $$r_i-r_f=\beta_i(r_m-r_f)+\epsilon_i$$ Suppose there are 2 assets in ...

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