# All Questions

211 views

### What is the most convenient data structure for backtesting a model of futures options prices?

I have an empirical model for the dynamics of futures prices in a particular market that I have implemented using a long series of the front five contracts. (I account for the roll in my model.) I ...
84 views

### Why would a 9% dividend payment halve the stock price? [closed]

I am trying to understand why a stock experienced a very drastic drop in price. The only event linked to the drop seems to be payment of an unusually big dividend; however its effect on the price ...
840 views

### How to calculate the volatility matrix with multiple stocks

calculating the volatility for a single stock is straightforward. However, I'm not sure whether my approach for calculating the volatility matrix for multiple stocks is correct: I assume a log-normal ...
342 views

### Trading over a Ornstein/AR process

For a OU/AR(1) process is there anyway to analytically calculated most probable period of time the process is likely to diverge from the average, before turning to converge. Basically I am looking ...
334 views

### Simulate non-stationary time series with cointegration

how can I simulate/generate two non-stationary time series (with unit root) so that they can be also cointegrated (using R or Matlab). Thanks in advance.
187 views

### How are bond prices quoted in the financial press related to bond yields quoted?

For example in the FT this month a 10 year US bond with redemption date 05/24, coupon 2.50 has a bid price of 99.52 and a bid yield of 2.56. Can one calculate the bid yield from the bid price, red ...
217 views

### Machine learning for non optimal behaviour

I was working on the pricing of complex bermudean swaption when I noticed that the exercise is often (very) subobptimal. It seems that the clients are more sensitive to past growth or drop in rates ...
660 views

### Why would an exchange choose one matching algorithm over another?

There are a number of different matching algorithms at different exchanges. Time-based FIFO is most common, but there is also mixed FIFO/pro-rata, pure pro-rata, size priority, etc. Why would an ...
309 views

### Need help on cointegration

I tried to test stock pairs for pairs trading. There are two questions I am not sure. I am not using ADF to test the log difference between two stocks. But I also see people using Johansen test. ...
247 views

### Difference between a warrant and an option?

What is the difference between a warrant and an option on a stock? Apparently both represent the same right to receive a share of stock at the strike.
351 views

### Is this arbitrage?

Assume the stockprice as in the Black-Scholes model (Geometric Brownian Motion): $$S_t=S_0e^{(\mu-\sigma^2/2)\cdot t+\sigma W_t}$$ Wouldn't there be an immediate arbitrage opportunity, to just buy ...
281 views

### Exchange rate model and Martingales

In exchange rate model explanation, "...If under the domestic risk neutral measure $Q_d$, the process $X(t)$ satisfies $\displaystyle \frac{dX(t)}{X(t)}=\sigma dZ_d(t)$ Since $Z_d(t)$ is $Q_d$-...
57 views

### Discretization Schemes

I am working with two correlated SDE's and I was wondering if I could use two different discretization schemes for them. Is there maybe a reference of this being done? And can something be said about ...
320 views

### question on Leif Andersen's “Interest Rate Modeling, vol 2 Term Structure Models”

I'm reading Leif Andersen's "Interest Rate Modeling, vol 2 Term Structure Models" and met a problem on Chapter 14 LM Dynamics and Measures, $\S$ 14.2.5 Stochastic Volatility, Lemma 14.2.6, on page 602....
103 views

### Correlation Multiple Currencies

If i have a portfolio of stocks from different currencies and i want to generate a correlation matrix from the stocks, how is the correct procedure ? Imagine a portfolio which the base currency is ...
41 views

### Formal Proof of Immunization Techniqu

Please correct me if I am wrong in understanding the Immunisation Technique behind bond interest rate risk management. It says that any change in interest rate can be neutralised by reinvesting the ...
1k views

### Johansen Cointegration Test

I just performed a Johansen Co-integration test on two stocks. The results I get are: ans = r0 r1 t1 true false I am using Matlab. Can ...
221 views

### Book recommendation for time series analysis

I have been trying to wrap my head around Engel-Granger test and jcitest etc. I have failed thus far. If possible can someone guide me about which books to start with and possibly reach to ...
682 views

### Starting mathematics reading for quants

What book should I start with in order to learn about the mathematics behind financial (derivatives I think!) trading that would be used in HF's & IB's (Not sure whether there would be a ...
95 views

### CDS - Accumulated Default Risk?

Say I issue insurance contracts covering fire damage in personal households. Fires occur with a probability of $x$% in a household (and they obviously occur independently from one another). If the ...
263 views

### News on ETF sector performance

I am interested to find historical news (if any) associated with intraday volatility burst in a particular ETFs like ishares IYF (Financials). So say that between 12:00 - 12:10pm, the ETF IYF's stock ...
321 views

### How to model natural gas forward price?

I'm looking to learn about gas price modeling, in particular models of forward prices. I've studied "classical" mathematical finance, fixed income theory etc. What are good references for stylized ...
307 views

### Which size of constant range bar gives the most persistent chart?

A constant range bar chart is like a candle chart, only the candles don't close after a certain amount of time (i.e. 30 min, 4 hours), but after a certain range (i.e. 5 ticks) has been crossed. So if ...
144 views

### Concise way of learning Bond & IR models

What is the most concise way to learn about bond and interest rate models from the book Mathematical Models of Financial Derivatives by Yue-Kuen Kwok? I have studied Oksendals Stochastic Differential ...
4k views

### Popular R packages for Quantitative Finance

Which R packages (in this list or not) do you use in quant finance, why not an alternative, do you use it in production and if so, how? There is a list of most of the R packages related to Finance by ...
131 views

### Handling IQFeed events in Matlab

I need to get some specific market data for my studies, and it seems like the most convenient way for me to do this is to use IQFeed data feed and MATLAB. But unfortunately, since I'm not a seasoned ...
510 views

### What is the effect of dividend yield being greater than the risk-free rate to American options pricing?

Even though dividends are discrete, literature often makes the assumption of continuous dividends (mostly in the case of indices but the individual stocks as well). The dividend yield denoted by q is ...
433 views

### Resources for finding quantitative finance examples using excel, VBA and access

I am seeking to increase my knowledge in the quantitative finance field. I would be grateful if someone could point me to useful resource online, where I can find working examples of they types of ...
75 views

### How do I find the mappings between sedol and isin codes?

I am looking at data for Unit Trusts and OEICs in the UK. They are identified by SEDOL or ISIN codes. Given an SEDOL, how can I find the ISIN associated with the same product? And given an ISIN, ...
76 views

### How to display stock prediction results?

I'm not sure if this is a question for "Quantitative Finance" or "Personal Finance & Money" so forgive me if this one is irrelevant for this site. The Situation So I wrote a program (in vb.net ...
2k views

### Bond Portfolio Immunization - Duration Matching

**Question is at the bottom** Suppose you have a portfolio of bonds A, B, and C with the following characteristics: (the "Frequency" column is the # of coupon pmts per year and also the # of ...
107 views

### Why doesn't VG flatten volatility skew for short term options?

The VG process, from my inexpert point-of-view, seems to nearly perfectly model equity distributions. For longer term options, there is little to no volatility, skewness, or kurtosis parameter skew. ...
895 views

### Backtesting with Simulated Historical Data?

The trading strategies that are going to backtest well are the ones that pick the winners from the past. For example, if a trading strategy simply bought apple stock it would backtest extremely well. ...
217 views

### Models for volatility estimation of high frequency data?

I have read on several news articles and research papers, "Contrary to popular belief, high frequency trading reduces volatility in stock markets rather than exacerbates it". Do you know the models ...
1k views

### Correlation between S&P500 returns and 10y US Treasuries yields

I'd like to investigate the comovement of stock index returns with bond yields but I don't know which return's duration to use (1-year, 1-month or anything else) to get a better view of the ...
58 views

### How to compute return of a variance swap?

How does one calculate the investment of a zero initial investment asset, specifically a variance swap? In this asset the payoff is given by the difference between the realized variance in a certain ...
817 views

### QuantLib: Black / BSM processes and pricing via volatility surface. Different results?

I start this question with a couple of C++ functions that will be useful to show some results. So start your Visual Studio C++ Express or Ceemple or whatever you want and copy & paste this: ...
581 views

### Are there providers of delayed market depth data (DOM, Level II, Order-by-Order, etc)?

I have market depth data visualization software, and I want to create a free version for introduction. As far as I know, exchanges allow to distribute their data for free for the end-users, but only ...
195 views

### Recommended Literature for creating Factor Mimicking Portfolios

Is there a textbook that contains the basics for creating Factor Mimicking Portfolios? Although there is a lot of peer-reviewed literature on this, I cannot find textbooks on Asset Pricing that ...
395 views

### law of one price, understanding

I am reading about mathematical finance, and I was tipsed to ask the quesiton on this site. It is about the "law of one price". Just first I'll make precise the model my book uses: I have a single ...
2k views

### Strictly local martingales: what is the intuition behind them?

A process $X_t$ is a local martingale if for each increasing sequence of stopping times $\{\tau_k,k=1,2,...\}$ the stopped process is a martingale. All true martingales are local martingales, but the ...
184 views

### Cross-sectional volatility vs temporal volatility

Volatility is usually defined as the standard deviation of returns, but sometimes it is calculated as the standard deviation of cross-sectional return divided by the square root of time, where other ...
164 views

### How to de-seasonalize natural gas term structure data?

I need to de-seasonalize Nat Gas futures data for a project and am hoping to get good suggestions. As we all know natural gas futures are priced higher for the winter months and to analyze/model the ...
201 views

### How low can HFT transaction costs go?

When evaluating an HFT strategy, transaction costs are clearly an important question. When looking at commercial discount brokers for retail clients, costs can be as low as 0.005 USD per share, but ...
452 views

### Looking for Research Paper on Creation of Currency Baskets

I came across a paper, not sure it originated from academia or a blog or such, that reported on applying principal components to build currency baskets from a set of individual currency pairs and to ...
54 views

### proper choice of risk aversion parameter in the risk-sensitive cost-criterion

Suppose I want to minimize certain risk sensitive cost. Is it a valid question to ask what is the proper (also in which sense) choice of risk aversion parameter in the risk-sensitive cost-criterion ? ...
98 views

### What is the distribution of stock splits?

I want to know how rare are splits more extreme than, say, 7:1 (and reverse splits similarly). An answer here points to announcements on Yahoo Finance, but apparently only monthly views. What is a ...
211 views

### Heat/Diffusion Equation

I am working on a problem where I have successfully reduced a version of Black Scholes to the Heat Equation and then shown the solution to be: u(x,t)=\frac{1}{2\sqrt{t\pi}}\int_{-\infty}^\infty{f(\...