9
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the risk-free rate really limited by inflation?

In all the classic texts on equities derivatives, there is an assumption of the risk-free rate r. We can immediately dismiss the concept of a fixed rate; all interest rates are variable (and ...
9
votes
5answers
3k views

Earnings and valuation data sources online

Are there any free/cheap sources for historical data on company earnings and valuations? I can get historical price data from Google and Yahoo, and it looks like I can get about five years of ...
9
votes
1answer
345 views

Appropriate measure of Volatility for economic returns from an asset?

I am doing research on uncertainty analysis and risk assessment for oil field development. For doing economic forecast and valuation I use Real Options theory, which is almost similar to theory used ...
9
votes
3answers
994 views

Implementing a Fast Fourier Transform for Option Pricing

So, I'm in need of some tips regarding a small project I'm doing. My goal is an implementation of a Fast Fourier Transform algorithm (FFT) which can be applied to the pricing of options. First ...
9
votes
2answers
354 views

local price return and volume relationship

I wanted to see how the stock price and volume relationship is locally. So I tried ranking both the daily return (at day t) and volume (at day t) base on a 30 day rolling window with historical daily ...
9
votes
2answers
589 views

Links to the risk model methodologies of the major providers?

There is quite a bit of art in constructing an equity risk model. This paper summarizes some of the key decisions: choice of factors, horizon matching, cross-sectional vs. time-series method, and ...
9
votes
1answer
869 views

What is the Sugihara Trading System?

I recently heard the term Sugihara Trading System. I guess it might be some trading strategy or a special model to predict trends in market data, but I couldn't find out anything about it. Does anyone ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Is QuantLib more trouble than it's worth?

I'm just starting to work with QuantLib and wonder if I'm going down a very wrong path. I'm working on a site that presents the visitor with a table of streamed real-time options data, including ...
9
votes
1answer
326 views

Currency Hedged ETFs

At work we were talking about currency hedging our equity index exposures but I am struggling to understand how this happens in a typical iShares ETF. If we take the Japan ETF IJPN then we see this ...
9
votes
1answer
177 views

Breaking Transactions Down into Derivatives

We were talking about merger arb in a class I had last night, and when we got do deal construction it was mentioned that the different ways can be viewed as different options. For instance a fixed ...
9
votes
2answers
186 views

St Petersburg lottery pricing & short investing horizons

I am a statistician (no solid background in finance). Please forward me to a book \ chapter \ paper to resolve the following general question. Suppose we have a stock with the following monthly return ...
9
votes
1answer
702 views

How are Expected Shortfall and Variance related?

I would like to know how Expected Shortfall $SF_\alpha$ and variance $\sigma^2$ are related. If I follow what Aaron Brown answered in this post, when the underlying distribution is Normal with ...
9
votes
1answer
313 views

What drives changes in implied volatility on ETFs/ETNs?

I thought implied volatility, as well as the VIX, primarily increase due to increases in the underlying asset's volatility, as well as the options themselves being bid up because more people were ...
9
votes
1answer
736 views

Models for measuring insurance risk exposure

I've recently begun working as a quant for a large bank, and one of my first tasks will be to improve the model determining the risk exposure of their insurance portfolio. The portfolio is fairly ...
9
votes
1answer
562 views

Can VIX be interpreted as a proxy for instantaneous volatility?

BJO06 (Table 2) estimate the following Cox-Ingersoll-Ross model for market variance, $\sigma^2_t$: $\mathrm{d}\sigma^2_t = (\alpha_0 + \alpha_1\sigma^2_t)\mathrm{d}t + ...
9
votes
1answer
260 views

Could banks move to continuous (rather than overnight) funding?

The dominant frequencies for Money Market and FX instruments were 6m and 3m for a long time, and banks slowly moved to commercial trades at those frequencies but funding overnight. If this is a step ...
9
votes
1answer
270 views

Is there a standard / methodology to determine and grade the quality of OHLC data?

Inputs are most important to any decision making. For strategy backtesting, the OHLC data is one of the most inputs. So to ensure the correctness and integrity of OHLC data, we have checks on the ...
9
votes
1answer
930 views

What are the advantages / disadvantages of the ANTICOR algorithm?

The algorithm is introduced in the paper, Can We Learn to Beat the Best Stock. The obvious advantage is superior risk-adjusted returns (if you can actually achieve them). Transaction costs and ...
9
votes
1answer
291 views

Cost function for hedging portfolio

Let's say I am hedging an exotic instrument $E$ with $N$ liquid instruments $L_i$, each of which has an associated hedging ratio $R_i$ and a bid-ask spread $\delta_i$ (per dollar of notional). What ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How to use macroeconomic indicators for long/short trading strategies?

I am trying to understand how to use macroeconomic data in my trading. I understand that using such data could be used to gauge an overall view of the market and how it's doing as a whole. I have been ...
9
votes
1answer
425 views

How to estimate the covariance of an index with a basket of stocks?

What would be an ideal way to estimate the covariance of an index with a basket of stocks? For example, should I use one-tail ANOVA test or an individual stock & index F-test?
9
votes
1answer
322 views

rugarch: Joint estimation leads to different results

I want to fit an ARMA-GARCH model to my data using rugarch package in R. First of all, I look at the acf and pacf: ...
9
votes
1answer
417 views

Fixed income modeling

I am currently working on my research paper and trying to explain a two-dimensional variable: volume and instrument of corporate debt financing. Independent variables that I believe must be included ...
9
votes
1answer
285 views

penalizing negative skewness by linking $U(\mu)$ and $U(\Sigma)$

Consider $U_1(\mu,\Sigma)$ and $U_2(\mu,\Sigma)$, where $U_1(\mu, \cdot) = U_2(\mu, \cdot)$, $U_1(\cdot, \Sigma) = U_2(\cdot, \Sigma)$ such that \begin{equation*} arg\inf\limits_{\mu \in U_1(\mu, ...
9
votes
1answer
375 views

Is creating constrained random portfolios a hard problem?

Creating random portfolios with weights $x_i$ can be thought of as sampling from the surface of a simplex given by $$Ex = f$$ and $$Ax \le b$$ Where $E$ and $A$ are constraint matrices for equality ...
9
votes
1answer
650 views

Bond curve extrapolation

What are the best methods to extrapolate bond yields from an existing curve that doesn't extend quite this far? For example, how would one come about finding a theoretical bond yield for a 40 or 50 ...
9
votes
1answer
334 views

What are the major characteristics of natural gas volatility and options?

Seasonality is a big deal in the natural gas markets. My understanding is that they are broadly divided into summer and winter, with seasonality in both price and the volatility. What does this ...
9
votes
1answer
672 views

Applicability of PCA to get historical volatilities to calibrate interest rates trees

My question in short is as follows: can I take main principal component of historical covariance matrix and use it as historical volatilities when fitting a binomial tree? Here's more detailed ...
9
votes
0answers
361 views

performance of historical VaR parameters

An historical VaR measure is parameterized in terms of the confidence level and also number of periods. Specifically, the $\alpha$% T-period VaR is defined as the portfolio loss x in market value over ...
8
votes
9answers
14k views

Strategy of Renaissance Technologies Medallion fund: Holy Grail or next Madoff?

Renaissance Technologies Medallion fund is one of the most successful hedge funds - ever! Yet it is very secretive. Do you have information on the strategy used that is not yet mentioned in the ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

Why Drifts are not in the Black Scholes Formula

This question has puzzled me for a while. We all know geometric brownian motions have drifts $\mu$: $dS / S = \mu dt + \sigma dW$ and different stocks have different drifts of $\mu$. Why would ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How does pair trading work?

Explain pair trading to a layman. What is it, why would you want to do it, and what are the risks? Provide a real life example.
8
votes
4answers
1k views

What kind of specialized hardware is used in trading?

What kind of computer hardware, in additional to the 'conventional' fare, is actually used in trading? And what languages is it typically programmed in? I'm interested in ASICs, FPGAs, that sort of ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

How do I estimate the joint probability of stock B moving, if stock A moves?

I have two stocks, A and B, that are correlated in some way. If I know (hypothetically) that stock A has a 60% chance of rising tomorrow, and I know the joint probability between stocks A and B, how ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Is Visual Basic a fast enough for millisecond orders

I have an API that for an order routing platform that is in visual basic. The maximum frequency or orders to exchanges will be milliseconds, where the underlying systems are expected to be able to ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

What functional form describes the implied volatility curve?

It is often convenient to parametrize the implied volatility curve to allow easy interpolation of volatility for any strike or maturity. What functional form describes the implied volatility curve for ...
8
votes
4answers
393 views

Seeking Historical Non-Finance Datapoints for Backtesting

I'm working on some financial analysis code which I'd like to test against a historical dataseries to analyze the correlations to my algorithm to some non-finance related data. Ideally, I'd like to ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Hidden Markov Model & Its Application

I have started reading about HMM it gives an intuitive idea about what HMM is all about. I am looking out for example where its applied to Equity model using R / Excel. The material which I read so ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do we use GARCH(1,1) to predict volatility?

What makes GARCH(1,1) so prevalent in modeling especially in academia? What does this model has that is significantly better than the others?
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Multilayer Perceptron (Neural Network) for Time Series Prediction

I have it in mind to build a Multilayer Perceptron for predicting financial time series. I understand the algorithm concepts (linear combiner, activation function, etc). But while trying to build the ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is the first principal component a proxy for the market portfolio, and what other proxies exist?

Let's say that I have a universe of stocks from a certain sector. I want to compute the market portfolio of this sector. Beta is the covariance between each stock and the market. But how do you ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How to perform risk factor calculation?

I am studying Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) and I have a question about calculating factor exposures. Assume: \begin{equation} r = \beta_1r_1 + \beta_2r_2 + ... + \beta_kr_k + r_e \end{equation} ...
8
votes
4answers
634 views

Why shrink the covariance matrix?

I'm trying to understand why it's useful to shrink the covariance matrix for portfolio construction or in fact general. Think I missing something. I know if you have 5,000 stocks it's a lot of ...
8
votes
3answers
622 views

Reference on Markov chain Monte Carlo method for option pricing?

I have to implement option pricing in c++ using Markov chain Monte Carlo. Is there some paper which describes this in detail so that I can learn from there and implement?
8
votes
4answers
698 views

What are the risk factors in analysing strategies?

What do you think of strategies displayed on timelyportfolio.blogspot.com? I really like the fact that there is some code to reproduce the strategies, but they seem very elementary because he does ...
8
votes
2answers
547 views

What is Quantization?

I have asked myself many times about Quantization Numerical Methods, is anyone here familiar with the subject and could give a reasonable insight of what Quantization concepts are about, and what are ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Sources of Machine Readable News

I'm starting on a project that involves correlating and forecasting Forex time series to news releases. I'm aware of sources such as Thomson Reuter's machine readable news and Dow Jone's Newswire ...
8
votes
4answers
753 views

Is this a common variation of sharpe ratio?

As an aside on his answer on another question Freddy said: Sharpe ratio is an often cited metric, though I do not like it too much because you are penalized for out-sized positive returns while ...
8
votes
3answers
515 views

How to test for and how to simulate price rise/fall asymmetry in the stock market

One of the stylized facts of financial time series seems to be a fundamental asymmetry between smooth upward movements over longer periods of time followed by abrupt declines over relatively shorter ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I compare distributions using only mean and standard deviation?

I only have means and standard deviations of samples of two random variables. What technique can I use to determine how similar the distributions these describe are? Assume that the values are built ...

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